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A Centennial History of Lenoir-Rliyne College 

by Jeff L. Morris and Ellis G. Boatmon 

n this pictorial history of a small 
church-related college in western 
North Carolina, Ellis Boatmon uses 
the best of college yearbook pictures 
and family album snapshots to trace the 
charm of Lenoir-Rhyne College from its 
early struggles for survival to its cur- 
rent regional recognition. He paints a 
picture of a horse-and-buggy campus 
blossoming through the white-col- 
umned porticoes of the 1920s and the 
glass fronts of the 1950s, including rare 
photographs of buildings w^hich no 
longer exist. But mostly he focuses on 
students-in classrooms and laborato- 
ries, on playing fields, at pajama par- 
ties, on the stage, studying, jitterbug- 
ging. Whether outfitted in the uniform 
sailor blouses of the early 1900s or the 
denims of the 1980s, students step from 
the pages through three hundred 
illustrations to tell the story of life in a 
community of learning through a 
century of change. 

Providing a framework for the photo- 
graph survey is an inclusive narrative 
in which Jeff Norris tracks the growth 
of the college's campus, faculty, courses 
of study, finances, intercollegiate 
sports, dormitory life, community and 
church relations. Drawing on trustee 
records, faculty minutes, and student 
publications, he charts a path through 
nine presidencies, visiting both the 
highs and lows of the Lenoir-Rhyne 
story. He describes the heady begin- 
nings and early successes; he examiines 
the setbacks caused by depressions, 
wars, and a devastating fire; he looks at 
the long struggle for accreditation and 
the changing character of the liberal 
arts curriculum. The journesy is infor- 
mative and interesting, to ardent 
alumnus and stranger alike. 

In addition to the pictures and narra- 
tive. Fair Star includes a series of 
tables highlighting the key data and 
personalities of the college since its 
founding in 1891. The tuition charges 
and student enrollments are listed year- 
by-year, alongside the names of contem- 
porary student, alumni, and trustee 
leaders. Also shown are a roster of 
distinguished alumni and a directory of 
three hundred faculty and staff mem- 
bers, past and present. 








The Lenoir-Rhyne 

Hickory, North Carolina 





























ISBN 0-89865-809-8 


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LD3061.L352 N67 1990 

Norris, Jeff L., 192 040106 000 

Fair star ; a centennial fiisto _ 

Carl A. Rudisill Library 

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Campus Map 






















The Lenoir-Rhyne 

Hickory, north Carolina 






















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These students, romping about in winter's snow in front of St. Andrew's Church, 
are believed to be in the period 1920 to 1923. 

A Centennial History of Lenoir-Rliyne College 


A Centennial 
History of 


Jeff L. Norris 


Ellis G. Boatmon 






To emphasize its co-educational 
nature, students gather near the Rhyne 
Building in this picture (circa 1925- 
1930) to publicize a new college sign. 

To my wife, Catherine, for her support, 

sacrifices, and contributions to this project 

— Jeff Norris 

To my mother for help and love along the way 
— Ellis Boatmon 





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Copyright © 1990 by Lenoir-Rhyne College. 

All rights reserved, including the right to reproduce this work 
in any form whatsoever without permission in writing from 
the publisher, except for brief passages in connection with a 
review. For information, write: 

The Donning Company/Publishers 

184 Business Park Drive 

Suite 106 

Virginia Beach, Virginia 23462 

Edited by EHzabeth B. Bobbitt. 
Richard A. Horwege, Senior Editor. 
B. L. Walton, Jr., Project Manager 

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data 

Norris, Jeff L., 1929- 

Fair star: a centennial history of Lenoir-Rhyne 
College / by Jeff L. Norris and Ellis G. Boatmon. 
p. cm. 
Includes bibliogi-aphical references and index. 
ISBN 0-89865-809-8 

1. Lenoii'-Rhyne College (Hickory, N.C.) — History. I. 
Boatmon, Ellis G., 1933 - II. Title. 
LD3061.L352N67 1990 

378.756785 — dc20 90-43091 

Printed in the United States of America 

The student body of Lenoir College assembles in front of Old Main, 1914. Standing 
near the crest of the campus, Old Main was designed by President Robert A. Yoder, 
who modeled the exterior afier Jefferson's plan for the University of Virginia 
library. The ladies, lined in the left column, are dressed similarly, while the men, 
in the right column, each sport a hat. 

The baseball teams of the college throughout the 1920s and 1930s were among the 
best in the Southeast. "The Great American Pasttime" thrived on the campus. The 
1925 team, shown here, scored 76 runs to their opponents' 50. . 

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1891 to 1901 

1901 to 1920 

1920 to 1934 

1934 to 1949 

1949 to 1968 

1968 to 1990 

Appendix A: 

Tuition, Enrollment, and Student, 

Alumni, and Trustee Leaders 








Appendix B: 

Faculty and Administrative Staff 


Appendix C: 

Distinguished Alumnus Award 







About the Authors 





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Followers of Martin Luther have long appreciated 
the value of education in the life of the church and 
in the lives of God's people. Lutherans in western 
North Carolina certainly reflected Luther's commit- 
ments to education as they sought to create a 
Lutheran college in the late nineteenth century. 

We can only imagine what the four founders might 
have anticipated their college would be like after a 
century of service. Pastors Cline, Grouse, Moser and 
Yoder probably would not have been able to predict 
many of the specific changes that have occurred over 
the ensuing one hundred years. I trust that they 
would be pleased, however, with the college's continu- 
ing relationship with the church, and with Lenoir- 
Rhyne's record of providing a liberal arts education to 
so many citizens who have gone on to serve and lead 
around the world. 

Lenoir- Rhyne's century of service provides an 
opportunity for us to reflect on those years and to 
renew our commitments as we begin our second 
century. Our past has given us the legacy of hundreds 

of dedicated servants, each committed to the fulfill- 
ment of our mission. As we look ahead to our future 
we must renew their spirit and commitment in 
ourselves to continue the fulfillment of their goals - 
service to God and mankind by the empowering of 
individuals through a quality education. 

I commissioned this history project some two years 
ago and asked Dr. Ellis Boatmon, Professor of His- 
tory, and Mr. Jeff Norris, Vice-President for Institu- 
tional Research and Planning, to collaborate on its 
preparation and publication. Their dedicated efforts 
have been fruitful and I am proud to present their 
work to you. 

As we enter our second century of service under 
the Lenoir-Rhyne College banner, may this history 
provide us with a deeper understanding of our 
roots and traditions. May this history empower us 
to renew our commitments and redouble our efforts 
for the future. 

John E. Trainer, Jr. 


The preparation of this volume was initiated in 
1988 at the request of Lenoir-Rhyne President 
John E. Trainer, Jr. The need for a written account 
of the college's history had been apparent for some 
time. Despite the growing frequency of inquiries 
about Lenoir-Rhyne's past, there was no single 
source to which one could turn for answers. Moreover, 
as the college approached its centennial year of 
1991, Trainer recognized that a published history 
could help stimulate appreciation for those individu- 
als and groups who have made the institution 
what it is today. 

Accepting the assignment was an honor for both 
authors, each of whom was primed for the project by 
past experiences. Norris had his interest in Lenoir- 
Rhyne history stirred in the late 1950s by the college's 
sixth president, Voigt R. Cromer ('26). Under 
Cromer's guidance, he began, in spare moments, to 
collect documents and conduct interviews on the 
college history, starting a hobby which continued for 
more than thirty years. He also wrote a thirty-five 
thousand word unpublished history of the founding 
and first decade of the college. The other author, 
Boatmon, as a member of the college's history depart- 
ment for twenty-five years, had acquired a personal 
interest in the history of Lenoir-Rhyne. He had also 
amassed an extensive collection of Lenoir-Rhyne 
photogi'aphs during the eleven years he has served as 
faculty advisor of the college yearbook, and he 
searched for the opportunity to assemble the choice 
prints into a pictorial history. The division of labor 
was natural: Norris wrote the narrative; Boatmon 
selected the pictures and wrote the captions. 

The authors, however, have not limited themselves 
to the resources in their custody. They have drawn on 

the rich deposits gathered over the years by the staff 
of the Carl A. Rudisill Library at Lenoir-Rhyne, and 
they have benefited from the papers and photographs 
contributed by alumni and other friends of the college. 
An especially valuable resource has been the collec- 
tion of papers of the late Robert L. Fritz ('92), Lenoir- 
Rhyne president and professor for fifty-two years. His 
son, Conrad Fritz ('41), and gi-anddaughter, Kathy M. 
Burns ('62), made the papers available for this project 
and later donated most of them to the college library. 

Apologies go to all the readers who fail to find in 
these pages their favorite stories or pictures of the 
Lenoir-Rhyne history. 

Space limitations have prevented the use of all the 
material available to the authors, not to mention all 
the other material that escaped their attention. Space 
limitations also prevented naming all of the 900 
employees and 250 trustees who have, since 1891, 
contributed to the enhancement of Lenoir-Rhyne. The 
decision to list only the faculty and supervisory staff 
members who served six years or more, plus the 
trustee chairmen, was one of expediency, not quality 
assessment. All of those unnamed merit recognition, 
and it is hoped such recognition has been, or will be, 
expressed through other channels. 

Apologies go also to those who have an unerring 
sense of compass direction. As they know, the streets 
on the Lenoir-Rhyne campus are not laid out on a 
north-south or east-west axis, but somewhere in 
between. To avoid the awkwardness of always citing 
intermediate points of the campus, the authors have 
elected to base the directions, not on true north, but 
on street names. In other words, it is assumed that 
"streets" currently bordering the campus run north- 
south and "avenues" run east-west. Some readers may 



be lost in the process, but it is hoped that others will 
be aided when Fritz Hall is positioned on the east side 
of Highland Hall, rather than on the southeast side, 
which may be more accurate. 

A photograph credit appears with each picture 
which has been made available from a private collec- 
tion or some other off-campus source. The absence of a 
credit signifies that the photograph is the property of 
Lenoir-Rhyne and is stored in the college library or, in 
some cases, other campus offices or record collections. 

In the historical narrative, alumni of Lenoir-Rhyne 
are identified by an apostrophized number following 
the name. The number, which identifies both gi-adu- 
ates and former students, generally represents the 
fourth year following the start of freshman studies. 

The authors are indebted to many individuals for 
their contributions to this work. Included in the group 
are the following who critiqued the first draft of the 
narrative, or provided timely photographs or valuable 
information, or assisted in other ways: Thomas H. 
Blackburn ('45), Russell E. Brown, Dottie Crafton, 
Robin F. Gatwood, John F. Hall (72), Douglas W. 
Hinson, Carolyn B. Huff, Myra E. McFall ('17), Walter 
T. Nau, Essie P. Newton ('21), Norman M. Newton 
('36), Catherine B. Norris ('52), Hanley H. Painter 
('50), Clarence L. Pugh ('62), William H. Shuford ('54), 
Everett J. Sox ('26), Pauline F. Sox ('31), M. Luther 
Stirewalt, Jr. ('34), Mary W. Thuesen ('59), and John 
E. Trainer, Jr. 

Special thanks go to Timothy E. Warren, Office of 
Research and Planning secretary, for assisting in the 
research and for keying and printing the book revi- 
sions, which must have seemed endless. 



The Lenoir Rhqne Plaqmakers 

Under the Direction of Miss Pearl Selzer 


A Three Act Comedy 
Alice Duer Miller and Robert Milton 

Pdramount Theatre 

Monday Niqhl, June 3rd, 1935 


The Playmakers were organized by Miss Pearl Setzer in 
1926. In June, 1935, the drama troupe presented The Charm 
School at Hickory's Paramount Theatre. Miss Setzer directed 
and Dr. Karl Z. Morgan was business manager. Courtesy of 
Theta Xi Fraternity 


Robert Anderson Yoder was the first president of Lenoir College, serving from 1891 
to 1901. President of Concordia College in Conover. Yoder was an honor graduate 
of North Carolina College, and had attended The Lutheran Seminary in Philadel- 
phia. Pennsylvania. Yoder delivered the principal address at the Academy Build- 
ing on the opening day of Highland College — September 1, 1891. 


1891 to 1901 

When John M. Smith, the Lutheran pastor in 
Conover, began teaching classes in a private 
home in June 1877, he accomplished what his church 
had sought for more than seven decades. Since 1803, 
the Lutherans in the western North Carolina county 
of Catawba had seen their efforts to establish a school 
frustrated by apathy and church splits. But Smith's 
school, later named Concordia College, endured, and 
it earned for the Lutherans respectability in education 
circles: it was the Lutheran response to the German 
Reformed founding of Catawba College at the county 
seat of Newton in 1851. For these Lutherans, located 
in North Carolina but members of the Evangelical 
Lutheran Tennessee Synod, it was also their response 
to the establishment of three other Lutheran schools: 
Roanoke College, by the Virginia Lutherans in 1853; 
North Carolina College at Mount Pleasant, by the 
Evangelical Lutheran Synod of North Carolina in 
1858; and Newberry College, by Lutherans of South 
Carolina, also in 1858. 

By 1890, the Conover college enrolled 130 students, 
had constructed its own building, and had turned 
down an attractive offer to move to a larger campus at 
nearby Hickory. But its president and three other 
leaders were drawn to the Hickory offer and negoti- 
ated privately in early 1891 to start another church 
school on the Hickory property. 

The Concordia president, Robert A. Yoder, was a 
thirty-eight-year-old honor graduate of North Caro- 
lina College, and had attended the Lutheran Semi- 
nary at Philadelphia. His colleagues were three fellow 
Lutheran ministers: Andrew L. Grouse, professor of 
ancient languages and theology; Jason C. Moser, a 
trustee, and pastor of Holy Trinity Lutheran Church 

at Hickory; and William P. Cline, Concordia's finan- 
cial agent who was also president of Holly Grove 
Academy, near Lexington. 

The property that attracted their interest was 
known as the Lenoir school property, a fifty-six acre 
tract situated on the eastern boundary of Hickory. It 
contained a school structure, and it was available to 
any responsible church group who would establish 
and maintain an educational institution on the site. 

The tract had been set aside for school property by 
Walter W. Lenoir, a Wilkes County lawyer and judge 
who owned the property when he died in July 1890 at 
the age of sixty-seven. He had selected the crest of the 
plot, seventeen and one-half acres, for the school 
property and surveyed a drive, six rods (ninety-nine 
feet) in width, to border the lot (Fritz, 1957). The 
unusually wide road would allow drivers to park 
horses and buggies by the edge of the drive without 
interrupting traffic. The campus and drive covered 
twenty -three acres. On the outer side of the drive lay 
an additional thirty-three acres which could be sold as 
residential lots to finance campus improvements. 

Before his death, Lenoir offered the property in the 
early 1870s to several church groups, including the 
Lutherans of Catawba County. Finding no takers, in 
1881, he deeded in trust the twenty- three-acre portion 
to his friend, J.G. Hall, a Hickory businessman, on 
condition he operate a school on the site. 

"Following the acceptance of the trust to me com- 
mitted," Hall recalled later, "I ... proceeded to clear 
the land of its mass of undergrowth and wild wood 
tangle ... I then proceeded to erect the original High- 
land Academy, the first building that adorned these 
grounds, using the best lumber taken from the 


Walter W. Lenoir was a Wilkes County lawyer 
and judge who owned a fifty-six acre tract of land 
situated on the eastern boundary of Hickory. 
Lenoir deeded twenty-three acres in trust to a 
Hickory businessman, J.G. Hall, who proceeded 
to erect the original Highland Academy. After the 
Academy was transferred to the four founders, it 
would be renamed Lenoir College in memory of 
the donor of the property. 

grounds. I was at the time reading one of 
Scott's novels located in the highlands of 
Scotland, which suggested the name. I 
crowned the building with a weather vane, 
being a deer in full speed ..." (The Lenoirian, 
1907, p. 63). 

The cornerstone of Highland Academy was 
laid 25 March 1882, and the first school 
opened 24 July. Teachers at the small 
college-preparatory school included H.C. 
Dixon, R.K. Bryan, T.G. Thurston, and 
Richard K. Meade. 

Classes were held in the academy building 
Hall erected, a two-story white frame 
structure, with tall windows, a colonial-style 
entrance and a steeple stretching from the 
steep roof At the rear of the box structure 
stood a chimney extending from fireplaces 
on each floor. All classes were conducted on 
the first floor. A chapel was located on the 
second floor. 

On 30 March 1891, Hall, at the urging of 
fellow Hickory businessmen S.E. Killian and 
W.P. Huffman, met at Huffman's home with 
three of the interested Concordia educators. 
Cline, the financial agent, was absent, but 
President Yoder, Professor Crouse, and Trustee Moser 
were present. Hall agreed to let the foursome take 
charge of Highland Academy on the condition that 
classes begin in September 1891, and that $10,000 for 
initial improvements be raised by 1 January 1892. 

At a meeting at Moser's home three weeks later, the 
first faculty was elected. Yoder was named president 
of the faculty and of the college. An announcement 
listing the faculty members and the opening date was 
printed for distribution on 1 May (Yoder, p. 4). 

Eventually, Concordia College lost to the new school 
six faculty members and twenty-one students, in 
addition to one president's wife who did not want to 
leave her new home in Conover. But she relented 
when President Yoder agreed to move the house. 
During the summer, the structure was dismantled 
piece by piece and hauled the seven miles on wagons 
to Hickory where it was re-erected, at a cost of $240. 
Even the elm shade trees were moved. Yoder quipped 
he would have moved the well too if he could have 
found a way to do it. 

Tuesday morning, 1 September 1891, the school 

opened under the name of Highland College. Formal 
exercises noting the event were held in the second- 
floor chapel of the building with the principal 
address by President Yoder. Present for the event 
were eight faculty members, sixty-three students 
enrolled on that day, and a number of friends and 
patrons of the institution. 

The faculty of eight included five ministers. Yoder, 
the president, taught psychology and logic. Moser 
taught Latin; Crouse, German; and Cline, history. 
The fifth minister taught Greek and English. He was 
J. P. Miller, who had served on the Concordia faculty 
as a layman before receiving his ordination in 1889. 
Robert L. Fritz, a Concordia graduate of 1891 who 
elected to receive his degi-ee from the new school, was 
a senior student who taught mathematics. Sallie C. 
Smyre taught music and art, while Mary E. Cline 
served as primary teacher. 

Although the first-day registration was gi'atifying. it 
was only a portion of the total registration. By the end 
of the semester, the enrollment reached 113. During 
the second semester, an additional 36 pupils were 


registered to give the school a total enrollment of 149. 

Lack of space was the first problem to confront the 
new school. The academy building, designed to accom- 
modate two instructors and 50 pupils, could not 
handle eight teachers with 113 students. Grouse and 
Miller relieved the congestion by teaching in their 
homes (The Educator, 1892, Nov.). 

Unresolved questions about the ownership and 
governance of the school were tackled on 2 January 
1892 when Yoder and Cline met with Hall to discuss 
the required $10,000 deposit for improvements. In 
lieu of $10,000 in cash, Hall accepted $2500 notes 
from Yoder, Grouse, Moser and Gline. It was agreed 
the members of the board of trustees would be the 
four note-signers plus Hall. Moser was named presi- 
dent of the group, Grouse secretary, and Hall trea- 
surer. At Yoder's suggestion, the trio agreed that the 
institution be called Lenoir Gollege in memory of the 
donor of the property. 

The following Monday, 4 January, Yoder and Hall 
appeared at the county courthouse in Newton to 

The cornerstone of Highland Academy was laid 25 March 
1882 and the first school opened on 24 July. Classes were 
conducted on the first floor with a chapel located on the 
second floor. On 1 September 1891, Highland College began 
in the Academy building. President Robert A. Yoder deliv- 
ered the principal address from the second floor chapel. 
Present were eight faculty members, sixty-three students, and 
a number of friends and patrons of the new college. 


record the charter constituting the five 
men as a board of trustees "for the pur- 
pose of maintaining and carrying on a 
school for one or both sexes of the white 
race of a grade not less than is necessary 
to prepare the students for admission into 
the Freshman Class of the University of 
this State." It granted to the board the 
power "to deliver diplomas and confer 
such literary and honorary degrees as are 
usually conferred in colleges" (Record of 
Corporations, Book I). 

Later the same month, Yoder began to 
draw plans for the proposed college 
building. He prepared the drawings 
himself, modeling the exterior after 
Thomas Jefferson's plan for the Univer- 
sity of Virginia library (Wight, p. 56). The 
building, he decided, should accommodate 
three hundred students. He estimated its 
cost at $15,000. 

Yoder completed the plans in early 
March, and ground was broken in May. 
By mid-June, workers had begun laying 
the stone foundation, and late in the 
month Franklin Pierce Moser, a mason 
who lived near the college campus, laid 
the first brick. 

The building, opened 3 January 1893, 
was majestic. It stood near the eastern 
boundary, facing south, surrounded by a 
grove of luxuriant oaks. At its base, the 
structure spread into dimensions of 125 by 
100 feet set on a broad, deep granite foundation. Atop 
the second floor roof, a squat shiny dome, 45 feet 
square at its base, rose 40 feet to an observation deck. 

The first floor contained offices, several recitation 
rooms, the primary room, the chapel, and library. 
On the second floor, in addition to offices and recita- 
tion rooms, were the music hall, the two society 
halls, and the commencement hall with seating for 
one thousand. 

One of the early inspections was made by the editor 
of the local Prcfts and Carolinian, who reported that 
the rooms "were adapted in size to the purposes for 
which they are designed, and arranged throughout 
with a tender regard to the health of the pupils, the 
convenience of all, and the preservation and utiliza- 
tion of the apparatus made indispensably necessary to 
the proper instruction of the youth of this day and 
age" (The Educator, 1893, Feb.). 

Another January visitor to the college was the 
Lutheran minister at Wilmington, F.W.E. Peschau. 
He also wrote of the building in glowing terms. He 
described it as "solid, massive and substantial, 
and yet handsome, externally and intornallv. 

William Pinckney Cline, Ph.B., D.D., founder, sensed as 
professor of history and financial agent of Lenoir College. 

symmetrically laid out, finely built and beautifully 
adorned with native pine ..." (Our Church Paper, 
1893, 22 Feb.). 

While the main building was taking shape, the rest 
of the campus was also undergoing improvement. The 
Highland Academy building was moved away from 
the new building toward the western boundary. 
Approach to the campus from town was made along 
College Avenue which passed by the campus on the 
east side and formed the eastern boundary. The broad 
border road surveyed by Lenoir was named Hope 
Avenue on the south. Faith Avenue on the west, and 
Charity Avenue on the north. In the spring following 
the opening of Main building, three new avenues 
with sidewalks were cleared, each giving access to 
the structure. One avenue entered campus from the 
southwest corner, another from the southeast 
corner, and a third entered from College Avenue 
parallel to Hope and Charity. The three new 
avenues converged at the entrance to Main. A number 
of wagon trails crisscrossing the campus were 


Jason Chrysostom Moser, D.D., Founder, was a 
professor of Latin and chairman of the Board of 

;losed when the new avenues were opened. 

Taking form at the same time was the college 
;urriculum which, according to Lenoir's first catalog, 
vas "designed to afford to all who seek it, a liberal 
;ulture upon Christian principles. It is the aim of the 
rustees and faculty to furnish, at a moderate cost, 
iuch an education as will best prepare the young for 
;heir several spheres of duty and usefulness after 
eaving the institution ... The wants of such as are 
Dreparing for the profession of teaching, or for the 
)ffice of the Christian ministry, will be specially 
-egarded in the methods of the institution." 

Lenoir College made its first significant change in 
;urriculum in 1894. Prior to that time, the college 
;ourses adhered to the traditional liberal arts philoso- 
ahy which required only one series of courses leading 
;o a single degree. But in its fourth year, the college 
^ave in to the elective system, which had swept the 
lation's colleges and universities forty years earlier. 

The 1894 degree changes offered the student a 
:hoice of three degrees: the A.B. Ancient Classical, the 

A.B. Modern Classical, and the B.S. 
Scientific. The degree earned depended on 
whether the candidate took Greek, or 
French, or neither. (The college also 
conferred eight master of arts degrees in 
1901, but they were probably not earned 

Regardless of the degree sought, the 
student took Latin, German, mathematics, 
English language and literature, 
history and political economy, mental 
and moral psychology, astronomy and 
natural sciences, evidences of Christian- 
ity, and mechanics. 

The school dropped its Primary Depart- 
ment in 1900, bowing to the public school 
system which was developing rapidly in 
the state. But the three-year High School 
Division, renamed the Preparatory De- 
partment, was retained. 

Every student, from the youngest 
primary pupil to the college senior, stud- 
ied Bible, Catechism, or religion as a part 
of his academic work. Students were given 
the assurance in the pages of the 
institution's first catalog: "In all instruc- 
tion, in all departments, the aim shall be 
to impress upon the minds of the young 
the principles of Christian morality." 

At eight o'clock each morning the 
students and faculty assembled in the 
chapel for one hour. After attendance was 
checked, the period opened with "I'espon- 
sive reading of the Scriptures, singing and prayer." 
The remainder of the hour was given to "(A) Suitable 
Lectures, or (B) Studies in Luther's Small Catechism, 
Portions of the Scriptures, Biblical History, Hymns." 
During the fall term of the 1893-94 session, Crouse 
(who chronicled the first sixteen months of Lenoir 
College in published periodicals titled Lenoir College 
Items and The Educator) reported that more than one 
hundred attended chapel regularly. He added that 
"the interest in these exercises is good. Of course a 
few of the students manifest some indifference and 
now and then one slips out ... The students who are 
not Lutherans and who do not wish to hear the 
lessons on the catechism are excused, as it is not our 
purpose to coerce anyone in religious things" (The 
Educator, 1893, Oct.). 

New students entering Lenoir College were free to 
enter any class for which they were prepared. An 
evaluation of the preparation was usually based on a 
statement or other evidence of good standing from the 
school previously attended. But not all applicants 
submitted such statements, and often the statements 
were poor indicators of the applicant's preparation. In 

the absence of a statement, the apphcant 
was examined — often orally — by one 
of the faculty. In addition, testimonials 
of good moral character were required 
of applicants "not well known to some 
members of the faculty" (Catalog, 
1892, p. 15). 

Admission to the freshman class re- 
quired "considerable progress in English 
Grammar and Composition, Higher 
Arithmetic, Elementary Algebra, History 
of the U.S., in Latin and Greek, to have 
mastered the more important forms, the 
more elementary rules of syntax, and to 
have acquired some facility in composition 
and translation." 

The school year was divided into two 
uneven terms. The summer term opened 
the first Tuesday in September and closed 
a few days before Christmas. The winter 
term began during the first week in 
January and closed with commencement 
the third week in May. The summer (or 
first) term of sixteen weeks was four 
weeks shorter than the winter term, 
giving rise to the common labels, "short 
term" and "long term." 

Only two holidays were scheduled 
during the year. Thanksgiving and Good 
Friday were observed with a one-day 
suspension of classes for each. 

On two other days, Columbus Day and 
Reformation Day, the college sponsored 
special morning services or events for the 
student body and visitors, but classes met. Grouse 
defended the continuation of classes on these and 
other special days by explaining that "our faculty is 
not much inclined to leave off all the lessons on any 
public day, because many of the students are strongly 
tempted by their surroundings to spend it in pure 
idleness" (The Educator, 1892, Nov.). 

Commencement activities were staged the third 
week in May, but preparations began in mid-April. 
Graduating seniors usually completed their final 
examinations about 15 April and devoted the last 
month of the year to preparing their commencement 
orations, although Crouse maintained that "too many 
orations are largely copied by the students from a 
book or magazine" (The Educator, 1893, Apr.). 

For the first nine years the highlight of the com- 
mencement, the graduation ceremony, was held on 
Thursday morning, but this was the only part of 
commencement which remained set. Other events 
were scheduled on the first or second or third day 
before graduation, but the events were moved each 
year to different spots, reorganized or combined. In 
addition to the graduation, the commencement week 

Andrew Leonhardt Crouse, M.A., D.D.. founder, was profes- 
sor of German and theology and first pastor of the college 

included the baccalaureate service, orator's contest, 
an alumni association meeting, and three closing 
exercises — one for primary students, one for high 
school students, and one for the undergi'aduate 
college students. 

The first major change in the scheduling of the 
commencement was made in 1900, when the bacca- 
laureate service moved to Sunday morning and the 
graduation service to Tuesday morning. The other 
events of commencement were held on Saturday 
and Monday. 

The members of the first gi'aduating class in 1892 
were four North Carolinians: Alfred R. Beck of McKee, 
Laura A. Carpenter of Lincolnton. Robert L. Fritz of 
Jimes. and Anna G. Huit of Conover. Receiving 
degrees the following year were four South Carolin- 
ians: John J. George of Chapin. G. Edward Long and 
Thomas M. Mills, both of Prosperity, and Jacob C. 
Wessinger of Wessinger. 

One of the most beautiful structures in 
the history of Lenoir-Rhyne College 
was Old Main, shown here. The 
exterior was modeled after Thomas 
Jefferson's plan for the University of 
Virginia library. A Lutheran clergy- 
man visiting in January 1893 wrote of 
the building, "solid, massive and 
substantial . . . symmetrically laid out 
. . . and beautifully adorned with 
native pine ..." The grounds sur- 
rounding Old Main would come to be 
part of what future generations at the 
college would call The Quad. 

The Class of 1893 of Lenoir College included, left to right: 
Tom Mills, John George, Ed Long, and Jake Wessinger. 
Courtesy of Isaac Provette 

Enoch Jefferson Sachs (So.x) was an 1896 graduate of Lenoir 
College who joined the faculty in 1897. At the time he was 
serving as a Lutheran pastor at Summit, South Carolina. 
Sachs resigned from the faculty after four years to return to 
the parish ministry for a period of fourteen years. When he 
rejoined the faculty he had changed his surname to Sox. He 
received the dedication of the 1922 HACAWA, the senior 
class stating "as a token of our love, and in appreciation for 
the interest he has shown in our class. " 


Instructional duties during the 
Yoder administration were shoul- 
dered primarily by three of the 
original faculty members (Yoder, 
Moser, and Cline) who taught 
throughout the period. Grouse 
resigned in 1894 because of 
theological differences with the 
Tennessee Synod, and Miller 
departed the following year to 
assume pastoral duties in Rowan 
County. Fritz resigned in 1897 to 
join the faculty of Elizabeth 
College and Misses Smyre and 
Cline left in 189.3 and 1895, 
respectively. Replacing Fritz in 
1897 was Enoch J. Sachs ('96), a 
Lutheran pastor at Summit, 
South Carolina. 

Faculty compensation during the Yoder administra- 
tion was low, and sometimes deferred. The policy in 
the early years was to pay all other expenses of the 
college and then divide the balance among the teach- 
ers and workers at the close of the session. The 
balance was often small. Consequently, all the teach- 
ers at the college worked in a second occupation, and 
most of them served in the ministry. Any complaints 
that too many preachers taught at the college were 
usually squelched by Crouse's challenge that "we 
should like to know what other creature could live 
there" {The Educator, 1892, Nov.). 

Occasional gifts also helped the teachers. On Christ- 
mas Eve 1892, a horse-drawn wagon delivered to the 
home of each professor a turkey, a gift of the Russell 
and Killian firm. Crouse was overjoyed: "These were 
not poor, scrub turkeys, which they could not sell, but 
had to give to the preachers and professors to avoid 
the expense of feeding them, but they were real good, 
fat turkeys, from home sometimes" (The Educator, 
1893, Jan.). 

Although the faculty was small, the student enroll- 
ment at Lenoir College during the first decade was 
relatively high. At a time when the University of 
North Carolina was one of the largest and oldest 
institutions in the state with 500 students, the new 
institution gained respect by claiming 170 students in 
its second year. It started its first year as the largest 
of three schools in Hickory. 

The enrollment during the ten years passed through 
two phases. For the first three years, the school 
enjoyed a healthy average enrollment of 161. But in 
the fall of 1894, the registration dropped and stayed 
down through 1901 at an average of 119. 

Ten rules and regulations for student conduct were 
laid down by the faculty in the first catalog. The 
requirements called for "daily attendance at chapel, 

The first two societies, Chrestonian and Euronian. were 
organized in 1892. The Neatrophean and Amitian societies, 
both for girls, were established the second year, and others 
followed. The 1916 Philalethean Literary Society is pictured 
here. Nellie Drye was president. 

attendance at church and Sunday School on the Lord's 
Day, a strict observance of study hours, permission to 
leave the college or town, excuses for absences from 
recitations, and compliance with all the requirements 
of Faculty." Forbidden was "the association of ladies 
and gentlemen during the five school days of the 
week, card playing, or other games of chance, the use 
of intoxicating drinks, and profane or obscene lan- 
guage, the abuse of buildings or furniture of the 
college, and all secret societies." 

Later, in 1894, the regulations were restated. The 
statement explained that the college opened at 8:00 
A.M. and closed at 3:00 P.M. and only the primary 
and preparatory pupils were entitled to have the 
12:00 to 1:00 intermission. Study hours were observed 
from 7:00 to 10:00 P.M. during which time students 
were required to be in their rooms. Only Collegiate 
Department students were permitted to "go up street" 
during the five school days without the permission of 
the faculty. 

Student organizations, the earliest and most promi- 
nent being the literary societies, were designed and 
directed by the faculty. The aims of the societies were 
primarily educational: "to develop the powers of 
members in composition, declamation, and oratory: 
and to acquaint themselves with the rules of delibera- 
tive bodies." This applied to the boys. The aims of the 
girls' societies were slightl\- different: "to cultivate the 
powers and tastes for reading and composition and 
develop the social and aesthetic natures in the mem- 
bers." Each student was required to join a society, and 
some of them, Crouse admits, had to be "driven" to the 
meetings {The Educator, 1893. Mar.). 


The Euronian Society was organized 3 March 1892 for girls, 
but a year later, it became a men's society. They met every 
Friday to hear student orations, debates, or an outside 
speaker. F.L. Conrad was president of the 1916 Society, 
pictured here. 

The first two societies, Chrestonian and Euronian, 
were organized 3 March 1892, one for the boys, the 
other for girls. They met every Friday afternoon at 
3:00, presided over by faculty officers, to hear student 
orations, or debates, or an occasional outside speaker. 

With a view to reducing the size of the groups, the 
faculty organized two other societies the second year. 
The Chrestonian and Euronian groups became boys' 
societies; the Neatrophean and Amitian were orga- 
nized for girls. The girls met Friday afternoons and 
the boys Friday evenings. 

Arriving on the campus about the same time as the 
first literary societies was the Luther Theological 
Society. This organization, composed of theological 
students, met "to discuss subjects pertaining to the 
doctrine and practice of our Church: and (to provide) 
practice in Sacred Oratory" [Catalog, 1891, p. 16). 

Organized physical activities were viewed by the 
faculty as time-consuming and useless. Moser, in an 
article exploring the advantages of Lenoir, wrote that 
"base-ball, and rowing matches, and other similar 
sports receive so much attention (at large colleges) 
that pupils find more inducement to muscular exer- 
cises and often conclude that they can win greater 
applause by proficiency in athletics than mathemat- 
ics" (The Educator, 1893, Sept.). 

Despite apparent objections, baseball was played on 
the campus. Crouse reports one such game between 
Eureka and Hickory on 15 April 1893. He first an- 
nounced "the tallies came out even," but later cor- 
rected the score. Hickory won 29-28. To foster student 

attendance at worship services, 
the organization of a church at the 
college was started in January 
1893, the same month Main 
building was opened. The pro- 
posed organization had the 
"hearty concurrence" of Moser, the 
Holy Trinity pastor (The Educator, 
1893, Feb.). 

Regular services were held in 
the chapel of Main building, and 
on Sunday night, 25 January, the 
congregation was organized with a 
roll of twenty-five communing 
members and twenty unconfirmed 
members. The name selected for 
the church was Saint Andrew's, 
and the pastoral duties rotated 
among members of the faculty. 

It was agreed the congregation, 
unlike some new churches, would 
be self-supporting, not seeking assistance from the 
synodical mission committee. Plans were made for 
services to be held morning and evening on the second 
and fourth Sundays, and Sunday School to be held 
every Sunday afternoon at 3:00. For a place of wor- 
ship, the new congregation was free to use the chapel 
of Main building until it could fix up the Highland 
Academy building, which had a larger chapel. The 
second floor of the old building could be used for 
services, and the first floor for Sunday School. 

In June the congregation expanded its schedule by 
adding a weekly service on Thursdays (later moved to 
Wednesdays) which included "reading the Scriptures, 
a lecture, singing and prayer" (The Educator, 1893, 
June). By this time the membership had reached 
thirty-eight confirmed members. On 23 September, 
the church was formally received into the Evangelical 
Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

Regardless of church affiliation, students in the 
Collegiate Department were charged an annual 
tuition of $40. Other students paid less. In the Pri- 
mary Department, the tuition ranged from $11 to $16; 
in the Preparatory Department, from $18 to $31. 

The charges during the first decade, however high, 
were not extravagant: Lenoir College's $40 tuition 
was much less than the $100 to $150 charged at 
Harvard. It also compared favorably with the rates of 
other small church-related colleges in North Carolina. 
At the same time, however, the state tax-supported 
University of North Carolina charged only $20 per 
year for tuition. 

A student in the Collegiate Department at Lenoir 
College usually had to plan on expenses for a nine- 
month session totaling $114. This included $72 for 
room and board and a 2-dollar incidental expense. The 


room and board rate of $8 per 
month was the usual rate charged 
by a private home. But sometimes 
older boys staying in private 
homes could arrange to purchase 
and prepare their own food, 
reducing their monthly costs to $4 
or $5 per month. 

Although Lenoir College was not 
organized by the church, the 
trustees assumed the school would 
affiliate with the Tennessee Sjoiod 
at an early date. A statement of 
"Fundamental Principles," pub- 
lished at the close of the first year, 
made clear the school should teach 
"Christianity in its purest form," 
using as textbooks the Bible and 
Luther's Catechism. Both teachers 
and trustees, it stated, must be "in 
full communion with some strict 
and faithful Lutheran congi'egation known to the 
electors," and the school must "never pass under the 
control of any synod which does not unreservedly 
accept and acknowledge all the Confessions of the 
Lutheran Church" (Our Church Paper, 1892, 13 July). 

An informal relationship with the church evolved 
during the first year. The college was less than three 
months old when the church directed its pre-ministe- 
rial beneficiaries to attend the new school and study 
theology under Crouse. Formal relations, however, 
were thwarted by divisions among Catawba County 
Lutherans growing out of the competing interests of 
Lenoir College and Concordia College. 

Affiliation was attained in 1895. After the sponsor- 
ship of Concordia was assumed by the Evangelical 
Lutheran Synod of Missouri, Ohio, and Other States, 
the Tennessee Synod adopted a resolution pledging 
"hearty moral and financial support" of Lenoir. The 
college, in return, agi'eed to increase its board mem- 
bership from six to thirteen, and to permit the synod 
to nominate the seven new members and all future 
vacancies occurring on the board. All synodical 
nominations, of course, would be automatically elected 
by the board. 

The church was also asked to help with the college 
finances. Prior to affiliation, the college was able to 
reduce its indebtedness moderately. The total cost of 
Main was about $13,000 up to 1894, and the faculty 
and board had paid half of that amount by constantly 
searching for contributions, large and small. 

In 1895, however, the debt still stood at $6,000, and 
the college reported to the church it needed assis- 
tance. Two years after, in 1897, the picture had not 
improved greatly. The debt had been reduced to 
$5,000, but the prospects for an early liquidation were 

The Chrestonian and Euronian Literary' Societies met in 
these dignified chambers on the second floor of Old Main. 
They often conducted joint debates in the college auditorium, 
also on the second floor of Old Main. The 1909 topic was 
"Resolved, That The United States Should Adopt a System of 
Postal Savings Bonds." The affirmative team ofVerley 
Fulmer and William K. Mauney won the question. 

fading. Regular gifts to the school debt were dwin- 
dling, and although new donors were sought annually, 
few were found. 

In 1899, the synod moved to promote gifts for 
reduction of the college debt and to assist the college 
by handling its finances and covering its shortages. 
But the synod's hope that voluntary contributions 
would wipe out the debt and help current expenses 
was not realized. The report in 1900 showed the 
college during the previous year experienced receipts 
of $1,941.42 and disbursements of $2,338.66, so that 
the synod had to contribute $397.24 to cover the 
deficit. At the same time a report from Professor 
Cline, who had canvassed Virginia, offered little 
encouragement. He had received in cash and subscrip- 
tions "a little more than $800," but "has found the 
work so slow and laborious, that he has been con- 
strained to discontinue the regular prosecution of it 
for a time" (Tennessee Synod, 1900, p. 27). More 
active interest and cooperation, he said, must be 
cultivated. Trustee John M. Rhodes had given $500 to 
the college, but it helped only the operating expenses 
for one year. During the 1900-01 year, the finances 
improved slightly; receipts totaling $1,826.33, and 
expenses amounted to $1,989.26, so that the synod 
subsidy amounted to only $162.93. 

In addition to shouldering some of the financial 
burden, the church in 1898 assisted with further 


The Lenoir College Class of 1900 is 
pictured here. Courtesy of Grace 
Morgan Ludwig 

The new building — Old Main — rises 
up on the landscape to dwarf its 
companion building to the left — 
Highland Academy. What future 
generations would call The Quad 
stretches out before these buildings in 
the rather bleak surroundings of the 

•vi«."!s •*^i'^ ^•r^ 

t*-'*«ft-*3^ :&J^v ■v'+'<a^ ^j:« 



reorganization of the board of trustees. The pohcy 
of electing board members for hfe was discontinued. 
Instead, the elected membership was reduced from 
thirteen to twelve and divided into groups of three 
(one minister and two laymen), each group to serve 
for a period of four years with one-third of the board's 
terms expiring each year. Completing the fourteen- 
member board were two un-elected members: 
the college president, who served as an ex-officio 
member, and J. G. Hall, who was continued as a 
life member. 

The auditorium of Old Main was an all-purpose facility. It 
could be used for college assembly, debates, chapel, and 
theatre productions. 


Robert Lindsay Fritz was president of Lenoir College from 
1901 to 1920. He also taught psychology, logic, and ethics. 
To many, Fritz is the "fifth founder" of the college. In the 
.•spring of 1S8.5 Robert Fritz entered Holly Grove Academy, 
opened by the Rev. W.P. Cline. He remained a pupil there 
until he left the Academy to enter Roanoke College in 1888. 
In the fall of 1889 he transferred to Concordia College in 
Conover, where he remained until 1891. In that year the 
College moved to Hickory and Fritz received his diploma in 

1892. After .'Studying at John Hopkins University. Fritz 
returned to Lenoir College in the fall of 1893 and taught 
regularly for three years. He went to Elizabeth College in 
Charlotte in 1897 and taught there .successfully for four 
years. In 1901 Robert Fritz accepted the prc^^idency of Lenoir 
College. On March 13. 1919. he resigned as Lenoir president 
and closed out a tenure of 18 years. 7 months, and 1 1 days 
— the longest in the college's history. 


1901 TO 1920 

//M am not anxious for the place," wrote Robert L. 

1 Fritz in his diary on 23 April 1901. The "place," 
to Fritz, was Lenoir College, where the current faculty 
was slated for replacement. In their search for a new 
faculty, the trustees had talked with Fritz and others. 
Their decision was scheduled for 24 April, and Fritz, 
at the time serving on the faculty of Elizabeth College 
in Charlotte, reflected on the possibility of his selec- 
tion. "Will not be disappointed if not called;" he 
continued, "will be hard to decide if called. I have 
made no formal application for the place." 

Fritz, age thirty-two, was a native of Davidson 
County and a member of Lenoir's first graduating 
class and its first faculty. Following a year of study at 
Johns Hopkins University, he rejoined the Lenoir 
faculty for four years and was ordained into the 
Lutheran ministry. He moved to Elizabeth College 
in 1897. 

Lenoir's selection of Fritz, first to the faculty and 
later to the presidency, was part of a trustee strategy 
to give the college a "new start" (Little, p. 2). The 
faculty during the initial decade had grown weary 
from heavy duties, growing competition from other 
schools, indebtedness, and the lack of physical equip- 
ment. The trustees concluded that all the faculty 
should resign and make room for new blood. As a part 
of the new day, the trustees would discourage the 
faculty practice of preaching on the side. In addition 
to Fritz, the trustees enlisted W. Herbert Little ('96), a 
Lutheran pastor at Mount Gilead, and William J. 
Stirewalt COO), a grade-school teacher at New Market, 
Virginia. The only teacher carried over into the new 
administration was the newest member of the old 
faculty, Enoch J. Sachs. 

Before assuming the presidency, Fritz shared in a 
letter to Little some of the changes he hoped to see in 
the new administration. Each of the four faculty 
members (Fritz, Little, Sachs, and Stirewalt) would 
have an academic specialty, each would study at a 
university in the summer when possible, and each 
would eventually devote all of his time to teaching 
and have no regular preaching duties. Moreover, 
salaries would be guaranteed, the expenses of the 
canvasser would be paid by the college, most of the 
canvassing would be done by Little, and "by and by" 
each would take a year off one at a time for study 
(Little, p. 5). 

Although many problems faced the new faculty, the 
immediate need was canvassing for students. Compe- 
tition was heavy. Among the competing schools, 
according to Little, were twenty-five colleges and 
nine high schools and academies. All the institutions 
were boarding schools, and all solicited within the 
territory canvassed by Lenoir College. Frequently 
six to ten representatives called on the same pros- 
pect personally. 

Canvassing for the fall term, therefore, was a 
priority when the faculty held its organizational 
meeting on 1 June 1901. Little was assigned the state 
of North Carolina, Sachs was given South Carolina, 
and Stirewalt took Virginia. Fritz assumed responsi- 
bility for the school's office, correspondence, and other 
administrative duties. He also planned rallies and 
reunions in the canvassing areas. 

For fifteen years. Little's summers were taken up 
with canvassing for students. He later estimated that 
he traveled by horse and buggy over the two Carolinas 
for more than seventy-five hundred miles. In his 


fonnir (Enlbg^ 


North (Haraliua 

Under Control of the E. L. Tennessee Synod 
Co-EducatioTi Under the Best Conditions and Management 

2rrfl StudentH. Climate Free from all Extremes. Ex:ellent Rgildinps 
and Ekjuipment. 

Courses for degreea with eleclives. Commercial, Music (Piano. Voice. 
Violin, Theory, History,) Art, and Prepatory Departments. 

A. B. Degree admits to Graduate Work in University of North Carolina 
without examination. 

Library and Reading Room, Chemical Laboratories. 



Eleven Churches (four Lutheran). Healthful location, on Southern 
and C. & N. W. Railways, in the famous Piedmont section of North 
Carolina, 1.200 feet above sea level. 

Elegant new Brick and Stone Dormitory for Young Men. New wing 
added to Young Women's Dormitory. Beautiful new Chapel. 


In Mi-n's Buildini! Per Month. Sin. 00 

Steam Heat. Electric Lijfht. City Water 

In Wiiman's Ruildinjr Per Month, $111. (Ml 

Steam Heat. Electric LiKht. City Water 



R. L. FRITZ, President 

North Carolina 

autobiography, Little described his experiences in 
terms of "driving long distances in open buggy under a 
burning summer sun," getting caught in a "thunder- 
storm with no shelter in sight," "drenched by blowing 
rain," "fording of streams swollen by heavy downpours 
— my horse once being forced to swim, and the 
cushion of my buggy splashed with rippling waves." In 
vivid terms, he described his uneasiness near Harris- 
burg at the close of a day when he was forced to go 
from door to door looking for a place for the night. He 
finally found it necessary to drive several miles in the 
dark to the home of a farmer he knew, Frank Teeter, 
who gave him lodging. 

Despite the competition, the Lenoir canvassers were 
guided by a cardinal rule: "Work for Lenoir and 
against no other College." Other faculty tasks called 
for other slogans. A frequent admonition was, "Saw 
wood and say nothing, but saw wood." The all-time 
favorite, according to Fritz was, "Do your duty faith- 
fully and let the Lord keep the glory books." 

In addition to canvassing assignments, the new 
faculty in 1901 worked out teaching duties. To Presi- 
dent Fritz was assigned the branches of natural, 
intellectual and moral science and senior mathemat- 

ics. Sachs was given Greek language and literature, 
and mathematics. Arthur L. Moser ('95) assumed 
responsibility for English language and literature, 
Latin language, and elocution; the assignment was 
made with a notation that he was entitled to two 
years' leave of absence for study at the University 
of North Carolina with "chair supplied" (Faculty, 
1901 ). Little was asked to teach history, German 
language, and French language and literature, 
and Stirewalt assumed responsibility for the Prepara- 
tory Department. 

The school week was altered in January 1902 to 
allow professors more time to return to campus 
from Sunday preaching assignments. (In the preced- 
ing year, one of the clergy trustees, W.A. Deaton, 
resigned because of the twenty-four hours required to 
travel from his Boone parish to the Lenoir campus.) 
The week was shifted from Monday-Friday to Tues- 
day-Saturday. The practice continued until 1914 
when the week was extended to six days, Monday 
through Saturday. 

Preparation of the annual catalog was also the 
responsibility of the faculty. In 1902, the work began 
at 10 A.M. on 7 April and continued through the day. 
Additional work sessions were held on the evening of 
9 April at the president's home, in the morning and 
evening of 14 April, and in night sessions on six 
subsequent days. Further work on the catalog was 
performed during a 5 May marathon meeting which 
began at 8:30 A.M. and continued until 11:00 P.M.. 
although the meeting was also devoted to commence- 
ment publicity and awards. 

Publicity was normally a responsibility shared by 
all. In the fall of 1903. the duty to report college news 
was divided among Fritz (Raleigh News & Observer. 
Our Church Paper), Little (Hickory Press and 
Catawba County News), Moser (Times-Mercury, 
Democrat), Sachs (Charlotte News. Newton Enter- 
prise), and N,E. Aull (Charlotte Observer. Lutheran 
Visitor). (Aull, a graduate of Newberry and former 
professor of North Carolina College, taught English 
and science from 1901 to 1905.) 

At the opening of school in the fall, a member of the 
faculty met each train bringing students to Hickory. 
The Carolina & Northwestern arrived daily from 
Edgemont, Mortimer, and Lenoir at 8:10 A.M. and 
2:30 P.M. The return trains, at 11:55 A.M. and 8:35 
P.M., dispatched passengers from Chester and 
Yorkville in South Carolina and Gastonia. Lincolnton. 
and Newton. 

Fritz served as president until 1920, but none of his 
colleagues stayed with the college that long. Little 
resigned in 1907 to assume the superintendency of an 
orphanage in Nova Scotia, but he returned to the 
college the following year and served until 1917 when 
he entered business. Stirewalt, although absent from 
1903 to 1905 for study at the ITniversity of Virginia, 


These seven men and one woman comprised the Lenoir College Class of 1902. 
Courtesy of the Dr. M.L. Stirewalt, Jr., files, Lenoir-Rhyne College Archives 

remained on the staff until 1913. Sachs resigned after 
four years to serve in the parish ministry for a period 
of fourteen years, after which he rejoined the faculty 
(with a change in surname spelling to Sox). 

Others serving at least five years were Lillie Belle 
Hallman ('12), music; G.H. Hartwig, English; F.C. 
Longaker, Greek and history; John D. Mauney, Bible; 
C. Luther Miller, Bible and field secretary; M. Lela 
Miller ('05), Primary Department and librarian; F. 
Grover Morgan ('09), Primary Department, Latin, and 
education; Emma J. Morrell, home economics; Karl B. 
Patterson, English and mathematics; K.A. Price ('03), 
health; Ella Belle Shirey ('12), dean of women; Martin 
L. Stirewalt ('02), Greek and history; and Maggie C. 
Woods ('13), business. 

The first person with a Ph.D. degree to join the fac- 
ulty was Edgar E. Randolph, a graduate of the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. The chemistry and English 
professor served for two years, from 1907 to 1909. 

The conditions of employment for individual faculty 
members were indicated in the contract awarded by 
the college in 1912 to Ester V. Shultz. Her services 

were engaged for the period from 3 September 1912 
through 26 May 1913 plus a maximum of two weeks, 
one prior to the school opening and the other following 
its closing. Her duties were to teach thirty hours 
weekly in expression and voice, coach up to three 
plays, and "perform other minor duties connected 
with the school work that may be desired or requested 
by the school authorities." Her pay was $315 for the 
year in addition to "board, heat, light, partly fur- 
nished room and 407c of what the department earns 
above the $315.00 and the board, heat, etc." (Fritz, 
1961, p. 26). 

A high priority for the new faculty in 1901 was to 
provide housing for girls. Some rooms were available 
in faculty homes and other residences, but additional 
space was needed if the institution was to continue 
canvassing for girls. Too many prospective students 
were lost because of inadequate accommodations. 

"One evening in March 1902," Fritz later recalled in 
an address, "I called on the president of the board, the 
Rev. W.P. Cline, and urged the need for a girls' 
dormitory. He thought it impossible. Early next 


Oakview Dormitory for young ladies opened in September 
1902. It could accommodate forty residents. Thanks to a 
gasoline engine, the occupants had running water. The 
young ladies of Oakview could receive callers only on the 
first Monday of each month from 7:00 to 10:00 p.m. and the 
presence of a chaperon was required. 

morning he came to my home and said it could be 
done. He had thought it over during the night. The 
plan was to borrow $5,000 and to find 20 business 
men willing to sign the notes, to let the income ft-om 
room-rents pay the interest for five years and then 
ask our synod to pay for the building . . ." (Hickory 
Daily Record, 1915, 24 Sept. ). 

The two-story frame structure, opened in September 
1902, accommodated forty residents and included a 
suite for the supei'intendent, a parlor, music rooms, 
dining hall, bath rooms, and a culinary department. 
Heat was provided through a hot-water process. 
"Hickory," Fritz later pointed out, "had no city water. 
We dug a well, bought a 'rowdy' gasoline engine, put a 
tank in the garret, and the girls — nobody else — had 
running water" (Fritz, 1961). The building was 
situated southwest of the administration building, 
near Hope Avenue, facing College Avenue. It carried 
the name "Young Ladies Hall" until, in 1904, Fritz 
recommended the name "Oakview Home." "A perfectly 
grand forest of native oaks," he explained, "completely 
surrounded the building." 

Better accommodations for boys were also needed. 
The lower floor of the Highland Academy building, 
accoi'ding to Fritz, had been "planked off into stalls" 
but the sti-ucture had "no city water, and little else." 
In 1904 the Board of Trustees appointed a committee 
to raise funds for the construction of a brick dormitory 
within one year. Named to the committee were John 
M. Rhodes, William J. Boger, McCoy Moretz. and 
Fritz. They first asked Daniel E. Rhyne to contribute 
the full six thousand dollars needed. 

Rhyne, age fifty-two, was a wealthy Lincoln County 
Lutheran who owned three cotton mills and held 
substantial interests and directorships in other 

corporations. The bachelor was, according to the 
Lincoln Journal of November, 1899, the owner of the 
first automobile in North Carolina (Ramsaur, p. 1). 

Rhyne declined to build the dormitoi-y himself, but 
offered to be one of five builders. "See my brother 
Abel, John Rhodes and the Mauney brothers," he 
suggested (Fritz, 1961). It required more than five 
donors and more than six thousand dollars. But 
construction began in 1906 and the building was 
completed for the fall opening in 1907 when it was 
filled to capacity. The three floors contained forty- 
seven rooms, two faculty rooms, an office, and a 
parlor. A dining room, kitchen, and pantry were 
located at the rear. It featured steam heat, hot and 
cold baths, and electric lights. Water for the building 
was serviced by an extension from the college water 
system constructed for Oakview. Lutheran congrega- 
tions and individuals were urged to provide the 
furniture for each of the dormitory rooms: two single 
iron bedsteads and mattresses, a wash stand with 
bowl and pitcher, and chairs. The name of "Highland" 
was selected to perpetuate the name of Highland 
Academy. Following the opening of the new Highland, 
the old academy structure was dismantled during the 
summer of 1909: the pine and oak lumber, timbered 
by J.G. Hall in 1881, was recycled to construct an 
addition to Oakview, increasing its capacity to sixty- 
four girls and providing an art room. 

Despite the addition of Highland Hall, some male 
students chose to live off-campus and do their own 
cooking to cut expenses. Marcus A. Bolick ('24) found 
the off-campus living also helped him save on milk: 
when he moved from his home at Hudson, he brought 
a cow with him. 

The opening of Highland Hall was followed shortly 
by work on a church building. Although the Saint 
Andrew's congregation in 1901 entered a pastoral 

Construction began in 1906 on a nirn's doniiitnry that was 
completed for the opening of school in 1907 when it was 
filled to capacity. There were forty-seven rooms and a parlor, 
and in the rear of the building was located a dining room, 
kitchen, and pantrw Given the name of Highland Hall in 
honor of the original Highland Academy, the building had 
.•<tcam heat, hoi and cold baths, and electric lights. 


Male students resided in the Highland Academy Building. 
In 1904 the board appointed a committee to raise money for 
a brick dormitory for men. The occupants of Highland Hall 
line up outside the dorm in 1914. In 1990 Highland Hall 

houses the college nursing department, faculty offices, the 
Playmakers costumes department, and the Hearing Im- 
paired Services. 

partnership with Mount Olive and thereby cut its 
pastoral ties to Lenoir College, it reaffirmed at the 
time its plan to build a church on the campus. The 
Board of Trustees of the college in 1902 endorsed the 
plan. Meanwhile, the congregation continued to meet 
at the college, sometimes in the chapel, sometimes in 
the auditorium. The building fund gi-ew slowly until 
1905 when the new pastor, C. Luther Miller, began 
soliciting other congregations of the synod for help. 
They were asked to contribute not to the 
congregation's house of worship but to a structure 
which could double as an educational facility for the 
college. In 1907 a contract for making the brick was 
awarded, and the stone foundation was begun. The 
building, patterned after the Holy Trinity Church in 
town, contained only the walls and roof when a 
shortage of funds stopped the work. A loan of twenty- 
five hundred dollars from the synod in 1909 revived 
the work, and the facility opened for the baccalaure- 
ate sermon and the Bible Society's address during the 

1910 commencement. The debt of $6,708.93 was paid 
off during a special service of the congregation on 25 
September 1910. 

The fifth addition to the young campus, a science 
building honoring Former President Yoder, was the 
inspiration of Miller, who in 1910 resigned the Saint 
Andrew's pastorate to assume the position of financial 
secretary of the college and to canvass for endowment 
funds. The idea took shape during his journey from 
Yoder's funeral in early 1911. At its meeting on 17 
April, the Executive Committee of the Board voted to 
erect the science building in the summer of 1911 and 
asked Miller to solicit contributions for the project 
when possible. The desired instant success did not 
materialize. When it also became apparent that the 
structure would cost not $5,000 but $15,000, a local 
Lutheran pastor, M. Luther Pence ('96), was engaged 
to do field work among Lutherans for that single 
objective. Pence's efforts ultimately resulted in 1,510 
subscriptions, most of them in small amounts and 




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Construction began in October' 1912 on a science building to 
honor the memory of President R.A. Yoder, who died in 

1911. Pastor M. Luther Pence did field work among 
Lutherans to raise $15,000 and his efforts resulted in 1.510 
subscriptions. President Fritz noted at the building's 
dedication, "The building stands as the most significant 
piece of work ever accomplished by our people. " The Dedica- 
tion Ceremony, on 2 October 1913, featured an address by 
the renowned preacher. Dr. Simon Peter Long of Mansfield, 
Ohio. Several thousand people attended the ceremony 
followed by a picnic on the campus and an evening of music 
and recitations by faculty and students. 

none of them, according to Fritz, from "outsiders." 
"The building stands," Fritz declared at its dedication, 
"as the most significant piece of work ever accom- 
plished by our people." Construction, begun in October 

1912, was completed in early 1913 at a cost of $8,200. 
Each of the three main floors contained a lecture 
room, large laboratory, research room, storeroom, and 
a faculty office. The basement, in addition to toilets 
and storage space, was equipped with a gas machine, 
water distillery, and a heating plant sufficiently lai'ge 
to heat both the science building and the nearby 
administration building. 

The Yoder building was dedicated 2 October 191.3 at 
ceremonies featuring an address by the renowned 
preacher, Simon Peter Long of Mansfield, Ohio. The 

event, scheduled as a part of the synod convention 
underway at Holy Trinity Church, attracted "thou- 
sands" (Lutheran Church Visitor, 1913, 16 Oct.). The 
festivities included a picnic spread on the grounds and 
an evening of music and recitation entertainment by 
the faculty and students. 

Extension of the science building heating system 
into the administration building signaled the removal 
of the many stoves in the main structure. The im- 
provement gave rise to a boast, appearing in the 
board's report to the October 1913 convention of the 
synod, that all buildings were supplied with steam 
heat, electric lights, and city water. 

Although no other structures were added during 
the Fritz administration, more campus development 
was visualized. A master plan was approved on 17 
April 1911 by the board's Executive Committee and 
served as a reference point for a number of years. The 
plan identified sites for construction of a library, 
additional girls' dormitory, conservatory of music, 
gymnasium, another boys' dormitory, auditorium, and 
agricultural building. 

The appearance of an agricultural building in the 
campus plan reflected the thought given by the 
Fritz administration to meeting the needs of the 
surrounding farming community. The college antici- 
pated the development of an agricultural progi-am, 
with an experimental farm and instructional building. 
The board created a committee in 1913 to acquire a 
farm of fifteen acres. However, the prevailing price of 
$100 per acre was considered to be too high, and the 
board never received a formal recommendation from 
the committee. 

Not included in the plan was a small marker des- 
tined to survive many years on the campus and placed 
east of the main building on the Tenth Street (for- 
merly College Avenue) right-of-way. The three-foot 
stone post was erected in 1915 by the City of Hickory ' 
to mark the city boundary, which extended one mile 
in all directions from the downtown depot warehouse 
of the Western North Carolina Railroad. 

Thirteen years earlier, in 1902, while some faculty 
members worked on a dormitory for girls, others 
concentrated on revising the curriculum. The faculty 
abandoned the three-track degree in favor of a one- 
track plan that gave the degree candidate language 
options during the upperclassman years. In 1904, 
however, the required curriculum was redefined into 
two tracks: Course I, which required five one-year 
courses in ancient languages; and Course II, which 
required only one year of Latin from the ancient 
language field. Nine years later, in 1913, the require- 
ments reverted to three tracks. Course I required six 
one-year courses in ancient languages. Course II 
required only one year of Latin, and Course III 
required two years of Latin. The three-track program 
continued without significant change throughout the 


Some of the crowd who gathered for the dedication of the 
Yoder Building on 2 October 1913 are shown here. The 
building was a most attractive structure containing three 
main floors with a lecture room, large laboratory, research 

room, storeroom and a professor's office on each floor. The 
basement contained a heating plant. Courtesy of the Dr. M.L. 
Stirewalt. Jr., files, Lenoir-Rhyne College Archives 

Fritz administration. Requirements common to all 
three courses included four years of English and 
Bible, three years of mathematics, and one year each 
of history, public speaking, biology, psychology, logic, 
and economics. 

Starting in 1902, the candidates were also required 
to write a twenty-five-hundred-word thesis to meet 
degree requirements. The thesis topics were assigned 
at the close of the first term in the senior year. Twelve 
years later, in 1914, the topic for the boys was "Inter- 
national Arbitration"; the topic for the girls was 
"International Peace." 

Three academic departments emerged during the 
period. The first, the Business Department, was 
established in 1901. It was renamed the Hickory 
Business College the following year and retained that 
name until the close of the Fritz administration. 
Education, the second department, was introduced in 
1913 with a single course, meeting twice per week. By 
1918, the department offered ten courses and was 
growing rapidly. The third department, the School of 
Domestic Science and Domestic Ai'ts, was inaugurated 
in 1915 with nine courses. The curriculum included 
sewing, textiles, cooking and preparation of foods, 
dietetics, home nursing, household management, and 
household sanitation and hygiene. 

In 1908, the offerings in the Preparatory Depart- 
ment were shortened from three years to two years. 

By 1914, public education in North Carolina had 
advanced to the level that the department could have 
been deleted altogether, but Lenoir retained a group 
of sub-freshman courses to meet the needs of students 
who did not take certain prerequisites in high school. 

Courses leading to the degree of master of arts were 
also offered from 1914 to 1919, but the curriculum 
was not described in the catalog. Three earned master 
of arts degrees were awarded; the recipients were 
Arthur M. Huffman ('12) and M. Lela Miller ('05) in 
1914 and Henry L. Seay ('08) in 1915. 

Earlier, in 1907, the college awarded its first honor- 
ary doctorates. The recipients were two Lutheran 
missionaries to Japan, C.K. Lippard ('95) of Saga and 
Charles L. Brown of Kumamoto. 

The canvassing efforts during the summer of 1901 
boosted enrollment for a number of years. The num- 
ber of students in 1901-02 jumped to 151 (including 
high school students), a 35 percent increase over the 
previous enrollment of 112. Two years later it had 
advanced to 243, but the 1903 opening of the first 
graded school in Hickory saw the Lenoir enrollment 
drop to 145. Even so, Lenoir ranked among the larger 
schools of the church; in 1904-05, its 182 students 
placed it fifth largest among the eighteen Lutheran 
colleges, behind Augustana (with 300 students), 
Susquehanna (257), Concordia Seminary College 
(217), and Newberry (201). Steady growth continued 


Students attempt to appear relaxed in 
this 191 1 scene of a Lenoir business 
class. The class motto was "work 
makes life sweet, " but the typewriters 
would indicate some hard labor would 
he needed to operate them. Future 
bookkeepers and secretaries have their 
note pads and ledgers in hand. 


A marker was erected in 1915 east of 
Main building on the Tenth Street 
(College Avenue) right-of-way. The 
three-foot stone post was erected by the 
City of Hickory to mark the city 
boundary which extended one mile in 
all directions from the downtown depot 
warehouse of Western North Carolina 

The School of Domestic Science and Domestic Arts was introduced in 1915 with 
nine courses. The curriculum included sewing, textiles, cooking and preparation of 
foods, dietetics, home nursing, household management, and household sanitation 
and hygiene. Courtesy of Paul Lutz 

as the canvassers expanded the recruitment territory, 
into Tennessee in 1910 and into Florida the following 
year. The highest enrollment of 287 was in 1913-14. A 
drop to 270 the following year was not viewed with 
alarm, but it started a decline which continued to the 
close of the Fritz administration. 

A conspicuous element of campus life for the first 
half of the Fritz administration was the dress of 
female students. Dormitory girls were required to 
wear, on campus and off, navy blue uniforms with 
mortarboard caps. White shirtwaists were worn in 
place of coats in the spring and fall. In the senior year, 
the uniform consisted of cap and gown. The dress, 
according to Fritz, "saved money for the girls and 
attracted much attention to the school." 

The limited association between boys and girls was 
reflected in the faculty rules governing the female 
residents of Oakview in 1903. They were permitted to 

receive callers only on the first Monday of each month 
fi-om 7:00 to 10:00 P.M., and the presence of a chap- 
eron was required. At all other times, they were not 
permitted to answer the phone or door bell or to talk 
or communicate "in any way from windows with 
persons on the outside of the building." Neither could 
they attend a social function in town unless chaper- 
oned by a member of the faculty. The residents could 
visit relatives or friends in town only with written 
permission from their parents and then "not oftner 
than once within one month." While visiting in town, 
however, they were not permitted to receive callers 
(Faculty. 1903, 14 Sept.). 

In September 1904, Vivian Smith's mother re- 
quested of the faculty by letter that her daughter be 
permitted "to receive the company of her cousin, 
Herbert Austin." But the faculty declined to give 
permission. The following month, the faculty was 


Coeds relax on the steps of gracious Oakview Hall. Several 
have gentlemen callers seated on benches beneath the trees. 
The building had originally carried the name 'Young Ladies 
Hall, " but was renamed by President Fritz for "a perfectly 


grand forest of oaks. " In 1909-10 the College asked young 
men not to loiter around the grounds of Oakview, but it 
became increasingly difficult to prevent this. 

informed that Miss Smith had "violated the regula- 
tions of the school, in driving out with a young man 
w^hile visiting at Mrs. Thomason's." It was the deci- 
sion of the faculty "to inform her parents and ask 
them to call her home" (Faculty, 1904, 12 Oct.). 

"Association of ladies and gentlemen without 
permission" was still prohibited in 1908 when the 
faculty took special action to reduce student tempta- 
tion. Girls often walked on the campus after supper, 
sometimes (according to the 1909 Hacawa ) "where 
the boys are." Preventing "associations" (often de- 
fined as "conversations") during the activity was a 
difficult task for the faculty. Its solution, early in the 
1909-10 year, was to decide "that the young men be 
requested not to loiter on or use the grass plot be- 
tween Oakview and the walk leading to the College 
front, but that this be reserved for the young ladies of 
Oakview as their portion of the campus for use in 
taking recreation." 

The nearby driveway in front of the Main building 
was known to several student generations as the 
Warpath: when students strolled there, they were 
accompanied by faculty members charged with 

preventing the exchange of comments, either vocal or 
written, with members of the opposite sex. 

Student life outside the classroom was enlivened 
each Friday with meetings of the literary societies. 
The typical meeting, according to the 1903 bylaws of 
the Chrestonian society, was comprised of a class 
performance and two rounds of debate. Offenses for 
which a member could be fined included: "addressing 
the chair without rising; failing to address the chair 
on rising to speak or speaking before recognized by 
the chair; passing between the speaker and President; 
interrupting the speaker without his permission 
unless to explain a misrepresentation; reading any- 
thing not connected with the exercises; and failing to 
vote ... Any member guilty of any of the aforemen- 
tioned acts shall be fined not less than 10 cents nor 
more than 50 cents" (Chrestonian Society, 1903). 

In addition to promoting public speaking within 
their own meetings, the societies sponsored inter- 
society and inter-collegiate debates, visiting speakers, 
and plays, on campus and in town. Among the plays 
produced were Little Lord Fauntleroy ( 1909), Ingomar 
( 1910), She Stoops to Conquer (\dlO), Merchant of 


These sharply dressed gentlemen have in common the given 
name of Paul. This is the 1914 Paul Club with Paul Yoder as 
president, Paul Dellinger as vice president, and Paul Rhyne 
as secretary-treasurer. 

Venice i 1911), Hamlet ( 1915), and Comedy of Errors 
(1916). The twenty-fifth anniversary of the societies in 
1916 produced two special pubhc debates. The 
Chrestonians debated the topic, "Resolved, that the 
public schools of North Carolina should give the 
students specific vocational training rather than a 
course of general training." It was argued by Everett 
A. Mauney of Newton and Robert O. McCoy of 
Huntersville for the affirmative (winners) and R. 
Bruce Sigmon of Newton and H.I. Lippard of 
Statesville for the negative. The Euronian topic of 
national preparedness was debated by J. Robert Price 
and Frank F. Allen, both of Hickory, for the affirma- 
tive, and Roy C. Huffman of Newton and Glenn R. 
Frye of Statesville for the negative. The affirmative 
team won, but Frye on the negative side was judged 
best debater. 

The societies also provided some of the social events 
of the campus. Early in the fall of 1901, the society 
halls were used for a Saturday night reception pre- 
sented by the girls. The event, as reported by Our 

Church Paper, was characterized by good cheer, 
conversation, games, charades, conundrums, music 
and recitations. An "omniperforming graphophone," 
operated by Leslie Moser ('02) of Hickory, "added no 
little to the evening's diversion" with speeches, music, 
songs, and mimicry. 

At the urging of the literar}' societies. Lenoir Col- 
lege in 1908 entered the arena of intercollegiate 
debate. The first debate, with St. Mary's College at 
Belmont, was held 1 May 1908 with Lenoir repre- 
sented by John L. Smith of China Grove and Charles 
W. Cromer of Lexington, South Carolina. In the 
following fall, the college initiated an annual meet 
with debaters of Mount Pleasant Collegiate Institute. 
Earning the right to represent Lenoir through a 
preliminary contest on campus were R.A. Swaringen 
of Charlotte and O.B. Robinson of Gastonia. The topic 
for the debate was "Resolved, that the United States 
should adopt Postal Savings Banks." 

Student organizations helped to perpetuate some 
of the enduring traditions of Lenoir College which 
trace to the early years of the Fritz administration. 
Fritz himself, in the summer of 1903, selected the 
school colors (garnet and black) and the motto 
"Veritas vos Liberabit" ( the truth shall make you free, 
from John 8). 

At the same time, Fritz issued an invitation for 
someone — student or faculty member — to write a 
school song. During the next fourteen years, at least 
three compositions were proposed. The first, titled. "A 
Song to Lenoir College," was written by Orestes P. 
Rein ('07) and printed in The Lenoinan in 1908 (Vol. 
11, p. 40). Also proposed was a five-stanza poem 
which concluded the valedictory address published in 
the same publication in June 1912. The poem began: 

Fairest jewel, dear Lenoir, 

Hail to thee, thou art divine! 
For the spirit we adore 

Is embossed in thy shrine. 

Thou dost heed the call to duty 
Seek for goodness, truth and beauty. 

The third entry was written in 1917 by Librarian 
John C. Seegers, Jr., and titled "Fair Star of 
Caroline." "I wrote it," he explained in a Lenoir 
Rhynean interview in 1947, "simply because the 
college had no song at all and I thought it should have 
one. The meter was designed to fit the old Russian 
National Hymn. I like the song and in addition to that 
fact, it is the tune of the Alma Mater of the LTniversity 
of Pennsylvania which is one of my four alma maters." 
Seegers' song was sung by the Lenoir glee club as the 
closing number during its program in 1917. 

The president's wife also contributed to the estab- 
lishment of tradition by spearheading the formation, 
in October 1914, of the Lenoir Dames, an organization 
of the wives of professors. The seven charter members 
organized to "promote a spirit of sociability among the 


One of the moat interesting clubs 
formed at the college over the years 
was the Ancient and Infernal Order of 
PREVARICATORS. With their motto, 
"Never Trust a Brother," this group of 
men met "anywhere," and had an aim 
"to be the greatest liar," and took bull- 
frog green and huckleberry purple as 
their colors. R.G. Sigmon was the High 
Liar in 1917. H.W. Sandel was Vice 
High Liar, and W.B. Rhyne served as 
Recorder of Lies. The membership was 
divided into Gas Bags, Rogues, and 

professors, their families, and the 
student body, and to render the 
college any other service that is 
within its power" (Hacawa, 1915, 
p. 124). Its projects included an 
annual September reception for 
students, banquets for the faculty, 
planting and care of flower plots 
on the campus, contribution of an 
etiquette book to the library, and 
stork showers. 

To the close-knit college family, 
a smallpox scare in 1902 created a 
major disruption of the program. 
When an ailing freshman, Arthur 
D. Davis, showed no improvement 
on Saturday, 20 September, Fritz 
took him to the Hickory station 
and placed him on the evening 
train for his home in Cleveland. 
On Monday, Fritz was shocked by 
a letter from a Cleveland physician 
reporting that Davis suffered not 

from chickenpox, but from the more serious smallpox. 
Fritz immediately drove to Newton and sent Dr. 
George West, the county physician, to Cleveland to 
confirm the diagnosis. A telegram arrived the next 
day from West confirming the smallpox diagnosis and 
confining Davis' roommate to his room. On Wednes- 
day, West and a medical colleague arrived on campus 
and vaccinated sixty students. Worse, as Fritz ex- 
claimed in his diary, "all students boarding at High- 
land Hall are quarantined for two weeks!!!!" On 
Thursday, Fritz and Stirewalt packed their personal 
belongings, moved into Highland, and each began 
teaching eight-to-ten classes daily to the quarantined. 
Outside the walls of Highland, the other faculty 
members (Little, Sox, and N.E. Aull) were aided by 

The 1910 Expression Class had as its club motto, "To Be and Not To Do. 

Cline, who picked up Stirewalt's regular classes. The 
quarantine was finally lifted on 2 October. 

Without altering the character of the institution, 
the legal foundation of the college was adjusted when 
the 1892 charter was replaced by a formal Act of 
Incorporation on 4 March 1905. The two documents 
were similar, but the original was granted by 
Catawba County while the replacement resulted from 
an act of the North Carolina General Assembly. There 
were other differences. Lenoir College was originally 
chartered as a "body politic for educational and 
religious purposes," but the state act defined it as a 
"corporation for the promotion of religion, morality, 
and learning." The first charter had a term life of 
thirty years; the state document had no time limit. 


The replacement dropped the 
reference to the white race of 
students but introduced a re- 
striction on the manufacture or 
sale of alcohol within two miles 
of the campus. 

A set of governing documents, 
including the charter, was adopted 
by the synod convention at New 
Market, Virginia, three years 
later, in 1908. The set included "A 
Statement of the Relation of the 
Synod and College," and the 
college constitution and by-laws. 

The statement of relationship 
clarified that Lenoir was "owned 
and controlled" by the Evangelical 
Lutheran Tennessee Synod (Fritz, ii-"i.i..: 7. >■,,, 
1961). "The Board," according to 
the statement, "is the creature of 
the Synod, and shall operate the College for the Synod 
and under Synod's direction, and shall make complete 
reports at the regular meetings of Synod." 

The constitution granted to the board "oversight" 
of the faculty. It also required that the professors 
and instructors "must be Lutherans in good standing, 
who accept and subscribe to the doctrines and prin- 
ciples of the Lutheran Church, as taught in her 
Confessional Writings." 

The by-laws stated that professors and teachers 
"shall devote their entire time to their work of teach- 
ing unless other arrangements have been made with 
the Board." They also prohibited secret societies and 
fraternities, card playing and other games of chance, 
and use of intoxicating liquors. Use of tobacco in any 
form was "openly and strongly opposed." 

While governance documents were refined, the 
student music organizations which were begun under 
the Yoder administration continued to thrive. In 1906, 
the campus boasted an orchestra of twelve, directed 
by Karl B. Patterson of the English and mathematics 
faculty and Karl G.A. Busch of the Science Depart- 
ment. They were assisted by Bessie D. Bailey, who 
taught voice and expression. In the following year, a 
drama production featured music by the Oakview 
Orchestra, and at the 1908 Thanksgiving service at 
Saint Andrew's, music was provided by the orchestra, 
the Lenoir Maenner Quartette, and the College 
Chorus. By 1910 a glee club had been organized by 
Director Eleanor Stecher, and possible trips for the 
club were rumored. 

Intercollegiate athletics first appeared at Lenoir 
College in the form of baseball. The year was 1903. 
The first recorded indication was an action of the 
faculty on 30 January 1903 to offer free tuition "to 
procure a good pitcher and catcher for the ball team." 

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In December 1914 the College Players presented Hamlet with 
Robert Coons in the title role. Directed by Miss Esther 
Shultz, instructor of voice and expression, the Shakespeare 
masterpiece included a performance by Pearl Setzer as 
Queen Gertrude. Miss Setzer graduated from Lenoir College 
in 1910. but after a few years of teaching, returned to LC for 
more training in dramatics. The 1915 HACAWA noted, "We 
feel sure that a bright future awaits her." They were right! 
Pearl Setzer would become the "founding spirit" of the 
Playmakers of Lenoir-Rhyue College as a longtime member 
of the LRC faculty. 

In March, The Lenoirian reported that baseball 
uniforms (silver grey with red "L.C." on the shirt) had 
arrived and, on 17 March, the teams of Lenoir and 
Catawba College had "crossed bats at the Lenoir 
College athletic park," west of the Main building. The 
game, played eleven days prior to the scheduled 
opener with Rutherford College, was "rather unex- 
pected, though quite a crowd was present." Lenoir's 
pitcher, Walter F. Moser, struck out eighteen batters, 
but Catawba won 5-3. Team travel was e\ddenced in 
the 1903 season when the absence of Stirewalt from a 
faculty meeting on 24 April was excused for a "tour 
with the ball team." By 1912. the quality of the 
progi-am was sufficient to attract athletes of the 
caliber of Jim Poole, a student who later played major 
league baseball. 

Intercollegiate football was introduced to the 
campus in the fall of 1907. The coach, T.M. Warlick. 
was described in The Lenoirian as a "Hickory boy who 
was one of Davidson's star players last year." The 
Lenoir team played Catawba College three times but 
scored only 3 points. Catawba scored a total of 64 
points. Over the next four years, the Lenoir squads 
fared better. But the sport was limited to inti'amui'al 
competition after the 1911 season. 

Intercollegiate basketball for boys and girls began 


Shakespeare's Comedy of Errors ivas 
presented as a part of the Commence- 
ment Program in 1914. Direction was 
by Miss Esther V. Shultz. 

about 1910, as did track and tennis. Details are 
fragmentary, but they indicate some intercollegiate 
competition. Lenoir students participated in a tennis 
tournament with Rutherford in the fall of 1910. The 
track team lost a 1910 ten-mile relay race which 
began at Rutherford and ended in Hickory. The girls' 
basketball team on 13 March 1915 defeated 
Claremont College 25-11. Some of the 1917 basketball 
games were played in the Hickory Armory building. 
In the publications arena, the Lenoir College Jour- 
nal greeted the Fritz administration as the voice of 
the college and continued in that form until it was 
transformed in 1902-03. The name was changed to 
The Lenoirian , and the editing was transferred to 
students. In addition to reporting campus happenings, 
the monthly journal served as an outlet for creative 
works. The twenty-page issues usually contained 
essays, short stories, orations, debates, poetry, and 
editorials. The Lenoirian promoted an exchange 
with the publications of other colleges and universi- 
ties and frequently was praised for its content by 
other editors. In recognition of the efforts of a fre- 
quent contributor, Richard F. Little of Hickory, The 
Lenoirian published in September 1911 a letter from 
one of the nation's foremost writers, Ella Wheeler 
Wilcox, who wrote for thirty-eight periodicals and 
earned an annual salary of eighty-five thousand 
dollars. Later the publication received a letter from 
another top writer, Dorothy Dix, pointing out that the 
"master stroke you have accomplished in getting a 
letter from Ella Wheeler Wilcox, is unprecedented in 
the South. You should congratulate yourselves in 
having among your number one whose work has 
attracted the attention of one of the greatest literary 
geniuses of the age; one whose ability is so appreci- 
ated, that it can stop the pen that yields a fortune 
every day and turn its working to its own desire." 

In 1906 a college orchestra of twelve icas begun iiniier the 
direction of Karl B. Patterson of the English and mathemat- 
ics faculty and Karl G.A. Busch of the Science Department. 
Here is the 1913 orchestra under Professor Patterson's 

A proposal for a college yearbook was made to the 
Lenoir faculty at its meeting on 22 January 1909. In 
making the presentation, F. Grover Morgan of the 
Senior Class described the plans developed by the 
class and requested permission to use catalog engrav- 
ings of college buildings and also requested that either 
group or individual photographs be made of the 
faculty. Both requests were granted. At the following 
meeting on 29 January, the faculty considered a set of 
names proposed for the annual by students. Finding 
none appropriate, the faculty asked the students to 
submit new names at the next meeting. The new 
names were also considered unacceptable. So the 
faculty, on 6 February, asked each of its own members 
to propose names. At the following meeting, on 12 
February, the name Ha-Ca-Wa (HAlls, CAmpus, 


In 1918 the Lenoir College Band was a collection of talented 
and serious musicians. Courtesy of Mary Wise Thuesen 

WAlls) was approved. The name was proposed by 
Fritz, who later wrote, "The joys, successes, pleasures, 
victories — and failures — were deeply within these 
three never-to-be-forgotten realms — Halls, Campus, 
Walls!" The yearbook staff later, on 30 April, asked 
the faculty for an advertisement for the initial 1909 
edition, but the request was not granted, "owing to 
present condition of the treasury." 

The need for an institutional endowment was 
recognized as early as 1903 when the college launched 
a drive to raise $5,000. Although the goal was not 
met, the effort produced the first gift for the endow- 
ment. A $700 bequest was received from the estate of 
Eliza Rudisill of Newton, a friend and admirer of 
former president Yoder. The income from the princi- 
pal, designated for a scholarship for the education of 
ministers, first became available in 1903. The second 
endowment gift, I'eceived in 1905, was a bequest from 
the estate of Eliza B. Hedrick of the Holly Grove 
congregation in Davidson County, a friend of Profes- 
sor Cline. Hedrick, who died 8 December 1904, left 
$500 to her church, $25 to another beneficiary, and 
the remainder of her estate to the Lenoir College 
endowment. The bequest to the college amounted to 
$3,000. Later, in 1907, another campaign for the 
endowment — this time for $50,000 — was launched 
under the direction of a trustee and Gastonia minis- 
ter, William J. Boger, but the effort died, a victim of 
the national economic panic. 

A major effort followed in 1910, initiated by the 
church. The Tennessee Synod, upon the recommenda- 
tion of its North Carolina Conference, voted to create 
over the next decade a fund of $100,000 which would 
be given to the Lenoir endowment in 1920, the year of 
the one hundredth anniversary of the synod's found- 
ing. The project was given the name, "Centennial 
Endowment Fund." C. Luther Miller was engaged as 
financial representative to canvass for funds in North 
Carolina, Virginia, and South Carolina. The cam- 


paign, however, was sidetracked by the 1911 canvass- 
ing for the science building. 

An effort to revive the Centennial Endowment Fund 
was made in 1915. This time the goal was met in cash 
and subscriptions, but unfortunately many of the 
subscriptions were not paid in full. 

The value of the fund, in the fall of 1918, was 
$25,534.99. It increased the followdng year, on 23 
June 1919, upon receiving a bequest of $2,000 from 
the estate of W.P. Huffman on condition that the 
college assume responsibility for the care and mainte- 
nance of the donor's family cemetery five miles east of 
the campus. 

In the closing months of the Fritz administration, 
the endowment received a significant boost. In July of 
1919, the Board voted to launch a $250,000 campaign 
and engaged O.H. Pannkoke of New York City, head 
of the Lutheran Bureau, to serve as director. Daniel 
E. Rhyne pledged $100,000 on condition that the 

Alma Mater 

Fairest jewel, dear Len<tir. 

Hail to thee! Thou art tlivinel 
For the spirit we adore 

Is embosomed in thy shrine. 

Thou dost heed tin' call to duty. 
Seek for poo<iness. truth and iK'aut.w 

Th<»u wast cradled, dear Lenoir, 

In Obstructions sw,'IIinp: tide; 
But the Watchman on the shore 

Taught the Pilot how to pruide. 

May the God wh(t nurture<l tliee 
Guard thy future destiny. 

Though thy sisters, dear Lenoir. 

Have excelled thee in renown. 
Tis the Past they glory o'er; 

In the Future is thy crown. 

Time has saved his rarest gem 
To adorn thy diadem. 

Alma Mater, dear Lenoir, 

Home of love and Friendship's birth. 
Fondest mem'ries evermore 

Linger round thy .sacred hearth. 

Mem'ries of youth's brightest day 
Fast, how fast, it fades away. 

Hail! 0. Hail! Then, dear Lenoir, 

Spirit of pure joy and mirth. 
Gird thyself fore\er more 

With the truth that gave thee birth; 
May'st Ihou heed Ihe nillio duty 
Seek for goodness, truth ami bi'autv. 

In the early years of the Robert L. Fritz adnunislration, 
traditions were being formed. Among those was an Alma 
Mater. Orestes P. Rein wrote "A Song To Lenoir College" whicht 
appeared in the school newspaper in 1908. Also submitted was 
a five-stanza poem which was used at graduation in June 
1912. It is reproduced here in its entirety and is perhaps the 
College's first A/ma Mater. In 1917. Librarian John C. Seegers 
u-ould write "Fair Star of Caroline." 


synod and other friends of the 
college raise $200,000. The goal 
of $300,000 was later subscribed, 
and, by October 1920, payments 
toward the goal amounted to 

Meanwhile, the academic 
calendar during the Fritz adminis- 
tration made time available for 
two distinctive traditions: Campus 
Day, and Spring Picnic Day. On 
Campus Day, classes were sus- 
pended while students and faculty 
members labored together at 
cleaning and beautifying the 
campus. The day was normally 
scheduled in March or April, 
sometimes permitting the activi- 
ties to include the planting of shrubbery and flowers. 
On Spring Picnic Day, school was adjourned while the 
entire college — teachers and students — hiked to a 
distant location for a picnic spread. Some picnics were 
held at Catawba River, some at Henry River, some at 
Baker's Mountain. At times the hikers processed 
through downtown Hickory, two by two, creating a 
lengthy and conspicuous parade. The food was pre- 
pared in the college refectory and transported in a 
one-horse wagon drawn by the college's dark sorrel 
mare, Daisy, and driven by Jonas Knox, a cook. The 
event was originally scheduled for 1 April, to avoid 
the classroom disruptions created by April Fool 
pranks, but many of the picnics took place later, often 
on a Saturday. 

Another tradition was the Flag Fight. In the early 
fall on a selected night, the sophomores raised their 
class flag on the top of the dome of the Main building. 

The first intercollegiate athletic 
activity at the college was baseball 
beginning in 1903. In January 1903 
the faculty voted to offer free tuition for 
a good catcher and pitcher. By 1906 
the baseball team was making spring 
road trips and by 1912 the program 
attracted Jim Poole, a student who 
later played major-league baseball. 
The 1903 baseball team is shown here. 

Intercollegiate football came to the 
campus in 1907. The Lenoir team 
played only three games — all against 
Catawba. .<icoring a total of three 
points. In 1908, under Coach T.M. 
Warlick, the record improved to 5-2-1 
and under B.F. Shoafdn 1909) the 
record was 3-5-0. The 1909 squad is 
pictured here. The sport was discontin- 
ued in 1911. It was not revived until 

.,t • J : f ^ 

L ^ . tt: i L* 


Then they barricaded themselves on the stairway 
leading through the dome to the flag pole and chal- 
lenged the freshmen to remove the flag. The defense 
was successful if the flag continued to fly at sunrise 
the next morning. Legend says that no freshman 
class succeeded in removing the flag prior to 1919, 
when an unusually large freshman class overran 
the sophomores. 

In addition to hijinks, the students sought self- 
governance, which evolved during the early years of 
the Fritz administration. Around 1906, the first 
Student Commission emerged. Later, in the 1911 
catalog, the commission was described as an organiza- 
tion of representatives of the college classes which 
"supervises the conduct of students and enforces good 
order and discipline in and about the dormitories . . . 
The decisions of the Commission are valid unless 
reversed by the Faculty." One year later, the honor 





Looking a great deal like the teams in the 1981 film, Chariots of Fire, is the 1913 track 
team. Track had begun at Lenoir College in 1910, as did Tennis. The 1913 team 
manager was L.L. Lohr, captain was G.E. Rockett, and G.H. Huffman was coach. 

system was adopted at a mass meeting on the campus 
30 November 1912. The agency estabhshed to try 
cases of honor system violation was the Student 
Executive Council. Serving on the council were the 
president (elected by the student body), one girl and 
one boy from each college class, and one representa- 
tive from each Preparatory class. One provision of the 
honor system required each student to write and sign 
at the end of each examination or quiz the following: 
"I pledge my honor that I have neither given nor 
received help on this examination (or quiz) and that I 
have made a reasonable effort to prevent cheating by 
others" (Fritz, 1961). 

During the same period, when Lenoir College 
expanded its search for students into Tennessee, it 
studied the possibility of establishing a feeder high 
school in that area. In November 1911, the board 
appointed a committee to consider the formation of a 
Carolina-Tennessee Educational Association to 
purchase Mosheim College at Mosheim, Tennessee, 
and use the facility to operate a high school. After 
eighteen months of negotiations, however, the com- 
mittee recommended that efforts be discontinued. 

Although low enrollment was a concern, so was 

acceptance of the Lenoir College program by the 
educational community. Lenoir graduates entering 
the graduate school at the University of North Caro- 
lina wei-e required to start in the undergraduate 
senior class. In 1908, therefore, Fritz was overjoyed to 
receive a letter from the university president, F.P. 
Venable, certifying that Lenoir graduates would be 
admitted unconditionally to graduate work at the 
university. The gi'aduates, however, were still re- 
quired to stand examination to qualify for North 
Carolina teacher certification. That restriction was 
lifted in 1916 when Lenoir was granted an "A" rating 
by the State Board of Education. In achieving the 
rating, Lenoir joined a select group often institutions, 
including the university and Davidson. Elon, Guilford, 
Meredith, Salem, State Normal, Trinity, and Wake 
Forest Colleges. 

The "A" rating was based on an inspection of the 
college on 11 May 1915 conducted by Samuel P. 
Capen, educational specialist of the Bureau of Educa- 
tion in Washington, D.C. The visitor, according to 
Fritz, "was well pleased with our courses, teaching 
force, method of record keeping, our buildings, our 
grounds, plan of walks, driveways and building sites 



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These sturdy young men constitute the 
Monogram Club of 1916-17, having 
earned a varsity letter in their sport. 
R.O. McCoy (basketball) was president 
and Glenn R. Frye (baseball) was vice 

Women became a part of the sport 
scene early in the college's history. 
Competition for men and women began 
about 1910. The picture here shows 
women's basketball play on campus in 

Coeds were a part of athletics at the 
college from its earliest days. The 
Young Ladies' Athletic Association 
posed for this picture in 1918. Note 
tennis rackets and basketballs. 
Courtesy of Paul Lutz 


The college newspaper, The Lenoirian. appeared just before 
the college yearbook in 1909. Shown here is the 1910 staff. 
F.R. Yoder was editor and Pearl Setzer (on the far right) was 
a reporter. 

for new buildings, Highland Hall and equipment, 
society work and especially with the Yoder Memorial 
Science Building and its equipment. Said so many 
schools did not have as much as we had. I remarked 
that the U.N.C. gave us even credit for our Science 
work. He replied: 'Well, I should think they ought." He 
said our library was our weakest point, and asked 
what yearly allowance we had for the purchase of 
books. We have none, but we buy an average of at 
least $100 worth a year. I will ask the Board for an 
allowance of $150 or $200 a year. He agreed that an 
increased endowment was our second need. He agreed 
that our new Library Building should be placed at the 
center of the campus ..." 

Shortly after Lenoir College received the "A" classi- 
fication from North Carolina, a similar accreditation 
was granted by the Board of Education in South 

The recognition of Lenoir was due in part to Presi- 
dent Fritz's efforts and influence. Within the space of 
three weeks in the spring of 1913, Fritz delivered 
commencement addresses at Kings Mountain High 
School and Lutheran Theological Southern Seminary, 
Columbia, South Carolina, and represented the state 
of North Carolina, through appointment by Governor 
Craig, at the Southern Sociological Congress in 
Atlanta. Later in May, the Board of Trustees of Lenoir 
conferred on him the honorary degree of doctor of 
divinity. The following year, in an address on the 
Lenoir campus. President Harry W. Chase of the 
University of North Carolina stated that "there are at 
present three distinguished mathematics teachers in 
North Carolina, and Di-. R.L. Fritz is one of them" 
(Conrad, p. 3). 

The early days of the 1914-15 year were marred by 
the sudden death of one of the students. When Inez 
Kiser of Little Mountain, South Carolina, complained 

of a headache and fever, the doctor prescribed a 
medication but did not regard her as seriously ill. The 
following day, 15 September, he re-examined her at 
2:00 P.M. and found only one-half degree of fever. He 
pronounced her better. At 7:30 that evening, however, 
she suddenly grew worse, with a severe headache and 
rapidly failing heart action. The doctor was sum- 
moned, but death came thirty minutes later. It was 
the first death of a student at Lenoir. President Fritz 
accompanied the body home and participated in the 
funeral service. 

The opening month one year later was more joyous. 
The Quarto-Centennial, the celebration on 23 Septem- 
ber 1915 of the twenty-fifth anniversary of Lenoir's 
opening, took the form of an all-day progi'am of 
speeches delivered before and after a noon picnic 
around a 250-foot table in the grove. The morning 
agenda featured a review of the college's history, by 
Fritz; an inspirational address, by Simon Peter Long; 
and a summary of "the needs of the college and how to 
meet them," by John J. George ('93) of Bessemer City. 
The institution's prime needs, according to George, 
were students, strong supporters, endowment, and 
equipment. Speakers at the afternoon session in- 
cluded one of the two surviving founders of the col- 



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The college yearbook, the HACAWA, began publication in 
1909. With the appearance of the 1991 HACAWA, the 
yearbook will be in its eighty-third edition. The first year- 
book staff had financial problems (a none-too-strange 
dilemma other HACAWA staffs have faced) and on 30 April 
1909, asked the faculty for an advertisement for the initial 
1909 edition. The faculty declined "owing to the present 
condition of the treasury." Finances would remain a problem 

for other yearbook staffs. Olin Sink and Gibbes DeHihns, 
"builders of the 1930 HACAWA," warned students that 25 
percent of the student body is "always found lacking when 
weighed for support" and expressed the frustration of other 
annual editors, before and since, when they confessed, "We 
have managed to get along without them in the past that the 
same can be true of the future." 

The staffofthe 1913 HACAWA. in its fifth year of publica- 
tion, included Richard Shuford (editor) and Mamie Miller, 
Ethel Mosteller, John Morgan, and Naomi Cline. 

lege, William P. Cline (the other survivor. Grouse, 
died three weeks later); the board chairman, John M. 
Rhodes of Lincolnton; and the Alumni Association 
president, A. A. Whitener ('95), a Hickory attorney. 

When George cited the need for strong supporters, 
he was doubtless prompted by the operating deficits 
which were common at Lenoir during the Fritz 
administration. Surpluses were realized in only five 
years: 1905, 1906, 1907, 1911, and 1912. In the other 
years, the shortages were reduced by gifts from the 
synod or individual supporters. Not only deficits but 
their sizes became factors after 1912. In 1914 the 
deficit dropped from $650 to $584, but advanced again 
in succeeding years to $1,283, $1,458, $2,000, and 
$3,900 (in 1919). 

Whatever the reason, the deficits could not be 
attributed to high faculty salaries. After the close of 
World War I when Fritz asked F. Grover Morgan ('09) 
to return to his Latin teaching, Morgan wrote that he 
would consider returning but he dreaded the sacrifice; 
while serving as a chaplain at Parris Island, South 
Carolina, he had almost paid off the debts he acquired 
while at Lenoir College prior to the war. 

Lenoir College's association with the Tennessee 
Synod resulted in a modest degree of financial sup- 
port. In 1901 the synod pledged $400 annually for 
operational support. Later, in 1905, it urged its 
congregations to observe Lenoir College Day in 
Nf)vember by receiving a special offering for the 
college debt. The response diminished over the years, 
however, and in 1915, Board President J.H.C. Huitt 
admitted in his report to the synod that the obser- 
vance was "not helping the debt at all." 

In connection with its church relationship, the 
college in 1907 hosted the first in a series of annual 
Lutheran Sunday School Normals sponsored jointly 
by the North Carolina Svnod and the North Carolina 

Conference of the Tennessee Synod. The five-day 
summer event was typically attended by two to three 
hundred persons. The participants paid seventy-five 
cents per day for food. The college made no charge for 
room, but the visitors provided their own napkins, 
towels, pillows, slips, and sheets. 

Lenoir's most direct contribution to the church was 
through its ministerial graduates. In 1913, 20 percent 
of the male students were preparing for the ministry 
and fifty-three of its 107 male gi'aduates were serving 
in the pastorate. 

Lenoir also worked closely with the Saint Andrew's 
congregation to insure the availability of religious 
services for students. Prior to 1914, the congregation 
was served by a pastor who also served Mount Olive 
Church, in addition to teaching at the college. The 
workload permitted regular worship services at Saint 
Andrew's only on alternate Sundays. On 11 January 
1914, however, the congregation began weekly wor- 
ship services. This was made possible by the college's 
assuming a portion ($400) of the pastor's annual 

At the broader church level, cooperative feelers 
extended in 1910 by the two area Lutheran synods 
focused directly on the college. The North Carolina 
Synod, which supported Mount Pleasant Collegiate 
Institute (MPCI) for boys and Mont Amoena Seminary 
for girls, suggested in early 1910 that it and the 
Tennessee Synod combine their college interests. The 
deliberations, however, resulted in a consolidation 
only of Lenoir and North Carolina College (a defunct 
institution of the North Carolina Synod formerly 
operated on the MPCI campus). MPCI and Mont 
Amoena were not included in the consolidation but 
were continued as separate entities. All four institu- 
tions, however, were placed under the governance of a 
single board of trustees representing both synods. 
Actual consolidation may have foundered on the issue 
of coeducation; Lenoir College admitted both boys and 
girls, but the North Carolina Synod favored separate 
schools for the sexes (Solberg, p. 112). 

Meanwhile, Lenoir's relations with the local commu- 
nity grew closer by necessity in the early years of the 
Fritz administration. Hickory's elegant downtown 
attraction for popular road shows and local amateur 
entertainment, the fifteen-year-old Elliott Opera 
House, was destroyed by fire in December 1901, and 
never replaced. The Lenoir auditorium became the 
community's chief center of entertainment for lec- 
tures, plays, and similar presentations. 

Local citizens also supported Lenoir's programs, 
including those in athletics. The college's efforts to 
start a football program in 1907 and 1908 leaned 
heavily on the assistance "of our friends in town," The 
Lenoirian reported. The efforts, it added, would have 
failed without their help. 

The town-gown relationship was formally acknowl- 


edged on 29 November 1910 when Oakview served as 
the scene of a faculty reception "given to citizens of 
Hickory." Students from the senior and junior classes 
assisted in the event, which was attended by two 
hundred people. 

Other events gave evidence to the cooperative spirit. 
North Carolina Governor Craig's proclamation of 5 
November 1913 as Good Roads Day prompted more 
than one hundred students and faculty members to 
help the townspeople topsoil one and one-half miles of 
streets. While the boys worked, using their personal 
tools, the girls provided lemonade and dinner. In 
September 1915, and again in 1916, Lenoir cancelled 
classes and hosted in the Main building the Farmer's 
Institute, a one-day affair sponsored by state and 
federal agricultural departments. Whole families were 
invited to bring a picnic lunch and spend the day. 
More than two hundred attended, half of them college 
students. During the same years, the Educational Day 
Parade, which was a feature of the fall county fair, 
brought out more than two hundred students and 
faculty members who marched, flashing class colors 
and waving flags, between Union Square and the 

"The progressive, altruistic spirit of Lenoir College was most 
strikingly shown by the whole-souled manner in which both 
faculty and students observed the days set apart by Governor 
Craig's proclamation of Good Roads Day. On the morning of 5 
November, ninety-five young men, each with a shovel on his 
shoulder, marched to the music of a drum out from Highland 
Hall, by Claremont College, down through town, and back to 
the scene of action on Fourth Avenue. Here they met most of the 
Faculty and other students, which carried the number beyond 
one hundred. The street was already graded, the topsoil well 
plowed, and about thirty wagons were waiting to be loaded. 
The laborers were yet few, most of the wagons idle, and the 
managers discouraged. When the large contingent of students 
arrived, you should have seen the dirt fly and the countenances 
of Generals Bryan, Jones, and John W. Blackwelder beam and 
brighten! The good work went on! About ten o'clock the young 
women of Oakview Hall, a veritable Gideon's band, each with a 
pitcher in her hand, charged the field, and entirely subdued the 
toiling young men with delicious lemonade! For four hours 
more the work went on; the ladies rallied and shelled with a 
luncheon, the scene of action moved to Thirteenth Avenue: the 
ranks thinned; but President Fritz and most of the students 
stuck 'til the last shot was fired, ' and some were on hand for 
more of it the next day. One and a half miles of street were 
topsoiled the first day." Picture and copy from HACAWA, 1913 


Oakview coeds have a dormitory party ni 1910. The caption 
of the picture was "Eat. drink, and Be Merry." 

fairgrounds. The college also maintained an exhibit at 
the fairs. In May of 1917, the Lenoir students 
marched in the White Way Celebration, a com- 
munity parade which opened the new lighting system 
in Hickory and was attended by more than ten thou- 
sand people. 

In addition to community relations, the college was 
mindful of its alumni relations. In the second month 
after becoming president, Fritz reported in his diary 
on the Reunion of Graduates and Students at 
Priceville, South Carolina, on Saturday, 27 July 1901. 
The morning speaker was Alfred R. Beck. The dinner 
barbecue of seven hogs, one beef, and one sheep was 
"not nearly enough for the crowd." After dinner, Sachs 
spoke and Fritz brought gi-eetings. Reunions were 
scheduled the following summer in Catawba, Iredell, 
and Lincoln-Gaston-Cleveland counties in North 
Carolina, in Lexington County, South Carolina, and 
Shenandoah County, Virginia. In 1903, a reunion was 
also held in Rowan County. 

Traditionally, the alumni came to the campus for 
the Lenoir commencement activities which included 
one or more events of interest to them, scheduled 
usually on a Tuesday in early May. In addition to the 
banquet, served in the dining room of Oakview or 
Highland or at Hotel Huffry, the calendar included a 
business meeting. Projects included furnishing the 
library hall in the dome of the administration building 
(1907), campus repairs and improvements (1911), 
lighting for the auditorium and an encyclopedia for 
the library (1914), and athletic field improvements 
(1917). At its 1915 banquet, the Alumni Association 
recognized a "first" by selecting as speaker the Vir- 
ginia pastor A.L. Boliek, who was the first alumnus to 
have a son graduate from Lenoir. His son, Leo L. 
Boliek, received his degree the same week to become 
the College's first "grandson." 

Despite church, community, and alumni support, 
the college's enroUiiient decline first noticed in 1914 

grew to greater proportions later. The alarming trend 
was evident in the fall of 1916, although the decrease 
was attributed to the destructive July 1916 flood, to 
disturbing war conditions, and to inadequate field 
work. Even so, at its meeting on 20 March 1917, the 
board responded by requesting each professor to give 
twenty days without salary to the work of canvassing 
for students. 

Within weeks after the country plunged into the 
war in Europe, the college began to feel its impact. 
The 1917 graduation exercises in May noted the 
absence of one degree recipient, Winfred L. Ingold of 
Hickory, who left the campus several days earlier to 
report for voluntary military training at Camp 
Oglethorpe. The science professor, John F. Coble, 
announced he was leaving the college either for 
graduate study or for military service. The Board of 
Trustees, during its regular commencement meeting, 
attempted to slow the anticipated loss of male stu- 
dents by authorizing an application to the adjutant 
general in Washington to establish a Reserve Officers 
Training Corps at the college. The unit, by providing 
military training to the students, would delay their 
entry into the service. 

When classes resumed in September, the enroll- 
ment dropped 27 percent to 201, with 72 men and 129 
women. Later in the month. Professor Seegers of the 
English faculty was drafted. On 17 December 1917, 
the trustees met in special session to consider "what 
we shall do under present war conditions to keep the 
College going, since the income of the school does not 
nearly meet the obligations." It suggested that the 
Executive Committee of the board seek to discontinue 
the Art Department. Further, it directed that both 
dormitories use the dining facilities at Highland Hall, 
and it authorized the officers of the board to borrow 
up to $1,000 to meet current needs. 

Conditions did not improve. Later in December, 
another science professor, M. Craig Yoder ('17), 
volunteered for military service. Attrition in the 
student ranks increased, totaling fifty students before 
the end of the year. Jacob L. Iviser ('08) resigned as 
superintendent of Highland Hall, and F. Grover 
Morgan, the Latin teacher, was granted leave of 
absence for the duration of the war. Those who 
remained on campus were treated to Heatless Mon- 
days and Lightless Thursdays and Sundays in support 
of the war efibrt. 

To hold down student losses, the college enlisted 
the help of the synod, asking pastors to conduct 
Lenoir rallies and congregations to promote Lenoir 

In the summer of 1918, the federal government 
offered to establish units of the Student Army Train- 
ing Corps at four hvmdred colleges and universities, 
including Lenoir. 

Lenoir accepted the offer, but propai-ations for the 


This is a picture of a dormitory room in Highland Hall in 
1911. The five gentlemen appear to like apples, or perhaps 
apple cider. Note the material on the walls. 

SATC program delayed the opening of the academic 
year by two weeks, to 18 September 1918. AppHca- 
tions had to be processed; three hundred men apphed 
for the program, but all did not meet the Lenoir 
entrance requirements. Highland Hall had to be 
converted into barracks. Uniforms had to be ordered. 

Formal inauguration of the SATC program was held 
in a special ceremony 1 October at noon, coinciding 
with similar ceremonies at other institutions through- 
out the United States and Puerto Rico. The local corps 
was comprised of one hundred males; the civilian 
enrollment totaled 151. 

On the following Monday (7 October), however, the 
college closed. An epidemic of influenza had reached 
such proportions that it forced health officials to 
quarantine the whole city and county. No schools, 
movies, church services, Sunday schools, fairs, or 
other public gatherings were permitted for a period of 
fourteen days, later extended to twenty-one days. 
More than a thousand cases of flu, including five 

deaths, swept through Hickory. The city schools and 
most churches remained closed until January. 

On campus, more than one hundred cases were 
reported, with one case developing into pneumonia. 
Sixty of the SATC cadets became ill, requiring the 
officers to protect the other forty cadets by housing 
them on the first floor of the science building. Al- 
though hard hit, the SATC segment recovered quickly; 
its activity was suspended for only one week. 

The return to normalcy, however, was short-lived. 
The war was coming to an end. On 7 December, as a 
follow-up to the armistice declared on 11 November, 
the SATC unit was demobilized after a brief life of 
sixty-eight days. Moreover, when the government 
cancelled the one-year SATC contract on 31 Decem- 
ber, it reduced the college's expected income for the 
year by $4,000. What could have been a crippling 
shortage, however, was covered by a timely gift from 
the college's chief patron, Daniel E. Rhyne. 

Because of the three-week suspension of the civilian 


This 1910 art class had as its motto, 
"Do What You Do Carefully." 

An art class is hard at work uii the 
porch of Oakview Hall in 1914. The 
motto of the group was "Truth and 
Beauty." One wonders about the guest 
with the cap seated on the left. 

This rare picture of a 1918 business class is believed to be in 
Old Main. Courtesy of Mary Wise Thue.'^'cn 

classes in October, Lenoir postponed its closing the 
following spring until 2 June, ending what the trustee 
chairman described as "the hardest year in the history 
of the college." 

Yet, the following year, the enrollment fell to 186. 
the lowest since the first year of the Fritz ad- 

During the long tenure of his presidency, Fritz was 
mindful of the opinion of his predecessor, Robert A. 
Yoder, that ten years on the job was enough for any 
man. Fritz, in that spirit, offered his resignation at 
the close of his ten years to the board, on 13 March 
1911. The offer, however, according to the meeting 
minutes, "was unanimously declined by rising vote." 
Later, after fifteen years in office when his resigna- 
tion was again declined, Fritz staled that he would 
resign after twenty years because he felt no one 


Oakview Hall, the girl's dormitory, had its own dining room 
— a clean and dignified area. Courtesy of Lenoir College 
Bulletin, Lenoir-Rhyne College Archives 

Dorm rooms seldom change. Here we see the Highland Hall 
room of Lawrence M. Throneburg (1917-18). 

should serve any longer than that. But he did not wait 
that long. On 13 March 1919, he resigned again. The 
board this time accepted and offered him the chair- 
manship of the Mathematics Department. 

The resignation did not become effective at once. On 
23 May, the board elected O.H. Pannkoke to the 
presidency, but he declined to serve. Later a call was 
extended to the Lutheran pastor at Woodsboro, 
Maryland, R.S. Patterson, who also declined. At a 

The organization of a church at the 
college was started in January 1893. 
Regular services were held in the 
Chapel of Old Main. The name selected 
for the church was Saint Andrew's, 
and in September (1893) the church 
was formally received into the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. In 
1910 a permanent structure was built 
on campus, as shown here. Worship 
would continue here until a new St. 
Andrew's was built in 1951 with the 
older building demolished in 1964. 
Courtesy of Paul Lutz 

called meeting on 30 December, the board elected 
John C. Peery, who was professor of Bible. Peery gave 
his acceptance of the presidency at a meeting of the 
board's Executive Committee on 12 January 1920. 
The acceptance of the office closed the Fritz adminis- 
tration tenure after eighteen years, seven months, 
and eleven days, the longest in the first century of the 
college's history. 



John Carnahan Pccry aaaumcd the presidency ol Lenoir College in 1920 at 
the age of forty-four. A native of Virginia. Peery was a graduate of Roanoke 
College and Lutheran Theological Southern Senilnan.-. He Joined the Lenoir 
faculty in 1917 as profest^or of Bible and also .-ierved as pastor of St. Andrews 
Church. On 30 December 1919 the Board elected him president and he 
accepted the call on 12 January 1920. Peery .served until 1925. On 14 April he 
submitted his resignation which the Board accepted on 26 May. 

1920 to 1934 

The third president of Lenoir College, John C. 
Peery, was a forty-four-year-old native of Virginia. 
The graduate of Roanoke College and Lutheran 
Theological Southern Seminary served as president of 
Marion Junior College and Elizabeth College before 
joining the Lenoir faculty in 1917. At Lenoir he 
assumed the dual role of pastor of Saint Andrew's 
Church, using a bicycle to make pastoral visits, and 
professor of Bible at Lenoir (Peery, p.l). Shortly after 
his arrival in Hickory, his wife died. Eight months 
after his 1920 election to the Lenoir presidency, the 
widowered Peery remarried. 

Two major changes marked the early months of the 
Peery administration. The Preparatory Department 
was separated from the collegiate program, the 
separation becoming effective in the fall of 19^0. 
(Later, in 1922, the Preparatory Department was 
discontinued altogether.) In the second change, a 
summer school for teachers was begun in the summer 
of 1920. The initial session was attended by 156 
teachers and resulted in a thousand dollar profit. The 
success prompted the board, the following March, to 
vote "that a Summer School be conducted perma- 
nently." The six-week session permitted public school 
teachers to upgrade their certificates; if the teacher 
had no college training, attendance at four summer 
schools gave credit equivalent to one year of college 
work. The board, at the same session, also authorized 
the introduction of a Saturday School which enabled 
teachers to earn similar credit during the winter 
months. In 1921, the Summer School enrollment grew 
to 190; during the following academic year, the 
enrollment included twenty-eight teachers in the 
Saturday School. 

The campus was also dressed up during the first 
spring. The main portion of the campus was fertilized 
and sown in Shady Park Lawn Grass, and flower beds 
and evergreen shrubs were planted by a landscape 
gardener. Trees, given by J. Yates Killian ('98), were 
planted along Tenth Avenue (which led from down- 
town Hickory to the college) and Third Street (which 
led to the college entrance). Walkways were recondi- 
tioned and driveways widened and improved. Peery 
reported, tongue in cheek, that the college had also 
succeeded in establishing a colony of squirrels. 

Intercollegiate football resumed. The team played 
only one game in 1920 (tying Newberry in a scoreless 
contest) but expanded its schedule in 1921 under 
Coach Phil Utley to five games (beating the Newton 
and Lenoir town teams while losing to Elon, Guilford, 
and Charlotte University School). 

The 1922 record of 1-6 was overshadowed by one 
loss which earned for the college national notoriety. 
Its 21 October match with King College in Bristol, 
Virginia, ended in a 0-206 drubbing. The outrageous 
score generated publicity, but it did not set a record; 
the record was established in 1916 when Georgia Tech 
overran little Cumberland College 222-0. 

Two years later, Richard N. Gurley assumed the 
coaching position and recruited the talented Albert 
Spurlock, a Mount Cory, Ohio, native who transferred 
from Centre College with spectacular skills in football, 
basketball, baseball, and track. His long scoring runs 
led the team to a 5-4 win-loss year and ushered in an 
era of competitive football. In 1926, the squad won 
seven games, losing only to North Carolina State (0-6) 
and King (0-12), and placing three players on the All- 
State First Team. 


These sturdy men composed the football squad (circa 1920- 
23). Seated on the steps ofCline Gym, they portray that "no- 
nonsense" expression typical of almost all athletic team 

Albert Spurlock ('27l icns one of the college's ntost rer.-;ntile 
and talented athletes, and was among the first inducted into 
the Lenoir-Rhyne College Sports Hall of Fame in 1977. In 
1924 Coach Richard Gurley recruited the talented Spurlock, 
a Mount Cory, Ohio, native who transferred from Centre 
College. Spurlock excelled in football, basketball, baseball, 
and track. Spurlock served briefly as football coach at LR in 

Tragedy struck the 1925 squad when the team 
captain and fullback, Baxter M. Gillon, Jr., died 8 
November 1925 from head injuries sustained in a 
game at High Point College the day before. In atten- 
dance at the funeral at China Grove were large 
delegations of students from both colleges. 

Blossoming intercollegiate basketball programs, 
for boys and girls, took root in the first years of the 
Peery administration. In 1919-20, the boys' team 
compiled a record of five wins (over Lenoir town twice. 
Hickory town, Appalachian, and Rutherford) and 
three losses (to Lenoir town, Rutherford, and Mount 
Pleasant); it also played Mars Hill, South Carolina, 
Newberry, Furman, Erskine, and Wofford, but the 
results are unknown. 

The girls' team was touted by The Lenoirian as 
unofficial state champs; the team manager challenged 
every girls' college team in the state, and the team 
defeated all that accepted the challenge. Among the 
challengers were Queens College (which split a two- 
game series with Lenoir) and University of North 
Carolina. The team closed the season with a four-day 
trip to Columbia, South Carolina, where it defeated 
University of South Carolina and Columbia College. 

Baseball continued as a favorite spring sport with 
the 1924 team heralded as the greatest in the history 
of the college. The team, coached by Norman G. 
LaMotte, downed Carolina 3-1 on campus before three 
thousand spectators and later beat Trinity College at 
Durham 2-1 on the way to a North Carolina state 
championship. Five members of the team, including 
Jay S. Boggs of High Shoals, P. W. (Pete) Deaton of 
Hickory, H. C. (Joby) Hawn of Hickory, Baxter A. 
Moose of Statesville, and Albert A. Phillips of Newton, 
later played in the major leagues (The Lenoir 
Rhynean, 1938, 25 Feb.). 

A baseball star in succeeding years was Henry M. 
Owl ('28) of Cherokee, who became the first Indian to 
graduate from a North Carolina college. He later 
earned a master's degi-ee at Chapel Hill and served as 
a school principal in Montana. 

The 1924 baseball team also inspired the nickname 
of "Bears." A Raleigh News & Observer sportswriter, 
reporting on the team's 22-7 win over Atlantic Chris- 
tian at Wilson on 9 April, observed that "after a slow 
start, the Lenoir Rhyne team came charging out of the 
dugout like mountain bears charging forth from their 
haunts in the Western North Carolina mountains" 
(The Lenoir Rhynean, 1941, 4 April). By fall, the 
Hickory Daily Record and other newspapers regularly 
referred to the football team as "the Bears." Five years 
later, in 1929, the baseball team, coached by Gurley. 
again claimed the North Carolina state championship. 

Athletic activity underscored the need for an indoor 
basketball court, but a prior building need was a girls' 
dormitory. Oakview was often filled beyond capacity, 
and other girls were denied admission to Lenoir 


.-^ ' 

Shown here is the Baseball Squad of 1924 — "heralded as the greatest in the 
history of the college." The 1925 HACAWA recorded that "The Little College at the 
foothills descended into the plains and captured state honors. " The 24 team played 
the hardest schedule in the history of the school, most of their games on "foreign 
territory." They scored victories over U.N.C.. U.S.C.. Trinity (Duke). Guilford, 
Davidson, and Milligan College. The yearbook praised the efforts of Coach 
Norman LaMotte, noting "when things were beginning to look dark for the black 
and garnet tossers, it took only a word from the coach to make the boys fight as 
though they were fighting for their lives." Team members included captain Jay 
Boggs (shortstop), Paul Deaton (first base), Joby Hawn (second base), Roy 
Whisenhunt (center field), William Gresham (left field), Robert Clemmer (third 
base). Hazel Clemmer (catcher), Nathan Jones (right field) Baxter Moose (pitcher), 
Albert Phillips (pitcher), and Fred Brown (pitcher). The schedule and results of the 
1924 season: Lenoir-Rhyne .... 12; Mars Hill .... Lenoir-Rhyne . . . . 4; 

Davidson Lenoir-Rhyne 14; M.P.C.I 2 Lenoir-Rhyne 4; U.S.C. 

.... Lenoir-Rhyne .... 2; Wake Forest .... 6 Lenoir-Rhyne .... 22; Atlantic 
Christian .... 7 Lenoir-Rhyne .... 2; Trinity . . . . 1 Lenoir-Rhyne .... 7; Weaver . 

. . . 2 Lenoir-Rhyne .... 4; Milligan . . . . 1 Lenoir-Rhyne .... 3; U.N.C 1 

Lenoir-Rhyne .... 19; Atlantic Christian .... 5 Lenoir-Rhyne .... 6; Eton .... 7 
Lenoir-Rhyne .... 2; Guilford . . . . 1 Lenoir-Rhyne . . . . 8; M.P.C.I. . . . 3 

Three of the mainstays of the 1925 football team were R. N. Gurley, "Joby" Hawn, 
and Everett So.x. Gurley (top) came to LR in the fall of 1924. As a coach, he taught 
his players "to think on the field." His last Bear team was in 1931. H. C. (Joby) 
Hawn (center) was the first assistant coach LR possessed. This outstanding athlete 
was a premier selection to the Sports Hall of Fame in 1977. Everett Sox ('26) was 
football manager and college booster. He would return to his Alma Mater in 1946, 
and until his retirement in 1971, served as dean of men. He and his wife Pauline, 
who was manager of the bookstore, were strong friends of the college. 

' because of inadequate space. In the first year of the 
i Peery administration, the college asked the synod to 
fund a $50,000 dormitory. While waiting for a re- 
sponse, the board, at its meeting on 8 November 1921, 
was presented with more modest plans for erecting a 
gymnasium. The plans called for a brick building, 
sixty feet by one hundred feet, to be constructed 
largely by faculty members and students. The esti- 
mated cost was only $10,000, and a volunteer commit- 

tee had already begun soliciting funds, aiming to 
secure the total amount from ten individuals. The 
board approved the gymnasium project, but at the 
same meeting it charged a committee to take steps 
leading to the erection of a new dormitory for girls as 
soon as funds became available. 

A series of modifications delayed the completion of 
the gymnasium. In the spring of 1922, it was decided 
to add a third floor with dormitory rooms for forty- 


Ruth Wright (captain) holds the ball for an outstanding women's team in 1938-39. 
Pat Shores is coach. Ruth Wright Miller became the first female athlete to be 
inducted into the LR Sports Hall of Fame, entering in the 1989 ceremonies. 

Tragedy becomes a part of any human community and a 
college campus is not spared. The first death of anyone while 
a Lenoir student came on 15 September 1914, when Inez 
Kiser of Little Mountain, South Carolina, died of a severe 
headache and failing heart action. In the years that followed 
tragedy would return to both students and faculty. One 
painful moment was the death of Baxter Monroe Gillon in 
November 1925 from injuries sustained in a football game 
with High Point College. Gillon was an exceptional athlete, 
quiet, hard-working, who told a teammate before his final 
game, "This will be my best game." While playing defense in 
the first-half of the game, Gillon received a severe blow to the 
head and was taken to a High Point hospital. He died the 
following day. His funeral was attended by students from 
both High Point and Lenoir-Rhyne College. Interview with 
Everett Sox, 27 May 1990 

eight male students. Although the playing court was 
opened in 1923, construction was still underway in 
other parts of the structure. A steel stairway and two 
fire escapes were added, and rooms were constructed 
in the basement for a toilet, showers, visiting team 
quarters, coaches' room, lumber room, and store room 
for athletic goods. The building was finally completed 
in early 1925, at a cost of $31,200. 

Although, in the fall of 1922, funding for the gymna- 
sium seemed assured, the college recognized the need 
for additional capital funding for gymnasium improve- 
ments and for a dormitory, library, and president's 
home. Plans evolved for the Lenoir College Appeal 
with a goal of $400,000 for buildings and endowment. 
A minimum gift of $200,000 was offered by Daniel E. 
Rhyne on condition that the college raise a proportion- 

ate amount and that the name of the college be 
changed to "Daniel Rhyne College." The board, meet- 
ing in Kings Mountain 14-15 November 1922, re- 
sponded to the offer by directing the Executive 
Committee "to formulate plans whereby we can 
meet the conditions laid down in this offer, subject to 
the approval of Synod." It also authorized develop- 
ment of plans for a campaign to begin in 1923 for 
$750,000 and it designated O. H. Pannkoke as 
campaign director. 

At a subsequent meeting on 30 January 1923 the 
board submitted to the North Carolina House of 
Representatives a request to change the college name 
to Daniel Rhyne College. Legislative action followed 
shortly thereafter. The board also raised the cam- 
paign goal to $850,000. 

Objection to the name change surfaced when 
alumni and other Lenoir supporters assembled on 
the campus for an appeal rally on 7 March 1923. 
In a communication addressed to the board and 
signed by President Alfred R. Beck and Secretary 
Leo E. Boliek, the alumni suggested a compromise: 
"Lenoir-Rhyne College." The suggestion was promptly 
endorsed by Rhyne. 

At its next meeting, on 11 April 1923, the board 
approved the alternate name of Lenoir-Rhyne and 
forwarded the request for the name change to the 
synod and the legislature. Legislative action made the 
new name official in August 1924. In June 1925. 
however, use of the hyphen was discontinued when it 
was discovered that the hyphen was omitted from the 
bill approved by the General Assembly. 

Shortly after the name-change issue was resolved in 
early 1923, the board found it necessary to suspend 


Lloyd Ray Little of Marion was voted 
"Best Ail-Around" in his senior year 
(1933). This would remain the only 
superlative still chosen by the Class of 
1990. Little was an outstanding athlete 
at LR, being a member of the basket- 
ball, baseball, and football teams. He 
was elected to the College's Sports Hall 
of Fame in 1978. 

The construction of the new gymnasium was delayed in the fall of 1922 to sec !/re 
additional funding. At this point Daniel E. Rhyne offered a gift of $200,000 on 
condition that the college raise a proportionate amount and that the name of the 
college be changed to "Daniel Rhyne College." The college authorized a campaign to 
raise $850,000 and a compromise was accepted to name the college "Lenoir-Rhyne. " 
On 11 April 1923 the Board requested the synod and the state legislature make the 
change. Courtesy of Lenoir College Bulletin, Lenoir-Rhyne College Archives 

building plans while it entertained an invitation to 
move the college to Gaston County. At a meeting on 
22 May at Mount Pleasant Collegiate Institute, the 
board noted that "letters and other information had 
been received relating to relocation of the College." By 
a standing vote of 11-3, it voted to appoint a commit- 
tee "to investigate and consider such propositions." 
Appointed to the committee were D. W. Aderholdt of 
Henry River and one proponent, John J. George ('93) 
of CherryA'ille, and one opponent, William J. Boger of 
Newton. The action attracted interest in Catawba 
County where, in the same year, the convention of the 
General Sjoiod of the Reformed Church voted to move 
seventy-two-year-old Catawba College from its home 
in Newton to a new site in Salisbury. At its fall 
meeting, on 18 October 1923, the Lenoir-Rhyne board 
met in Gastonia at Holy Trinity Lutheran Church. 
The board members were treated to lunch at the 
country club by the Gastonia Rotarians and taken on 
a tour of potential campus sites. On behalf of the host 
community, the mayor offered to the college gifts of 
$264,703.50 from 4,542 subscribers if it would locate 
in Gaston County. But the board's own committee 
advised against relocation unless "at least 
$400,000.00 be raised in addition to a site of 100 or 
more acres of land." The board concluded that the 
offer was not sufficient to justify relocation. 
Despite the distractions of name changes and 

possible relocation, the Lenoir Appeal Fund pros- 
pered. By November 1923, the campaign office re- 
ported that Rhyne had raised his gift to $300,000 and 
it had been matched by other gifts of more than 
$300,000. The leaders were still hoping for a gi-ant of 
$200,000 from the General Education Board of the 
church, but it did not materialize. One year later, the 
subscription total was placed at $649,230.73, includ- 
ing $85,000 in subscription receivables from the 1916 
and 1919 campaigns. 

The lifting of the building moratorium in late 1923 
revived interest in the girls' dormitory, and the board, 
at its meeting on 21 March 1924, approved construc- 
tion of a fireproof facility "at once," the cost not to 
exceed $100,000. However, the construction bids 
received by the board's Executive Committee on 6 
May 1924 ranged from $140,000 to $155,750. In a 
meeting the following week, the committee deter- 
mined that it could reduce the cost to $103,000 by 
using a building committee in place of a contractor. It 
appointed such a committee with authority to proceed 
when funds became available, but that condition was 
not met until three years later. 

Development of the athletic field came more easily. 
As a result of some gifts and purchases which in- 
creased the campus to forty acres, the college in the 
summer of 1924 was in position to develop nineteen 
acres on the west boundary of the campus for a 


Daniel Efird Rhyne waff a wealthy Lincoln County Lutheran 
who owned three cotton mills in Lincoln County and held 
substantial interests in other corporations. In 1904, Rhyne 
was approached by the college for $6,000 needed toward 
construction of a men's dormitory. He declined to be the sole 
contributor, but agreed to be a partner toward completion of 
Highland Hall. In 1922 the college once again made an 
appeal for funds. A gift of $200,000 was offered by Rhyne on 
condition the college raise a proportionate amount and the 
name of the school be changed to "Daniel Rhyne College." 

combination football, baseball, and track facility. The 
grading, done during the winter of 1924-25, carved 
out an area 450 feet wide and 465 feet long, enclosing 
an athletic field with dimensions of 340 feet and 450 
feet. The field was gi'aded for a 1 percent surface 
drainage leading to four drainage basins which led in 
turn to a large concrete drainpipe under the water 
shed. Four inches of topsoil covered the field, and a 
seven-foot fence, a gift of the Hickory Kiwanis Club, 
enclosed the field. The total cost was $5,422.50. Later, 
in 1931, lights were installed, making the facility one 
of the few lighted athletic fields in the state (The 
Lenoir Rhynean. 1934. 26 Oct.). 

After five years in the pi'esidency, Peery submitted 
his resignation to the board on 14 April 1925. A 
motion to accept the resignation, however, failed by a 
vote of 2-11. Peery again submitted his resignation on 
26 May, insisting that it be accepted. The board this 

time acquiesced. It appointed a nominating committee 
headed by P. E. Monroe, who was not a member of the 
board but was pastor of the Holy Trinity Lutheran 
Church in Hickory and former president of 
Summerland College for Girls at Batesburg, South 
Carolina. The board also asked Monroe to serve as 
president pro tem after the retirement of Peery. 

A call to the presidency was extended to the semi- 
nary professor, Walton H. Greever of Columbia, South 
Carolina, in late June, but he declined later in the 
summer. Peery left Hickory on 8 September 1925 to 
assume pastoral duties at Newberry, South Carolina, 
and Monroe became acting president for the period 
that continued throughout the academic year. 

The nominating committee turned again to Greever 
as its choice candidate but finally reported to the 
board on 5 January that he had declined after recon- 
sideration of the call. Two other electees, Dr. Charles 
S. Bauslin and the Rev. William M. Horn, also de- 
clined. On 4 February, the board unanimously elected 
H. Brent Schaeffer of Charleston, South Carolina, 
who responded with an acceptance on 23 March and 
assumed the presidency on 1 May. He was foiTnally 
inaugurated on 1 June during the college's commence- 
ment exercises. 

Schaeffer, aged thirty-five, was a native of 
Newberry, South Carolina, and a graduate of 
Newberry College and Lutheran Theological Southern 
Seminary. Following pastorates in Tennessee and 
Georgia, he became pastor at Kings Mountain. During 
his ministry there, he also served as the last secretary 
of the Tennessee Synod (1920-21) and as first secre- 
tary of the new North Carolina Synod (1921-23). He 
later moved to Charleston to become pastor of Saint 

As athletic activity increased at the college, the need arose for 
an indoor basketball court. In 1921 the Board of Trustees 
approved the project and added a third floor containing 
dormitory rooms for forty-eight men. Erected in the Peery 
Administration, the structure u'as nained in honor of 
William P. Clinc. profcs.'for of Latin and History, 1891-1901, 
and one of the founders of the college. 



PATlidMZK 111 K 

ihc Icnnirinn 

ciii.riiui) 21- 

1 1,M11I{ ll 



For a brief time in 1923 the idea emerged to move Lenoir-Rhyne College from 
Hickory to Gaston County. The frontpage of The Lenoirian, the college newspaper, 
tells the story. Ross Ritchie of Concord was the paper's editor (top left), and 
Jennings Moretz ofConover (top left) was business manager. 


In the summer of 1924, the college prepared to develop 
nineteen acres for a combination football, baseball, and 
track facility. A seven- foot fence was a gift of the Hickory 
Kiwanis Club. In 1931, lights were installed making the 
facility one of the few lighted fields in the state. 

Matthew's Lutheran Church where he was serving 
when called to the college presidency. 

Eight months after assuming office, the new presi- 
dent was confronted with the college's worst disaster: 
the burning of the administration building. The alarm 
was turned in between midnight and 1:00 A.M. on 
Thursday, 6 January 1927. But, according to the 
Hickory Daily Record, when the trucks arrived, "the 
fire was well underway, the flames leaping skyward 
until the dome of the building was consumed, the bell 
crashing into the burning mass." Although the cause 
is unknown, the fire was thought to have started in 
the library, which was located in the angle of the L- 
shaped building. The library of eight thousand vol- 
umes, including some priceless books and papers, was 
a complete loss. Also lost were the auditorium, five 
lecture rooms, two "elegantly furnished" society halls, 
two business rooms, offices, and library reading 
rooms. Equipment losses included six pianos, two of 
which were in the auditorium. The fiames were 
brought under control by 4:30 A.M., but firemen 
continued to battle the flames until daybreak. 

Despite the trauma, classes that day met on sched- 
ule. The students, according to Board Chairman 
William J. Boger, were "wonderfully loyal." The 
classes which normally met in the administration 
building were moved into laboratories of the Yoder 
Science Building or into the Saint Andrew's Church 
building. Offices were later moved into Highland Hall, 
and within days the undestroyed part of Old Main 
was prepared for temporary use. 

Boger rushed from his home in Newton while the 
fire still raged: on arriving, he saw that "the east end 
was beginning to fall in." Within two hours, Boger and 
Schaeffer met with J. A. Moretz of Hickory, chairman 
of the board's Loan Committee, to plan rebuilding. 
Although the insurance coverage was only $50,000, 

they chose a bold strategy: begin immediately not 
only to fund the replacement of the administration 
building but a new girls' dormitory as well. Seven 
days later, at a meeting of the board's Executive 
Committee, the trio reported progress toward both 
goals. Within five weeks, the funding for both 
projects was assured. 

To supplement the amount previously given for the 
dormitory, Schaeffer visited the Mauney families in 
King's Mountain, Cherryville, and Lincolnton. In 
King's Mountain, he called on Jacob S. Mauney, who 
offered to give $25,000 if his brother Andrew would do 
the same. Schaeffer then visited Andrew, who 
matched the off"er. Both gifts, however, hinged on the 
continuance of Lenoir Rhyne and the replacement of 
the administration building. 

For an administration building the trio of Schaeff'er, 
Boger, and Moretz called on Daniel E. Rhyne. Rhyne, 
who at the time sought additional business capital, 
offered to give the college a $200,000 five-year note in 
exchange for a $50,000 loan. The difference of 
$150,000 would fund the construction of the building. 
The loan was made to Rhyne, and the college in turn 
used Rhyne's note and a deed of trust on the college 
property as collateral to borrow $250,000 from Lewis 
Thompson & Company Investment Bankers of St. 
Louis, Missouri. 

Contracts for construction of three buildings — 
Mauney Hall for girls, Daniel E. Rhyne Administra- 
tion Building, and a refectory — were awarded at a 
total cost of $285,973.80. In the structure designs, the 
white columns of Yoder and Cline gave way to a 
collegiate Gothic brick design which was projected 
for use in future construction but actually succumbed 
fifteen years later to wartime building restrictions. 
Ground was broken for the three buildings in July, 
cornerstones were laid in the fall, and the buildings 
were ready for occupancy in September 1928. 
Oakview Hall, removed to the opposite side of Third 
Street, provided housing for girls who wished to do 
their own cooking. The remnants of Old Main were 
salvaged, and the last pile of bricks was hauled awa.y 
on 17 October 1928. During the 1928-29 year, the 
grounds were further improved: the campus was 
graded, walks and drives were laid out, and gi'ass, 
flowers, shrubbery, and trees were planted. Earlier, 
the campus main entrance had been moved west 
along Third Street, which was then paved by the 
City of Hickory. 

The construction effort did not include a library 
building, but a community effort quickly replaced the 
lost library books. On the Monday following the Old 
Main fire, a gi'oup of Hickory businessmen, spurred by 
the Hickory Daily Record, met with a faculty commit- 
tee of the college and formed the Lenoir-Rhyne Gift 
Library Commission, headed by Paul W, Bumbarger 
as general chairman. Three weeks later, the collection 


totaled 8,715 volumes and $900 in cash. Ultimately 
more than 9,000 volumes were received. 

As facilities expanded, the instructional staff grew. 
During the Peery and Schaeffer administrations, 
faculty members serving throughout the fifteen-year 
period were Margaret L. Benner, piano; Harlan L. 
Creech, business; Robert L. Fritz ('92), mathematics; 
Eugene D. F. Heald, English and languages; and 
Enoch J. Sox ('96), Bible and dean of students. 

Others teaching or serving on the staff through 
most of the period were Victor V. Aderholdt ('15), 
history and government; Gladys Barger ('26), trea- 
surer; G. H. Gerberding, religion; Louis F. 
Hackemann, ancient languages and dean; Albert 
Keiser, English; Mrs. S. G. Lohr, matron of Highland 
Hall and dietitian; S. J. Marion, chemistry; George R. 
Patterson, education; Pearl Setzer ('10), English and 
dramatics; Edwin L. Setzler, English, registrar; W. H. 
Stemple, physics; and M. Craig Yoder ('17), science 
and biology. 

CALENDAR 1922.1923 

"The Senior Class presents with great pleasure the picture of 
the beautiful home of Mr. and Mrs. (Dallas Harvey) Russell, 
facing the college building on the west side of the campus. 
Substantially built of finest pressed brick and furnished 
with all modern conveniences, it is an ornament and a 
contribution to the community as well as a pleasure and 
comfort to the owners. Mr. Russell recalls with keen pleasure 
the fact that he hauled the first load of brick for the first 
college building — the Main Building. To him also belongs 
the honor of being the largest contributor to the college in 
the Hickory section. He has been as unfailing friend, not 
only to the college, but to teachers and students. He has 
helped over fifty boys and girls through school — a service 
that has yielded him great pleasure, especially as not one 
has disappointed him. Mr. Russell's success in business is 
the fruitage of good management, hard work, and honest 
dealing. Denied the advantages of schooling himself on 
account of the loss of his father in the war, he has been for 
many years a strong, regular supporter of the church in all 
her work, especially education, orphan home, and mission 
work. Mr. and Mrs. Russell are most worthy and deserving 
of their beautiful new home, and here's wishing them many 
more happy years!" (HACAWA, 1925) 

■ Hid out, 
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llr., J)ur- 

•vhich fi- 
,,r today 

Mil.? ftllll 

-.'t your friends 
■n.' t.. lliHueiK-! 
v-ur liiiri, i.itals 

The student handbook mapped out clear directions for the 
new Lenoir College student. The pages here are from the 
1922-23 handbook. In addition to the advice given here on 
page five of the publication, new students were told, "Don't 
get wild and waste your money," "Remember there is a 
mother or father at home who believes in you, "and "Be 
patient about displaying your knowledge in the classroom. 
An opportunity will be afforded you when called upon." 
Student's Handbook courtesy of Ruth Karriker files, Lenoir- 
Rhyne College Archives 

The academic program was expanded and strength- 
ened during the period, partly because of changing 
requirements of the State Board of Education and 
partly because of institutional positioning to qualify 
for regional accreditation. During the Peery adminis- 
tration, the curriculum remained fairly stable; it 
expanded only by the addition of the Physics Depart- 
ment in 1923, becoming, in the process, one of the first 
colleges in the nation to offer a course on the nature of 
electricity and matter (The Lenoir Rhynean, 1938, 11 
Feb.). Shortly before Peery's resignation, the State 
Board of Education changed its standards, requiring 
the institution to make some changes to retain its A- 
grade classification; the student-faculty ratio of 
twenty-three needed to be reduced by the addition of 
two instructors, and the state maximum class size of 
thirty students suggested the need for four additional 
classrooms. Meanwhile, regional accreditation called 
for a new dormitory for girls, higher faculty salaries, 
and a clarification of academic standards. 

During Schaeffer's presidency, academic standards 
were strengthened. In 1926, the foreign language 
requirement for graduation increased from twelve to 
eighteen hours, with the stipulation that six hours be 
taken in a modern language. The faculty also adopted 
a policy of automatic suspension of any student who 
failed to pass at least nine hours in a semester, and to 


deny participation in intercollegiate athletics to any 
student failing to pass at least eleven hours in a 
semester. In 1928, the acceptance of credit for corre- 
spondence courses to meet graduation requirements 
was discontinued; the awarding of credit for certain 
courses in physical education, industrial arts, and 
drawing was eliminated; and transfer credit from non- 
accredited schools was limited to thirty hours. In the 
same year, the college's Hickory Business College was 
renamed the School of Commerce, and the music 
major curricula were reorganized. Later, in 1929, the 
faculty selected the Lenoir Rhyne academic hood: the 
single chevron type in colors of garnet and black. 

Regional accreditation was granted to Lenoir 
Rhyne by the Association of Colleges and Secondary 
Schools of the Southern States on 7 December 1928. 
With the accreditation also came approval from the 
New York and Pennsylvania state departments of 
public instruction. 

A Department of Extension flourished at Lenoir 
Rhyne for a period of five years under the direction of 
D. Riley Haworth, a former public school superinten- 
dent and college professor of education. He began 
work in September 1929 organizing and teaching off- 
campus classes to teachers seeking higher certifica- 
tion. He quickly organized classes at Salisbury, 
Lexington, Concord, Wilkesboro, and Kings Mountain. 
Total enrollment was 296. Two years later, the 
enrollment had gi'own to 500, and classes were also 
meeting in Bessemer City, Kannapolis, Spencer, 
Lenoir, and Morganton. From this arrangement, the 
college profited about $1,500 annually. But in the fall 

The Church roots of the college were strongly emphasized 
from the beginning. Every student studied Bible or religion 
as part of his academic work. Arriving on campus about 
1892 was the Luther Theological Society. This group, 
composed of theological students, met to discuss doctrine and 
practice of the Lutheran Church. Eventually, the Luther 
League was organized. The group is shown here in 1926 in 
front of St. Andrews, the College Church. 

The 19,30 HACAWA records the presence on campus of a 
group known simply as the H.H.B. Club. The H.H.B. Club 
was an organization of eight senior girls of Mauney Hall. 
Formerly known as Alpha Kappa Sigma, the name was 
changed in 1929. The group had but a single objective: "to 
have good times." "Numerous attempts have been made by 
the other members of the student body to discover the hidden 
meaning concealed in these three tetters — H.H.B. However, 
the many endeavors have been in vain, and the name still 
remains a mystery" I HACAWA, 1930) 


of 1931, the North Carolina State Department of 
Education mandated that a public school teacher's 
extension credit earned under the same professor 
could not exceed sixteen hours. Because other Lenoir 
faculty members could not be diverted to extension 
teaching, the program was discontinued after the 
1933-34 year. 

Even before the extension program reached its 
zenith, Haworth enlisted Board of Trustees' interest 
in the creation of another department: the Depart- 
ment of Industry. In March 1931, the board approved 
its establishment. The plan called for the department 
to operate a 1,000-acre farm, run by students under 
the direction of supervisors and instructors. The 
students would learn farming while earning money to 
pay for the cost of their education. Sales of produce 
and canned goods would vield a 6 percent return to 
the college. The capital investment of $250,000 would 
be raised through gifts to the college solicited by 
Haworth. The department, however, although created 
with formal agi-eements, never took form. 

A comprehensive test was administered to the 
seniors in the fall of 1929. The three-stage examina- 
tion included the field of the student's major study. 


English language, and reading-comprehension. The 
tests were administered in two 100-minute sessions 
one week apart, without the students being given 
advance notice. Although the comprehensive test was 
administered to all seniors, it was done for "purposes 
of information" and no minimum grade was required 
for graduation. 

In the same year of 1929-30, Lenoir-Rhyne com- 
pleted arrangements with the Hickory public schools 
which permitted students majoring in education to 
observe and practice-teach in their field prior to 
graduation. The board also approved the use of the 
bachelor of science degree, in addition to the bachelor 
of arts. The new degree was reserved for majors with 
heavy requirements in mathematics and science. 
Initially the degree was awarded only for pre-chemical 
(74 hours in mathematics and science), pre-medical 
(73 hours), and pre-engineering (66 hours). 

The enrollment during the Schaeffer administration 
declined. During the earlier years of the Peery admin- 

The Rev. H. Brent Schaeffer was 
elected the fourth president of Lenoir 
College in 1926. Three previous 
candidates had declined the position 
and the Rev. P. E. Monroe, pastor of 
Hickory's Holy Trinity Church, was 
serving as interim president. Schaeffer 
was a native of Newberry, South 
Carolina, who attended Newberry 
College and Lutheran Theological 
Southern Seminary in Columbia, 
South Carolina. He served pastorates 
in Tennessee and Georgia and was 
serving as pastor of St. Matthew 
Lutheran Church in Charleston, South 
Carolina, when he was called to the 
College presidency. President Schaeffer 
submitted a letter of resignation on 9 
January 1934. The full Board consid- 
ered the resignation m April. Schaeffer 
had had disagreements over the 
athletic program and stated it was "for 
the good of the College" he resign. The 
letter was accepted, effective 1 July. 

istration, it grew steadily, advanc- 
ing from 310 (exclusive of summer 
school registrations) in 1920 to 
395 in 1924. The decline began in 
the last year of the Peery adminis- 
tration, dropping from 374 in 1925 
to 319 in 1933. 

Schaeffer considered 340 as 
the minimum enrollment for 
financial viability and, in 1931, 
suggested to the board that "a 
man in the field all the year 
around might make this possible" 
(Trustees, 1931, 1:300). But no 
staff addition was made. 
As in earlier years, music 
continued to attract student interest during the Peery 
and Schaeffer administrations. The glee club in 1920- 
21 was composed of twenty-four boys and girls and 
presented the Gilbert & Sullivan operetta. Patience, in 
the college auditorium. The production was also 
staged in Lincolnton, Cherr3rville, Kings Mountain, 
and Dallas. Later in the period, the Music Club was 
formed (in 1928), and the band was organized (in 
1931) under the direction of J. E. Barb, the pastor of 
Saint Paul's Lutheran Church in Hickory. 

The May Day festival, an outdoor presentation of 
group songs, dances, and skits honoring the elected 
May Queen and her court, first appeared on the 
campus in the early 1920s. The tradition continued 
until 1969, when it was replaced by the Spring Festi- 
val, a weekend program which included a popular 
music concert and a dance. 

Forensics continued to attract student interest and 
institutional support. The annual High School Decla- 


:[ (J f 

This snapshot from a picture album was taken on Thursday. 
6 January 1927. It is a serene winter scene, but at midnight 
this majestic structure was in flames. Although the cause is 

unknown, the fire was thought to have begun in the library. 
It was not until 4:30 a.m. that fireman had the fire under 
control. Courtesy of Bonnie Hard 

This picture shows the results of the fire the ne.xt day. 
Surprisingly, classes met on schedule. Within five weeks the 
replacement for the building was under way. The remnants 
of Old Main were salvaged and the last pile of bricks was 
hauled away on 17 October 192S. Courte.iy of the Dr. M. L. 
Stirewalt. Jr., files, Lenoir-Rhyne College Archives 

This is a rare picture of Old Main as the building burns. The 
flames provide the light for the picture. Courtesy of Bonnie 


mation Contest, a competition among high school 
students organized by the college in 1915, continued 
as a regular campus attraction as late as 1927 with 
the winner of the twelve-hundred-word presentation 
receiving a gold medal. In the same year, the annual 
Freshman-Sophomore Debate pitted representatives 
of the Euronian and Chrestonian Literary Societies on 
the debate topic, "Resolved, that the present day 
emphasis on inter-collegiate athletics is detrimental 
to education." 

The 1927 debate was among the final activities of 
the literary societies. A weakening interest in the 
societies was indicated early in 1921 when The 
Lenoirian, in a February editorial, lamented the 
poor meeting preparation and lack of attendance at 
society meetings. It observed that old members were 
negligent and new members indifferent. What once 
was the source for most educational programs and 
social activity on the campus faded in 1928 to a brief 
notation in the 3 October faculty minutes: the Com- 
mittee on Literary Societies reported that a single 
society was planned, to meet once a week. The succes- 
sor organization was the Demosthenian Literary 
Society, which promoted extemporaneous speaking, 
debate, oratory, and declamation, until its dis- 
appearance in 1959. 

With the disappearance of the literary societies 
came a transfer of editorial responsibility for the 
student publications. The Lenoirian, renamed the 
Lenoir Rhynean in 1923 and published by the literary 
societies until 1927, was inherited by the student 
body. In 1933, the student body acquired from the 
senior class the added responsibility for publication of 
the Hacawa. 

Meanwhile, Mother's Day during the early 1930s 
was observed by the college a week earlier than the 
national observance. It permitted students to enter- 
tain mothers on campus, but allowed the mothers to 
be at home for the national observance on the follow- 
ing Sunday. The campus event, sponsored by the 
YWCA, began on Saturday afternoon with the May 
Day Festival and continued in the evening with a 
Playmaker presentation followed by a reception in 
Mauney Hall lounge. Sunday events included special 
Bible classes, a traditional Mother's Day service at 
Saint Andrew's Church, and a closing noon banquet in 
the refectory. 

Following closely on the heels of Mother's Day, the 
traditional year-end picnic took different forms. In 
1929, the faculty approved a holiday on Tuesday, 14 
May, for an excursion to Edgemont with the under- 
standing that the students make the trip by rail and 
that classes be made up at the discretion of the 
individual teacher. In another year, both students and 
faculty on 15 May went to Blowing Rock for an all-day 
picnic. Lunch was served by the college on a mountain 
near Green Park Hotel, and supper was eaten at the 

Rock. Dormitory students were transported in cars 
supplied by members of the Rotary and Kiwanis 
Clubs of Hickory. 

Earlier, in 1927, Joe Bear, a live black bear which 
served as college mascot, was introduced to the 
campus. Although described as gentle and playful, it 
ripped off the top of a convertible automobile owned 
by Professor Setzler. The animal died in 1931 of a 
broken-neck injury it received when students were 
putting on its collar. Its replacement, Joe Bear II, 
came to the campus in 1932 but stayed less than a 
year. It broke loose one night and was later reported 
shot by farmers near Statesville. 

Before the arrival of the second Joe Bear, a narrow- 
ing of the scope of intercollegiate athletics was pro- 
posed in a Faculty Athletic Committee decision in 
1931. It suggested discontinuation of basketball (both 
girls' and boys'), tennis, and track; baseball would be 
limited to intra-state games. The action would have 
reduced intercollegiate sports to two: football and 
baseball. The committee gave four reasons for its 
decision: "the lack of interest on the part of the public 
as indicated by poor attendance," "our financial status 
will not permit the large expenditure for complete 
new equipment that would be necessary for another 
season," "our records show an increasing deficit in the 
above sports each year," and "the present period of 
financial depression" (Trustees, 1931, 1:292). 

Although not approved in its entirety, the recom- 
mendation did not go unnoticed. Schaeffer, in a report 
to the board in October 1931, noted the problem of 
student desires and cited as one evidence of the 
problem that "the students have been up in arms over 
the proposal to discontinue inter-collegiate basket- 
ball." But basketball was not the only problem. "The 
agitation for dancing and card-plajang and more 
'freedom,' which was projected a number of years ago, 
has just been started up again. It is happening at 
many other places. It is encouraged by such experi- 
ments as President Hutchins of Chicago University is 
promoting. And the College, like many others, is in no 
position to stand up against opposition and antago- 
nism which will bring disaffection." 

Six months later, on 15 March 1932, the forewarned 
board was confronted with a petition for card-playing 
and dancing privileges. The students argued that "we 
have passed the stage where parlor games alone will 
satisfy our desires for recreation." They pointed out 
that the privileges were already available at other 
Lutheran institutions such as Wittenberg, 
Susquehanna, Newberry, Gettysburg, Roanoke, and 
Mount Pleasant. 

The petition, which grew out of a student body 
meeting, was presented by a committee composed of 
Rufus L. Rhjme of Gastonia, Ethel A. Hockemeyer of 
Charleston, South Carolina, and Ferdinand Rumke of 
Germantown, New York. 


Urgent And Immediate Need That Must Be Met NOW 

.kn tq M>nMu>-k>gi r. 

.. .k»l!^ rSl/» LA.> 1.^ *" 

In its history Lenoir-Rhyne College has had several master 
plans for the campus. In a bulletin issued in March 1923 the 
college began an effort to raise $850,000. The publication 
contained a tentative layout of a new college campus. It was 
a campus that bore similarities to that of the University of 
Virginia. Robert Yoder had personally prepared the draw- 
ings for Old Main, modeling the exterior after Virginia's 
library. Old Main, in the center of the layout, would be the 
anchor for a classical campus. Drawing from Lenoir College 
Bulletin, Vol. 12, No. 5, Lenoir-Rhyne College Archives 

The proposal, however, failed to win board approval. 
The motion to allow card-playing lost 4-14. The 
motion to allow dancing received no affirmative votes. 

The denial of the student petition reflected, in part, 
a sensitivity of the board to the college's relationship 
with the church. Early in the Peery administration, in 
1920, the two Lutheran synods in North Carolina 
reunited, following a separation of one hundred years. 
The new organization, named the United Evangelical 
Lutheran Synod of North Carolina, acquired not only 
Lenoir College but also the two educational institu- 
tions of the former North Carolina Synod: Mount 
Pleasant Collegiate Institute for boys and Mont 
Amoena Seminary for girls, both situated at Mount 
Pleasant. The merged synod agreed at the outset that 
it should support only one standard A-grade college 
and that college would be Lenoir, but it also agi'eed 
that the other two institutions would be continued as 
then conducted. The new synod created a Board for 
Educational Institutions to govern the work in all 
three institutions. The board prohibited at all three 
institutions certain student conduct, including card- 
playing, other games of chance, use of intoxicating 
liquor, secret societies and fraternities, and use of 

The Board for Educational Institutions functioned 
for eighteen years, although when Mont Amoena 
Seminary closed in May 1927, the responsibility of the 
board was reduced to two institutions. In 1931 the 
synod terminated its support of Mount Pleasant but 
granted permission for the school's president, George 
F. McAllister, to continue its operation, which he did 
until 1935. Lenoir-Rhyne was named the legal succes- 


sor to the Mount Pleasant predecessor. North Caro- 
lina College, and Mont Amoena Seminary, serving as 
depository for the student records of the two schools 
and affiliating their graduates and former students 
with the alumni of Lenoir Rhyne. 

The affiliation activity, however, did not detract 
from an emerging, renewed interest in the college's 
alma mater, "Fair Star of Caroline." The 1917 lyrics 
by John C. Seegers, Jr., were set to new music in 
1928. The tune was composed by Frederick Stanley 
Smith, head of the music department from 1928 to 
1932 and recognized by the National Association of 
Organists as one of the leading organists in the 
United States. Popular usage of the tune came later, 
in the Monroe administration, when Director Kenneth 
B. Lee included the number in the a cappella choir 
concerts and in 1941 joined with another member of 
the music faculty, Mary E. Greenholt, to compose an 
arrangement for college band use. 

Despite the college's emphasis on its church rela- 
tionship, Lenoir Rhjme during its first forty years 
placed more alumni in education than in the ministry. 
According to a 1931 survey reported by Prof. Victor V. 
Aderholdt, the alumni of the classes from 1892 to 
1930 included 321 teachers, 112 ministers, 49 busi- 
nessmen, 17 lawyers, 15 physicians, 9 farmers, 7 
government officials, 4 bankers, and 61 other classifi- 
cations. The commercial graduates from 1909 to 1931 
numbered 149. 

The assets of the college's endowment during the 
Peery and Schaeffer administrations experienced 
highs and lows. Aided by the 1923 campaign, the fund 
grew from its 1920 value of $210,000 to $428,000 in 

Music attracted the attention of many Lenoir College 
students. The Glee Club (shown here) was in 1920-21 
composed of twenty- four men and women. The group 
presented the Gilbert and Sullivan operetta Patience in the 
Old Main Auditorium as well as performances in 
Lincolnlon. Kings Mountain. Cherryville. and Dallas. Miss 
Brigit Lund, instructor in vocal music, was director of The 
Glee Club, u'hich had been organised in 1910. 

The college had disapproved of dancing among students from 
the beginning of the institution. From time to time petitions 
were sent by the students to the administration and the board 
to alter this ban. The first dance was held in Cline Gymna- 

sium on 11 April 1934. A college orchestra had been formed by 
Robert Barkley, Eric Cotter, Paul Johnston, Jacob Cooper, Ben 
Grimes. T. W. Shuford, and Johnnie Gilbert. The 1934 
HACAWA noted the orchestra "supplies a very real need." 

1926 and $570,000 in 1928. When some of the contrib- 
uted assets and investments proved to be overvalued 
by $80,000, the college in 1926 raised other gifts to 
replace the losses and maintain fund growth. The 
fund, however, was not immune from the effects of the 
growing national depression. The value dropped to 
$504,000 in 1930 and $410,000 in 1932. When he left 
office in 1934, Schaeffer reported the assets totaled 
only $280,000 and only $64,000 of the total generated 
a reasonable income; in a period of five years, the 
endowment income had been cut in half and gave only 
reduced support to the struggling current fund. 

The current fund during the Peery and Schaeffer 
administrations, unlike in earlier years, was aided by 
improved business operations. In 1920, the business 
affairs were reorganized to conform with standards 
employed by educational institutions nationwide. 
They were placed under the direction of a business 
manager, and a public accountant was retained to 
advise bookkeeping operations and to conduct an 

annual audit. During the decade of the 1920s, the 
institution was unable to reduce the current debt 
below $16,000, but it did succeed in completing most 
of the years with a current fund balance. 

In 1930, however, the college saw deficits creep into 
the operational funds. Schaeffer blamed the problem 
on low tuition; the $120 tuition had remained un- 
changed for three years while faculty salaries rose. 
The tuition was raised, to $150 in 1932. At the same 
time, the faculty was asked to remit portions of their 
salaries, 17 percent in the 1931 summer session and 
20 percent in the 1932-33 year. Despite these mea- 
sures, the college experienced deficits in 1930 
($13,000), 1932 ($8,000), and 1933 ($7,000). 

Other efforts to find financial relief were attempted. 
An appeal, as a part of a national campaign of the 
United Lutheran Church in America, was mounted in 
the North Carolina Synod in the fall of 1930 to raise 
$300,000 for Lenoir Rhyne and $100,000 for Mount 
Pleasant. Schaeffer served as the campaign director. 


On 10 March 1930, Lenoir-Rhyne College was granted a 
charter to become the Gamma Eta Cast (Chapter) of Alpha 
Psi Omega national drama fraternity. The 1932 membership 
is shown here with Dr. Eugene Heald as Honorable E.xam- 
mer and Professor Pearl Setzer as faculty director. 

But the results were disappointing: $110,000 was 
pledged for Lenoir-Rhyne and $2,600 for Mount 
Pleasant. Two years later, in the spring of 1932, 
Lenoir Rhyne joined twenty-four other colleges in as 
many states to organize an Associated Colleges 
Movement Emergency Appeal which promised to 
provide $5,000 for the current expense of each mem- 
ber college. Because of economic conditions, however, 
the plan was abandoned. 

The financial problems not only created operational 
difficulties but jeopardized accreditation. Lenoir 
Rhyne had been accredited for only one year when the 
accrediting agency, renamed the Association of 
Southern Colleges, requested in 1929 that Lenoir 
Rhyne give attention to certain deficiencies: inad- 
equate financial support, low president's salary, and 
records of the professional activities of the faculty and 
the post-graduate work of its gr'aduates. One year 
later, the deficiencies had not been removed by the 
college, and the association repeated those demands 
and introduced newly-adopted requirements on 
library expenditures and endowment assets. By 1930, 
however, the college had responded adequately on the 
matters relating to professional activities, postgradu- 
ate work, and the lilirary. 

The association's standard for the endowment fund, 
a minimum of $500,000, was particularly troublesome 
for Lenoir Rhyne. Although the accrediting associa- 
tion did not press the point immediately, it did pro- 
pose in 1933 a special inspection. Schaeffer admitted 
to the board that the pending inspection "makes me 
feel that the situation is serious and that the items of 
endowment and church appropriations in which we 
are deficient will make us subject to suspension." 

On 8 Febi-uary 1934, the board met in special 
session to consider two matters: accreditation, and the 
resignation of President Schaeffer (which had been 
submitted to the Executive Committee on 9 January). 
The board approved by ballot a recommendation to 
decline acceptance of Schaeffers resignation. And. in 
a move to avert what appeared to be certain suspen- 
sion, it voted to withdraw Lenoir Rhjnae from mem- 
bership in the Southern Association of Colleges at the 
end of the association year in December. 

Without accreditation, the future of Lenoir Rhyne 
as a traditional college was not bright. Accordingly, 
the boai'd turned its attention to a proposal that "a 
reorganization be made of policy and program which 
would seek to set up a truly Church College entirely 
independent of student enrollment and favor." The 
plan of reorganization, introduced by Schaeffer, called 

Promises and Prospects Turn 
into Realities 


The clau of 1928 has bad the anuiuil «xp<- 
ricnct of beholding cbm new boildingt tuned, 
completed, equipped daring cbeir lut yeir. Tbeie 
building! lept e ient in inreument of $)00.000.00 
ind provide adequately for the >crvice they are 
to render for many yean to come. 

Bat the loyalty and devotion of the ttodcnti 
of Lenoir Rhyne make Lenoir Rhyne in larger 
meatore than baildingi, mean more than build- 
ingt. Every graduate tboald be a great auet. 
going about with happy memoriei, upholding the 
efforti of Alma Mater with pride, itriving to 
bring honor throogh word and deed. 

Alma Mater wiibei the clan of 1928 every 
true lucceu and happtnesi. 

L«t tho«« who have left, thoae who leave, and 
thoae who etay, work together that Every Year 
it Lenoir Rhyne will be a Greater Year. 


for a smaller, simpler institution, with emphasis on 
Christian conduct. Enrollment would be limited to 150 
students, study periods would be added to the sched- 
ule, intercollegiate sports would be discontinued, and 
broader student participation in public speaking 
would be encouraged. More of the student's time 
would be structured, and the college would host the 
synodical headquarters and become "a center for 
study of church activities and of service to the 
church." After reviewing the proposed plan, the board 
requested further study, deferring final action until 
27 February 1934. 

At its meeting on the 27th, the board listened to the 
report of its own committee and heard an alumni 
objection to the plan. It also received a student- 
committee petition objecting to the plan and calling 
for acceptance of Schaeffer's resignation. After discus- 
sion, the proposal for an alternative to intercollegiate 
athletics was rejected by a vote of 10-7. 

Then, in an accommodation to student interests, 
the board voted to approve a student request it had 
deferred at its 8 February meeting. The petition 
asked for a monthly college dance. The dance would 
start immediately following the evening meal and 
continue to ten o'clock. It would be chaperoned by "an 
adequate representation" of faculty members, and no 
outsiders would be admitted unless invited by a 
faculty member. 

The first dance was held on Wednesday, 11 April 
1934, in Cline Gymnasium, sponsored by the student 
body. Music was provided by the college orchestra, 
and the gymnasium was decorated in the senior 
class colors, blue and white. Eleven faculty members 
served as chaperons. 

Six days earlier, on 5 April, the board met again in 
called session, this time to receive from Schaeffer a 
renewal of his earlier resignation. "I ask acceptance of 
my resignation," he stated, "for the good of the Col- 
lege. To do otherwise would mean a long fight in order 
to establish the practicability and appeal of the things 
which I would establish in the life of our College. To 
leave the Athletic Progi^am as at present is to make 
unfeasible other things I have in mind." 

The board this time accepted the resignation, to 
become effective 1 July. It also authorized appoint- 
ment of a committee to recommend a successor. 

The committee reported to the board two months 
later on 5 June. Its recommendation spoke less to 
future leadership than to future relationships. The 
committee proposed that the board investigate "the 
possibilities of coordination of Newberry and Lenoir 
Rhyne Colleges" and that in the meantime the presi- 
dent of Newberry, James C. Kinard, be invited to 
serve as acting president of Lenoir Rhyne. 

Discussion, however, revealed that the board was 
more inclined to consider one of its own members for 
president. In a ballot election for the office of presi- 

In the early 1930s there began a Mother's Day celebration at 
the college which permitted students to entertain mothers on 
campus. Sponsored by the YWCA, the event began with a 
May Day Festival and continued into the evening with a 
Playmaker production. In time the May Day celebration 
became an out-of-doors event — witness the 1934 May Day 
Court. The traditional May Day festivities would disappear 
in the 1960s and today the college conducts graduation 
exercises on Mother's Day. 

During the 1930s, Lenoir-Rhyne had a small but imposing 
campus. This aerial view shows the Rhyne Building as the 
anchor of a wooded campus that includes Mauney dorm 
(left), the refectory (top left), Cline Gym, Highland Hall, and 
the Yoder Building (all right). 


In 1934 the Board of Trustees gave some consideration to discontinuing 
intercollegiate athletics at Lenoir-Rhyne. On April 27. by a vote of 10-7, the Board 
rejected this idea. The 1933 tennis team had been one of the successful chapters in 
LR sports. The "Tennis Bears" had ended their season as the North Conference 
champions, not losing a single match in the conference run. "Pinky" James was 
coach and the players were Harlan Creech (captain), William Moretz, Jack Lasley, 
"Wig" Hemphill, David Campbell, and Clarence Stasavich. 

Joe Bear, the symbol of the college's 
athletic teams, was a live bear. Joe 
was introduced to the campus in 1927. 
Although thought to be gentle, the 
animal ripped off the top of a convert- 
ible automobile owned by Professor 
Edwin Setzler. The animal died in 
1931. In due time Joe Bear became a 
student in a bear costume. The bear 
pictured here is believed to be Joe Bear 
II. Courtesy of the Dr. M. L. Stirewalt, 
Jr., files, Lenoir-Rhyne College 

John Conrad Seegers was the author of "Fair Star 
of Caroline," which he composed in 1917. Seegers, 
who taught English and Spanish, remarked in a 
1947 interview, "I wrote it simply because the College 
had no song at all and I thought it should have one. " 

dent, the board elected P. E. Monroe. With 1 July 
less than a month away, the board recognized that 
there might be an interim between Schaeffer's depar- 
ture and Monroe's arrival, and it asked Professor 
George R. Patterson to serve as acting president 
during that period. 

The action closed an unnerving five-month period 
for the college and the board, but Schaeffer later 

looked back on the events with aplomb in a 10 Decem- 
ber 1959 letter to J. L. Norris ('23), "I have never been 
bitter or sour about the decisions at Lenoir Rhyne," he 
wrote. "I do not think I deserved the erasure and 
ostracism which has been retained through the years. 
The only real complaint is the presentation of a 
progi'am which appealed to many. When that was 
rejected, I quietly eliminated myself." 


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Orestes Pearl Rein ('07) was the 
recipient of the HACAWA dedication in 

1924, which characterized him as "a 
professor we respect, a friend we trust, 
and a gentleman we admire." Rein, of 
Clemson, South Carolina, and for 
many years a member of the faculty, 
became the chief advocate of the 
restoration of the hyphen to the name 
of Lenoir-Rhyne. For over fifty years, 
Robert Fritz and Orestes Rein had 
urged the hyphen be restored after it 
had mysteriously disappeared in June 

1925. Rein came forward to offer the 
college a gift of $5,000 to the endow- 
ment fund if the hyphenated name was 
restored. In the spring of 1976 the 
Board accepted the offer and Lenoir 
Rhyne once again became Lenoir- 
Rhyne College. 

Frederick S. Smith, a graduate of 
Lebanon Valley College, was head of 
the Music Department from 1928 to 
1932. He was recognized by the 
National Association of Organists as 
one of the leading organists in the 
United States. In 1928 Smith took the 
lyrics of "Fair Star of Caroline" I by 
John C. Seegers, Jr.) and set them to 
new music. Popular use of the tune 
came when Kenneth B. Lee, director of 
the choir, included the number in 
concerts. In 1990, the Alma Mater of 
Lenoir-Rhyne College is indeed 
Seegers' lyrics set to Smith's music. 

This is a picture of George Richard 
Patterson, professor of education, and 
recipient of the dedication of the 1934 
HACAWA "whose broad vision, sound 
judgment, and willingness to serve, 
have ever commended him to his 
students." At the resignation ofH. 
Brent Schaeffer in April 1934 the 
Board asked Patterson to serve as 
interim president until July 1. 

PIcasaiil Ediiar Monroe became the fifth piwiihiil oj 1., a. <:: l\i: \ a, ( \iiU\l:c on I 
July 1934. Monroe was sening as pastor of Holy Trinity Lutheran Church in 
Hickory when he was chosen chairman of a nominating committee in 1925 to find 
a successor to John C. Peery, who had resigned. Peery departed the campus in 
September (1925), and, unable to find a new president, the Board of Trustees 
asked Monroe to serve as Interim President. Monroe did so until Brent Schaeffer 
took over on 1 May 1926. 


1934 to 1949 

Assuming the duties on 1 July 1934 as fifth presi- 
dent of Lenoir Rhyne was a fifty-eight-year-old 
Lutheran minister and educator who had served as 
acting president nine years earher, P. E. Monroe. The 
native of Rowan County had graduated from North 
Carohna College at Mount Pleasant and Chicago 
Lutheran Theological Seminary. Prior to serving as 
the college's interim president in 1925-26, he served 
Lutheran pastorates in Virginia and South Carolina 
and was for eleven years president of a girls' college. 
He moved from Hickory in 1930 and had served as 
pastor of Saint James Lutheran Church in Concord 
since then. 

During the first weeks in office, Monroe gave his 
attention to student recruitment, enlisting the aid of 
trustees and others. His efforts paid off. The fall 
enrollment of 375 was the highest in ten years. It 
remained near that level for two years, then ad- 
vanced to a record high of 454 in 1937 and 525 in 
1938. The growth resumed in 1940 when registrations 
increased to 578, only to be topped in 1941 by an 
enrollment of 599. 

The students came mostly from local and Lutheran 
backgrounds: Lutherans often comprised about half of 
the students, and in his second year Monroe noted 
that 84 percent came from within fifty miles of the 
campus. Enrollment of commuting students was 
encouraged by awarding up to fifty dollars as travel 
allowance. However, the married student could expect 
no special consideration. Explained Monroe: "I hold 
that a student who must be helped in college has no 
right to expect the College to continue him or her in 
marriage relations" (Trustees, 1942, n:152). 

The enrollment of Lenoir Rhyne stood out during a 

period when that of other schools was declining. 
Institutions that ceased operating during the period 
from 1916 to 1941 included Claremont College in 
Hickory, Davenport College at Lenoir, Rutherford 
College, Concordia College at Conover, and Mount 
Pleasant Collegiate Institute and Mont Amoena 
Seminary at Mount Pleasant. In 1944, a National 
Beta Club survey revealed that Lenoir Rhyne was the 
most favored North Carolina small church college 
among the state's high school seniors. 

In addition to the swelling fall enrollment, the 
college enjoyed good summer enrollments. Aided by 
the state's new requirements for teacher-certificate 
maintenance and upgrading, summer attendance 
advanced from 346 in 1935 to 598 in 1937 and 657 the 
following year. As more and more teachers satisfied 
the requirements, however, the enrollment faded: to 
417 in 1938 and then to 279, 250, and 197 in succes- 
sive summers. 

As the fall enrollments grew, so did the need for 
professors. During the first seven years, the Monroe 
administration succeeded not only in enlarging the 
faculty from twenty-six to thirty-seven but also in 
boosting the number of faculty doctorates from four to 
ten. Improved emoluments played a part in attracting 
faculty. Salaries were not competitive (in 1946, one 
English professor earning $4,000 turned down an 
$8,000 offer from the University of South Carolina), 
but the president and trustees tried to make fringe 
benefits more attractive. Bonuses of 10 percent of 
salary were awarded several years in the late 1930s 
and early 1940s. A program of $100 bonuses for 
summer study was initiated in 1946. A contributory 
pension program was introduced in 1947 through the 


An aerial view of the college campus in the 1940s is presented here. Both Mauney 
and Schaeffer dorms are in place, and the refectory is on the far left. Noticeably 
absent are the Lineberger Administration Building, Minges Science Building, 
Fritz Dorm, and Conrad Dorm, among others. 

pension services of the United Lutheran Church 
in America; the college matched the contributions 
of the pai'ticipating faculty or staff member, up 
to 4 percent of salary. 

Serving on the faculty and staff through the 
fifteen years of the Monroe administration were 
ten individuals: Aileen Aderholdt, librarian; Gladys 
Barger ('26), treasurer; Harlan L. Creech, business; 
Pearl Setzer Deal CIO), English and dramatics; 
Albert Keiser, English; F. Grover Morgan ('09), Bible; 
Karl Z. Morgan ('29), physics; George R. Patterson, 
education; Edwin L. Setzler, English, registrar, 
dean; Helen M. Stabler, piano; and M. Craig Yoder 
('17), science and biology. 

The financial condition of the college stabilized. 
During the Monroe administration, the college experi- 
enced only one operational deficit, in 1945. A ten-year 
indebtedness, incurred on the strength of Daniel E. 
Rhyne's note for $150,000 payable over the same 
period, was cleared in 1936, distinguishing Lenoir- 

Rhyne that year as the only Lutheran college in 
America with no debt. The endowment grew by 1949 
to $700,000, although its earnings were often disap- 
pointing because of large blocks of low-yielding 
preferred textile stock; in 1938, the yield was 2 
percent, considerably lower than the average yield of 
4 percent for college endowments nationwide. 

Added to the endowment in 1936 was the control- 
ling interest in a textile mill, the Howell Manufactur- 
ing Company of Cherryville. The college had acquired 
one-third interest ($150,000 value) in 1925 in a gift 
from Rhyne. When additional stock came to the 
college at Rhyne's death in 1933, the college found 
itself the majority owner of the mill. It retained the 
controlling interest for more than forty years. 

Regional accreditation, which la.y in disarray in 
1934, also received early attention by the Monroe 
administration. The college, faced with suspension, 
planned to resign its membership in the Southern 
Association of Colleges at the close of the year. But 



Monroe Craig Yoder was a 1917 
graduate of Lenoir College and one of 
few students to have served as editor of 
both the school newspaper (1916) and 
the school yearbook (1917). A Phi Beta 
Kappa graduate of the University of 
Virginia in 1924, Yoder joined the 
biology department at Lenoir College. 
The 1938 HACAWA dedication 
referred to him as "A son ofLenoir- 
Rhyne College.. .(who) has known and 
loved this College and its ideals..." 

Homer Reginald Greenholt u'o.s- a 1925 
graduate of Gettysburg College and a 
1929 graduate of Gettysburg Lutheran 
Seminary. He joined the faculty of 
Lenoir-Rhyne in 1939 and was an 
outstanding faculty member until his 
retirement in 1969. The 1942 
HACAWA dedication spoke of Dr. 
Greenholt as "A genial companion in 
study, a fascinating idealist, and 
enthusiastic scholar, a sincere friend 
and a tolerant Christian gentleman." 

R. M. (Pat) Shores, a graduate of 
Maryville College, served as Bear 
football coach from 1932 to 1941. 
During his tenure, Lenoir-Rhyne was 
classified among the "Little Six" of 
North Carolina football (with Eton, 
Western Carolina, Appalachian, 
Guilford, and Catawba). Shores had 
winning seasons in 1934, 1938, 1939, 
and 1940. In 1939 LR was tied with 
Appalachian for the North State 
Conference Championship. His total 
LR record included 40 wins, 36 losses, 
and 10 ties. His teams had produced 
two All- Americans: James R. Garrett 
(1939) and Augustus L. Arndt (1940). 
Pat Shores entered the College Sports 
Hall of Fame in 1981. 

Eugene De Forest Heald was one of the 
College's most talented and most 
colorful instructors. Heald served on 
the faculty for twenty-five years — two 
in the English department and the 
remainder in Romance languages. A 
Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Johns 
Hopkins University, he joined Lenoir 
College in 1917. Before that he was an 
officer in the U.S. Navy, a civil 
engineer, and an ordained Episcopal 
priest. A Renaissance person, he 
handled many languages, collected 
stamps, and snakes, worked with the 
Boy Scouts, traveled widely, and was a 
devout Christian philosopher. The 
1929 HACAWA was dedicated to 
Heald, and at his death in 1942, Dr. 
Robert Fritz eulogized Heald who "had 
the fullest and most ready acquain- 
tance with the entire Bible of any I 
have known." 

Kenneth B. Lee held a degree in music 
from St. Olafs College, and joined the 
LR faculty in 1935, at which time he 
organized the college a cappella choir. 
In 1947, the LR choir was invited to 
sing at the National Convention of the 
Federation of Music Clubs, meeting in 
Chicago. Lee was a member of the 
faculty at the time of his death in 1973. 


illi;!:! i 

Dr. Robin Gatwood joined the music faculty in 1947, find from thai 
time until his retirement in 1981, was a major foroe in musicals, 
hands, media, radio, television, and practical education. Gatwood's 
first hand is shown here in liJ47. Organizatia/fhad begun in June 
with eight members. Courtesy of Dr. RohiiyGatwood 

The Playmakers of 1942-43 enjoyed a successful year. The 
troupe is shown in the top picture with their mentor, Pearl 
Setzer Deal. The fall production was Arms and The Man 
(lower right). In the spring there was a production of Mrs. 
Deals' Bible play Ecclesia Plantanda (lower right I. 

the new administration, aided by interested faculty 
members, re-opened discussions with the association 
and negotiated a one-year delay in the college's 
triennial examination. Appointed by Monroe to the 
special faculty committee were Albert Keiser, F. 
Grover Morgan, and M. Craig Yoder. During the 
following year, the college gathered the course syllabi 
and examination and test papers for the spring 
semester of 1935 and shipped them — more than five 
hundred pounds packed in eight cartons — to Centre 
College for evaluation by the faculty of that institu- 
tion and later by the faculty of the University of 
Mississippi. In addition, the college was examined by 
an association committee during a campus visit 7 and 
8 November 1935, and the associations' central 
committee questioned Monroe and the academic dean, 
Edwin L. Setzler, at a hearing in Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, 3 through 8 December 1935. The result for 
Lenoir-Rhyne was continued accreditation, but on a 
probationary status. 

Over the next four years, the college worked on 
the various improvements required by the asso- 
ciation standards: more expenditures per student, a 
larger faculty, more faculty members with advanced 
degrees, smaller classes, more endowment income, an 
improved library. Gains were made each year until, 
on 6 March 1940, Monroe reported the good news to 
the faculty during its regular Wednesday meeting. 
Lenoir Rhyne, after twelve years of struggle, had 
become a member of the association in good standing, 
with no deficiencies. 

Intercollegiate athletics, especially football, grew 
apace during the early years of the Monroe presi- 
dency. In Monday quarterback parlance, Lenoir 
Rhyne was classified among the "Little Six" in the 
state (with Western Carolina, Appalachian, Catawba, 
Guilford, and Elon) in contrast to the "Big Five" 
(Duke, Carolina, State, Wake Forest, and Davidson). 
Coach R. M. (Pat) Shores directed the football team to 
winning seasons in 1934, 1938, 1939, and 1940. In 
1939, the team tied Catawba 7-7 in the season finale 
to share the North State Conference championship 
with Appalachian State Teachers College. Shores 
resigned in 1941, closing a nine-year stay at Lenoir 
Rhyne with a record of 40 wins, 36 losses, and 10 ties. 
One player earned a berth on the small-college na- 
tional Ail-American squad; Tackle James R. Garrett of 
Hendersonville was named to the honor team in 1939. 

Baseball continued to thrive with the 1934 team 
contributing two players, Don W. Padgett of Bostic 
and Lindsey Deal of Lenoir, to the major leagues. The 
boys' basketball teams, coached also by Shores, played 
five consecutive winning seasons from 1934 to 1939. 
After the war, the 1947-48 squad, coached by Fred B. 

Emerson, also 
claimed a 
season. Mean- 
while, the girl 
played win- 
ning basket- 
ball seasons 
in 1936-37, 
1938-39, and 

College has had 
many gifted men 
and women on 
its faculty. Each 
in their own style 
and in their own 
way left impres- 
sions on students 
that would endure a lifetime. Such a teacher was Albert 
Keiser, who taught at LR from 1925 to 1957. as a member of 
the English Department. The dedication of the 1949 
HACAWA well summed-up the career of this remarhabte 
man: ". . . because we shall necer forget that he has dcrotcd 
24 years to the teaching of Lenoir Rhyne students. . . . for the 
assistance he has given us in the study of parliamcntaiy law 
and the appreciation of English and American literature. . . . 
for his outstanding record in the South as a leader in Pi 
Kappa Delta, and for the numerous forensic awards his 
students have brought to our college. . . . because he is a ft'"-' 
Christian gentleman whose enthusiasm and high ideals 
have made Lenoir Rhyne a greater college. . . . and. finally, 
because we shall never forget his Carl Sandburg appearance, 
his goats, his overshoes, and his love for funny stories." 


Y^ ^H 


u Ij 


(1 Ho>o^r;c CHRCT-'v ia-..-.; 1 


1^" --.?-'- ^-'J'^'hI 

r/ze i94i Luther League L.S.A. was one of the leading Christian organizations on 
campus. David F. Conrad was president. 

In 1939, the Service Cross was placed at the entrance to the Quadrangle Drive. 
Placed by the Religious Council as a memorial "to all of those who have gone into 
the world to serve from this institution. " the purpose was refocused in 1941 to 
read, "to honor those graduates of Lenoir-Rhyne who have entered full-time 
Christian work." 

An athletic tradition perpetuated during the Mon- 
roe administration resulted in frequent scheduling of 
holiday contests with Catawba College. The football 
game with Catawba was usually played on Thanks- 
giving Day, and one of the baseball games with 
Catawba was often scheduled for Easter Monday. 

Across campus in the president's office, relations 
with the church grew closer as Lenoir Rhyne and the 
North Carolina Synod undertook projects of mutual 
benefit. In 1934, the college allocated space for the 
synodical archives, meeting a need of the synod which 
had no headquarters facilities. The synod in the same 
year initiated an annual promotion within its congre- 
gations for a special Lenoir Rhyne offering during the 
four weeks following Easter. The leadership given by 
Lenoir Rhyne students to the Lutheran Student 
Association of America was demonstrated by the 
college's hosting the 1939 national assembly, the 
Ashram; the meeting achieved fame for its compro- 
mise lyrics of "Ein Feste Burg," at a time when many 
different versions were sung, and for its action to join 
other national student organizations in the World 
Student Christian Fellowship, a decision that encour- 
aged other student movements and prepared the way 
for post-war support for European students. In 1939, 
the two institutions jointly reorganized to provide for 
the interests of the closed schools at Mount Pleasant: 
the Board of Trustees for Educational Institutions 
was abolished, and the Lenoir Rhyne board was 
designated successor to the boards of Mont Amoena 
Seminary and North Carolina College. Later, in 1942, 
Lenoir Rhyne was named depository for the library 
and scholastic records of North Carolina College; the 
scholastic records of Mount Pleasant Collegiate 
Institute were placed in the custody of the George F. 

McAllister family in Mount Pleasant. Further, in 
a continuing support of the church, the college 
awarded scholarships to children of ministers and 
candidates for the ministi-y, the total in 1949 amount- 
ing to $25,000 annually. 

Unfortunately, the church's financial support at 
times concerned the college. The annual operating 
support advanced in 1938 from $4,000 to $6,000, 
but Monroe found it necessary to nudge the synod 
toward higher appropriations. In 1946, the college 
received $6,000 from the synod and an additional 
$3,600 from the national church body for a total of 
$9,600. The amount paled by comparison with church 
support of other schools: High Point, $11,000; Elon, 
$12,000; Catawba, $14,400; Queens, $16,325; and 
Brevard, $22,000. Comparison with other colleges 
of the Lutheran church was more startling: New- 
berry, $20,000; Carthage, $43,900; Thiel, $51,800; 
Capital, $85,000. Monroe's nudging helped. By 
1948, the synodical support increased to $11,400, 
and, in Monroe's final year in office, the synod 
convention approved in its 1950 budget an appro- 
priation of $15,000. 

Despite its Lutheran affiliation, Lenoir Rhyne 
cooperated with other denominations by making its 
facilities available to young congregations who had no 
houses of worship. In 1944, the college took a further 
step by offering a place of worship to the Jewish 
community of the city. 

While church relations improved, the achievements 
of Lenoir Rhyne student organizations helped to raise 
the college profile. Foremost among the musical 
groups organized during the Monroe administration 
was the a cappella choir with its religious music 
concerts. Its formation in 1935 was the work of 


Kenneth B. Lee, who modeled it after F. Mehus 
Christiansen's Saint Olaf Lutheran Choir, in which 
Lee had sung. The Lenoir Rhyne choir earned its own 
recognition in 1947 when it was invited to sing at the 
national convention of the Federation of Music Clubs. 
The invitation was extended by the federation presi- 
dent, Mrs. Royden J. Keith of Chicago, who heard the 
choir at the state federation convention in Gastonia 7 
May. "Of all the college choirs I have heard over the 
U.S.," she explained, "the Lenoir Rhyne choir is the 
finest" [The Lenoir Rhynean, 1947, 16 May). 

The band as the primary instrumental performance 
group on campus took form in 1937. For a director, 
the band depended on the availability and interest of 
a qualified student or Hickory resident. A more 
permanent organization was established in 1947 
when direction of the band was delegated to Robin F. 
Gatwood as a part of his duties as a member of the 
music faculty. 

Extra-curricular music talent took the lead in the 
annual Junior Class production of "Kampus Kapers" 
in the late 1930s. The production, staged in Hickory's 
Paramount Theater, featured a series of musical 
presentations by informal college groups in addition to 
a full-length motion picture. Matinee and evening 
performances were normally presented on two con- 
secutive days in March, with proceeds used to support 
the Junior-Senior Banquet. 

Another performing art, drama, attracted the 
interest of more than fifty students each year. Under 
the direction of Pearl Setzer Deal, a former member of 
the Carolina Playmakers who herself wrote and 
produced twelve historical and religious pageants, the 

Regular chapel services were held at Lenoir-Rhyne for many 
years with attendance required. This scene of services is taking 
place in the old Saint Andrew's Church (near the present 
Conrad Hall). 

Mauney Hall (on the right), constructed in 1928; and 
Mauney Hall Annex, constructed in 1941, are seen in this 
1940s picture. The name of Schaeffer Hall was adopted for 
the latter building in 1951 to honor the fourth president of 
the college. 

Lenoir Rhyne Playmakers produced forty plays each 
year (including some one-act plays), one of which 
normally was taken on tour. The group was a peren- 
nial winner in drama competition. In an eight-year 
period, the Playmakers failed only once to win at least 
one prize in the state drama festival at Chapel Hill; in 
1934, it claimed every prize offered except one. The 
drama program earned for Lenoir Rhyne a chapter of 
the Alpha Psi Omega national honorary drama 
fraternity, the only college chapter in North Carolina. 
Despite the polished results, the drama program was 
student-centered. "No matter how important a perfor- 
mance in public may be," Deal once told an inter- 
viewer, "I always sit in the audience when it is pre- 
sented. Students do all the direct- 
ing" (Asheville Citizen-Times, 23 
Jan. 1936, p. 8). 

Lenoir RhjTie enjoyed a similar 
reputation in forensics, which was 
directed by Albert Keiser, head of 
the English Department and 
professor of public speaking. In 
state Peace contests, his teams won 
four firsts, two seconds and two 
third places in a ten-year period, 
compiling the best record of any 
college in 1936. In the women's 
state oratorical contests, during the 
seven-year period from 1929 to 
1936, Lenoir Rhyne led all teams 
with five first places and two 
second places. Debaters pursued an 
aggressive schedule of tourna- 
ments, engaging opponents from 
University of Florida. Furman, 
Clemson, Bucknell, L^niversity of Pittsburgh, South 
Dakota State, and Upper Iowa. Keiser. who was 
instrumental in the formation of the North Carolina 


Intercollegiate Forensic Association and served as its 
executive secretary for eight years, expanded its 
offerings into the South Atlantic Forensic tourna- 
ment. The annual event featured debating and 
other public speaking competitions among colleges 
and universities from Florida to New York. Directed 
by Keiser, the tournament originally moved from 
campus to campus but later found a permanent 
home at Lenoir Rhyne. Keiser was also instrumental 
in the Lenoir Rh3Tie formation in 1935 of an Interna- 
tional Relations Club, affiliated with the Carnegie 
Endowment for International Peace, and in 1939 
of a campus chapter of Pi Kappa Delta national 
forensics fraternity. 

Laurels were also claimed by the student publica- 
tions, even during the years of World War II. The 
1942 Hacawa was recognized with an honor rating by 
the National Scholastic Press Association. In 1945 
The Lenoir Rhynean received an all-American rating 
from the Associated Collegiate Press while edited by 
its first female editor, Dorothy E. Ketner of Salisbury. 

Meanwhile, opportunities for student social activi- 
ties were liberalized. By 1936, regular campus dances 
were held in the refectory, with music furnished by a 
college orchestra. Also, two social organizations had 
been organized. The first, the Rhynoir Society, was 
formed 25 November 1934 by a group of male stu- 
dents for "the support of the faculty and administra- 
tion, unification of the student body, and the creation 
of better school spirit" (The Lenoir Rhynean , 1935, 17 
May). Although not called a fraternity, its practices 
raised eyebrows: its memberships were not openly 
available, and its meeting place in Highland Hall was 

A valuable part of daily life at Lenoir-Rhyne were the college 
waiters (and later, waitresses). There were 21 dining hall 
waiters in 1941-42 who served food family-style in the college 
refectory. With their white shirts, ties, and white aprons, the 
waiters performed a valuable function for LR students. Miss 
Virginia Barron, dietitian; and David Conrad and Hugh 
Baumgartner (head waiters) directed "the labors of the friendly, 
courteous gentlemen." With the change to a cafeteria format in 
the Cromer Center dining hall, and the disappearance of the 
refectory, the family-style of service sadly ended also. 

The refectory was the dining hall of the college. It stood on 
the site of the present Cromer College Center. Meals were 
announced by the ringing of a bell. 

restricted. In 1938, the group renamed itself the Rho 
Sigma fraternity. The second social organization was 
organized three years earlier, in 1935, as the Beta 
chapter of the Gamma Beta Chi national fraternity. 
Before the close of the Monroe presidency, the college 
saw the formation of three other groups: Sphinx 
Society (1945), Eta Delta Zeta fraternity (1947), and 
PhiHa Society (1948). 

Less durable than the Greek organizations was 
"Founder's Day" which thrived for a brief period at 
Lenoir Rhyne. Monroe, calling for the observance 
in 1937, told the board that the day had never been 
observed, although "for many years the Board has 
passed resolutions endorsing" the day. Organized 
and arranged by a committee of trustees, the day 
was observed in April of 1937 and 1938 and in Octo- 
ber of 1940, but the practice was suspended during 
the war years. The 1938 observance featured a pre- 
sentation to the college of oil paintings of the college's 
four founders. 

Several years earlier, the void created since 1932 by 
the absence of a live bear mascot was filled in Novem- 
ber 1935. A student committee searching the moun- 
tains of Western North Carolina and Tennessee 
found, at Point Lookout, a five-month-old, forty-pound 

The refectory was the dining hall of Lenoir-Rhyne for many years. Today the lobby 
of the Cromer Center occupies this site. We see here a typical Sunday group 
gathered for lunch. It is a sit-down meal with student waiters in white attire. 
Courtesy of Clara Bowman 

Mrs. P.W. (Elsie) Deaton served as 
dietitian at the college from 1943 to 
1975. The dedication of the 1948 
HACAWA said of Mrs. Deaton. "She 
shows kindness and thoughtfulness 
wherever she is." 

cub which was deUvered to the college campus and 
christened Joseph Bear III by Student Body President 
Paul A. Shue. It resided in its own brick Bear Hut, 
financed by the senior class and erected near High- 
land Hall. But it didn't always stay in the hut, some- 
times strolling about the campus or hanging out at 
the concession stand, hoping to guzzle a bottled soft 
drink provided by an accommodating student. On the 
night before the 1936 Thanksgiving Day game at 
Salisbury, the bear was taken (but later returned) by 
Catawba College students. Later it broke into a 
garage and hibernated in a professor's convertible. In 
February 1937, during a downtown parade sponsored 
by the Hickory Lions Club, the bear bit Police Chief E. 
W. Lentz, causing a three-stitch gash in his knee and 
bringing to a close the animal's public appearances. 
When the bear died in the spring of 1938, some 
students asked for a replacement, but the board 
demurred, citing the hazard of uninsurable liability. 
The arrival of Joe Bear in the fall of 1935 coincided 
with the introduction of the college fight song, which 
was unveiled in October. Sung to the tune of "Illinois 
Loyalty," the lyrics were written by Robert B. 
Harrison, a senior from Baltimore, Maryland, in 
collaboration with Professor Lee, and printed in The 
Lenoir Rhynean. 

We're shouting for Maroon and Black! 
We're fighting for Maroon and Black! 
All hail, Lenoir Rhyne. 
Go! Comrades, hit that line! 
We're behind you all the way — 

We're going to win this game today! Rah! Rah! 

We've got to win this game today! Rah! Rah! 

And when the battle's done. 

Another vict'ry won! 

Old Mountain Bears, so brave and true 

Yea! Mountain Bears, we're all for you! 

The lyrics were later changed from "Maroon and 
Black" to conform with the alma mater's "Red and 
Black." But both phrases clashed with the "Garnet 
and Black" (which was favored by the student news- 
paper) and they helped to perpetuate a blurring of the 
precise college colors. 

In the classroom, the student honor system was 
reaffirmed in 1938 by incorporating the code into the 
Constitution of College Government. The document 
stated that every student was honor-bound "to refrain 
from cheating, by giving or receiving aid on examina- 
tions, tests and quizzes" and "to report to the Cabinet 
any and all violations of the Honor System that come 
under his observation" (Student Government Hand- 
hook. 1938). 

The curriculum, meanwhile, was expanded in 1940 
to include a four-hour course in civil aeronautics, a 
program made available by the federal government to 
all standard colleges within ten miles of an approved 
airport. The first part of the course, ground training, 
included study in the history of aviation, theory of 
flight and aircraft, civil air regulations, navigation, 
meteorology, parachutes, aircraft instruments, and 
radio. The fiight training portion of the course in- 
cluded up to fifty hours of flight instruction at the 



Sandy Ridge Airport. During the first year, 110 
students completed the courses and passed the 
government aviation examination. Included among 
the first enrollees was W. Baxter Weant, a pre- 
ministerial student who delighted in renting a plane 
for $6 an hour, charging a fellow student $3 for the 
ride, and flying to his hometown of Salisbury where 
he dropped down to fifty feet over his parents' farm 
and threw out his weekly mail to the family. 

Other curricular changes included the broadening of 
economics and social science offerings, the 1939 
addition of the business education major and the 1940 
introduction of the physical education major. The 
college also developed a student orientation course 
which introduced freshmen to the college's aims and 
purposes, the library, and the departments and 
courses available for study. 

Formal orientation, however, supplemented a 
family atmosphere on campus which took many forms. 
Harry D. Hawthorne of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, who 
worked his way through Lenoir Rhyne both by 
working in the dining hall and by firing campus 
furnaces, found himself over-committed one evening: 
he could not obtain permission to defer dining hall 
clean-up long enough to stoke a dying fire in the Cline 
Gymnasium furnace. Concerned that the Cline 
residents might suffer if the fire went out, Hawthorne 
appealed to President Monroe, who was departing 
from the dining hall. Hawthorne hoped his supervisor 
might be overruled, but Monroe told him to finish the 
clean-up and let the furnace go. Later, rushing toward 

"' -4'^ 

Wilfred Hahn, of Winston-Salem, and Farrar Rhyne, of Greens- 
boro, were selected the Best All-Around Seniors for 1941. 

Emogene Locke was the first Homecoming Queen at Lenoir- 
Rhyne. She is shown here being crowned by Marshall 
Mauney at the Hickory City Auditorium in the fall of 1941. 
Courtesy of Emogene Robbins 

Cline basement to stoke the fire, Hawthorne saw 
Monroe leaving and realized the president himself 
had done the work. Before Hawthorne could find 
words to thank him, Monroe broke in with the 
simple comment: "It's late, Mr. Hawthorne. You 
better get to bed." 

Monroe, as president, presided over the 1940-41 
session which was designated the Golden Jubilee 
Year in recognition of the fiftieth anniversary of the 
institutions' founding. Events of the year included 
post-Easter presentations in congregations of the 
synod, a Semi-Centennial Celebration Appeal for 
capital funds, and a historical pageant. 

The anniversary celebration was a part of the 1941 
commencement program. The preacher for the Sunday 
morning baccalaureate service was Monroe's prede- 
cessor, H. Brent Schaeffer, who then was pastor of 
Trinity Lutheran Church, Jackson, Mississippi, and 
president of the Evangelical Lutheran Synod of 
Mississippi. The customary Address to Religious 
Organizations was an event of Sunday evening with 
a graduate of 1902, Martin L. Stirewalt, as speaker. 
The special Semi-Centennial Service, featuring an 
academic procession by representatives of thirty-six 
colleges and universities, highlighted the Monday 
schedule with an address by Fritz. Other events of 
the day included an Alumni Association meeting and 
luncheon. Class Day Exercises by the gi-aduating 
seniors, an alumni picnic supper on the front campus, 


and a Playmaker production of Our Town in the 
auditorium of Hickory High School. The graduation 
exercises followed on Tuesday morning at the Para- 
mount Theater. 

Monroe served as director of the Semi-Centennial 
Celebration Appeal which sought funds for endow- 
ment and for construction of five stractures: an 
auditorium, a boys' dormitory, a girls' dormitory, a 
library, and a boys' recreational building. Announce- 
ment of the appeal objectives coincided with a Hickory 
Chamber of Commerce effort to raise funds for a city 
auditorium. The chamber then offered to combine 
their efforts with those of the college in construction of 
a campus facility which would be available also for 
the community. 

The prospect of new facilities promised major 
campus additions not experienced since the Rhyne, 
Mauney, and refectory projects were completed in 
1928. There had been, however, some changes during 
the early years of the Monroe administration. On 1 
February 1935, Oakview Hall, the oldest building 
and the only frame structure on campus, was de- 
stroyed by fire. At the time it housed the Music 
Department and provided rooms for seventeen self- 
help girls. The space was replaced the following fall by 
renting (and six years later, purchasing) the Dallas 
Russell residence, a structure situated on Eleventh 
Avenue north of the refectory. The Music Department 
moved into the first floor, and fourteen girls roomed 
on the second floor. The residence was given the name 
of the Dallas H. Russell Hall. In 1937, new gi-and- 
stands, which seated one thousand spectators, were 
added to College Field through the special efforts of 
community supporters. One year later, the City of 
Hickory made an offer that, if the college would pay 
the $3,000 it owed the city for previous street im- 
provements, the city would pave the driveway in front 
of the Rhyne Building "as a special donation." The 
college paid up. Pavement was not only laid in front of 
Rhyne, but also behind the building and in front of the 
refectory. In 1939, the Service Cross, a pink gi'anite 
cross at the entrance to the Quadrangle Drive, was 
erected at the initiative of the Religious Council as a 
memorial "to all of those who have gone into the world 
to serve from this institution" {The Lenoir Rhynean. 
1939, 10 Feb.). Two years later, however, the student 
newspaper reported a more focused purpose: "to honor 
those graduates of Lenoir Rhyne who have entered 
full-time Christian work" (The Lenoir Rhynean, 1941, 
18 April). In 1940, the Athletic Field was leased to the 
Hickory Ball Club for three years on condition the 
club rebuild portions of the fence, construct stands 
behind the home plate, and repair the wire netting. 
The lease permitted Hickory Ball Club use of the 
facility as long as it did not interfere with regular 
college athletic schedules. Later in 1940, the "foun- 
tain," a brick octagonal gazebo near the site of the 

Ruth Aderholdt, May Queen of 194 L is shown escorted by 
former college President Robert L. Fritz. 

original college well, was constructed by the Lenoir 
Rhyne Woman's Club. 

Planning for the Semi-Centennial Appeal stimu- 
lated action on construction of the dormitoi-y for girls. 
With one eye on available plant funds and the other 
on forthcoming appeal contributions, the board in 
early 1941 authorized construction. The sixty-four 
resident, fire-proof Mauney Hall Annex was erected at 
a cost of $60,000 and first occupied on 1 January 
1942. The name of Schaeffer Hall was adopted in 1951 
to honor the fourth president of the college. 

Two months after the opening of Schaefl'er Hall, in 
response to a gift of $30,000 (later increased to 
$50,000) from Carl Augustus Rudisill ('05). a 
Cherrvville textile executive, the board contracted for 
the construction of a library building named for the 
donor. The structure was completed 1 March 1943 at 
a cost of $54,000. providing a depository for the 
twenty-two thousand volumes which had been housed 
in the administration building. In addition, the 
facility provided greater space for student study, 
periodical storage, and library administration. 

Other appeal objectives, however, were shelved by 


the wartime shortage of building materials. Among 
the projects deferred were: the auditorium — 
$100,000 for the project was raised by the Chamber of 
Commerce in May 1941; a gymnasium — a $100,000 
gift was initiated in December 1942 by Shuford Mills 
Corporation of Hickory; a science building — a 
$100,000 fund was started in October 1943 by the L. 
L. Minges family of Rocky Mount; and an infirmary — 
a gift of $15,000 was made in 1943 by Wert B. Rhyne 

Also a victim of war conditions was the construction 
of a new Saint Andrew's Lutheran Church. The 
congregation purchased a building site from Arthur 
White in March 1943. The lot, priced at $1,500, was 
situated one block south of the existing building, on 
Third Street opposite the side of the new library. It 
was the site of the R. A. Yoder residence which was 
sold by the congregation to White about ten years 
earlier. After purchasing the lot in early 1943, the 
congregation in October sold its old church building to 
the college for $8,000. The plans for construction of a 
new building, however, were suspended at that point, 
and the congregation continued using the old facility 
under a provision included in the sale agreement with 
the college. 

World War II engulfed the campus during the early 
months following the Japanese attack on Pearl 
Harbor 7 December 1941. In January, the Mauney 
Hall girls sponsored a paper drive for national de- 
fense, collecting old term papers, pasteboard boxes, 
and newspapers. The college introduced requirements 
of physical exercise for students, offered courses in 
first aid and home nursing for girls, and created a 
course in X-ray for boys interested in air corps service. 
A Victory Book drive collected books which were sent 
to the men in service. 

By February, the Civilian Air Patrol started ground 
school classes on Monday and Friday evenings in the 
science building. The classes, attended by students 

Six Lenoir-Rhyne male students kick up their heels at 
the Sadie Hawkins Day dance in September 1942. 

Some students are seen jitter-bugging at a 1943 dance. 

and faculty, helped prepare airmen to patrol the 
North Carolina coast, ferry men and supplies for the 
army, and guard military objectives. 

At its first meeting after the start of the war, on 
27 March 1942, the board voted to discontinue all 
forms of intercollegiate athletics "for the duration of 
the emergency." 

In April, classi'oom lectures were interrupted by 
the test blasts of the Hickory air-raid siren, and the 
campus was alerted to community plans for trial 
blackouts and whiteouts. The Lenoir Rhynean warned 
of future war-time shortages of anti-freeze, bicycles, 
radios, jukeboxes, and razor blades. Trouser cuffs 
were already banned, and nylon stockings were 
expected to become rare. Gas rationing promised 
to limit student personal travel as well as institu- 
tional representation at meetings and conventions. 
Sugar-rationing would affect drastically the taste of 
dining hall food. 

In May, the campus conducted its first War Bond 
and Stamp sale under the leadership of Student 
Body President Marshall F. Mauney and the class 

During the summer of 1942, the college learned of 
the first casualty among its alumni. Edgar W. Tuttle 
('39), a Catawba County high school coach who 
starred in Lenoir Rhyne baseball and basketball, was 


Some puiiirci n'ljiiiri' iin laptiiin. This 1943 example o/ 
affection on the Quad has been duplicated countless times. 

killed when two training planes collided near Lee 
Field, an auxiliary of the Jacksonville, Florida, naval 
air station. 

When the fall semester of 1942 began, the campus 
welcomed the first class of U.S. Navy cadets assigned 
to Lenoir Rhyne for instruction in the Naval Reserve 
Pilot Training Program. For the next two years, 
groups of thirty to one hundred cadets moved in and 
out of Highland Hall (The U.S.S. Bunker Hill) every 
ninety days. Over one thousand men, many of whom 
could not drive even an automobile, received elemen- 
tary and secondary flight training. Ground school 
instruction was provided by Karl Z. Morgan, M. Craig 
Yoder, S. J. Marion, Shore Neal, and other Lenoir 
Rhyne professors. Flight instruction was given at 
Hickory Municipal Airport by instructors provided by 
Cannon Aviation Company, which also provided the 
thirty-five aircraft used in the program. "On any 
flyable day," a local newspaper reporter later recalled, 
"residents could see the planes fluttering in the sky 
while precision flight problems were being taught" 
{Hickory Daily Record, 1970, 6 June). The only fatali- 
ties of the program occurred 30 November 1943 when 
two of the staff lieutenants (Myron Whitcner of 
Virginia, and James Priest of Oklahoma) were killed 

while attempting to take off from a field near 
Conover. The cadets receiving training at Lenoir 
Rhyne came from the South, Mid- West, East, and 
New England. Those who failed to pass the flight 
progress check rides were assigned to duty as seamen 
second class. Those who completed the courses en- 
tered pre-flight schools. 

The 1942 fall semester brought other wartime 
changes. National Youth Administration funds, 
started in 1935 by the U.S. Congress to assist self- 
help students, were cut; Lenoir Rhjoie's peak allot- 
ment of $7,020 in 1939 had slipped to $5,803 in 1941 
and was expected to drop further. Classes were 
suspended for a half-day on 15 October in support of a 
campus-wide efibrt to collect scrap metal: a total of 
10,211 pounds was gathered. Favorite brands of 
chewing gum disappeared. The scheduled two-day 
Thanksgiving holiday was cancelled, and the days 
were added to the front end of the Christmas holiday; 
the measure was taken to reduce student travel and 
to allow students an opportunity to relieve the short- 
age of hometown retail workers during the Christmas 
season. Later, however, the classes on Thanksgi\ang 
Day were cancelled. 

But the intrusion of the war continued. A total of 
117 graduates and 152 ex-students were ser\ang in 
the armed forces in early 1943, according to Registrar 
Setzler. Of the students in college at the time, 54 
served in the reserve corps. The Lenoir Rhynean 

In March 1942. in response to a gift of $50,000 from Carl 
Augustus Riidisill ('05). a Cherr\'rille textile executiee. the 
Board contracted for construction of a library' building. The 
structure was completed on 1 March 1943. at a cost of 
$54,000. prodding a depository for twenty-two thousand 
volumes which had been housed in the Administration 
building. Pictured here on the steps of the library are Miss 
Mabel .Adcrhiildt deft), librarian from 1942 to 1975: and 
Mi.-is Aileen .Aderholdt. librarian from 19:i4 to 1975. 


routinely printed the addresses of uniformed stu- 
dents, graduates, and former students, and mailed to 
them issues of the publication. The paper, along with 
four hundred other college newspapers, also helped to 
make available to overseas personnel cigarettes at low 
or no cost. In April 1944 the Mauney Hall and 
Mauney Annex commissions announced that "girls 
dating boys who have been inducted into service, and 
who are to report to camp prior to, or soon after the 
close of school, will be given extra social privileges" 
{The Lenoir Rhynean, 1944, 28 April). The extra 
privileges consisted of additional dating opportunities. 

Civilian enrollment during the war slipped from 
the 1941 record of 599 to 490 in 1942 and 361 in 
1943. The drop was among males; the boys in 1943 
numbered only eighty-nine, or 25 percent of the 
total enrollment. 

The female enrollment remained strong through the 
early war years, the college actually turning down girl 
applicants because of limited dormitory space. When 
Highland Hall was vacated by the naval air cadet 
program in the summer of 1944, the dormitory was 
opened to women and the total enrollment jumped to 
536. The increase might have been higher, except for 
a summer polio epidemic which swept through the 
area, requiring the construction of a special, highly- 
publicized polio hospital in Hickory; more than thirty 
student cancellations were attributed to the preva- 
lence of the dreaded disease in the Hickory area. 
Although the enrollment dropped in the fall of 1945 to 
487, it maintained a distinction Lenoir Rhyne claimed 
throughout the war years: its civilian enrollment was 
the largest among the colleges and universities of the 
United Lutheran Church of America. 

Calls to military service affected not only student 
enrollment but also the faculty ranks. Roy R. Ullman 
of the education faculty was among the first to enter 
service. He was followed by Kenneth B. Lee of the 
music department, William R. Weaver of the language 
department, and Clarence P. Stasavich ('35) of the 
athletics department. Other faculty members re- 
mained, often to substitute for classes in fields re- 
moved from their own. 

Among the departing faculty members was Karl Z. 
Morgan ('29) of the physics department. He was not 
drafted into military service but he was called to 
government research and appointed to the staff of the 
University of Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory. Later 
he was assigned to the Clinton Laboratories at Oak 
Ridge, Tennessee. After the United States dropped 
atomic bombs on Japan in 1945, it was revealed that 
Morgan was one of the scientists responsible for 
experimentation which led to development of the 
bomb. Because of his work in the new field of health 
physics, he was retained by the government for 
postwar research to become the foremost authority in 
his field. He kept, however, his position as a Lenoir 

During the 1942-43 year, students a^.hl^,ted in moving books 
from the Rhyne Building to the new Rudisill Library. 

Rhyne professor on leave of absence until 1952. 

V-E Day on 8 May 1945, marking the close of 
hostilities in the European theater, was cause for a 
formal observance at Lenoir Rhyne. Classes were 
adjourned at 8:30 A.M., and the student body as- 
sembled in Saint Andrew's Church where a radio had 
been placed to hear President Truman's nine o'clock 
address. After the proclamation, the assembly sang 
the national anthem and was led in prayer by the 
pastor, Franklin P. Cauble ('26). Following the hymn, 
"God, the All-Merciful," the benediction was pro- 
nounced by Professor Morgan. 

With the surrender of Japan in July, veterans 
armed with educational benefits provided by the 
government began to enroll at Lenoir Rhyne in large 
numbers. Student housing became a concern for the 
college. Mapleview Hall, a former private residence 
situated across Tenth Avenue from the library, had 
been used for housing women who wanted to do light 
housekeeping. It was converted in the fall of 1945, 
however, to accommodate sixteen men. The following 
fall, when the enrollment soared to 761, including 430 
veterans. Highland Hall reverted to a men's dormi- 
tory. In addition, to meet the needs of married veter- 
ans, the college added to the campus twelve apart- 
ments. The prefabricated units, situated west of 
Russell Hall, were erected with the assistance of the 
Federal Public Housing Authority. Each apartment 
contained two bedrooms, a bathroom, and a combined 


kitchen-living-dining room. The 
units were opened for occupancy 
on 1 November 1946. 

The presence of the veterans 
was felt immediately. During the 
1946-47 year, with veterans 
comprising more than one-half of 
the students, a Veterans' Club was 
organized, and it began raising 
funds for construction of a Veter- 
ans' Recreation Center. Before the 
project gi-ew full-blown, however, 
the basement of Yoder Science 
Building was renovated into a 
student center. In a dungeon-like 
atmosphere, students would 
congi'egate and munch over a 
sandwich and soda while awaiting 
the next class. The facility served 
not only veterans and commuting 
students, but also staff members 
and boarding students. Combined with the facilities 
provided by the "Tonk," a similar (but privately- 
owned) grill across Tenth Avenue from Saint 
Andrew's Church, it met student needs so well that 
the Veterans Recreation Center never materialized. 
The contributed funds given for the veteran facility 
were set aside for use in an appropriate project at a 
later date. 

The year of 1946-47 also saw the resumption of 
intercollegiate athletics, after a suspension of four 
years. An aid in the revitalization of the football 
program was the organization and support of the 
Piedmont Educational Foundation, Inc. Although 
not a part of the college, the foundation was formed 
in 1946 to support the Lenoir Rhyne intercollegiate 
program: to raise funds for use by the college to 
finance athletic scholarships, to build and maintain 
facilities, and to buy equipment for the athletics 
department. Governance of the foundation was 
delegated to a thirty-member board of trustees. 
Charter president of the organization was Carl V. 
Cline ('16) of Hickory, who served from 1946 
until 1951. 

As the enrollment climbed to 844 in 1947, the 
pressure to provide larger facilities grew. In addition 
to the auditorium, gymnasium, and science building 
(all partially funded by gifts during the war), the 
college recognized the need for a men's dormitory, an 
enlarged kitchen, renovation of the old Saint Andrew's 
Church building, a president's home, and rental 
apartments for faculty. Although some money was 
dedicated for most of the projects, the unrestricted 
funds were insufficient during the postwar infiation- 
ary period to cover the cost of any individual projects. 
Several improvements were undertaken; with the 
help of the Hickory Chamber of Commerce, the 

Students study in the quiet confines of the new Rudisill 
Library in this 1940s picture. 

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1942 was a painful year for Bear team fans. For the duration 
of World War II the campus would hai'e to do without the 
athletes who had gone to war. Also. Coaches Pat Shores, 
Clarence Stasavich. and Dave Hodg.-ion had entered the 
service of their country. The accent u-ould be on intranturals 
for awhile and Ihc 1942 HAC.\W.\ spelled it out (o nil. 

The 1941-42 tennis team was coached 
by Clarence Stasavich and for the 
third consecutive year wound up the 
season in the second position in the 
North State Conference, with a record 
of 7-3. Left to right are: Ralph Gurley, 
Leslie Conrad. Marshall Mauney. 
Coach Stasavich. David Conrad, 
Wilfred Hahn, and Jay Shepherd. 

Lenoir-Rhyne provided a ground 
school faculty for the Civilian PUot 
program. Dr. Karl Z. Morgan, Profes- 
sor M. C. Yoder (shown here) and Dr. 
S. J. Marion taught navigation, 
aircraft maintenance, meteorology, 
and flight regulations. 

College Field accommodations were expanded to five 
thousand seats in 1946; and with the help of the City 
of Hickory in 1949, water service and fire protection 
were improved by laying an eight-inch water line 
from Tenth Avenue west to Twelfth Avenue, along the 
road in front of Highland Hall. The growing enroll- 
ment, particularly of older students, contributed to 
the introduction in 1948 of a course in pre-marital 
instruction. Its popularity was instantaneous: three 
hundred and thirty students registered for the course 
in the initial semester. As an accommodation to the 
growing number of students on accelerated programs, 
the college in the same year added a commencement 
at the close of the summer session, when forty-eight 
students received degrees. 

In the midst of the postwar enrollment growth, 
Lenoir Rhyne was forced to undertake a leadership 
change. President Monroe, who was recognized not 
only in Lenoir Rhyne and Lutheran circles but in the 
forty-four-institution North Carolina College Confer- 
ence which he served as president in 1944-45, submit- 

ted his resignation as president on 24 September 1948 
for health reasons. The seventy-one-year-old executive 
had suffered a slight stroke the previous February 
which required him to relinquish administrative 
duties to Dean Edwin L. Setzler for a period of several 
weeks. Because of the illness, he did not represent the 
college at the convention of the North Carolina Synod 
in April. At the time of his resignation, he found it 
difficult to attend to the many duties of his office, but 
he agreed to continue until the end of the scholastic 
year or until his successor assumed office. 

On 21 January 1949, the board elected C. C. 
Stoughton as president, to assume duties no later 
than 1 September 1949. Later, however, on 11 March 
1949, the board was informed that Stoughton had 
declined the election. At the same meeting, the board 
unanimously elected Voigt R. Cromer ('25) to the 
position, effective 1 July 1949. Cromer, a member of 
the board, and at the time president of the North 
Carolina Synod, accepted election. 


Naval aviation cadets stand in 
formation in this World War 11 picture. 
The Russell home is to the left. Note 
the cornfield in the background. 


s .«. . 



Naval aviation cadets were in training at LR during World War 11, with Professor 
M. C. Yoder as coordinator of the program. The barracks for the cadets was 
Highland Hall, redubbed "U.S.S. Bunker Hill." 

More than 1500 students received training in the first three years that the Civilian 
Pilot Training Program was provided at lA'noir-Rhyne College by the federal 
government. Several student pilots are shown here in a 1942 picture at the Hickory 
Municipal Airport. 




The 1946 HACAWA paused "to reflect upon those who have 
paid the supreme sacrifice — especially those who have gone 
out from our midst never to return. " They are, first row: Cpl. 
Francis Wayne Baxter, Ens. Percy Eugene Devinney, Lt. 
Leonard Nelson Guest, and Lt. Jay Edward Hoffman. 
Second row: Sgt. Rex Orus Johnson, USMC, Pfc. Henry 

Alfred Kistler, Lt. Francis Lail, and Lt. John Dixon 
Lawrence. Third row: Lt. Felix Alonzo Little, Pvt. Philip P. 
Little, I-C P. O. Doyle Montgomery, and Lt. Robert Stamey 
Sigtnon. Fourth row: A-C Edgar Witherspoon Tuttle, Lt. 
John Dixon Walker, and Lt. Glenn Zerden. 


R. M. (Pat) Shores and Clarence Stasavich were among college faculty members in 
uniform as the war effort reached into the college family. Of the 140 freshmen who 
began at LR in 1941, draft boards had taken three-fourths of that number by 1945. 

Karl Z. Morgan ('29) joined the LR 
physics faculty in 1934. As World War 
II began. Dr. Morgan was called to 
government research and appointed to 
the staff of the University of Chicago 
Metallurgical Laboratory, and later 
assigned to the Clinton Laboratories at 
Oak Ridge. Tenne.^.sce. After 1945. it 
was learned that Morgan was one of 
the scientists responsible for experi- 
mentation which ultimately resulted 
in the development of the atomic bomb. 
The government retained Morgan for 
postwar research, although he held his 
Lcnoir-Rhyne faculty position until 


Twelve pre-fabricated units were erected with the assis- 
tance of the Federal Public Housing Authority for married 
veterans. Each apartment contained two bedrooms, a 
bathroom, and a combined kitchen-living-dining room. 
The units were ready for occupancy on 1 November 1946. 
They were located in an area behind Russell Hall. 

In a list of factors affecting the enrollment of Lenoir-Rhyne 
College throughout the years, a potent factor would be World 
War II. While the war took many young men from the 
campus (1941-1945), the end of the conflict brought hun- 
dreds to the campus to take advantage of government 
benefits under the "G.I. Bill of Rights." With veterans 

compromising more than one-half of the student body, a 
Veterans Club was organized. This 1946 picture shows the 
humble beginnings of the Veterans Club. Its purpose was "to 
promise good will and companionship between returning 
veterans and the student body and faculty. " 


life I - < 



By 1947, the Veterans Club filled the front of the Rhyne 
Building to overflowing for its yearbook picture. Note the 
presence of female veterans as well as male veterans. Maple 

View Hall was converted in the fall of 1945 to male students: 
Highland Hall reverted to a men's dormitory; and pre- 
fabricated units, situated behind Russell Hall were ready for 

With many men returning to college after World War II. it was possible for LR to 
have a male sextet. The 194(i group is shown with llicir accomponist. 


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married veterans by November 1946. The enrollment fell to 
487 by the fall of 1945, but had risen to 844 by 1947. 
Veterans played a large role in the changing campus scene, 

not only in numbers but in daily life. It was veterans who in 
1946 began voicing the need for a center for student recre- 
ation and social activity. 

I A valuable source of information is the school newspaper. The Lenoir-Rhynean, 
successor to The Lenoinan. The 1946 staff of the newspaper was one of the largest ever. 
Irene Queen was editor and Hoyle Lee Whiteside was business manager. 



Welcomes You 

1944-1943 Session 

Moderate Expenses Co-educational 

Church Supported 





Ijocated in the foothills of the Blue RidKf in western 
North Carolina, an ideal climate. Being under direct 
control of the churches, she gives constructive religious 
training, and consistently stresses tine Christian ideals 
and leadership. 

For Information Address 




Roy Charles Kimball was the first 
drum major ofLR's Marching Band, 
under the direction of Dr. Robin 
Gatwood. This picture was taken in 
November 1947 at the LR-Catawba 
Thanksgiving game. Courtesy of Mary 
Kate Hunter 

Apajama party is underway in the 
girls' dorm, 194.5. 


The 1948 LR diamond-men were a 
scrappy bunch. The team included 
Frank Little, Charlie Oswalt, Walter 
Crowell, Bill Helton, Jerry Pless, Odell 
Moose, and Hanley Painter. Moose had 
the highest batting average at .379. 
Captain of the team was Don Stafford, 
whose batting average was at .343. 
Stafford entered the LR Sports Hall of 
Fame in 1985 for his role in both 
baseball and football. 

The 1948-49 cheerleaders were a spirited group who did both cheers and stunts. 

Edwin Lake Setzler joined the faculty 
of Lenoir-Rhyne College in 1925 as a 
member of the English Department. 
The 1930 HACAW A praised "qualities 
in him too profound to be expressed by 
means of words. " Setzler became 
registrar in 1925 and Academic Dean 
in 1936. He and business manager, 
Harry Livengood, handled the duties 
of the college presidency following two 
heart attacks suffered by Voigt Cromer 
in February and December 1966. 
Setzler had served briefly as acting 
president following a heart attack by 
P. E. Monroe in February 1948. 


Voif^l Rhodes Cromer ('25l assumed the presidency 1 July 
1949. Cromer was a member of the college board and at the 
time president of the North Carolina Synod. Following 
graduation at LR. Cromer had earned advanced degrees at 
Lutheran Theological Southern Seminary. University of 

South Carolina, and Hartford Seminary. Serving .'several 
pastorates in South and North Carolina, Cromer had been 
pastor of Holy Trinity Church in Hichory when he became 
president of the synod in 1947. 


1 949 to 1 968 

The sixth president of Lenoir-Rhyne, Voigt R. 
Cromer, was at the time of his election a forty- 
three-year-old graduate of the college, a member of its 
board, and the president of the supporting synod. A 
native of Rhodhiss, he graduated from Lenoir Rhyne 
in 1925 and earned advanced degrees at Lutheran 
Theological Southern Seminary, University of South 
Carolina, and Hartford Seminary. He began his 
ministry in South Carolina, but he moved after one 
year to North Carolina where he served three congre- 
gations (Emmanuel, Lincolnton, 1930-1936; St. 
James, Concord, 1936-1941; Holy Trinity, Hickory, 
1941-1947) before accepting a call to the presidency of 
the North Carolina Synod and moving to Salisbury. 

Student enrollment leveled during the early years of 
his administration, remaining near 800 but never 
exceeding the record of 844 of 1947. By 1954, however, 
the growing enrollment of veterans of the Korean War 
helped to push the total to 882 and begin an annual 
growth pattern that continued throughout his presi- 
dency. Although veteran attendance peaked in 1956- 
57, total enrollment continued to grow, especially 
among day students, who often outnumbered dormi- 
tory students. Applicants sometimes were denied 
admission because of limited dormitory space; in 
1959, only 25 percent of the applicants were accepted. 
Out-of-state students, averaging ten percent of the 
total enrollment, came primarily from South Carolina, 
Pennsylvania, and Virginia. Lutherans ranged from 
36 percent (in 1949) to 47 percent (in 1961). The 
summer session grew also, with a 1953 enrollment of 
403 advancing to 848 in 1965. The college tried a 
program of adult evening classes but with less suc- 
cess. Initial enrollment in January 1965 was 109, but 

it dropped in September to 75 and by September 1966 
had slipped to 73. The program was discontinued in 
May 1967 after enrollment dropped to 38. "Negroes" 
were first admitted in the 1963 summer session, 
when five enrolled, but none applied for admission in 
the following September and very few in succeeding 
years of the period. 

A study in 1965 suggested that the optimum 
enrollment was twelve hundred. The board, after 
reviewing the study, concluded the college "has 
reached a level of enrollment, and the point of devel- 
opment and expansion of its physical plant that 
for the immediate future the resources of the institu- 
tion should be directed primarily toward the strength- 
ening and improvement of the educational program 
of the college." 

The backlog of campus improvements, deferred by 
World War II and limited by available plant funds, 
forced the new president in 1949 to give priority to the 
Christian Higher Education Year (CHEY) appeal. The 
nationwide project, planned for 1950 by the United 
Lutheran Church in America for all its educational 
institutions, included a goal of $144,000 for Lenoir 
Rhyne. Moreover, the North Carolina Synod had 
agreed to seek through the appeal an additional 
$500,000 for the college. Within six weeks after 
Cromer assumed duties, on 15 August 1949, the board 
outlined how the $644,000 CHEY goal would be used: 
a men's dormitory, $100,000; additions to the kitchen, 
$25,000; remodeling the old Saint Andrew's into a 
music building, $25,000; completion of the auditorium 
fund, $150,000; an administration building, $100,000; 
a president's home, and apartments for faculty, 
$100,000; campus improvements and driveways, 



Dr. Voigt R. Cromer is shown at the time of his inauguration 
as the sixth president of Lenoir-Rhyne. Both authors of this 
centennial history acknowledge their association with 
Lenoir-Rhyne in dating to the Cromer tenure. 

$25,000; two tiers of steel stacks for the library, 
$19,000; and an endowed professorship. $100,000. 

The appeal was launched on 1 January 1950 with 
the release of a sound motion picture. To Greater 
Glory, illustrating the college's needs. Within the 
synod, promotion of the appeal was led by F. L. 
Conrad ('16), synodical president, and C. Ross 
Ritchie ('24), pastor of First Lutheran Church, 
Lexington. Chairman of the special appeal commit- 
tee of the college board was J. Lewis Thornburg ('20), 
executive director of the Lutheridge Assembly. A 
Hickory Chamber of Commerce phase, pledged to 
raise an additional $150,000 for the auditorium, was 
led by two Hickory businessmen, Lee Frans and 
Archie Shuford. 

The appeal resulted in gifts of $541,000 including 
$341,000 in restricted gifts. Among the restricted gifts 
were $35,000 for a president's home and $106,000 for 
the auditorium. Fifty thousand dollars was contrib- 
uted by non-Lutherans in the Hickory area. 

Early in the appeal, on 13 February 1950, the board 
contracted for the construction of the men's dormitory. 
The three-story building, situated east of Highland 
Hall, was completed and opened for occupancy at the 
start of the 1950 fall semester, although some inside 
finishing work and all of the walkways and landscap- 
ing were completed later. Total cost of the building 
and furnishings was $180,000. It provided accommo- 
dations for ninety-four men and a counselor. The 
name of "The Dr. Robert Lindsay Fritz Dormitory" 
had been proposed in May 1949 by the Catawba 
County chapter of the Alumni Association. The name 
was approved by the board in October — with one 
change: in his response to the alumni, Cromer pointed 
out that Lenoir Rhyne gave to its dormitories the 
name "hall." 

The opening of Fritz Hall eliminated use of the top 
floor of Cline Gymnasium as a men's dormitory. The 
space was taken by the Music Department and used 
for studios, classrooms, and practice rooms. Although 
the arrangement was not considered ideal or perma- 
nent, it did pull together music activities formerly 
dispersed in faculty residences and dormitories. 

Prior to the completion of Fritz Hall, the college 
faced the realization that one of its beauty marks was 
disappearing. The mimosa trees lining the walk from 
the Rhyne building to the Athletic Field were victims 
of a blight and would not survive. They were replaced 
with dogwood trees. 

Other unexpected repairs were made necessary 
when a tornado struck the campus on 9 August 1951. 
College Field was severely hit; the grandstand and 
press box were demolished, and bleachers and sec- 
tions of the wooden fence were blown down. At the 
nearby site where the president's home was under 
construction, the force of the wind felled twenty trees, 
including the largest trees at the front of the lot. On 
the main campus, several trees were uprooted, the 
limbs of others were snapped, and Cline Gymnasium 
suffered roof damage. 

Hickory citizens, led by Mayor Donald L. Menzies. 
raised more than five thousand dollars to help with 
the College Field repairs. The grandstand was re- 
placed, a new press bo.x erected with, comfort rooms on 
the ground floor, and the bleachers reconditioned by 
replacing boards weakened by decay as well as those 
damaged by the storm. The College Field repairs 
alone cost $9,000. 

Escaping the tornado was the building site for the 
new Saint Andrew's Church. Construction of the 
$360,000 sanctuary and educational building began in 
1950. Funds for the project had been gathered for ten 
years and came from varied sources: members of the 
congregation, alumni and other supporters of the 
college, and congi-egations of the synod. The college 
itself made contributions, recognizing the building 
would be available for college chapel services and 
other activities. Although the congregation assumed 
ultimate responsibility for the building cost, the 
construction contract was awarded jointly by the 
congregation, the college, and the North Carolina 
Synod. With a nave seating capacity of 720. the 
structure was opened on 9 December 1951. The 
morning worship, led by Pastor Franklin P. Cauble. 
featured a sermon by Synod President Conrad. The 
evening service focused on the college, with an ad- 
dress by Cromer and music by the college's a cappella 
choir and the girls" chorus. 

Funds for construction of the president's home 
began with a 1950 CHEY gift of $35,000 by the 
Hickory Lutheran family of Albert D. and Pearl F. 
Eckard and their son. R. Neil Eckard. The start of 
construction was delayed first by procurement of a 


The Christian Higher Education Year Appeal (CHEY), a 
national endeavor by the United Lutheran Church in 
America, was planned for 1950. A goal of $144,000 was set 
for Lenoir-Rhyne. The North Carolina Synod set a goal for 
an additional $500,000. The LR appeal was launched on 1 
January 1950, and included a pamphlet entitled "For 
Christian Leaders of the Future." Shown here is a map for 
both present and proposed buildings. In the upper right 
corner was the existing St. Andrew's Church; at the bottom of 
the picture (right) is the proposed church replacement. Also 
at the bottom (left) was to be P. E. Monroe Auditorium, 

which eventually would be built near the top of the picture. 
The new Administration Building was planned just north of 
the new St. Andrew's Church, but would, in time, be built 
instead beside the Rhyne Building. The single structure — a 
proposed new dorm — beside the Old St. Andrew's Church, 
would eventually be two dorms — first, Fritz Hall; then, 
Conrad Hall. The Student Union was to be built in front of 
Highland Hall, but events would combine the Union with the 
refectory and create the Cromer College Center. The CHEY 
Appeal resulted in gifts of $541,000. 

suitable site (the 300-by-229 foot lot west of College 
Field was purchased for $4,500 in February 1951) 
and then by the processing of a special building 
permit (because of a $35,000 ceiling on construction 
of residential property). Construction of the $60,000 
structure began in April 1951. In May 1952 the 
Cromer family moved into the new home in time to 
use it for the reception for the graduating seniors 
and their families. Prior to the move, the Cromers 
resided in a Fifth Avenue, N.E., dwelling rented 
by the college. 

The address for the president's home became 740 
Fourth Street, N.E., when it and other city streets 
were renamed in 1951. The campus and its neighbor- 
hood were placed in the northeast quadrant of the 

city, with each street acquiring the "N.E." designation. 
In addition, old Tenth Avenue (behind the library) 
became Eighth Street. Parallel streets of old Eleventh 
Avenue (in front of the refectory) and Twelfth Avenue 
(in front of the College Field) were renamed Sixth 
Street and Fifth Street. Intersecting streets of Third 
Street (which the administration building faced) and 
Second Street (behind Cline Gymnasium) were re- 
designated Seventh Avenue and Eighth Avenue. The 
roadway in front of Highland Hall was treated as a 
private drive and not named by the city; on campus, it 
answered to various names, including Cross-Campus 
Drive and College Drive. 

The successor to the CHEY appeal, the 1955 Devel- 
opment Fund, with a goal of $1.5 million, was con- 


ducted as part of a more extensive program for endow- 
ment and new buildings. The objectives were: a 
college union, $200,000; auditorium, $450,000; science 
building, $425,000; gymnasium, $350,000; women's 
dormitory, $250,000; music building, $200,000; 
refectory enlargement, $100,000; and endowment, 
$375,000. The total goal of $2,350,000 included 
$850,000 already available: $350,000 for the gymna- 
sium, $200,000 each for the auditorium and the music 
building, and $100,000 for the science building. 
Solicitation for the $1.5 million was conducted among 
alumni, the local community, and congregations of the 
North Carolina Synod. Malcolm M. Palmer of 
Albemarle served as general chairman of the church 
phase which was launched with a statewide assembly 
3 February 1955 at Saint Andrew's Church and 
attended by five hundred. Church response to the 
campaign was extensive; of the 169 congregations in 
the synod, 163 participated in the campaign and 
thirty-four equalled or topped their dollar goals. The 
Hickory phase, led by Glenn R. Frye ('17), began with 
a kick-off rally which filled the college refectory. The 
Hickory area organization, composed of two hundred 
and fifty men and fifty women, generated more than 
one-third of all gifts subscribed. Over ten thousand 
donors subscribed to the campaign, including all of 
the college faculty and 99 percent of the students. The 
effort produced subscriptions of $1,505,918 through 15 
February 1956. 

Although not included in the campaign objectives, a 
maintenance building was the first project to follow 
the campaign. In July 1955, the college purchased the 
Rockett house, at 643 Eighth Avenue, N.E., at a price 
of $7,500. It also purchased a vacant lot behind the 
house for $2,360, for the location of the maintenance 
building. The 1956 construction was supervised by the 

The recipients of the 1949 edition o/"Who's Who Among 
Students in American Universities and Colleges included, 
seated: Margie Mackie, Barbara Yount, Jean Foltz. and 
Vivienne Poteat; standing, George Shuford, Ray Bast. John 
Odom. and Sam Hollowav. 

Marjorie Norvelle, of Atlanta, Georgia, and Hanley Painter. 
ofBryson City were chosen Best All -Around Seniors for 1950. 

superintendent of buildings and grounds, Robert A. 
Sigmon, using day labor and the college maintenance 
staff The cost was $10,569. 

One early outgrowth of the campaign was the 
Shuford Memorial Gymnasium. The funding, begun in 
1942, received a boost during the 1955 fundraising 
when A. Alex Shuford announced that Shuford Mills, 
Inc., and the family of the late A. A. Shuford would 
provide the additional funds necessary and authorized 
the college to proceed at once with its construction. 
Site for the project was west of the refectory, on Fifth 
Street, N.E., which was widened by the city in the 
summer of 1955. Contracts for construction were 
awarded 29 September 1955, and the building was 
first occupied and used on 26 January 1957, for a 
varsity basketball game with Newberry College. Total 
cost of the building, furnishings, and equipment was 
$523,028. At the dedication, on 2 February 1957, A. 
Alex Shuford presented the building keys to the 
director of athletics, Clarence P. Stasavich ('35), 
during the break between the junior varsity and the 
varsity basketball games with Catawba College. More 
than three thousand fans looked on, almost filling the 
3,660-seat facility. 

Constructed simultaneously was the auditorium, an 
even older project which was initiated in 1941. The 
joint college-city project had reached the stage of 
working drawings and specifications when activity 
was suspended in 1952 by a question of location. The 


"^ "■■'""- 

original site, on Seventh Avenue, N.E., opposite the 
main campus entrance, was re-examined because of 
the small size. Agreement on an alternate site — on 
Sixth Street, N.E., north of Russell Hall — was 
reached in November 1954, and work on clearing the 
site began. A residential structure on the lot was 
moved to Seventh Avenue and relocated behind 
Oakview Cottage (a residence at the corner of Sixth 
Street and Seventh Avenue occasionally used for 
student housing). Contracts for the construction of the 
auditorium were awarded 21 July 1955. The facility, 
with a seating capacity of 1,556, included a fully- 
equipped stage, dramatics workshop, conference and 
dressing rooms, and offices. Centerpiece of the foyer 
was an aluminum geometric globe, ten feet in diam- 
eter, suspended from the ceiling. The sculpture, 
named "Astrosoma," was designed by Roy Gussow of 
the North Carolina State School of Design. Cost of the 
building, with furnishings and equipment, was 
$625,000. The name P. E. Monroe Auditorium had 
been suggested by the Hickory Chamber of Commerce 
in 1949 and was later approved by the college board. 
The building was first used on 17 May 1957 for a 
Friday morning convocation program, but the first 
public event, on the following Sunday evening, was 
the home concert of the a cappella choir. When the 
commencement exercises moved into the auditorium 
on 2 and 3 June, they returned those events to the 
campus for the first time since the Old Main fire in 
1927. The initial commencement in Monroe Audito- 
rium opened with an academic procession across the 

^^■w"^^ ^^^^^ 



Downtown Hickory, 1950, is shown here. This area, on the 
Square, has drastically changed over a forty-year period. 
The street has been bricked-in for pedestrians, many of the 
shops pictured are gone, and parking is limited to specified 
parking zones. 

With Professor Albert Reiser on the left, is the 1949-50 
chapter of Alpha Tau Kappa National Forensic Fraternity. 
Members of the chapter were left to right: JeffL. Norris, 
Letchford B. Laye, Harry E. Faggart, Jr., and James C. 

campus from the administration building; however, 
the outdoor procession was cancelled by rain in 1959 
and later shortened to originate in the nearby music 
building. The auditorium was equipped with an organ 
in 1960, and air conditioning was installed in 1967. 

A dormitory for women students was cited as a need 
in the 1955 Development Fund appeal, but the project 
actually resulted in a new dormitory for men. Follow- 
ing the appeal, in 1956, campus planning consultant 
Orville Dahl suggested that the college cluster 
women's housing near the center of the campus and 
situate men's housing on the campus periphery, near 
the athletic facilities. As a first step in that direction, 
he proposed that the men's dormitory, Fritz Hall, be 
converted to women's housing and that the plan for an 
additional women's dormitory be changed to one for 
an additional men's dormitory, to be erected near the 
campus boundary. The site selected was west of the 
Athletic Field, on Eighth Avenue. Despite the need, 
funds were not available. For the first time in the 
college's history, the board borrowed through the 
federal government, a proposal sufficiently important 
to require the approval of the convention of the North 
Carolina Synod. The approval was granted in 1957, 
and the 2.75 percent loan obtained, to be amortized 
over a period of forty years with the profit from the 
dormitory operation. Construction contracts were 
awarded 21 November 1957 and portions of the 
building were occupied the following September when 
students moved in for the fall semester. The three- 
story structure, accommodating 190 residents, was 
constructed and furnished at a cost of $576,758. The 
cost did not include the bathroom urinals which were 
removed from Fritz Hall and installed in the new 
dormitory. The name of Morgan Hall was selected the 
following April by the board to honor Jacob L. Mor- 
gan, president of the North Carolina Synod from its 
formation in 1921 until his retirement in 1947. 


Professor Kenneth Lee is seen directing the 1953-54 choir. This handsome group is 
typical of the fine choirs Lenoir-Rhyne had through the years. Samuel L. Sox. Jr.. 
was president of the choir. 

With the opening of Morgan Hall, freshman women 
moved into Fritz Hall, and the college's dormitory 
capacity increased to 512. Highland Hall, officially 
off-line, still housed some men but, as Cromer re- 
ported to the 1958 synod convention, "it is only a 
matter of time until this antiquated building will 
have to be replaced." Use of the building continued, 
however, and in 1967 it was converted again to a 
women's dormitory. 

Prior to the opening of Morgan Hall, the board 
awarded contracts, on 7 August 1958, for the con- 
struction of the Minges Science Building. The initial 
gift for this project, given in 1943 by Mr. and Mrs. L. 
L. Minges, was followed fourteen years later by the 
announcement that their nine children would provide 
the necessary additional funds. The three-story 
structure was erected on the Quadrangle Drive 
between the library and the administration building. 
Opened in December 1959, it provided six lecture 
rooms, eleven general and five research laboratories, 
and six faculty offices. In addition, there were eight 
storage and preparation rooms, a balance room, a 
shop, a dark room, two seminar rooms, an animal 
room, and an unfinished area for expansion. Total 
cost, including furnishings and equipment, was 
$561,393. With the opening of the new science build- 
ing, the old one — Yoder Science Building — was 
renovated into a general classroom building. 

Construction on the Minges Science Building was 
still underway when, on 3 April 1959, the board 
awarded contracts for construction of the Mauney 


Music Building, given by William K. Mauney ('10) and 
Mrs. Mauney, of King's Mountain. Prior to the start of 
construction, the building site north of the auditorium 
was cleared by removing two houses to lots on Fourth 
Street Drive, west of the main campus. When opened 
in September 1960, the two-story structure pro\'ided 
the first home for the Music Department. In addition 
to the 175-seat choral room, the facilitj' contained a 
band room, nine individual studios, twenty-six prac- 
tice rooms, an organ studio, a music library, a record- 
ing studio, a departmental office, a lounge, and 
storage rooms for uniforms, robes, instruments, and 
other equipment. Cost of the building and equipment 
was $352,100. A feature of the building dedication on 
20 November 1960 was a concert by pianist Miles H. 
Mauney (son of the donors) and his wife, Ndolinist 
Dorothy Phillips Mauney. 

The need for a center for student recreation and 
social activity was first voiced by World War II 
veterans in 1946, but the project had been deferred by 
the lack of funds and by programmatic complexities. 
The funds available from the 1955 Development Fund 
appeal were inadequate, so in 1961 the board applied 
for a second government loan to cover the needed 
balance. It was also decided to link the proposed 
center to the food service operation by incorporating 
the refectory facility into the new structure as a main 
lounge. To avoid the added cost of serving meals in 
the refectory while construction was underway, the 
college moved food service to another site. In 1961. the 
college purchased for $25,000 the Brown Hosiery Mill 


property, across Eighth Avenue from the music 
building. During the summer of that year, it remod- 
eled the building at a cost of $13,000 and installed 
$30,000 worth of new kitchen and dining hall equip- 
ment. For the next two years, the converted mill 
served as a dining hall. A residence on the mill 
property provided housing for the maintenance 

The college center building contracts were awarded 
10 October 1961. At the ground breaking ceremony on 
27 October, Board Chairman Harry E. Isenhour of 
Salisbury announced the board's decision on the 
name: "The Voigt R. Cromer College Center." Later, 
on 27 February 1962, the board's Executive Commit- 
tee concluded that building fund appreciation would 
permit the addition of air conditioning to the project 
and the building change was authorized. 

The move from the temporary dining hall into the 
new center was scheduled for the 1962 Christmas 
holiday period, but completion of the new structure 
was delayed, partly by building change orders. First 
use of the Cromer Center was on 1 June 1963 when 
the Alumni Dinner was held. Although the dinner was 
served in the new surroundings, it was not cooked 
there; the installation of kitchen equipment was 
incomplete, requiring that the meal be prepared in 
the hosiery mill kitchen and served buffet-style in the 
new facility. Regular operation and use of the building 
began with the opening of the summer session on 10 
June, after which the old hosiery mill building was 
dismantled by the previous owner. 

In addition to the kitchen and dining hall, the new 
center included a bookstore and post office, recreation 
area, student government and publication offices, 
chaplain's office, director's office, faculty lounge, 
meditation room, reception center, and meeting 
rooms. The total cost of building, equipment, and 
furnishings was $1,018,000. Four hundred thousand 
dollars of the amount represented a 3.5 percent 

The editorial staff of The Lenoir Rhynean for 1951-52 posed 
for the yearbook. Paul Conrad (first row, third from right) 
was editor and Ben Shumate was business manager. 

government loan, to be repaid with income from 
student activity fees and from operation of the facility. 

The third capital campaign of the period, the 1963 
Fund for Progress, was first planned for an earlier 
year to fund a set of projects during the 1961-1965 
period. Prior capital campaign commitments of the 
North Carolina Synod, however, necessitated a 
postponement of the college's plans; the synod conven- 
tion approved the campaign in 1959 but stipulated 
that it not begin until 1963. The goal was set at $2 
million as part of a $2.5 million capital improvement 
program of the college. The funds would be used for 
an addition to the library, $300,000; women's dormi- 
tory, $400,000; women's gymnasium, $350,000; 
creative arts center, $300,000; men's dormitory, 
$500,000; parking area, $10,000; miscellaneous 
improvements, $100,000; and endowment, $540,000. 
The anticipated additions exceeded the goal by 
$500,000, an amount the college believed it could 
raise outside the scope of the capital funds campaign. 
Under the leadership of Glenn E. Ketner of Salisbury, 
the campaign was launched in early 1963 with a 
scheduled close on 23 March. Initial returns were low, 
amounting to $1,448,932. The books, therefore, were 
kept open and, on 9 February 1968, the pledges had 
risen to $1,813,795. Among the major gifts were 
$100,000 for the library addition, $100,000 for endow- 
ment (the Dr. and Mrs. Glenn R. Frye Scholarship), 
and $309,000 for a previously unannounced project — 
an administrative office building. 

One of the campaign objectives, the women's dormi- 
tory, was begun before the campaign was launched. 
On 7 September 1962, while Cromer Center was still 
under construction, the board contracted for the 
construction of a three-story dormitory to be added to 
the east end of Fritz Hall with a shared lounge. A 
short-term bank loan of $250,000 was negotiated to 
fund construction costs until campaign gifts were 
received. The 108-bed facility, including a guest suite 
and head-resident apartment, was built and furnished 
at a cost of $515,000. Students occupied the building 
when they arrived for the 1963 fall opening on 8 
September. The building was substantially complete, 
but because of a delay in delivery, most of the interior 
doors were hung after the building was occupied. The 
name of Conrad Hall was voted by the board on 25 
October to honor F. L. Conrad, president of the North 
Carolina Synod from 1949 to 1962. Formal opening of 
the dormitory was held on Sunday, 3 November 1963, 
when open house was held in the dormitory and also 
in the new Cromer Center. 

With these new structures, some old facilities 
disappeared from the campus. Early in 1964, the old 
Saint Andrew's Church building, also known as the 
Assembly Building for college uses, was torn down. 
Also removed was a frame residence at 644 Eighth 
Street, acquired from the late Carl V. Cline, which 


Post-World War II college bands featured a color guard. Lenoir-Rhyne's impressive 
guard included left to right: Charles Rogers. Walter Marz. Karl Park. Vance 
Klontz, and Wayne Arledge. Courtesy of Dr. Robin Gatwood 

had been used as the Fund for Progress office during 
the previous year. One smaller item made its appear- 
ance: a cement college sign was erected in 1963 on the 
southeast corner of the campus, a gift of the Class of 
1926. Also, a portion of the Quadrangle Drive in front 
of the administration building was widened in 1961 to 
accommodate diagonal parking, and the full length of 
the drive was curbed and paved. 

The Fund for Progress generated gifts of $130,000 
for the improvement of the Athletic Field and its 
seating facilities, but contractor bids revealed that an 
additional $80,000 would be needed. At the urging of 
interested Hickory leaders who promised to raise the 
difference, the board awarded the contract on 11 

February 1964. Five weeks later, on 20 March 1964, 
the volunteer Committee on Additional Funds re- 
ported to Cromer it had received pledges totaling 
$87,350. The improvement work was completed for 
the first home football game on 26 September. The 
football field, practice field, and track were graded 
(eliminating the combination baseball-football field), 
irrigation and drainage systems were installed, 
temporary bleachers were replaced with permanent 
seating, lighting and restroom facilities were im- 
proved, and a new press box was constructed. Total 
cost was $244,393. Tennis courts buried by the grad- 
ing were later replaced with four all-weather courts. 
Improved space for administrative offices was, until 


1960, regarded as a renovation project: moving 
classrooms and faculty offices off the first floor of the 
administrative building and renovating the vacated 
space into offices. But, on 1 April 1960, the board's 
Committee on Buildings and Grounds learned that 
remodeling efforts would be more costly and less 
desirable than expected. The strategy was reversed. It 
was decided to look toward construction of a separate 
building for administrative offices and dedicate all of 
the Rhyne "administrative building" for academic 
purposes. Although not a declared Fund for Progress 
objective, the administrative office building funding 
had its beginning during the 1963 campaign in a gift 
from the Lineberger Foundation of Belmont. Con- 
struction contracts were awarded 21 January 1964, 
and the two-story structure took form on the west end 
of the Rhyne Building. Offices were provided for the 
president, treasurer, business manager, public rela- 
tions director, registrar, academic dean, and dean of 
students. Also provided were a board room, conference 
room, print shop, mail room, and fire-safe space for 
academic and financial record storage. The cost, 
including furnishings, totaled $345,326. The facility 
was named "Lineberger Administration Building" in 
memory of A. C. Lineberger, a Belmont industrialist 
whose corporate interests created the Lineberger 
Foundation. Administrative offices moved into the 
new facility in March 1965, and formal dedication was 
conducted on 2 May 1965. 

In a stroke of serendipity, the Lineberger Building 
project generated an institutional slogan which was 
still in use after two decades. The 1966 publication of 
a brochure describing the set of woodcarvings at the 
building entrance called for a name for the display. 
The carvings illustrated the four primary constituen- 
cies of a Christian college: students, faculty, adminis- 
trators, and benefactors. Suggestions for a name were 
sought informally from a variety of sources, with the 
suggestion of Business Manager Harry S. Livengood 
finally selected. His entry, "The Community of Learn- 
ing," appeared on the woodcarving brochure but later 
evolved, through popular usage, into a description of 
the total institution. 

Removal of administrative activities from the Rhyne 
Building permitted conversion of the old offices into 
three classrooms and eight faculty offices. The name 
of the building was changed from "Daniel Efird Rhyne 
Administration Building" to "Daniel Efird Rhyne 
Memorial Building." 

Contracts for construction of the library addition 
were awarded on 28 January 1966. In addition to 
doubling the size of the library, the project provided 
for construction of an observatory on the roof of the 
science building and the completion of the basement 
area in the science building. The total cost for im- 
provements, furnishings, and equipment for both 
buildings was $765,051, including a major gift for the 

library expansion from the Carl A. Rudisill Founda- 
tion. Work was completed during the 1967 summer; 
the dedication ceremony on 22 October 1967 featured 
an address by William C. Archie, executive director of 
the Mary Reynolds Babcock Foundation, a second 
major contributor to the library project. 

Completion of the library addition in 1967 ended a 
twelve-year period of almost continuous construction 
on the campus. At no time during the period did the 
college go as long as twelve months without some 
construction underway. Eight new buildings were 
constructed and two major improvements were 

Academic and curricular changes during the Cromer 
administration focused less on the breadth of the 
curriculum and more on its quality. The impetus was 
fueled by a 1955 faculty committee report on the 
college's objectives and its courses of instruction. The 
report, endorsed by the board, emphasized that Lenoir 
Rhyne "should definitely remain a liberal arts college 
and that, rather than attempting to expand the 
number of departments or enlarge the scope of our 
curriculum, our objective should be to retain all of the 
present fields of study and to strengthen them in 
every way possible." 

Some additions and deletions in the curriculum 
were made, however. Prior to the committee state- 
ment the faculty had developed, in 1952, a course of 
study for the parish secretary, at the same time 
reducing the number of advanced courses in Latin. 
Later, in 1957, the sociology major was restored after 
an absence of twenty-five years. The philosophy major 
was first offered in 1964, and the one-year business 
and secretarial practice program was dropped two 
years later. Also introduced during the period were 
three new programs offered in cooperation with other 
institutions: special education for the teaching of the 
deaf ( 1953), including one year of study at North 
Carolina School for the Deaf at Morganton; medical 
technology (1958), including one year of study at 
Bowman Gray Hospital in Winston-Salem or Presby- 
terian Hospital in Charlotte; and nursing (1960), 
including two years of study and clinical work at 
Grace Hospital in Morganton. 

Student achievement was encouraged. In 1954, the 
honorary scholastic society of Mu Sigma Epsilon was 
organized to stimulate interest and achievement in 
scholarship. Four years later, the honor distinctions of 
"cum laude" and "magna cum laude" were added to 
the diplomas of top graduates. In 1967, the newly- 
formed Honors Program was extended and more 
opportunity for independent study was introduced for 
students demonstrating ability and motivation. 

Endorsement and accreditation of the Lenoir Rhyne 
program flowed from varied directions. In 1957, the 
college became the second school in the state together 
with UNC to be approved for membership in the 


Another of Robin Gatwood's gifts to LR was the creation of the popular dance 
band, the Kanipus Kats. The group featured a lead singer and "sweet sounds" for a 
generation that loved to dance. Here is the 1948-49 Kats. Courtesy of Dr. Robin 

Council on Social Work Education. Two years later, it 
was accredited by the National Council for Accredita- 
tion of Teacher Education, the new organization 
designed to become a focal point for certification of 
teachers in all states. Accreditation by the Southern 
Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools was re- 
affirmed in 1962 following an institutional self-study 
and visitor examination which the accrediting agency 
initiated several years earlier. In 1964, a similar self- 
study and evaluation of the education department 
resulted in a five-year certification by the State Board 
of Education for the college to engage in teacher 
education. In the same year, the new Lenoir Rhyne- 
Grace Hospital Department of Nursing received 
accreditation fi-om the North Carolina Board of 
Nursing Education and Nurse Registration. 

Introduction of the self-study procedures gave 
Lenoir Rhyne a new perspective on its statement of 
purpose and objectives. The statement had been 
repeated from year to year in the college catalog, with 
only occasional necessary editorial revisions. Faced 
with the self-study assumption that an institution 
should be evaluated against the criteria set forth in 
its stated purpose, the college began examining more 
carefully the meaning of its statement. The examina- 
tion also involved more parties. In the 1960 accredita- 
tion self-stud_v, the statement was revised by a special 
committee, reviewed by the academic department 
heads, and amended bv the full facultv before it was 

given final approval by the board. In terms of broad 
institutional mission, the 1960 revision was more 
cosmetic than substantive, but the process opened the 
door to more frequent and open review and debate of 
the purpose of Lenoir Rh3me. 

Admissions practices grew more selective. By 1959, 
students were not being accepted unless they ranked 
in the upper half of their high school class or per- 
formed satisfactorily on an entrance examination. 
More rigid requirements for the completion of high 
school units in mathematics and language were 
enforced. In 1963. the college began requiring all 
applicants to submit scores earned on the College 
Entrance Examination Board test, and 1967 appli- 
cants were required to take also the College Board 
Achievement Test in English Composition. Foreign 
Languages, and Mathematics. Between 1962 and 
1966, the average freshman score on the Scholastic 
Aptitude Test rose from 848 to 934. 

Changes in the academic calendar were made. In 
1951, the three-day Thanksgiving holiday was short- 
ened to one day in order to lengthen the Christmas 
holiday period, but the longer Thanksgiving holiday 
was reinstated in 1960. The fall pre-registration 
period was expanded in 1953 in order to devote a full 
day of placement testing as a part of the freshman 
orientation. One mid-morning assembly period in each 
week was devoted in 1955 to a college family forum, 
giving opportunity for students and faculty to discuss 



The Kampus Kats of 1953-54 are ready to perform for a dance m Cline Gym. Dr. 
Gatwood is at right. Courtesy of Dr. Robin Gatwood 

issues and problems of concern to the campus. Satur- 
day classes on May Day and Homecoming Day were 
shortened in 1959 to thirty minutes to allow more 
time for student preparations for the events of the 
day. On 3 March 1960, an eight-inch snow forced 
cancellation of classes (reportedly for the first time); 
the snow was not unusually heavy but created haz- 
ardous driving conditions for the commuting students. 
The Sunday baccalaureate service was moved in 1961 
from the morning to the afternoon to avoid conflict 
with the regular church services in the Hickory area. 
In the following year, the practice of using student 
speakers in the commencement exercises was 
dropped; in earlier years, the speakers included the 
valedictorian (the graduate with highest grade aver- 
age) and the salutatorian (a top graduate selected by 
the faculty), but in 1962 the competition for highest 
honors was so close that the speakers could not be 
selected prior to final examinations. 
Graduation requirements underwent adjustment 

and experimentation. In 1964 the college adopted the 
four-point grade-point-ratio system for averaging 
course grades; the new system, which was more 
common among collegiate institutions, resulted in 
averages of 4.0 (for "A") and 1.0 (for "D") in place of 
average scores of 100 or 70. In 1967 all candidates for 
graduation were required to take the Educational 
Testing Service Graduate Record Examination; the 
practice, however, was discontinued before the end of 
the four-year trial period. 

Despite the attention given to campus improvement 
and student body growth, the Cromer administration 
emphasized a strong faculty. "It is urgent that within 
the next year," Cromer declared in 1960, "operating 
income be increased to make possible a significant 
advance in faculty salaries. This must be only the first 
of a series of advances in the next decade. Without 
this we cannot expect to hold our ablest teachers or to 
attract others" (Trustees, 1960, V:9). 

While salary improvements at times fell short of 


East and West meet in this interesting 1951 picture in which 
oriental students at LR work on the college's production of 
The Mikado. Courtesy' of Dr. Robin Gatwood 

goals, other faculty and employee benefits were forced 
into the tight budgets. Social security coverage was 
instituted in 1951 for those employees not enrolled in 
the church pension plan, and two years later the 
maximum pension benefit contribution for an em- 
ployee was raised from 4 to 8 percent of salary. In 
1957, the board, recognizing that its preference for 
Lutheran faculty restricted its choice of teachers, 
deleted the restriction from its by-laws. The following 
year the college adopted a retirement program for all 
employees through the services of the Teachers 
Insurance and Annuity Association; the plan provided 
contributions equivalent to 10 percent of salary with 
the college paying 60 percent of the contributions. A 
plan of group life and hospital insurance for full-time 
employees was added in 1964, and remission of 
tuition for children of employees was instituted the 
following year. In 1967 faculty teaching loads were 
reduced, and leaves of absence for professional devel- 
opment were increased. 

Serving on the faculty and staff throughout the 
Cromer administration were twenty-six individuals; 
Aileen Aderholdt, librarian; Mabel Aderholdt, librar- 
ian; Gladys Barger ('26), treasurer; Thomas H. 
Blackburn ("45), mathematics; Katherine W. Brandon, 
history and government; William P. Brandon, econom- 
ics and history; Russell E. Brown, economics; Elsie B. 
Deaton ('35), dietitian; Robin F. Gatwood, music; H. R. 
Greenholt, history; Kenneth B. Lee, music; Annie L. 
Lentz ('38), bookkeeper; Ralph H. Lyerly, English; 


George W. McCreary, business; Walter T. Nau, 
modern languages; George R. Patterson, education; 
Jessie B. Patterson, commercial branches; Thelma 
Rast, music; Dorus P. Rudisill ('22), Bible and philoso- 
phy; Edwin L. Setzler, English and registrar; Robert 
A. Sigmon, maintenance supervisor; Everett J. Sox 
('26), dean of men; Pauline Sox ('31), bookstore man- 
ager; Helen M. Stabler, music; William D. Tuttle ('39), 
mathematics and accounting; and William R. Weaver, 
modern language. 

Administrative services were expanded during the 
period with the creation of seven new positions: 
alumni secretary and director of public relations 
(1950), admissions secretary (1956), dean of students 
(1958), business manager (1958), chaplain (1961), 
academic dean (as separate position from registrar, 
1966 ), and director of development ( 1967 ). 

The size of the Board of Trustees also grew, expand- 
ing in 1957 from twenty-one to twenty-four members. 
The three new positions were filled by lay persons, 
including Wilhelmina S. Harrison of Charlotte, the 
first woman to serve as a Lenoir Rhyne trustee. In the 
closing months of the Cromer administration, the 
board created an auxiliary organization, the Develop- 
ment Board, to assist the board and the administra- 
tion in the achievement of the college's purpose and 
objectives. The board held its initial meeting on 7 
December 1967 with seventeen charter members in 
attendance. Chairman of the organizational steering 
committee and first president of the board was James 
D. Barbee of Greensboro, executive vice president of 
Burlington Industries. Twenty years later, on 18 
March 1988, the organization changed its name from 
Development Board to Board of Visitors. 

The introduction of out-of-state tours by the a 
cappella choir was among the changes in the music 
program during the Cromer administration. The first 
of the one-week tours, in 1951, bussed the sixty-two- 
voice group through Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsyl- 
vania, with two concerts in Philadelphia. The tour, for 
that year, took the place of the spring tour to 
Lutheran churches of North Carolina, and it estab- 
lished a pattern for out-of-state tours in alternate 
years. Subsequent tours usually headed north toward 
New York but sometimes went south into Florida. 

The junior class, which in previous years staged a 
"Kampus Kapers" variety show as an annual 
fundraiser, enlisted the aid of the Music Department 
to move away from the variety-show format into 
musical productions. Among the productions were the 
Gilbert & Sullivan opera. The M/A-arfo (1951. 1955); 
the comic light opera. Erniinic ( 1952); H.M.S. Pinafore 
( 1953, 1957); Pirata^ of Penzance ( 1954); Robin Hood 
( 1956); Oklahoma ( 1958); Annie Get Your Gun ( 1959); 
and Wizard of Oz {1960). 

The fame of Lenoir Rhyne music spread as the choir 
released its first album of recordings in 1953. an octet 

from the choir sang for the convention of the ULCA 
Women's Missionary Society in Philadelphia the same 
year, and the choir in 1957 sang for the CBS radio 
network program, "Church of the Air." 

The Playmakers, meanwhile, claimed laurels by 
submitting an original play selected for presentation 
at the Carolina Dramatics Festival at Chapel Hill in 
1950. The next year it won a trophy for the best one- 
act play in the Alpha Psi Omega regional conference, 
held at Furman University. 

Student debaters continued to engage opponents 
from other colleges and universities throughout the 
Eastern Seaboard. Teams coached by Russell E. 
Brown, economics professor, participated in more 
than two thousand debates in a hundred tournaments 
over a twenty-three-year period. 

The basketball squad ushered in the Cromer admin- 
istration in spectacular fashion. The team, invited to 
host the University of North Carolina at the 1949 
opening of the Hickory Community Center, upset the 
taller visitors in a triple-overtime thriller before a 
packed house. In 1952, Lenoir Rhyne won the North 
State Conference tournament championship, and 
three years later it took the regular season title but 
lost in the tournament finals. In 1957, under the 
leadership of Coach William B. Wells ("51), the team 
put everything together in a 24-2 season, winning 
both the regular-season and tournament champion- 
ships. The year was the first in a three-year reign for 
Lenoir Rhyne basketball. In 1958, it won not only the 
conference tournament title, but took the district title 
in the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics 
and played in the first round of the national tourna- 
ment in Kansas City. In 1959, the team retained its 
title as district NAIA champion and advanced to the 
quarter-finals of the national tournament. Four years 
later, in 1963, the team again won the regular-season 

4 competent and thorough teacher of the English language 
was Ralph H. Lyerly, a member of the faculty from 1946 to 

For many years, Lenoir Rhyne conducted a commercial 
program of one-year duration. Steve Shuford l'50) taught in 
the commercial program, and later served as registrar from 
1955 to 1988. 

and tournament titles of the conference, which in 
1961 was renamed the Carolinas Intercollegiate 
Athletic Conference. The Bears defended their crown 
successfully in 1964, although seeded fifth at the close 
of the regular season. 

Two players earned national honors. Raeford M. 
Wells of Hickory was named first team All-American 
by the NAIA in 1955 and 1957 and was signed for 
professional play in the fifth round of the 1957 Na- 
tional Basketball Association draft by the New York 
Knicks. Jerry H. Wells of Canton was named All- 
American by the NAIA in 1962. 

The football team also advanced to championship 
play. In 1951 and 1952, the team won the conference 
title and accepted bowl bids; it won the 1951 Phythian 
Bowl by downing Pennsylvania State Teachers 
College, but later suffered its only loss of the 1952 
season to Tampa University in the Cigar Bowl. 
Starting in 1955, Lenoir Rhyne won a string of eight 
consecutive conference championships, setting a 
conference record. Along the way, it also played in the 
1955 Palmetto Bowl (beating Newberry College) and 
advanced to the NAIA title games in 1959 (against 
Texas A&I in the Holiday Bowl) and 1962 (against 
Central Oklahoma State College in the Camellia 
Bowl). The 1960 squad won the national champion- 
ship of the NAIA, downing Humbolt State College of 
California 15-14 in the Holiday Bowl at St. Peters- 


Dr. Martin Luther Stirewalt, Jr., leads the graduating class 
to commencement exercises. On 2-3 June 1957 commence- 
ment activities returned to campus for the first time since the 
Old Main fire in 1927. 

burg, Florida. The achievement helped earn for Coach 
Stasavich the distinction of 1959 Coach of the Year 
among the 464 member institutions of the NAIA. 
When he resigned at the close of the 1961 season, 
Stasavich had coached Lenoir Rhyne teams to a 
record of 120 wins, 37 losses, and seven ties. The 1962 
conference champions were coached by Hanley H. 
Painter ('50), whose teams also won the conference 
title during the four years starting in 1965. 

During the height of the football glory days in 1961, 
some students at football-rival Western Carolina 
University telegraphed Lenoir Rhyne that they had 
captured the college's bear mascot and that it would 
be returned during the LRC-WCU football game at 
Cullowhee on 21 October. The Lenoir Rhyne students 
were amused: Lenoir Rhyne had no live mascot. What 
the WCU students had taken was a nine-month-old 
bear cub that had been offered to the college but 
refused; although named "Joe Bear IV," it was the 
property of the Shuford Zoo at the Hickory Commu- 
nity Center. At the game, the Western Carolina 
captors displayed a bear which they delivered to the 
Shuford Zoo on the following Tuesday. Then, amuse- 
ment gave way to curiosity. The animal, according to 
the zoo keeper, was larger than the missing bear. The 
full story was later revealed in a formal Western 
Carolina apology. Joe Bear was injured during the 
night capture and had died en route to Cullowhee, 
whereupon the Western Carolina students had 
bought, and attempted to substitute, another bear. 

The caper renewed interest in a bear mascot, 
leading in the following month to an SGA decision to 
elect by popular vote a student to play the role of a 
mascot. The first student elected to the position of Joe 
Bear was Robert H. Rowland of Mocksville. In a 

rented costume, he entertained at athletic events, 
marched in parades, and played with children. The 
following year, the SGA bought a costume. 

Lenoir Rhyne's relationship to the congregations of 
the North Carolina Synod was strengthened by the 
1950 CHEY appeal, which sent more than one hun- 
dred faculty members and students to church ser\aces 
as preachers, speakers, liturgists, and musicians. The 
effort was so well received that it was repeated — 
without the solicitation for gifts — the following year. 
As a result, Lenoir Rhyne College Day was reN'ived 
again, this time scheduled during the month of April 
which was Christian Higher Education Month in the 
ULCA Calendar of Church Causes. Five years later, 
in 1956, the event had become a fixture in the college 
calendar, sending 125 campus representatives to \'isit 
eighty congregations. The day. however, was sus- 
pended in 1965 when congregations were preoccupied 
with raising funds for the ministrj' to Lutheran 
students on non-Lutheran campuses. 

On campus, special religious presentations were 
held for students, particularly during the early years 
of the Cromer administration. Religious Emphasis 
Week, a three-day observance with a guest preacher, 
was held annually from 1950 through 1959. In addi- 
tion, a series of three addresses on Christian voca- 
tions (the Gospel ministiy, the ministry of mercy, and 
the consecrated life) was presented in 1954 and each 
year thereafter until 1962. There were also occasional 

Dean Edwin L. Setzter (1925-1971 ) and Dr. Walter T. Nau 
(1945-19731 lead the 1964 commencement procession. 

I 14 

Construction is underway on the 
Minges Science Building. The con- 
tracts were awarded on 7 August 1958. 
The handsome structure provided si.x 
lecture rooms, eleven laboratories, 
offices, and research laboratories. At 
the dedication on 21 February 1960, 
the keys to the building were presented 
to President Cromer by L. L. Minges of 
Rocky Mount. 

Christian career conferences and conferences on 
vocations. The campus was reminded of the church 
calendar by a 1958 board resolution that encouraged 
the administration "to give greater emphasis to the 
Lenten season on the college campus, and that as far 
as possible public social events such as college dances 
be discouraged during the Lenten season, and that as 
far as possible college activities and events be so 
scheduled that they not conflict with regular Lenten 
services in nearby Lutheran churches." A new ven- 
ture, the Religious Arts Festival, was staged in 1963 
writh six public programs and an exhibit of paintings; 
highlights included three student productions: a 
religious play, Christ in the Concrete City, An Evening 
of Sacred Music, and the oratorio, Elijah, which was 
presented jointly by the a cappella choir and the 
Hickory Oratorio Society. The series drew high praise 
but was later evaluated as too ambitious. 

The reputation of Lenoir Rhyne as a center of 
student leadership in the Lutheran church became 
most noticeable in the fall of 1957. A sophomore, 
Henry M. McKay of Macon, Georgia, served as 
president of the Luther League of the Georgia- Ala- 
bama Sjmod. A junior, Edwin L. Ricks of Rocky 
Mount, was president of the Luther League of North 
Carolina. A senior — and past president of the North 
Carolina Luther League — Judith G. Ford of 
Cherryville, was president of the Luther League of 
America and the first woman to hold that position. 
A 1957 Lenoir Rhyne graduate and first-semester 
student at Mount Airy Seminary in Philadelphia, 
Gordon W. Ward, was president of the Lutheran 
Student Association of America. 

The 1962 merger of the United Lutheran Church 
in America with three other Lutheran bodies caused 
no appreciable changes in Lenoir Rhyne's relationship 
to the North Carolina Synod. The synod became a unit 
of the new church — Lutheran Church in America — 
but remained unchanged in membership because none 
of the other merging churches had congregations in 
North Carolina. 

Following the church merger, Lenoir Rhyne contin- 
ued its earlier pattern of hosting synodical and other 
church meetings. Annual conventions of the synod's 
women's auxiliary — renamed Lutheran Church 
Women from Women's Missionary Society — first met 
on the campus in 1946 and returned throughout the 
period. Conventions of the youth auxiliary — Luther 
League — met on the campus prior to the merger; 
after the merger, which made no provision for na- 
tional and synodical youth organizations but only for 
congregational groups, the campus was used for 
occasional youth leadership conferences. 

The college name was promoted beyond church 
circles by an aggressive publicity program focusing 
primarily on newspapers and radio. The effort also 
included two spots in national media. The popular 
network radio program, "Camel Caravan," featuring 
Vaughn Monroe, originated its broadcast on 5 May 
1951 from the Hickory Community Center and spot- 
lighted Lenoir Rhyne in its "national radio salute." In 
1952, "Operation Bottles," a student effort to float 
bottled messages of freedom from a Pacific liner onto 
the China mainland, was reported by Life magazine 
and illustrated on its cover. 

New sources of gift support for the college emerged. 
Creation of the Alumni Office in 1950 brought an 
evaluation of the 1945 giving program known as 
Living Endowment and led to development of the 
Loyalty Fund annual giving program; the new format, 
coupled with an enlarged alumni mailing list and 
organized solicitation, pushed annual alumni support 
from $3,000 in 1961 to $40,000 in 1967. The North 
Carolina Foundation of Church-Related Colleges, 
formed in 1952 by Lenoir Rhyne and nineteen other 
institutions, began generating annual pooled corpo- 
rate gifts of which Lenoir RhjTie's share in 1967 was 
$30,000. In 1959 the college began participating in the 
new Student Loan Program of the National Defense 
Education Act with a government allocation of 
$13,736; under the program, Lenoir RhjTie was 
required to make available for loans an additional 


one-ninth of the amount provided 
by the federal government. 

The financial strength of the 
college grew each year, thanks in 
part to the introduction of a 
financial budget. Only in one year 
(1959) did the institution operate 
in the red and that was by only 2 
percent; in fact, by 1967 the 
college had accumulated a reserve 
fund of $222,576 in addition to a 
current fund balance of $237,495. 
The endowment, boosted by a 1956 
Ford Foundation gift of $159,000 
and a 1966 synodical gift of 
$150,000, topped the $1 million 
level in 1959 and stood at 

$2,171,873 in 1966. Total assets of the college at the 
close of 1967 were valued at $9,961,575. 

Fraternity life took on new meaning as the organi- 
zations assumed national affiliation. The three 
fraternities formed in the Monroe administration 
were essentially local groups without national iden- 
tity. The move toward national affiliation started in 
1950 when a new, fourth fraternity was organized as 
a local chapter (North Carolina Alpha) of a national 
fraternity (Kappa Sigma Kappa). Three years later, 
Rho Sigma fraternity followed suit by affiliating with 
Sigma Phi Epsilon as the North Carolina Theta 
chapter. In the spring of 1954, the other two affilia- 
tions were completed: Eta Delta Zeta became Delta 
Iota chapter of Tau Kappa Epsilon on 12 April, and 
Gamma Beta Chi joined Theta Chi fraternity as its 
Delta Chi chapter on 15 May. 

Requests for fraternity housing followed. The 
board's Committee on Student Welfare studied 
the requests but concluded in 1957, upon the recom- 
mendation of the faculty Executive Committee, 
that they should be denied. In 1958, the fraternities 
and the board committee discussed the use of 
Oakview and Mapleview cottages for fraternity 
meeting places — not overnight housing — but 
agreement could not be reached. 

The women's societies followed the men in national 
affiliation by more than six years. The Sphinx Society 
joined the Delta Zeta sorority in 1961. The movement 
continued in the following year when Philia became a 
chapter of Kappa Delta. Also going national in the 
same year were two younger women's societies: Les 
Amies (formed in 1950) joined Sigma Kappa sorority, 
and Alpha Sigma Kappa (organized in 1958) became a 
chapter of Zeta Tau Alpha. 

Other student activities of the period were varied. 
In 1953, the students created "Operation Santa 
Claus" and collected and repaired over two thousand 
toys for distribution to underprivileged children. In 
1957, the Student Government Association proposed a 

A biology classroom scene in the 1961-62 school year, being 
conducted by Professor Lowell Binkley. The initial funds for 
the new science building were given in 1943 by Mr. and Mrs. 
L. L. Minges. Their children provided the additional funds 
needed. The Minges Science Building opened in December 
1959 at a cost of $561,393.00. 

revival and revision of the honor system, but the 
measure failed in a student vote. Also failing to win 
approval was a new literary magazine. The Hiberna- 
tor. which died in 1957 after two issues. Two years 
later, the students, with faculty and administration 
help, wrote and implemented a new SGA constitution 
which transformed the faculty-student government 
into a form of student government: the Student 
Cabinet was designated the highest student authority 
in legislative matters, the Student Court was charged 
with trying cases stemming fi-om major offenses, and 
the Student Commission was assigned the duty of 
evaluating and improving student policies. Another 
activity receiving long-range support was the 1967 

In 1961. plans went forward to incorporate the proposed 
student center to the food service operation, by transforming 
the refectory into a student union building. The shell of the 
refectoiy is shown here. 


Program Board innovation of Parents' Day, a Satur- 
day event in late September that year to which 643 
registered parents responded. 

Changes in dormitory life were minimal. The 
growing number of student cars on campus introduced 
a requirement in 1956 that all cars be registered and 
carry a sticker. Four years later, in response to a 
freshman petition, the college extended the privilege 
of keeping a car on campus to junior women and 
sophomore men; previously, the privilege was avail- 
able only to seniors and junior men. A new pattern of 
freshman housing evolved during the 1960-63 period 
resulting in a segregation of the first-year students 
from upperclassmen; freshman men were housed in 
Highland Hall, freshman women in Fritz Hall. Health 
services were extended in 1965 by making available 
on campus the services of a physician for a minimum 
of one hour each day, eliminating the need for a 
student to wait in an off-campus doctor's office. 

While monitoring student life adjustments, the 
college also tested the benefits of an intercollegiate 
consortium with its participation in the Piedmont 
University Center. Formed in 1963 to serve Lenoir 
Rhyne and fifteen other colleges, the cooperative 
program was designed "to offer a medium of united 
action in services which the schools can render more 
adequately by joint effort, to make possible certain 
opportunities which one college could not command 
independently, and to effect economies in some of the 
present offerings" (North Carolina Synod, 1963, 178). 
Projects of the center included cooperative arrange- 
ments for visiting scholars, pooled library services, 
sponsored faculty research, concert-lecture series, and 
special exhibits. The center closed in 1976. 

Back on the Hickory campus, the college observed 
its seventy-fifth anniversary with a sixteen-month 
celebration that began September 1965 and continued 
through December 1966. The observance stimulated 
the creation of two promotional audiovisuals: a sound 
film by Jefferson Standard Foundation of Charlotte, 
and a sound filmstrip by the college. It moved the 
local daily newspaper to declare its conviction "that 
Lenoir Rhyne College has become our greatest local 
asset — from a financial as well as a cultural stand- 
point" (Hickory Daily Record, 1966, 5 Sept.). Also, it 
included use of a special Lenoir Rhyne cancellation 
stamp by the Hickory Post Office and the commission- 
ing of an anthem written by Paul Christiansen of 
Concordia College. Guest speakers at the anniversary 
commencement were Franklin Clark Fry of New York 
City, president of the Lutheran Church in America; 
and D. Elton Trueblood of Richmond, Indiana, profes- 
sor of philosophy at Earlham College. Centerpiece of 
the observance was "Project 75th: Dialogues/Direc- 
tions," a series of symposia designed to help the 
college community explore ways by which the church- 
related college could improve its service to seven 

areas: the church, education, the arts, the realm 
of the intellect, science, the business community, 
and public affairs. Included among the symposia 
leaders were Terry Sanford, former governor of 
North Carolina, and Luther Hodges, former U.S. 
secretary of commerce. 

President Cromer launched the observance by 
delivering the opening convocation address on 5 
September 1965, and he was a dominant par- 
ticipant in the first semester of activities. His 
later involvement, however, was curtailed by a coro- 
nary thrombosis he suffered on 14 February 1966. 
During the early months of his recuperation, the 
duties of the presidency were delegated by the board 
chairman to the academic dean, Edwin L. Setzler, 
and the business manager, Harry S. Livengood. 
Cromer, age sixty, had resumed a normal schedule 
when, ten months later on 18 December, he suffered 
a second heart attack. By 14 March 1967, when the 
board met in regular session, his recovery permitted 
only limited activity. He acknowledged to the board 
that "my health will no longer allow me to give that 
full measure of time, energy and leadership which a 
vigorous college should receive from its admini- 
strative head, and which the students, the faculty 
and staff, the supporters, and the trustees are entitled 
to expect." He resigned, effective the following 31 
December 1967. 

The board, at its next meeting in October, was not 
prepared to name Cromer's successor, so it designated 
the new academic dean, Raymond M. Bost ('49), to 
assume the duties of acting president when Cromer's 
resignation became effective. Bost began work in the 
temporary position on 1 January 1968. He had com- 
pleted two months in the dual role of dean and acting 
president when the board, on 1 March, elected him to 
the position of Lenoir Rhyne's seventh president. 

To avoid the cost of serving meals in the refectory while 
construction was underway, the food service was moved in 
1961 to the Brown Hosiery Mill property near campus. It was 
dismantled after the June 1963 occupation of the Cromer 


The groundbreaking ceremony for the 
new student union building was on 27 
October 1961. at which time it was 
announced the facility would be named 
the Voigt R. Cromer College Center. In 
addition to the kitchen and dining 
hall, the new center included a 
bookstore and post office, recreation 
areas, offices, meditation chapel, and 
meeting rooms. Total cost of the 
building was $1,018,000. The picture 
here shows the Cromer College Center 
against a blanket of snow. 

Student's lockers on the left, the post 
office boxes and bookstore in the center, 
and a dance area to the right may be 
found in the new Cromer College 
Center. In 1986 a rathskeller-facility, 
called the Bears' Lair, replaced the 
dance floor and jukebox shown here. 
Courtesy of Frank Miller 

The dining hall of the Cromer Center 
/lo.s- undergone numerous alterations 
since its opening. In 1990 there is a 
targe salad bar in the center of the 
hall, the tables have been rearranged, 
there is a carpel on the floor, and 
banners hang overhead. Courtesy of 
Frank Miller 



With the overhead beams from the 
refectory, we see an interior view of the 
Cromer Center lobby — "The living 
room of the campus. " Courtesy of 
Frank Miller 

The 1950 baseball Bears were coached 
by Troy Washam and captained by 
Odell Moose. The team was noted for 
its home run producing ability, 
highlighted by Giles Setzer's two home 
runs that gave the Bears a victory over 
Appalachian and Joe Shook's home 
run that made possible a victory over 
Atlantic Christian. On the roster of the 
team were the Robinson twins (second 
row, fourth and fifth from left), Gene 
and Gerald. The Robinson twins were 
also outstanding football players and 
both were inducted into the Sports 
Hall of Fame in 1982. 

The track team of 1954 was coached by 
Professor William Brandon, a former 
track star. Brandon was a member of 
the History Department from 1946 to 


JoL' Rliyiic, "The oiw-niaii Intel; Icuni," uus the most uiit- 
standing individual in Carulinas Conference track composi- 
tion. 1961-62. Rhyne was high-point man in both the district 
and conference meets. He broke two records, his 21.6 seconds 
in the 220-yard dash was a new conference record and he set 
a new mark in the pole vault. The senior also ran in the 

record-brciikuiL; mile relay with Don Smith. Bert Flowers, 
and Marcus Midgett. Norman Punch was track coach of the 
multi-talented 1961-62 team, shown here. Rhyne (first row, 
third from right) ivas inducted into the Sports Hall of Fame 
in 1986. 

f^r |*»ii t-« %7 tf a*f R4 f4 ♦ 


I hH jgA Jj 

The 1950 football Bears finished what proved to be the most 
successful season in the history of the college to that point. 
Records were set as the team posted an 8-2 sea.fon. There was 
a total of 272 points — an average of 27.2 points per game. 
Head Coach was the multi-talented Clarence Stasavich ('35) 

who had joined the faculty in 193S and had become head 
coach in 1946. His staff included Troy Washam and Pride 
Ratterree. Five men from the squad ircre selected to the All- 
North State Team: Frank Little. Frank Snyder, Claude 
White. Steve Trudnak. and Gene Ritbmson. 


~'" ,*\c<-^ 

Thanksgiving Day marked a sharp football 
rivalry between Lenoir-Rhyne and Catawba 
College, which dated back to 1907. Here the 
1951 Bears defeat Catawba, 33-13. The 1951 
season marked the first bowl game for an LR 
team — the Pythian Bowl at Salisbury where 
the Bears defeated Pennsylvania State College 
of California, 13-7. 

Head football Coach Clarence Stasavich is 
carried in a 1955 victory ride by Walt Cornwell 
(No. 11) and Harold Bullard (No. 14). The 
occasion was the annual Thanksgiving Day 
game in which LR whipped Catawba, 34-17. 
Cornwell and Bullard gained 299 yards 
between them while Cornwell scored three 
touchdowns. The 1955 season was a perfect one 
for the Bears with a regular tally of 9-0-1, the 
Conference Championship, and a 13-12 victory 
over Newberry in the Palmetto Bowl in Colum- 
bia, South Carolina. 




The year 1956 was one long to be remembered 
by "loyal fans of the Bear Eleven. " Paced by 
two All-Americans, fullback Harold Bullard 
and guard Arden Ray, the Bears rolled over 
ten consecutive victories to make an easy 
capture of the conference championship. Both 
Bullard and Ray entered the Sports Hall of 
Fame in 1978. The '56 Bears ranked second 
in the nation, placed eight men on the All- 
North State Conference Squad, four Bears 
selected to the All-State team, and Coach 
Stasavich named Coach of the Year in North 

Because 1956-57 was such a single year of 
achievement for the athletic teams ofLenoir- 
Rhyne, we present several of the "Honor Men" 
of that year. Jim Hamilton, affectionately 
called "Pappy", was Basketball Coach of the 
Year. He was cage coach from 1950 to 1959, 
and led his teams to victories and honors. 
Hamilton entered the Sports Hall of Fame in 
1983. Clarence Stasavich was a 19,35 
graduate of LR and on the athletic staff from 
1938 to 1961. A coach of "first quality" he 
entered the Hall of Fame posthumously at its 
creation in 1977. Walt Cornwell ('57) played 
virtually every sport and excelled in all of 
them. He coached at LR from 1962 to 1972. 
Cornwell was elected to the Hall of Fame in 
1980. Raeford Wells ('57) may well have been 
the premier basketball player at a college that 
produced many such cage stars. He entered 
the Hall of Fame in its first year ( 1977). 

M E N 

Hartley Hayes Painter was a 1950 graduate ofLenoir- 
Rhyne and became assistant football coach in 1954. With 
the resignation of Head Coach Clarence Stasavich in 1961, 
Painter moved into the head slot, coaching some of the 
great Bear teams until his retirement in 1983. Painter was 
chosen to the Sports Hall of Fame in 1985. 

The 1961 football season was a memorable one. Ltini^tinie head football Coach 
Clarence Stasavich resigned and former Assistant Coach Hanley Painter suc- 
ceeded him. And the LR-Wittenberg game was a thriller, the Bears winning 34-14. 
Wittenberg, trailing 20-6, was forced into a passing situation. Deep in their own 
territory, a Wittenberg pass was intercepted by Tom Brown, who ran for a touch- 
down. The first three touchdowns had been scored by Richard Kemp with the final 
touchdown on a 36-yard run by Odell White. Both Kemp and White entered the 
Sports Hall of Fame in 1983. 


The 1960 Bears! The team "The Stars Fell Upon:" The 
national champions! The team members are, first row: 
White. Midgett, Farmer. Kennerly. Haupt. Maples, Teague, 
Simmons, Fusonie, Frye, and Edminston. Second row: 
Bohart. McClamrock. Kemp, Odom. Kanipe, Ripley, Turner, 
Burns. Hardman, Angel, Hart, and Hinkle. Third row: 
Barnhardt, Smith, Buick. Plexico, Pope, Shore, Hawn. 

Kirby, Fisher, Rhyne, Elliot, and Woodward. Fourth row: 
Bookwalter, Brown, Byers. Derikart, Correll, Fisher, Marco, 
and Kandzer. The results: Lenoir Rhyne . ... 30 Wofford . . . 
. 6 Lenoir Rhyne . . . . 8 Presbyterian .... Lenoir Rhyne . . 
. . 34 Newberry . ... 12 Lenoir Rhyne . ... 26 Appalachian . 
. . . 8 Lenoir Rhyne . ... 21 Guilford .... 6 Lenoir Rhyne . . . 
. 31 Western Carolina .... 6 Lenoir Rhvne . ... 63 


Georgetown (Ky.) . ... 14 Lenoir Rhyne . ... 17 East 
Carolina .... Lenoir Rhyne . ... 14 Elon .... Lenoir 

Rhyne 56 Catawba .'. . . 6 NAJA EASTERN PLAYOFF 

Lenoir Rhyne . ... 20 Northern Michigan . ... 20 NAJA 

HOLIDAY BOWL Lenoir Rhyne 15 Humboldt (Calif.) . 

. . . 14 As of 1990, eight members of this magical team have 
been inducted into the Hall of Fame: Lee Farmer (1981), 

Benny Kennerly (1988), Jim Edminston (1989). Joe Rhyne 
(1986), Richard Kemp (1983), Marion Kirby (1988), Odell 
White (1983) and Dick Lage (1984). Coaches were Clarence 
Stasauich, Hanley Painter, and Norman Punch. 


The 1962-63 gridiron season was 
highlighted by post-season play. In the 
N.A.I.A. Eastern playoffs, LR defeated 
North State of South Dakota, 20-7, but 
lost to Central Oklahoma State, 13-28. 
An exciting moment for the Bears, most 
of whom heard the game with Central 
by radio, was Odell White going over 
for the second LR touchdown. 

Football Award recipients at the 1963 
fall banquet were top to bottom: Dave 
Elder, Al Carelli, Craig Wardlaw, Ron 
Buick, Mike Pope, and Robert Shore. 
Carelli would be lost in the tragic 1970 
airplane crash that took the Marshall 
University football team. He was an 
assistant coach. 

A "Fearsome Fivesonic" in Lenoir- 
Rhyne football was, left to right: Jack 
Huss, Carl Bartles, George Miles. Mikt 
McRee, and Toby Morgan. 
hackfield stars "shone" in the late 
1960s. Courtesy of Frank J. Miller 

In the 1982 football schedule there were many tense moments. Probably none more 
than LR's game with East Carolina, early in the season. This was the first game 
for LR against a Stasavich-coached team, and for Hanley Painter, once an 
assistant to Stasavich, it couldn't be a more tense moment. Here we see Painter in 
his locker-room talk with his Bears. This is a side of football that fans never see. 
The Bears beat East Carolina, 7-6. 

Raeford M. Wells ('57), of Hickory is 
perhaps this College's finest basketball 
player. All-Conference for four years 
and All -American for three years, 
Wells was a premier selection for the 
Sports Hall of Fame in 1977. 

The 1959-60 basketball Bears posed 
here for their yearbook picture. 
Coached by Bill Wells, the Cagers 
ended the regular season with the 
North State Conference championship 
for the third time in four years. This 
would prove "a team of stars." The 
team as a whole averaged 71.7 per 
game and 51.2 rebounds, finishing 
with a NSC record of 12-4 and an 
overall record of 18-12. 


Co-captainfi of the 1960-61 baf^ketball 
season were the talented Jerry Wells 
(No. 52) and Tommy Burton (No. 40). 
Both gained first team All -Conference 
honors in a 23-7 season. Burton and 
Wells both graduated in 1963, and 
were inducted into the Sports Hall of 
Fame in 1990. 

The 1963-64 Cagers, coached by Bill Wells, lost their first five games but went on 
to win the Carolinas Conference championship. The team came to be known as 
"The Savage Seven" with leaders Neill McGeachy. Ed Miastkowski. Jim Ehlers. 
George Deehan, and Frank Bua. McGeachy entered the Sports Hall of Fame in 

The 1966-67 Basketball Bears, coached by Mchiii Rugglcs. compiled a 20-S record. 
Here Bill Davis' kangaroo-like jumping ability gives the Bears the opening tap 
against Wofford. 


in interesting aerial view of the campus shows the Cromer Center under construc- 
ion {the refectory walls have been gutted). The reader, familiar with the campus, 
vill also note the absence of several more contemporary buildings. Can anyone 
lenture the year of this photograph? 


This is not the first, nor will it prob- 
ably be the last, automobile to rest in 
the lobby of the Rhyne Building. This 
Fiat appeared in the 1959-60 year. 
With parking places so hard to find in 
1990, who knows — 

With Hotel Hickory and the Carolina Thealrc in the background, the LR Band 
inarches through the heart o/ town in tins Hoincconiing parade in 1962. 


Kathy McGeiver of Hickory and 
Clarence Pugh of Asheboro were voted 
Best Ail-Around students in the Class 
of 1962. 

How many readers remember "The 
walk home?" or, "The walk to the 


For many years each dorm at LR had 
a house mother. In 1964-65 they were, 
left to right: Mrs. G. Edmund Lohr, 
Mrs. G. H. Ballard. Mrs. Stedman 
Council, and Mrs. George Bowden. 

We have here a typical dorm scene — 
working on the term paper, reading the 
newspaper, and chatting about the 
boyfriend 11961-621. 


'Tie Diakonia Fellowship was a brotherhood for pre- 
ninisterial students. The 1962-63 group, which 
onducted weekly services at the Hickory Lutheran 
iome, is shown here with the Rev. Robert G. Walker, 
yR's first chaplain, at the extreme left. 

m um Of KnoiK um 







t JJ'1*' 

TN[ Llf[ lilllllll H[l! 

sniii[iii Buii\ 

To those mfctcstcd ..i LENOIR RHYNE 

For C3fjlo4uf and other informarion 
WrilD to Voi5t R. Cromer President 


Throughout the decade of the 1950s 
and on into the 1960s. Lenolr-Rhyne 
freshmen were called "rats" and the 
first days of the fall term were called 
Rat Week. While freshmen were being 
introduced to the more serious aspects 
of college life, they were also being 
exposed to the trivial — wearing a 
skull cap known as a "beanie." males 
wearing their trousers wrong side out, 
females wearing ties. etc. High point of 
Rat Week was the "auction" of fresh- 
men from the steps of the Rhyne 
Building. By the late 1960s this fad 
was gone, having been replaced by 
Prologue, a more serious approach to 
college responsibilities. 

Freshmen "rats" push a car toward the 
center of Hickory. Many former 
students will quickly recognize the 
Hotel Hickory on the right. The hotel 
would eventually he demolished to 
make way for a bank, but not until 
some LR students had lived in the 
hotel during a period of overcrowded 

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How to prepare incoming freshmen for 
college proved to be no small assignment. 
The campus guides program was estab- 
lished to partially address that dilemma. 
The 1961 campus guides are shown here. 
The dean of students, along with the 
student co-directors, chose the final thirty- 
five guides. Orientation sessions were held 
for the guides before the spring term ended. 
Approximately twenty-five freshmen were 
placed in each guide's group and the frosh 
received letters during the summer from 
their group leaders. Called Student Daze in 
1961, the Prologue activities of 1990-91 are 

i Playmaker audition in 1965-66 is being conducted by Sam Baker. The season 
onsisted of Arsenic and Old Lace, The Fantasticks, and Look Homeward Angel. 


Hamlet has been an oft-done 
Playinaker production at Lenoir- 
Rhyne. In a varied 1962-63 season. LR 
audiences saw Shakespeare. The Caine 
Mutiny Court Martial, Christ In The 
Concrete City and A Majority of One. 
Playmaker chief was George J. Spence 
11956-1963). In the picture here Gary 
Ellison plays Hamlet and Ron Ream is 

Shakespeare continued to be a popular Playmakers staple. Sam Baker directed 
Romeo and Juliet in the 1966-67 year. Walter Freed was Romeo, Jane Carter was 
Juliet, and Jim Thomas was Friar Lawrence. 



Selected as Best Ail-Around Seniors in 
1965 were Larry Yoder of Lincolnton 
and Betty Pugh of Asheboro. 

Another Greek custom that has 
disappeared with time is the Presenta- 
tion Ball. Open to all campus Greek 
members and their dates, the evening 
featured the presentation of those 
fraternity and sorority pledges who 
had qualified for initiation. Shown 
here are the 1964 fraternity sweet- 
hearts and their dates. 


The Christmas dance was held in the 
Cromer Center lobby in 1965. 

One of the great traditions ofLR — the 
May Court — began to fade out in the 
1960s. Here is the 1966 May Court — 
one of the last. Lee Lambie is May 


Among the many religious groups on campus is the Canterbury Club — the 
Episcopal students' group. Here is a 1967 meeting of the club with Dr. Suzanne 
Jeffers as host (second from left, standing). 

The social fraternities and sororities 
had a delightful, but short-lived 
custom known as Step Sing. The 
groups gathered in front of the Rhyne 
Building steps and sang to the audi- 
ence gathered on the Quad. Prizes went 
to the best voices. This is 1964 Step 


A happy group of'cDcds share a toast in this 1967 scene in the 
Cromer Center dining hall. 

Removal of administrative offiees front the Rhyne Budding 
in 1965 permitted conversion of the old offices into class- 
rooms and faculty offices. The name of the building was 
changed to Daniel Efird Rhyne Memorial Building. In 1982 
the Rhyne Building received neiv wiring, lighting, windoivs. 

ceilings, and a new heating and air-conditioning .'iystem. An 
addition was added to the Rhyne Building providing 
specialized classrooms, .teminar and conference rooms, 
faculty offices and a ISO-seal assembly room (which would 
be named the BeU; Centrum). 




In the 1964-65 school year the old St. Andrews Church came 
crashing down. Many a tear fell at its passing. It had been a 
major part ofLR history for many years. 


The new St. Andrew's Church, the 
college church, occupies a corner one 
block from the first St. Andrews, 
demolished in 1964. The trees in front 
of the church were believed to have 
been planted circa 1891 — making 
them possibly the oldest extant objects 
of the college. 



Sack races are being held in the open-area adjacent to the Administration 
Building, under construction. Formal dedication of the Lineberger Administra- 
tion Building took place on 2 May 1965 honoj-ing A. C. Lineberger. a Belmont 




Dr. Robert Lindsay Fritz is shown in his later years as professor of mathematics at 
Lenoir-Rhyne College. An 1891 senior of Concordia who elected to receive his 
degree from the new Hickory school. Fritz taught as a senior student. President of 
Lenoir College from 1901 to 1920. Fritz returned to teach at the school until 1947. 
He died in 1961. The HACAWA noted, at his passing, "We pay tribute to the 
beloved and colorful life of a man who heard God's call and answered it." 

President Voigt R. Cromer and Mrs. 
Sara Cromer were recipients of the 1961 
HACAWA dedication. The first couple 
was cited for their "unselfish dedication 
to high ideals" and "gracious hospitality 
and quiet inspiration." 


John E. Trainer. Jr.. was chosen president on 4 June 1984 to assume office in 
August. Trainer was a native of Pennsylvania and a graduate of Muhlenberg 
College, Wake Forest University and the University of Oklahoma. At the time of his 
selection. Trainer was vice president for academic affairs at Jacksonville 
University. Florida. 


1968 to 1990 

The second Lenoir-Rhyne staff member to become 
president, Raymond M. Bost, was a forty-two- 
year-old native of Maiden and 1949 graduate of 
Lenoir Rhyne. He held advanced degrees from 
Lutheran Theological Southern Seminary, Biblical 
Seminary in New York City, and Yale University, 
where he earned the doctorate. He served Lutheran 
pastorates in Spartanburg, South Carolina, and 
Raleigh, North Carolina, before joining the faculty 
I of Southern Seminary for five years. In 1965, he 
I became Lenoir Rhyne's first full-time academic dean 
I and was serving in that position when elected to the 
presidency in 1968. 

I Bost served as president for eight years. He re- 
signed in February 1976 to accept the presidency of 
Lutheran Theological Seminary in Philadelphia, his 
resignation to become effective 1 September 1976. On 
11 August, the board elected as Best's successor 
Albert B. Anderson, who assumed the duties on 13 
September. During the thirteen-day period between 
presidents, Academic Dean James M. Unglaube 
served as acting president. 

Anderson, the first non-clergyman to serve as 
president, was a forty-eight-year-old native of North 
Dakota. A philosophy major, he was educated at 
Concordia College (Moorhead, Minnesota), University 
of Copenhagen, Luther Theological Seminary, 
University of Minnesota, and Harvard University, 
where he earned the Ph.D. Prior to assuming the 
Lenoir-Rhyne presidency, he served as coordinating 
provost of Tri-College University in Moorhead. 
Earlier he had served as director of the Tri-College's 
Center for Multidisciplinary Study of the Humanities 
and taught philosophy at Concordia College and at 

Augsburg College in Minneapolis. 

Following a policy of stated terms adopted during 
the Bost administration, the board in 1976 elected 
Anderson to a six-year term and then, in 1982, re- 
elected him for another six years. However, on 1 
September, the first day of his second term, Anderson 
announced his resignation, effective 1 January 1983, 
to become director of development at Luther College 
in Decorah, Iowa. 

At its regular meeting in November 1982, the board 
named as acting president for the interim one of its 
own members, Albert M. Allran, a graduate of the 
college in 1948 and a Hickory textile manufacturing 
consultant. Allran, age fifty-eight, was the retired 
president of Maiden Mills, and a former director and 
vice president of Cannon Mills in Kannapolis. 

The search for Anderson's successor climaxed in the 
summer of 1983 when the board elected Edgar B. 
Schick of Springvale, Maine, but shortly thereafter 
learned that the institution Schick served as presi- 
dent, Nasson College, was filing for bankruptcy. 
Schick resigned the Lenoir-Rhyne presidency without 
serving, and the board organized a new search pro- 
cess. The process continued during the 1983-84 year 
until 4 June 1984 when John E. Trainer, Jr., was 
elected, to assume office on 16 August. Allran, who 
received no salary, served an unprecedented nineteen 
and one-half months as acting president. 

Trainer, aged forty, was a native of AUentown, 
Pennsylvania, and a graduate of Muhlenberg College 
there. He earned his master's degree at Wake Forest 
University and the Ph.D. degree at University of 
Oklahoma. He moved to Lenoir-Rhyne from Jackson- 
ville University in Florida where he served as biology 


Raymond M. Bost ('49) assumed the duties of acting 
president on 1 January 1968 and for two months served as 
dean and acting president when the board, on 1 March, 
elected him the seventh president of Lenoir-Rhyne. A native 
of Catawba County, he held advanced degrees from 
Lutheran Theological Seminary, Biblical Seminary in New 
York City, and Yale University, where he earned a doctorate. 
Bost served Lutheran pastorates in both South and North 
Carolina and in 1965 became LR's Academic Dean. In 
February 1976 Bost resigned as president of Lenoir-Rhyne 
to accept the presidency of Lutheran Theological Seminary 
in Philadelphia. 

professor (1971-79), Assistant Dean of Faculties 
(1979-80), Dean of Faculties (1980-81), and Vice 
President for Academic Affairs ( 1981-84). At Lenoir- 
Rhyne, nearing the end of his first term as president. 
Trainer was elected to a second six-year term to 
start in August 1990. 

In the closing months of the Bost administration, in 
1976, the board acquiesced to a request it had ignored, 
off and on, for fifty years: it restored the hyphen to the 
name of Lenoir-Rhyne. The change had been proposed 
thirty-five years earlier, in the fiftieth anniversary 
year of 1941, when Professor Robert L. Fritz urged the 
board to act. The joining of two family surnames, he 
argued, requires a hyphen; otherwise, the name does 
not say what it means. Fritz told of a visitor to the 
campus who asked "whether Daniel Efird Rhyne and 
Lenoir Rhyne were brothers." He continued: "After 
fifty years, we should spell the name of our college 
correctly." In response to Fritz's 1941 urging, the 
boai-d appointed a committee to study the matter, but 
no action resulted. During the Bost administration, 
the cause was renewed by Orestes P. Rhyne of 
Clemson, South Carolina. Rhyne, who with Fritz 
taught at the college during the 1923 name change 
and later became known as the "Hero of the Hyphen," 
challenged the institution to action with the offer of a 
$5,000 gift to the endowment fund. The board ac- 
cepted his offer, and the hyphenated name became 
official in the spring of 1976. 

Student enrollment during the early part of the 
Bost- Anderson-Trainer administrations continued the 5 
pace of growth begun in 1954 except for one decline. 
The fall semester headcount tally peaked in 1971 at 
1,395, and a five-year retreat dropped the enrollment 
to 1,239. After 1976, however, the enrollment, except 
for two years, increased annually to its all-time high 
of 1,681 in 1989. 

The enrollment was boosted by part-time students 
attending the new evening and graduate programs; 
between 1974 and 1984, they increased from 6 to 22 
percent of the total enrollment. Other elements of the 
enrollments changed to lesser degrees: between 1968 
and 1989, out-of-state students advanced from 15 to 
28 percent, non-Lutherans grew from 56 to 69 per- 
cent, and women increased from 50 to 61 percent. 

The first campus addition in the new era was 
initiated earlier, during the Cromer administration. 
On 1 September 1967, the board had contracted for 
the construction of a dormitory across the boulevard 
from the Athletic Field parking lot. The air-condi- 
tioned three-story structure, designed to house 164 
men, was financed on a self-liquidating plan with a 3 
percent government loan through the College Facili- 
ties Administration. The name, Isenhour Hall, hon- 
ored Harry E. Isenhour of Salisbury, board chairman 
who was first elected to the board in 1926 and had 
served continuously from 1936. The total cost was 
$637,822. The dormitory was scheduled for completion 
by 1 August 1968, but only one wing was available for 
occupancy when the fall semester opened in late 
August. Eighty-four men were temporarily housed at 
Hotel Hickory and bussed daily to the campus until 
they could move into the dormitory on 30 September. 

During the previous summer. Highland Hall was 
renovated at a cost of $43,682 and opened to eighty- 
eight students — this time for women. Early the 
following year, in 1969, a temporary pre-fabricated 
structure was erected behind Highland Hall to 
house printing and mailing operations and clear 
space in Lineberger Administration Building for 
data processing operations. 

Streets and parking areas underwent gradual 
change. In 1969, two streets were restricted to one- 
way traffic: College Drive (in front of Highland Hall) 
was designated for traffic moving west toward the 
auditorium, and Sixth Street (in front of the audito- 
rium) was reserved for traffic moving south toward 
the college center. Eight years later, in 1977. parking 
spaces were reduced on Quadrangle Drive to provide 
adequate fire lanes and spaces for visitors. New 
parking lots were opened west of Mauney and 
Schaeffer Halls and east of Minges Science Building. 

A major expansion of the campus resulted from the 
1969 purchase of a farm northwest of the campus. The 
acquisition increased the campus size from sixty to 
one hundred acres and provided additional space for 



The Board of Trustees meets in the Board Room of the 
Administration Building in the Bost Administration. 

playing fields. The $600,000 purchase was funded 
partly with a college-owned farm southeast of the city 
and partly with gifts, including a $100,000 gift of 
Trustee Glenn R. Frye ('17), a Hickory physician. 

Two years later, the college acquired through a 
long-term lease a rustic retreat and conference center 
on Lake James near Marion. Use of the facility by 
college groups, however, was rare, and the lease was 
later dropped. 

The physical needs of the college in 1969 were 
summarized in a ten-year plan titled, "Strategy for 
the Seventies." It called for capital improvements 
costing $3,545,000. Included were the renovation of 
the Rhyne Building ($100,000), replacement of High- 
land Hall ($400,000), expansion of the bookstore 
($90,000), boiler overhaul ($75,000), a physical educa- 
tion center ($505,000), additional dormitories 
($1,000,000), Yoder Building replacement and a 
communications-learning center ($1,250,000), and a 
conference center and amphitheater ($125,000). 

The replacement for Highland Hall avoided the 
traditional dormitory design and took the form of 
townhouse apartments. The circle of structures, 
erected at the north end of Sixth Street near the 
campus boundary, consisted of nine units. Six units 
housed fourteen students each, and the other three 
units contained sixteen sub-units housing six students 
in each. The facility was named Price Village to honor 
K. A. Price ('13), a Hickory physician who died in 
1960; Price's bequest to the college of 145 acres of land 
in southeast Hickory was sold over a period of twenty- 
six years for the total sum of $466,536. The construc- 

tion cost of $538,699 for Price Village was funded 
through a loan from the federal Department of Hous- 
ing and Urban Development. The facility was opened 
in August 1973, but some of the women were housed 
temporarily on the third floor of Highland Hall until 
the last Price Village units were completed at the end 
of September. 

With the completion of the housing spaces provided 
by Price Village, the college had planned to raze 
Highland Hall and convert Mauney Hall into an 
academic facility. The Mauney project, however, 
lacked funding. Accordingly, Highland Hall's removal 
was deferred and its rooms were taken over for faculty 
offices and small classrooms until funding for the 
Mauney project could be secured. In the meantime, 
Mauney continued to serve as a dormitory. 

Administrative offices, meanwhile, began to crowd 
the Lineberger Administration Building. In 1975, the 
Development Office, including the alumni and public 
relations services, moved to Mapleview Cottage, 
behind the library. Later, in 1984, the admissions 
staff vacated Lineberger to move into a residence next 
door to the Development House. 

Fundraising under the banner of the "Strategy for 
the Seventies" was initiated early in the decade, 
although a solicitation within the North Carolina 
Synod was delayed by other synodical commitments. 
The lead-off Strategy campaign was launched in the 
fall of 1970 among supporters in the Catawba Valley 
area. It resulted in pledges and gifts of $1,900,000. 
The solicitation in the synod, known as the Forward 
Together Campaign, was conducted in 1977 under the 


Albert B. Anderson was elected president on 11 August 1976 
and assumed office on 13 September. The first non-clergy- 
man to serve as president, Anderson was a native of North 
Dakota. He had a wide educational background, which 
included Concordia College (Minnesota), University of 
Minnesota, and Harvard University, where he earned a 
Ph.D. On 1 September 1982 Anderson resigned as president, 
effective 1 January 1983 to become Director of Development 
at Luther College in Decorah, Iowa. 

leadership of Brady Y. Faggart, Jr. ('52), pastor of 
First Lutheran Church in Greensboro. The church 
effort, designed to raise funds for endowment and 
replacement of the Yoder Building in addition to 
renovation of the Rhyne Building, yielded gifts and 
pledges of $1,589,623. The two major campaigns, 
together with the annual Loyalty Fund drives and 
other special campaigns for capital projects, achieved 
for the college the Strategy for the Seventies gift goal 
of $12 million at the close of 1979. Two major con- 
struction projects were made possible, and the endow- 
ment grew by $3.4 million to $5.5 million. 

The Strategy goal of a physical education center 
moved into the limelight in December 1971 when 
Trustee A. Alex Shuford of Hickory died. In his will, 
he offered the college a $500,000 gift toward the 
facility provided the bequest was matched by other 
gifts within a six-month period. In response to the 
challenge, supporters hurriedly mounted an intensive 


campaign in the spring of 1972, in the process solicit- 
ing many donors to the 1971 Catawba Valley cam- j 
paign. The effort was successful, and the challenge 
gift assured, but actual construction was deferred 
until pledges were paid and the Shuford estate was 
settled in late 1976. By then, construction costs had 
doubled, but the board decided to build the following 
spring to avoid, as Campaign Chairman O. Leonard 
Moretz ('32) warned, even further escalation of cost. : 
The center, an addition to Shuford Memorial Gymna- 
sium, provided physical education facilities for all 
students, especially women; it included classrooms, 
offices, locker facilities, handball courts, a gymna- 
sium, and a swimming pool. It was completed in the 
summer of 1979 at a cost of $2.2 million. 

The second construction project, a classroom build- 
ing, stimulated gifts to the Forward Together Cam- 
paign. The college had not built a general classroom 
building in fifty years. English, art, religion, and 
philosophy classes were taught in old houses; social 
science and business courses were offered in the sixt\'- 
five-year-old Yoder Building which was scheduled for 
removal. A new classroom building would help accom- 
plish both objectives: move out of the Yoder Building, 
and move out of old houses. 

The classroom objective, named the Academic 
Complex Project, was linked by construction contract 
with two other needs. The classroom portion of the 
project took the form of an addition to the Rhyne 
Building, which was renovated at the same time. The 
other portion, the communications/learning resource 
center, took the form of a libraiy addition. The old 
Yoder building played a key role in the consti-uction 
schedule: during the fall semester, it pro\'ided class- 
room space while the Rhyne classrooms were reno- 
vated; it was then razed during the Christmas break 
to make room for completion of the Rhj-ne addition 
during the spring semester. 

Construction began in September 1982 and was 
completed the following March. The Rhyne building 
received new wiring, lighting, windows, ceilings, and a i 
new heating and air-conditioning system. The new 
Rhyne addition provided specialized classrooms, 
seminar and conference rooms, faculty offices, and a 
180-seat auditorium named the Belk Centrum. The 
library addition included facilities for television 
production, a teaching-learning laboratory, and an 
audiometric testing center for the hearing impaired; it 
also provided space for the academic computer and 
the Education Department's curriculum laboratory. 
The cost of the Rhyne portions of the project was $2 
million; cost of the learning resource center was 

Across campus in the Cromer Center, the Bears' 
Lair, a sandwich shop with a stage for live entertain- 
ment, was opened in 1986. The facility was accommo- 
dated within the center through conversion of a first- 


; floor meeting room and adjacent lounge areas. 

Later in the Trainer administration, the college 
embarked on a five-year, $24 million Centennial 
Renewal Campaign chaired by Harley F. Shuford of 
Hickory. Objectives included current operations 
support ($7.5 million), endowed scholarships ($6.5 
million), endowed professorships ($2.5 million), a 
theater arts building ($1.75 million), an addition to 
Minges Science Building ($1.5 million), endowed 
maintenance ($1 million), the renovation of Morgan 
Hall ($1 million), campus improvement and beautifi- 
cation ($750,000), endowed faculty development 
($150,000), athletics facilities improvement 
($500,000), and music building air-conditioning and 
organ replacement ($500,000). Solicitation for the 
campaign began in 1988 with a goal-shattering 
response from college employees that earned a Grand 
Goal Medal award from the national Council for 
Advancement and Support of Education. The follow- 
ing year, the campaign produced the three largest 
gifts in the college's history: $1 million (from the 
George Family Foundation), $2.5 million (from the 
family of the campaign chairman), and $5 million 
(from an anonymous donor). Gifts totaled $18 million 
at the close of May 1990, with three years remaining 
on the campaign calendar. 

Two campaign projects, the athletics facilities 
improvement and the campus improvement and 
beautification, took form during the initial stages of 
the campaign. The football stadium's seating, lighting 
and press box and presidential box facilities were 
improved in 1989, and the facility was renamed the 
Helen and Leonard Moretz Stadium in honor of the 
donors. The college also approved 
and began development of a 
campus master plan. The design 
called for the removal of vehicular 
traffic and parking from within 
the campus. Streets and parking 
lots would be replaced by pedes- 
trian malls leading to plazas 
featuring works of art and com- 
memorative displays. Implementa- 
tion of the design began in 1988 
with the development of two 
peripheral parking lots. It contin- 
ued in 1989 with the closing of 
Sixth Street in front of Cromer 
Center and Russell House (for- 
merly Russell Hall), and the 
replacement of the street pave- 
ment with walkways and informal 
gathering places. 

Construction work in the Sixth 
Street area had not begun when, 
on 22 September 1989, the campus 
was hit by Hurricane Hugo on its 

rampage from the Caribbean into Charleston, South 
Carolina, and northward toward Canada. The campus 
suffered no structural damage, but one hundred trees 
were uprooted or damaged. One tree, in falling, 
crushed two student automobiles. Classes were 
cancelled for a day, and the campus electricity was off 
for fourteen hours. 

Changes in the campus were matched by changes in 
the structure and mission of the Board of Trustees. In 
1970, the board received authorization from the North 
Carolina Synod to add three non-Lutherans to its 
membership, increasing the total membership to 
twenty-seven. The change was proposed by the board 
in acknowledgement of the role played by non- 
Lutherans, particularly in Hickory, in the promotion 
and support of the college. At the suggestion of the 
sjmod, however, the college charter was amended to 
restrict the office of board chairman to an active 
member of one of the synod's congregations. In 1988, 
the potential for non-Lutheran membership was 
increased further from three members to twelve. The 
number of trustees that can be nominated by the 
board was also raised, from six to eighteen. In addi- 
tion, the board was granted authority to determine its 
own size, the terms of trustee offices, and the method 
of trustee elections; this authority rested previously in 
the synod. The size of the board, however, remained 
at twenty-seven elected members, plus the president 
of the college and the bishop of the supporting synod. 

The board also undertook major studies of its role. 
In 1973, its Task Force on Purpose and Governance, 
chaired by trustee secretary Albert H. Keck, Jr. of 
Hickory, examined the inter-relatedness of the board, 

A meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Anderson era 
gathers on the steps of the Lineberger Building. 


the faculty, and the students, and it coordinated 
revisions of the governance documents for each group. 
The new documents, in addition to creating a Faculty 
Assembly, clarified the role of each group in the 
development of institutional policies and programs. 
The study resulted in the addition of two student 
advisory members to the board's Student Welfare 
Committee and the opening of board meetings to 
members of the campus community. In 1974, the 
board initiated a three-year program of trustee 
development designed to improve the performance of 
the board. Through a series of orientation sessions 
and two-day seminars, new members of the board 
became acquainted with their duties more quickly and 
the total board membership was given opportunity to 
devote an in-depth study to institutional issues 
outside the pressures of a routine business session. 

Meanwhile, the financial stability of the college 
increased after 1967 as the endowment continued to 
grow. From a -$2 million level the fund topped $5 
million in 1978 and advanced to $10 million in 1986. 
At the close of the 1989-90 year, the fund stood at 
$17,813,744. The annual operating budget totaled 
$14,650,000. Total assets multiplied from ten to 
twenty-six million dollars. The year-end operational 
balance, however, was usually low and sometimes 
in the red. Although tuition advanced — from $1,075 
in 1969 to $2,475 in 1979 and $6,950 in 1989— the 
costs grew faster, reducing operational reserves to 
minimum levels. 

A popular channel of financial support, the Loyalty 
Fund of the Alumni Association, introduced in 1970 
the President's Ball to honor alumni and friends 
contributing annual gifts of one hundred dollars or 
more to the support of the college. The first annual 
dinner dance was held at Lake Hickory Country Club 
and featured in the receiving line the presidents of the 
college, the board, the Alumni Association, and the 
Student Government Association. As a source of 
annual unrestricted institutional support, the Loyalty 
Fund continued to grow during the period, setting a 
record of $200,000 in 1981. 

During the period of rising tuition, students re- 
ceived some relief in the form of financial aid. In 
addition to increased scholarship aid funded directly 
by the college, the State of North Carolina began in 
1971 to provide assistance to residents attending 
private colleges. Aid from the federal government also 
grew, in student loans and outright grants. 

The tone for responsible student life during the 
period was set early when major revisions in the 
constitution of the Student Government Association 
were approved in 1968. The new document introduced 
a unicameral legislative system, created an Executive 
Council, revised the student court system, and estab- 
lished a number of special committees in the House of 
Representatives. A new honor code, titled Academic 

The resignation of Albert Anderson as president ofLenoir- 
Rhyne in 1982 led the Board to name as Acting-President 
one of its own members — Albert Allran ('48), a Hickory 
textile manufacturing consultant. Circumstances were such 
that Allran served as Acting-President for nineteen and one- 
half months, until Dr. John Trainer assumed office on 16 
August 1984. 

Integrity Code, was developed by the SGA in 1988. 
The document, calling for every student to sign a 
pledge to honor and uphold the principles of integrity 
and ethical conduct, received endorsements by the 
students, faculty, administration, and the board. 

The proportion of students residing in dormitories 
rose during the first five years of the Bost administra- 
tion from 55 to 65 percent. Starting in 1968, certain 
sections were reserved in the dormitories for members 
of fraternities and sororities, and hall counselors were 
awarded $200 discounts on room rent as payment for 
their services. Dormitory life also grew less restric- 
tive. Between 1968 and 1972, the 10:15 P.M. women's 
curfew was liberalized, first to eleven o'clock, then the 
following year to 11:30 P.M.. and finally lifted alto- 
gether. In 1976, an Open House Policy was imple- 
mented, permitting members of the opposite sex to 
visit residents in dormitory rooms on Friday and 
Saturday evenings and Sunday afternoons. The 
policy, however, retained for residents of each dormi- 
tory the right to shorten or eliminate the visitation 
hours, at their discretion. A request for clarification of 



policy regarding alcoholic beverages in dormitories 
resulted in a 1971 board statement which served as a 
guideline throughout the period. While permitting 
alcohol in the dormitory rooms for students of legal 
drinking age, the policy declared that "the College 
discourages the use of alcoholic beverages and there- 
fore prohibits their display in areas of Lenoir Rhyne 
campus open to the public." Extreme residential 
separation of the sexes ceased with adoption of 
proximity housing in 1976; the new policy stopped 
short of housing men and women on the same floor 
but did permit the occasional assignment of men and 
women to different floors within a traditional dormi- 
tory or to adjacent units within Price Village. 

The role of chaperones at social events was also 
altered. The revised policy, implemented in 1968, 
defined the role as one of advisor: the primary 
responsibility for organizing and conducting student 
social events resided with the students, not the 
chaperones. The functions of the chaperon were "to 
act in advisory capacity to the officers and students of 
the sponsoring organization, and to serve as a re- 
source person in case of an emergency: {The Lenoir 
Rhynean, 1968, 29 Nov.). The chaperons continued to 
be required at all mixed social events sponsored by 
student organizations. 

A new dress code in 1969 abolished specific dress 
regulations and relied heavily on students to dress in 
accordance with good taste and the demands of the 
occasion, whether on or off campus. "The wearing of 
casual attire, although frequently acceptable," the 
policy stated, "should be avoided at some places and 
events including class lectures, Sunday noon meals 
and in the administrative offices" {The Lenoir 
Rhynean, 1969, 24 Jan.). 

Fraternity housing remained largely an unresolved 
matter. In 1969, a request to the board for on-campus 
Greek houses resulted in an indication that the future 
may provide such housing and an encouragement of 
fraternities not to invest in off-campus housing at the 
time. Through the dean of students' office, advisory 
assistance was offered to fraternities wishing to 
arrange for off-campus meeting facilities. A 1975 
request for review of the matter resulted in a study, 
but no authorization. Also promoting a reconsidera- 
tion was a 1984 incident at an off-campus social which 
resulted in the stabbing death of a senior football 
player, David Moose of Albemarle. 

Student protests of the Vietnam War, which domi- 
nated national news in the 1960s, were not a signifi- 
cant factor at Lenoir Rhyne, although the possibility 
was not ignored. The potential for problems, and the 
preventive measures taken, were discussed by Bost in 
his March 1969 report to the board: 

We have operated on the assumption that our major 

concern in this area should be to keep open the lines of 

communication between the students and the adminis- 

tration. We have established a Joint Council com- 
posed of the President and chief administrative 
officers, four members of the Faculty, and four 
student leaders. This group meets several times each 
semester to discuss issues of common concern. A 
President's Hour has been inaugurated in which 
either the President or one of the chief administrative 
officers is available in the College Center at a stated 
hour each week to discuss with students matters of 
concern to them. We have also inaugurated an 
occasional bulletin issued to all members of the 
Student Body and the Faculty under the heading: 
"Presidential Paragraphs." This medium has been 
used to discuss matters which the administration 
believes should be kept before the entire campus 
community. The most recent issue focused on the 
responsibility of a community, such as ours, to 
safeguard the right of dissent as an essential ingredi- 
ent in a free society and to shun those tactics that 
subvert the rule of reason enlightened by Christian 
faith. We have made it clear that persons employing 
tactics that disrupt the normal activities of the 
College must be prepared to face suspension or 

The activism of the 1960s was fading when the a 
cappella choir added to its routine of annual domestic 
tours by inaugurating a three-week European tour in 
1970. The trip abroad was repeated every fourth year 
thereafter, with the choir presenting concerts of 
sacred music in Lutheran churches in Germany as a 
part of its tour of European countries. The 1978 
schedule also included an appearance on 3 December 
as the choir for the Officer Induction Service of the 

Acting-President Albert Allran uas highlv popular with 
students at Lenoir-Rhyne, who warmly responded to his 
friendly disposition. 


The first campus improvement of the Bust administration 
had begun during the Cromer era. A three-story, air- 
conditioned dorm for men was constructed across from the 
Athletic Field parking lot. The name, Isenhour Hall, 
honored Harry E. Isenhour of Salisbury who had been a 
long-time member of the LR Board of Trustees. The 
dormitory was partially completed by 1 August 1968 with 
some eighty-four men having to reside in the Hotel Hickory 
until 30 September. Isenhour Hall serves as a residence for 
women students in 1990. 

Lutheran Church in America, held at Riverside 
Church in New York City. In 1985, the choir, in 
cooperation with the Chapel Council, inaugxirated an 
early December evening worship service of Christmas 
music. The service, at Saint Andrew's Church, con- 
cluded with a luminary-lined procession to the Rhyne 
Building where two tall evergreen trees, each deco- 
rated with one thousand lights, were formally lighted 
for the Christmas season. 

The marching band spruced up its half-time presen- 
tations at 1983 football games with the introduction of 
a flag squad. The squad, composed of dancers carrying 
flags and performing as a separate unit, replaced the 
ten-member drill team which first appeared with the 
band in 1967. 

The drama program added new features. Summer 
theater was introduced in 1974 in response to Hickory 
community interest in summer live theater produc- 
tions. Dinner theater — the community's first — was 
sponsored by the Playmakers for the first time in 
1982; three performances of Hold Me were staged at 
Mull's Convention Center in March with Mull's 
Restaurant preparing the buffet dinner and students 
serving as waitresses and waiters. 

Football teams claimed conference championships 
on three occasions. Early in the period, in 1968, the 
Hanley Painter-coached team won the Carolinas 
Intercollegiate Athletic Conference title for the last 
time. In 1975, Lenoir Rhyne withdrew from the 
conference to help form the South Atlantic Conference 

(SAC-8) and become its first champion with a 6-0-1 
record under Coach Jack H. Huss ('61). Later, in 1988, 
Coach John Perry directed the team to a 5-2-0 record 
which placed it in a three-way tie for the title with 
Catawba and Carson-Newman. 

The 1975 break with the Carolinas Conference 
stemmed from a conference proposal to cut the alloca- 
tion of football scholarships to eighteen and basket- 
ball grants to seven and one-half by 1976. Lenoir 
Rhyne, at the time, gave twenty-six scholarships in 
football and nine in basketball. The action, according 
to the chairman of the faculty athletics committee, 
Edsel E. Hoyle ('49), was "an economic move. 
maintain the same level of competition" in the 
intercollegiate program. In forming the SAC-8 Confer- 
ence, Lenoir Rhyne was joined by seven other institu- 
tions: Carson-Newman, Catawba, Elon, Gardner- 
Webb, Mars Hill, Newberry, and Presbyterian. 

Later, in 1989, the college loosened its long associa- 
tion with the National Association of Intercollegiate 
Athletics: while retaining the NAIA membership, it 
also competed as a member of the older and larger 
National Collegiate Athletic Association. 

Coming to an end during the early years of the 
period was the Thanksgiving Day football rivalry with 
Catawba College. The holiday custom began in the 
college's first football season, 1907, when Catawba 
was located at Newton. It continued intermittently 
after Catawba moved to Salisbury. By 1960, the 
Turkey Day game had become a headliner in the 
Carolinas Conference and a tribute to Lenoir RhjTie's 
longest intercollegiate rivalry. But the 1968 contest 
was the last to be played on the holiday. The game 
was shifted the following year to a Saturday to satisfy 
"fans' wishes to stay home on Thanksgi\'ing Day and 
coaches' feelings that the week lay-off has hurt their 

The replacement of Highland Hall as an active dormitors' 
took the form of a complex oftownhouse apartments. The 
facility consisted of nine units and was named Price Village 
to honor K. A. Price l'13l who had given the College a bequest 
of 145 acres of land. The facility opened in August 1973. 


teams in the past" (The Lenoir Rhynean, 1969, 21 
Nov.). Lenoir Rhyne played one later game on 
Thanksgiving Day, in 1973, but the opponent was 
I Gardner- Webb College. 

The men's basketball teams won Carolinas 
Conference crowns in 1974 and 1985. During the 
intervening years when the college was not a member 
of the conference, the team played as an independent. 
In 1990, after the Bears again pulled out of the 
Carolinas Conference, this time with Catawba and 
Elon to help expand the SAC-8 conference to an all- 
sports league, Lenoir-Rhyne claimed the SAC-8's first 
men's basketball title. 

Women's intercollegiate basketball returned to 
Lenoir Rhyne in 1975 and claimed championships in 
four of the following seven years. The 1977 Lady 
Bears, coached by E. Dale Abernethy ('71), won the 
Division III state championship of the Association of 
Intercollegiate Athletics for Women. The 1980 and 
1981 squads, coached by Pat Smith, won the Division 
II state titles; the 1980 team advanced to the quarter- 
finals of the national competition, and the 1981 team 
advanced to the national semi-finals. In 1982 the 
Lady Bears, with Gale Kerbaugh as coach, also won 
the Division II state crown. The 1981 and 1982 teams 

' Before the national election of 1976, the Lenoir-Rhyne 
College campus was host to the incumbent president of the 
United States — Gerald R. Ford. Shuford Gym was packed to 
capacity as "Hail To The Chief resounded against the 
walls. Student Body President Robert Fritz welcomed 
President Ford to LR. 

During the election of 1976, the campus was host to the 
Democratic party presidential candidate — Governor Jimmy 
Carter of Georgia. The governor is seen speaking in Monroe 

were led by Brenda L. Hairston of Walnut Cove, who 
was named Ail-American both years by two organiza- 
tions: Division II of AIAW, and the American 
Women's Sports Federation. 

In addition to other intercollegiate competition 
in baseball, golf, tennis, and track, the college in 
1976 initiated competition in men's soccer. In 
1990, it announced plans to start a program in 
women's soccer. 

In support of the total athletic program, the Lenoir- 
Rhyne Sports Hall of Fame was endorsed in late 1976 
by the Board of Trustees "to recognize and perpetuate 
the noteworthy athletic tradition of Lenoir-Rhyne 
College by honoring and memorializing individuals 
who have made extraordinary contributions to this 
tradition." Inducted into the Hall of Fame during the 
inaugural ceremony were H. C. { Joby) Hawn ('26), 
Albert T. Spurlock ('27), Clarence P. Stasavich ('35), 
and Raeford M. Wells ('57). Forty -three others were 
honored prior to 1990. 

During the Trainer administration, Lenoir-Rhyne 
established itself as an advocate of higher academic 
standards and eligibility requirements for student 
athletes. At its urging, the SAC-8 Conference in 1986 
introduced stricter eligibility requirements for upper- 
classmen and entering freshmen. Some of the guide- 
lines were later adopted by the National Association 
of Intercollegiate Athletics. 


In addition to changes in athletics, the college 
underwent changes in its commencement agenda. The 
graduation exercises were moved in 1976 from Mon- 
day morning to Sunday afternoon when they were 
coupled with the morning baccalaureate service to 
form a one-day commencement. Growing enrollments, 
and larger graduation classes bringing more relatives 
to the commencement ceremonies, later pushed the 
Sunday afternoon exercises out of Monroe Audito- 
rium. The morning baccalaureate service, however, 
remained in the auditorium. Only twice did the 
college experiment with an outdoor ceremony. The 
1977 event was held in the stadium amid what 
Anderson described as "threatening thunderheads 
and falling flag standards." The next year, the cer- 
emony returned to Monroe Auditorium; in 1981, it 
moved into the more spacious seating of Shuford 
Gymnasium. Earlier, in 1973, the graduation awards 
conferred the "summa cum laude" as the highest 
honor classification. The distinction, requiring a four- 
year grade point average of 3.9, supplemented two 
other honor categories then in use: "cum laude," and 
"magna cum laude." 

Leadership honors in student government, mean- 
while, were awarded for the first time to a foreign 
student. Elected by student ballot to the position of 
1977-78 SGA President was Alfred Chine, a junior 
political science major from Auka, Nigeria. 

Prior to Chine's election, in 1976, visiting speakers 
brought a rare, national spotlight to the college when 
the two leading candidates for nomination to the U.S. 
presidency appeared on the campus. Democrat Jimmy 
Carter, former governor of Georgia, campaigned in a 
March morning convocation appearance in Monroe 
Auditorium. Later the same month, President Gerald 
Ford addressed an evening Republican rally in 
Shuford Gymnasium. Not all publicity was favorable. 
In February 1976, the college's two print shop employ- 
ees were indicted by the U.S. Secret Service on 
charges of counterfeiting. The charges revealed that 
bogus ten-dollar bills, more than eight hundred in 
number, were produced on the college printing press 
and passed from 'Washington, D.C., to southern 
Florida. The principal culprit proved to be a new 
employee identified as an escapee from a South 
Carolina prison who acquired the print shop job under 
an alias. He was returned to prison and sentenced by 
a district court to serve additional time. 

The growing publicity paralleled a growing student 
interest in communications which shifted from print 
to electronic media. The student newspaper. The 
Lenoir-Rhynean , suspended publication for the spring 
semester of 1982 and again in 1983 because an editor 
could not be found. Later, however, the student- 
operated radio station, WLRC, began four hours of 
programming each evening through a local cable 
television FM frequency. The station, funded by the 

Harry Livengood came to LR in 195S from the Salitibury 
school system.. He was appointed business manager of the 
college which, after 1970. included the post of treasurer. In 
1979 he was designated vice president of finance. Livengood 
was involved in every major building project at the college 
since the late 1950s — a period of remarkable growth at LR. 
His e.xperti.<ie and input were invaluable in the area of long- 
range planning and sound financial management. He retired 
in 1983. 

Department of Art and Theater Ai-ts, began broad- 
casting on 2 February 1986. 

Other promotional activities sought to improve 
college-church relations. Although the college often 
served as a summer convention site for auxiliary 
organizations of the North Carolina Synod prior to 
1970, it rarely hosted the synod itself because of a 
timing problem: the synod normally met in April 
when campus facilities were reserved for college 
activities. In 1970, however, the synod delayed its 
convention until late May to meet on the campus at 
the joint invitation of the college and Saint Andrew's 
Church. The experiment proved to be so economical 
for the synod that the convention shortly thereafter 
established a pattern of returning to the campus 
regularly — at first in alternate years, later every year. 

Interaction with the supporting church grew in 
other ways. In 1970, the college inaugurated a series 
of annual Lutheran Youth Days when Lutheran teen- 
agers, often numbering in the hundreds, visited the 


campus as guests at a football or basketball game or a 
Playmaker production. Two years later, at the sugges- 
tion of the LCA Board of College Education and 
Church Vocations, the college and the synod framed a 
"covenant" which outlined what support each institu- 
tion could expect from the other. The two parties also 
established the pattern of updating the agreement 
every five years. In 1976 the college introduced the 
Pastor-in-Residence program, which brought to the 
campus several times annually a minister of the 
synod who served for a three-day period as a pastor to 
the students and evaluator of the college program. 
The college also hosted several national church 
events, including the 1975 Knubel-Miller-Greever 
Lectures and the 1978 regional Conference on Chris- 
tian Higher Education, both sponsored by the LCA. In 
1986, the college inherited identification with a larger 
church body when the LCA merged with two other 
Lutheran groups to create the Evangelical Lutheran 
Church in America. 

Interest in church relations, however, did not 
displace the college's concern for a strengthened 
teaching staff. Early in the period, in 1972, the board 
inaugurated the Professional Development Leave 
Program. The program provided paid leaves of ab- 
sence (full pay for a semester, or half pay for a year) 
for faculty members engaged in study or research. 
During the first four years, eleven faculty members 
were awarded leaves under the program. In 1979, in 
compliance with newly-effective federal regulations 
relating to mandatory retirement, the college raised 
its mandatory retirement age for non-tenured employ- 
ees from sixty-five to seventy. It made a similar 
change for tenured employees to become effective 

Miss Estelle Marlowe and Mrs. Opal Moretz confer at the 
Information Desk of the Cromer Center. Mrs. Marlowe was 
director of the Center from 1946 to 1979; and Mrs. Moretz 
has served as dean of students and director of church 
relations since 1965. 

A popular and beloved teacher for hundreds of Lenoir-Rhyne 
College students was Dr. Laura Clayton, who made the 
Latin language into an adventure. Dr. Clayton was a 
member of the faculty from 1963 to 1988. 

three years later. Efforts to improve faculty salaries 
continued. In 1985 the board enunciated its commit- 
ment to two goals: "(1) by the College's Centennial to 
make faculty and staff salaries commensurate with 
salaries of the top six private North Carolina colleges; 
and (2) by the year 2000 to make Lenoir-Rhyne's 
salaries comparable to those of other Lutheran 
schools." During the period from 1968 to 1990, the 
full-time-equivalent faculty remained stable at ninety- 
six, while the portion with earned doctorates in- 
creased from 30 to 63 percent. 

The tradition of faculty tenure was examined in a 
series of faculty and trustee discussions in 1978 and 
1979. Evolving from the exchange was a policy state- 
ment recommended by the Board Committee on 
Instruction and Student Life in consultation with the 
Faculty Committee on Personnel and Status. The 
statement adopted by the board stipulated that an 
appointment with tenure could be granted to a faculty 
member who demonstrated professional excellence 
and evidence of support of the aims and objectives of 
the college. In such an appointment, the college 
assured continuous employment "as long as the 
faculty member does a good job and as long as it is 
within the fiscal capacity and educational aim of the 
college to continue that employment" (Faculty, 1979, 
11 April). The appointed faculty member agreed "to 
continue to seek professional growth and develop- 
ment, to assist in periodic evaluations of his/her 
services, and to contribute to and support the aims 
and objectives of the college." 

The organizational structure of the faculty under- 
went two changes. In 1970, as an outgrowth of the 
study by a special Committee on Educational Program 


Dr. William H. Shuford, chairman of the Language Depart- 
ment, and a 1954 graduate ofLR, is the college marshal. 
Holding the college mace, he leads each graduating class to 
the official ceremonies. 

and Academic Calendar (CEPAC), the academic 
departments were grouped into four divisions: 
Humanities, Natural Sciences and Mathematics, 
Social and Behavioral Sciences, and Professional 
Programs. Later, in 1984, the Faculty Assembly 
established the practice of electing a presiding 
officer; previously, the president of the college 
presided at all faculty meetings. 

The college's treatment of female faculty was 
challenged in a class-action discrimination suit 
filed by a retired education professor, Annie Laurie 
Keyes ('39), in 1975. Following four days of testimony, 
a U.S. District Court jury in Statesville cleared the 
college of seven of the nine charges of discrimination. 
It found the college guilty of two charges, but Judge 
Woodrow W. Jones ruled against those two findings 
and dismissed the whole case against Lenoir 
Rhyne. Two years later, the ruling was upheld in 
Richmond, Virginia, by the U.S. Court of Appeals 
for the Fourth Circuit. 

Faculty and staff members serving throughout the 
period of the Bost, Anderson and Trainer administra- 
tions were Russell E. Benton, history; Thomas H. 
Blackburn {"45), mathematics; Ellis G. Boatmon, 
history; Jerry E. Bolick ('63), mathematics; Charles F. 
Cooke ('59), physics; Howard R. Craig, chemistry; 

Robert E. Eckard ('64), Spanish; J. C. Epting, Jr. ('65), 
financial aid officer; John P. Fogarty, history; 
Emmanuel Gitlin, religion; Joseph D. Glass, religion; 
Virginia S. Hawn ('49), mathematics; Suzanne K. 
Jeffers, English; Ronald G. Mahan, English; Rose S. 
Mahan, English; William M. Maunej- ('65), economics; 
Sue S. Mayfield ('52), education curriculum labora- 
tory; Opal L. Moretz ('65), dean of students, church 
relations; Rufus L. Moretz ('61), religion; E. Ray 
McNeely, Jr. ('63), music; Jeff L. Norris ('52), finance, 
planning; Lorene H. Painter ('53), education; Joan L. 
Parkinson, education; Thelma Rast, music; Lloyd B. 
Smith, Jr., mathematics; Robert L. Spuller, biology, 
academic dean; Raymond M. Strunk, business admin- 
istration; W. Clyde Taylor, education; Theodore J. 
Thuesen, sociology; and Kermit S. Turner ('60), 
English and registrar. 

The academic calendar underwent extensive 
change. During the 1968-69 year, the college elimi- 
nated the first-semester lame-duck session following 
the Christmas holidays. Instead of concluding the first 
semester in mid-January, the close was moved back 
into December, prior to the Christmas holidays. The 
shift was achieved by starting the fall semester 
earlier, in late August, rather than early September. 
The impact on the spring semester was to start earlier 
(in mid-January) and end earlier (in mid-May). 

The class week was adjusted the following year by 
lengthening the class periods on Tuesdays and Thurs- 
days, thereby eliminating Saturday classes. The 
change became effective in January 1970. 

The two changes anticipated the adoption of the 4-1- 
4 calendar which was an outgrowth of the study by 
CEPAC. The new calendar, begun in 1970-71, pro- 
vided four months for the fall semester, one month 
(January) for a single-course short term known as the 
Interim, and four months for the spring semester. The 
calendar eliminated the traditional eight-day exami- 
nation period at the close of the semester, thereby 
allowing the starting date for the fall semester to drift 
back into September. The examination period, how- 
ever, was reinstated in the fall of 1978. 

The Interim offerings stressed fresh and creative 
approaches to traditional disciplines, as well as 
contemporary issues. Regular catalog courses were 
avoided. The 1973 Interim included sixty-three on- 
campus courses taught by seventy-two faculty and 
staff members. Ninety-eight students were enrolled in 
independent study, directed by thirty-one faculty and 
staff members. The Interim also offered nine travel 
courses, which enrolled 169 students and were led by 
fourteen faculty members. At the same time, thirty- 
eight Lenoir Rhyne students enrolled in courses 
offered at other 4-1-4 colleges and universities. 

The 4-1-4 calendar was modified in 1975-76 into a 4- 
4-1 calendar as an experimental alternate. The 
change, by moving the short term from the winter to 


the spring of the year, improved weather prospects for 
courses involving travel or outdoor field trips. The 4-4- 
1 calendar was revived in 1978-79 with one change: 
the May term was offered as an option and was not 
required of students. The arrangement permitted the 
college to conclude the spring semester and conduct 
commencement exercises in early May, about three 
weeks earlier than in previous years. 

The optional May term continued for two years, in 
1979 and 1980. Enrollment in the 1979 term included 
155 students in campus and travel courses, fifteen in 
independent studies, and ten in off-campus intern- 
ships. An additional eleven students from other 
institutions attended. The curriculum included one 
domestic and two foreign travel courses, one tutorial, 
and sixteen campus courses. Attendance dropped in 
1980, however, leading to termination of the program. 

Enrichment of the 10:00 A.M. open hour on Mon- 
days, Wednesdays, and Fridays received attention. In 
1978, the open hour on Friday was designated the 
Friday Forum, to provide a regular opportunity for an 
open discussion by students, faculty, and staff. Topics 
debated during the inaugural year ranged from 
faculty tenure and the Greek system to socialized 
medicine and Middle East problems. Later, the open 
hour on Monday was used more frequently for Convo- 
cation programs although the Convocation programs 
sometimes appeared in the Forum hour on Friday. In 
1984-85, more than sixty programs, ranging from 
visiting scholars to performing groups, were presented 
in the Convocation-Forum format. 
Throughout the period, the open 
hour on Wednesday was reserved 
for a chapel service, with atten- 
dance on a voluntary basis. 

In the college library, the hours 
of operation were expanded 
significantly. Sunday hours were 
introduced on 4 February 1968 
when the facility was opened in 
the afternoon from two to five 
o'clock. The following fall, the 
student House of Representatives 
asked for additional openings: 
during evening dinner hours, later 
on week nights and on Sundays, 
and during the Wednesday morn- 
ing chapel period. In subsequent 
discussions with the library staff, 
the students agreed the library 
could be closed on Saturday 
afternoons, except during exami- 
nation periods. The adjusted 
schedule was worked out and, 
after additional library staff were 
engaged, was implemented on 1 
February 1969. Library services 

became available for fourteen hours daily on week- 
days, five hours on Saturdays, and eight hours on 
Sundays. The new schedule of eighty-three hours per 
week reflected a one-year increase of more than 25 
percent. In later years, growth was also registered in 
library holdings. The 100,000th volume was added in 
1977 when Alex Haley, a guest speaker on campus, 
presented to the library an autographed copy of his 
best-seller. Roots. By 1989, the library shelved more 
than 126,000 bound volumes; it also housed the 
largest collection of audio-visual materials ( 18,892 
titles) among private colleges and universities in 
North Carolina. 

Meanwhile, in the college administrative offices, 
expanded services centered primarily in the student 
services area. An office providing placement services 
was created in 1972. In 1973 the college established a 
campus infirmary, and in 1974 it created a full-time 
position of director of Residence Life. A position of 
director of Counseling Services followed in 1980. In 
other areas, the college added a separate athletic 
director position in 1970 and opened an Office of 
Research and Planning in 1986. 

Automated records were introduced in 1968 when, 
first, alumni records and, later, academic records were 
transferred to data processing punched cards. In the 
same year, the college installed for instructional 
purposes a teletypewriter providing access to the 
Triangle Universities Computation Center near 
Durham. The installation linked the college with the 

Michael C. D. McDaniel joined the LR faculty in 1971 as a 
member of the Religion Department. An exciting and 
stimulating teacher, he left the faculty in 1981 to become 
bishop of the North Carolina Synod, Evangelical Lutheran 
Church in America. 


Offices often function because of secretaries. Two of the most 
efficient are Mrs. Maurine Mosteller (left), Office of Life-long 
Education; and Mrs. Jean Beaver, Office of the Academic 

largest and most versatile computer of the day — an 
IBM System/360 Model 75, capable of adding one 
million ten-digit figures in less than a second. In 1972 
the college purchased its first internal computer for 
academic use — a Model PDP-8/e of the Digital Equip- 
ment Corporation. The computer operated on a time- 
sharing basis, with access available from four teletype 
terminals in three different buildings. Also developed 
shortly thereafter was a second internal computer 
system for administrative services. The development 
continued until the early 1980s, when both systems 
were upgraded and supplemented with micro-comput- 
ers for office, faculty, and student use. 

Growth also characterized accreditation activity. 
Self-studies leading to reaffirmation of accreditation 
by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools 
were concluded in 1972 and again in 1982. Both 
efforts resulted in ten-year renewals of accreditation. 
Earlier, in 1969, the college became one of three North 
Carolina institutions to be accredited by the National 
League for Nursing. The nursing accreditation was 
also renewed in 1982. The education department 
coordinated self-studies in 1969, 1974, 1978, 1984, 
and 1989 leading to accreditation of the teacher 
education programs by the North Carolina Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction. Similar studies in 1978 
and 1989 resulted in accreditation by the National 
Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education. 

Despite the self-study demands on faculty time, the 
core curriculum underwent three revisions. The 1970 
revision, developed by the CEPAC committee, re- 
flected, according to Bost, "a continuation of efforts to 
eliminate from the required courses work that is 
essentially remedial or a review of high school studies, 
a distributing of core requirements over four years, 
rather than concentrating them in two, a stress on 
demonstrable relevance to the contemporary, and 


development of more effective integration of what is 
learned through inter-disciplinary and inter-depart- 
mental work" (Trustees, 1970, IX:216). Among the 
inter-disciplinary courses introduced with the revised 
curriculum were Concepts in Communication, Envi- 
ronmental Science, and Contemporary World. The 
1979 revision of the core curriculum, adopted after 
two years of faculty study, featured three broad 
elements: eighteen semester hours in "skills" courses 
(to provide students with communication, computa- 
tion, and physical skills); nineteen hours in "enrich- 
ment" courses (to introduce students to a basic under- 
standing and knowledge of the humanities, arts, 
social sciences, and natural sciences); and fifteen 
hours in "integration" courses (to integrate the liberal 
arts, professional preparation, and Christian perspec- 
tives on faith and life). The fifty-two-hour program 
required four hours more than the 1971 curriculum: 
mathematics study increased from three to four 
hours, and religion study increased from three to six 
hours. A further revision in 1989 increased the core 
requirement from fifty-two to fifty-three credit hours: 
physical education study was reduced from two hours 
to one hour and a three-hour required course titled 
"Critical Choices Facing Society" was dropped, but 
laboratory science study was increased from four to 
six hours and history survey study was increased from i 
three to six hours. 

Introduction of the 1979 core curriculum was 
accompanied by the establishment of the Lineberger 
Center for Cultural and Educational Renewal. The 
center, funded by an endowment contributed by the 
Lineberger Foundation of Belmont, was designed to 
"provide additional administrative support for the 
academic program, especially in the areas of the Core 
Curriculum, Interdisciplinaiy Studies, and Value- 
Oriented Learning" (North Carolina Synod, 1979, p. 
246). Among the activities promoted by the center 
were educational research by students and faculty, 
Great Books studies, retreats for faculty and staff, 
and community discussion groups on the humanities. 

Two years prior to creation of the Lineberger 
Center, the program of services to the hearing im- 
paired was initiated with a goal to "integrate hearing 
impaired students fully into the academic and extra- 
curricular and residential life activities" (Catalog, 
1982, p. 20). A staff of three certified interpreters with 
experience in the education of the hearing impaired 
was added. The staff specialized in interpreting, 
tutoring, speech correction, counseling, sign language 
instruction, and orientation to college life. 

In the same year, Lenoir-Rhyne became one of the 
first schools in the nation to implement the 
Dartmouth Method of Language Instruction. The 
progi-am, developed at Dartmouth College, is used to 
teach students oral comprehension, speaking, reading, 
writing, and cultural training in a language. Students 

meet daily for one hour with the teacher, then are 
drilled by student assistants, each student typically 
providing sixty-five answers in an hour of rapid-fire 
drill. The model was introduced first in French classes 
at Lenoir-Rhyne by Professors Bohdan B. Kuropas 
and Augustine F. L. Quillici. Its early success was 
reported by Change magazine, a national publication 
devoted to issues in learning. In citing the Lenoir- 
Rhyne program in a survey on outstanding teaching, 
the publication reported freshman Paul Richard 
Denglar's observation: "In three days of class, I've 
already learned more than I did in my high school 
French courses" {The Lenoir-Rhynean, 1978, 20 Jan.). 

Graduate studies were introduced in June 1980. 
Designed for the public school teacher, they offered 
the master's degree in selected education majors 
through fourteen months of summer and part-time 
winter study. Ninety-two students were enrolled in 
the program in the fall of 1989. 

Three months after starting the graduate program, 
in September 1980, the college initiated an evening 
program for working adults. Nicknamed "T'n'T" 
because it met on Tuesdays and Thursdays, the school 
offered five eight-week terms each year. Completion of 
two courses each term made possible a degree in less 
than five years. Majors offered initially were business 
administration, education, and psychology. The name 
T'n'T later disappeared when the class schedule 
expanded to Monday and Wednesday evenings. By 
1989, enrollment had grown to 290 students. 

Another type of adult education was inaugurated 
when the college offered its first Elderhostel week. 
The program, designed for senior citizens and pro- 
moted through a nationwide network started in 1975, 
took form at Lenoir-Rhyne in July 1981 in a single 
week attended by twenty retirees. More sessions were 
added in later summers; in 1989, the college offered 
four Elderhostel weeks. 

In the traditional undergraduate curriculum, the 
programs of study expanded to forty-three majors. In 
1973, majors were added in classics, environmental 
studies, and political science. The following year, a 
major in general studies was approved, as was a 
dual-degree engineering program arrangement 
with Georgia Institute of Technology. A dual-degree 
engineering program with North Carolina State 
University and an affiliation program with American 
University in Washington, D.C., were introduced in 
1975, followed by a dual-degree forestry and environ- 
mental management program with Duke University 
in 1976. A major in psychology was first offered in 
1978, followed by majors in accounting and recreation 
in 1979. Other majors introduced were theology/ 
philosophy (1981), communications and international 
business (1982), computer science (1983), and art 
education (1987). 

The Honors Program expanded. The college in- 

creased the number of honor scholarships offered to 
entering students. It also created honor sections for 
selected core curriculum courses and instituted 
special graduation recognition for seniors completing 
honor studies in their major fields. The program was 
placed on a permanent financial footing in 1984 when 
it was endowed by the Lineberger Foundation with a 
record-setting gift of $750,000. 

Increased numbers of students chose to travel and 
study overseas in the 1980s. During the decade, the 
college awarded eighty-two scholarships to help those 
majoring in a foreign language or international 
business to spend a semester or more in Spain, 
France, Germany, Italy, or Mexico. The study-abroad 
program became available to other students in 1987 
when Lenoir-Rhjme entered into affiliation with the 
University of Evansville to send twenty students and 
one or more professors each fall semester to study at 
Harlaxton College, which is housed in an eighteenth- 
century castle near Grantham, England. Through the 
program, students can earn credits in a variety of 
courses, all taught in English. The initial Lenoir- 
Rhyne contingent in the fall of 1988 was composed of 
fourteen students, accompanied by Thomas R. Thies, 
assistant professor of business. 

Development of more effective student leadership 
was begun in the early years of the Trainer adminis- 
tration. The annual leadership retreat attracted sixty 
students each fall to an off-campus conference center 
for three days of networking, communication building, 
and leadership skill development. The activity helped 
younger students adjust to their peers in college, 
while providing greater leadership opportunities for 
upperclassmen. In addition, the Lenoir-Rhyne/Habitat 

Sam Baker is shown directing a Playmaker production in 
Monroe Auditorium in 1975. Baker's tenure at LR was 1964 
to 1968 and from 1970 to 1976. He received the dedication of 
the 1972 HACAWA in which he was thanked "for your 
contagious enthusiasm that promotes awareness of theatre 
as well as life. " 


■Jultn Dagan and Becky Browder resenihlc Aslaire aiul 
Rogers in the Playmaker production You Can't Take It With 
You, which closed the 1976 season and marked the final 
offering of Sam Baker at Lenoir-Rhyne. 

for Humanity project, introduced in the summer of 
1985, transported volunteer students to Guatemala 
and Peru to help build houses and schools as a part of 
leadership development. In each of four annual trips, 
an average of fifteen students spent three weeks 
living beside poverty and working with people of 
developing countries. In a comparable project, the 
Washington Ventures for the Homeless, the Chapel 
Council in the late 1980s periodically led student 
volunteers on three-day trips to work with homeless 
women in the nation's capital. 

The pei-iod also saw the introduction in 1985 of a 
formal course to help entering students make the 
transition from high school to college. GEN 110 
(Freshman Seminar Program) explored the topics of 
time management; study skills; stress management; 
social development and adjustment; academic, career, 
and personal planning; and college resources available 
to students. The one-hour course was introduced on 
an optional basis. Earlier, in 1979, the college experi- 
mented with an orientation option which challenged 
students to a nine-day Outward Bound experience of 
mountain-climbing, rappelling, and Whitewater 
rafting. But, despite active participation by President 

Anderson and other faculty and staff members, 
student interest faded after several years. 

Another innovation addressed the need for more 
cultural diversity on campus and in the local commu- 
nity. The Institute for Multicultural Education and 
Training was opened in 1989 with a staff of three to 
provide information, training, techniques, and assis- 
tance in addressing issues regarding diversity in 
American society. One initial goal of the institute was 
to sensitize the educational community to cultural 
and I'acial awareness in society. 

Late in the period, during the Trainer administra- 
tion, the college approached its second century with 
new testimony to the quality of its program. In 1988, 
it was named by the Council of Independent Colleges 
as one often private colleges and universities in the 
U.S. that were "exemplary academic workplaces." The 
recognition grew out of a national survey of faculty 
members' satisfaction with their occupation and with 
the support they received from their institutions and 
the communities they served. 

Later, the institution was named among the top 
eight regional liberal arts colleges in the South. The 
distinction was announced by U.S. News & World 
Report in its 1989 special report, "America's Best 
Colleges." The ranking was based on student selectiv- 
ity, quality of faculty, reputation for academic excel- 
lence, financial resources, and ability to retain and 
graduate students. 

The distinctions, like others over past decades, were 
tributes to the students, faculty, administrators, 
trustees, alumni, and others who nurtured the college, 
and were nurtured by it, during Lenoir-Rhyne's first 
one hundred years. It was a strenuous century: 
founded in conflict, buffeted by denominational 
realignments, two world wars, depression and reces- 
sions, epidemics and social disturbances. Through it 
all, especially the difficult periods, the college was 
sustained by a sacrificial devotion to teaching and 
office and loyalty. Lenoir-Rhyne today is a product of 
those sacrifices, and to all of its supporters go a share 
of the praise bestowed on the founders of the college 
by Robert L. Fritz when he wrote: 

Let us believe that since they passed on, these men 
have been, and are even today, living witnesses — from a 
better world — of their own immortality in the founding 
and early development of this college, and let us highly 
resolve and hope that throughout the future life and 
history of Lenoir-Rhyne College, their names and 
deeds — and the names and deeds of all others who have 
nobly contributed to the making and saving of this 
Christian Institution — shall be known, and cherished, 
and honored. 


In 1976, the Playmakers observed their 
fiftieth anniversary golden tribute to 
that day, in 1926, when Pearl Setzer 
Deal had begun the college drama 
group. The Golden Anniversary season 
began with Sam Baker's direction of A 
Funny Thing Happened On The Way 
To The Forum. Chris Sigmon Heft) 
and Michael Bush tangle in a scene 
from the smash success. 

Moliere's witty and biting satire on 
religious hypocrisy, Tartuffe, was 
presented by the Playmakers in an 
arena production in 1978. Dr. Suzanne 
Jeffers directed the play with Cortland 
Roby, Jr., as stage and light designer. 


The 1980-81 theatre season included Rodgers and 
Hammerstein's South Pacific. Directed by Dr. Marion Love, 
the cast included Music Department chairman, Ray McNeely 
(seen here with Julie Kettner as Nellie), head football coach 
Dr. Henry Vansant, academic dean Dr. Arthur Puotinen, 
philosophy professor Dr. Richard Von Dohlen, biology 
professor Dr. Robert Spuller. as well as a large student cast. 

David Lewis and Cindy Cason appear in Rashomon. 
directed hv Dr. Marion Loiv. 


The Playmakers, under the direction of Dr. Marion Love, opened their 1978-79 
season with the memorable musical. The King and I. The orchestra was under the 
direction of Dr. Ralph Gabriel and complemented the piano artistry of John 
Coffey. The choreography was by Dr. Jane Jenkins. Paula Boire of the college 
music faculty sang the lead and a large cast included James Browning. David 
Lewis, Keith Burton, Buzz Atwood, Dr. Ellis Boatmon, Tina Jeffers, and Paul 

The 1975-76 Cage Bears were coached by Bob Hodges and took part in the WBTV 
Carolina Classic Tournament, sponsored by the Charlotte television station. As a 
color camera records play, center Mark Carter puts one in for the Bears. 


Giving instructions on the sidelines to 
her players is the multi-talented Lady 
Bear head coach of the early 1980's — 
Pat Smith. 

The 1979-80 Lady Bears took a step 
toward national recognition with Head 
Coach Pat Smith. A good example of 
the team's talent was their 109-50 
"massacre" of Catawba. Built around 
senior Sally Reid, the Lady Bears also 
had the quick sparkle ofBrenda 
Hairston. shown here. 


Sally Reid was a power-player for the 
Lady Bears and emerged as one of the 
exceptional athletes in Lenoir-Rhyne 
history. Her senior statistics were: 
NCAIAW All-Division II Team, 
NCAIAW Division II All-Tournament, 
NCAIAW Division II State Tourna- 
ment MVP, Most points scored in a 
season: 633, Best scoring average in a 
season: 28. 7, Most field goals in a 
season: 250, Most free throws in a 
season: 133, Most rebounds in a 
season: 324, Career record (1976- 
1980): 1953 

It was a "glory year" for head coach Pat Smith and her Lady 
Bear basketball team. The 1980-81 women's team, with an 
overall record of 27-8, took state and regional titles, and 
made it to the national "final four." In state competition 
(played in Hickory) the Lady Bears defeated North Carolina 
A&T (55-53), University of North Carolina at Charlotte (85- 
77), and High Point (76-69). In region two competition (also 
in Hickory), the Lady Bears whipped Campbellsville (Ken- 
tucky), 84-54. Then the opening rounds of the national 
tournament (again in Hickory) saw the Lady Bears smash 
Biola (California), 83-59; Abileen Christian 88-75; and 

South Carolina State, in overtime, 75-66. It was then on to 
Dayton, Ohio, for final national play. Here the Lady Bears 
lost to William Penn (Iowa), the eventual national champi- 
ons, 71-46; and to California Polytechnic, 85-65. Shown here 
are the champs! Kneeling, left to right: Leise Norris, Marcene 
Edwards, Kris Gross, and Nat Critchley. Standing, left to 
right: Head Coach Pat Smith, Lee Ann McCall, Sherry Cash, 
Brenda Hairston, Mary Loree, Meg Broadwell, Karla 
McPhaul, Melinda Buchanan, Donna Elrod, Marissa 
Carmody, Ashley Perdne, Cynthia Covington, and Assistant 
Coach Pat Furr. 


Dr. Henry Vansant was head football coach for 
the Bears from 1980 to 1983. He is pictured with 
quarterback Brian Dalen. 

Terence Steward of Bunnell, Florida, 
was to be the College's first three-time 
Ail-American. Steward, who had a 
career 247 receptions for 3,631 yards 
and 18 touchdowns, was cho.'ien First 
Team Ail-American in 1984, 1985, and 



Chosen the most outstanding quarter- 
back in the South Atlantic Conference 
for two successive years (1988, 1989) 
was Tom Laurendine of Oak Ridge, 
Tennessee. Laurendine is shown with 
Head Coach John Perry. 

Dr. Benjamin W. Goodman retired in 1989 as team physician 
for the Lenoir-Rhyne College Athletic Department. Dr. 
Goodman had held that position since the fall of 1953. As a 
team doctor, he was responsible for medical exams at the 
beginning of the season (here he examines Ed Walke), dealt 
with practice injuries, and was at all games on the sidelines 
if needed. 


Soccer came to Lenoir-Rhyne in the 
1970s. It was a slow and difficult 
climb from intramural status to 
intercollegiate competition. In this 
1977-78 picture. Bohdan Kuropas of 
the Language Department conducts a 
soccer camp on campus. 

The 1989 soccer team is the most successful to dale at the college - making il lo the 
District 26 playoffs (N.A.I. A.) for the first time. Head Coach Tom Melville is in the 
center of the seconrf row. and Alun Wood is fourth from the right on the first row. 
Wood is Lenoir-Rhyne's first All-Americaii in soccer. 



For many years at LR, intramurals 
have been a rewarding activity in a 
myriad of sports. In this 1976 picture 
Theta Chi fraternity quarterback 
David Adams looks for an open 


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X>sJ. -.~^>-#*P''!S^'"tu^^5^*^*<«* = ,r^»4fi 

Women have been very much a part of intramurals as this 
1975 picture would indicate. 


Styles in cheerleading change with the 
years. This 1983 group of basketball 
cheerleaders show acrobatic talent. 

Robert H. Rowland. ('63) was the first 
student to wear a bear costume as Joe 
Bear. Many men and women have been 
Joe Bear since, including the 1979-80 
version, chatting here with a friendly 




Enjoying only a brief life on campus, 
Epsilon Sigma Alpha was a service 
organization for women. This is the 
1974-75 membership. 

l^ifW '^^^ '"'W 

One of the most active groups on 
campus is Phi Beta Lambda Business 
Fraternity, shown here in a 1990 
picture. Dr. Robert Simmons is 


The annual college bowl competition, 
patterned after the television series, 
was quite popular at LR throughout 
the 1970s and 1980s. Conducted for 
many years by Professor Russell 
Brown and then by Dr. Ellis Boatman, 
the bowl consisted of a student staff 
and some twenty-four teams. Here is 
the 1978 winner — the Apes. Left to 
right: John Sesenbrenner, Brian 
Davis, Scott Curry, and Bill Mayberry. 

Hickory television station WHKY-T^' presented a college news program, "Lenoir- 
Rhyne Today " for many years. Dr. Robin Gatwood hosted the show for over fifteen 
years with Dr. Ellis Boatmon following him as host for five years. 




In 1969, the college became one of three 
North Carolina institutions to be 
accredited by the National League for 
Nursing. The 1978-79 nursing class of 
Lenoir-Rhyne was one example of the 
outstanding nursing program at the 

E. Ray McNeely, Jr. ('63) joined the Music Department in 1966 and became 
director of the a cappella choir in 1973. Shown here is McNeely directing the choir 
and ensemble of 1976-77. 


The 1978 LR choir season u'cis cli- 
maxed by singing at the installation 
service of Dr. James Crumley as 
president of the Lutheran Church of 
America. Under the direction of Ray 
McNeely the choir gave a beautiful 
performance at New York City's 
Riverside Church on 3 December 1978. 

Attractive drill team members glisten 
under stadium lights in this line-up 
from 1977. 
Courtesy of Frank Miller 


Lenoir-Rhyne College band members 
in their contemporary Aussie uniforms. 

Only twice did the college experiment with an outdoor graduation ceremony. It did 
not fare well. The 1977 event was held in the stadium amid what President Albert 
Anderson described as "Threatening thunderheads and falling flag standards." 
Here we see the faculty taking their seats in the stadium bleachers. 

With the help of a grant from the 
Exxon Foundation, Lenoir-Rhyne 
became one of fewer than twenty 
colleges in the nation to implement the 
Dartmouth Model into its program of 
foreign language instruction. The 
model feature increased contact 
hours, the use of students as assistant 
teachers, the integration of laboratory 
work with course objectives and the 
creation of a "positive linguistic 
atmosphere. " French instructors 
Bohdan Kuropas and Augustine 
Quilici (shown here) served as master 
teachers of the program in 1978, its 
first year. 


The Interim, or January, experience 
made foreign travel possible. This 
group ofLR students and profs are in 
Europe in the early 1970s. 

In 1967 fraternities and sororities 
began an awards program under the 
direction of history professor Dr. Ellis 
Boatman. 1991 wilt mark the twenty- 
fifth anniversary of the annual event. 
Shown here at the 1981 ceremony are 
Lois Boynton. woman of the year, and 
Bobby Mauney, man of the year. 


^m : A'lv'.u, nil* 't«, jhi" ^ 1 J 

Albert Reiser's name is forever linked to the debate program of the college. And 
likewise is that of Professor Russell Brown, who joined the faculty in 1947 as a 
member of the Economic Department. "Bud" Brown was the first recipient of the 
Raymond Bost Distinguished Profes.'!or Award, and until his retirement in 1986. 
recognized as not only an outstanding debate coach, hut an exceptional teacher as 
well. Professor Brown (first row. right) is seen here with his 1975-76 debators: Dan 
Green. Andy Howard. Steve McLendon. Lynn Robinson, and Jayne 


Another of the delightful customs of 
LR to vanish in the 1970s was the 
naming of a coed as "Miss Lenoir- 
Rhyne." It was likewise traditional for 
"Miss Lenoir-Rhyne," during half-time 
of the LR-Catawba football game, to 
exchange her bouquet with that of 
"Miss Catawba. " Here we see Miss 
Susan Stricklatid of Roanoke. Vir- 
ginia, the last "Miss Lenoir-Rhyne," 
exchanging flowers at mid-field of the 
football game. She is accompanied 
(left) by Robert Fritz of New Port 
Richey, Florida, president of the 
student body. 

Lenoir-Rhyne College has conferred 
honorary degrees on many noteworthy 
men and women. On 19 September 
1975 the College awarded an honorary 
doctorate of literature to Professor 
Helmut Thielicke, rector of the Univer- 
sity of Hamburg. Shown with Profes- 
sor Thielicke is Academic Dean James 
Unglaube and President Raymond 

Pulitizer Prize-winner Alex Haley, author 
of Roots, visited Lenoir-Rhyne on 25 April 
1977. He spoke to a packed Monroe 
Auditorium and then autographed the 
100,000th volume chosen for the Rudisill 
Library. In the background are Miss 
Aileen Aderholdt. Miss Mabel Aderholdt, 
and Mrs. Anita Anderson. 


The College's 1979 Spring Fling 
weekend featured the popular band 

On 9 September 1981 a special convocation address was 
given by former U.S. Senator George Mcdovern of South 
Dakota. A near-capacity crowd heard the Democratic party 
presidential nominee in 1972 strongly attack conservative 
groups in the nation who contributed to the defeat of those 
political figures with whom they disagreed. 

The Forward Together campaign raised funds for a new 
classroom structure and the removal of the Yoder Science 
Building. Shown here is the steel structure for the Belk 
Centrum and the last appearance of the Yoder Building, 
removed during the 1982 Christmas holiday. 


One of the founders ofLenoir-Rhyne. 
Dr. Robert A. Yoder was honored 
during the dedication of an armillary 
sundial. The Yoder Science Building 
had been demolished in 1982 and a 
special dedication for the Sundial was 
held on 12 November 1983. Interim 
President Albert Allran addresses 
Yoder family members and friends. 

Although Lenoir-Rhyne has had many clergymen in a 
chaplain-like capacity, the college has actually only had four 
pastors officially designated as chaplain of the institution. 
These four ministers met in May 1984 at a synod convention. 
Shown left to right are: Donald Just (since 1983), Robert 
Walker (1961-1965), Larry Yoder (1977-1982), and Louis 
Rogers 1 1966-1976). Courtesy of Reverend Robert Walker 


. -iS*'.' ; "■ 

Blacks were first admitted m the 1963 summer session, when 
five enrolled. Jerry Shaw, of Gastonia was the first full-time 
black athlete at LR. Shaw, who graduated in 1971, became a 
member of the College staff, first as dormitory director at 
Morgan Hall, and then as director of the Cromer College 
Center. Shaw died in November, 1988, and The Jerry Shaw 
Memorial Plaza (adjacent to Cromer Center) has been con- 
structed in his memory. Courtesy of Frank Miller 


An institute that will explore and address major national issues of multicultural 
diversity has been established at Lenoir-Rhyne College. The Institute for 
Multicultural Education and Training will provide private and public-sector 
clients with information, training techniques and assistance in addressing 
educational, social and cultural challenges of diversity in American society. The 
institute is the only one of its kind on the East Coast. Directing IMET is Shelby 
native Forrest Toms, a doctoral candidate in developmental psychology at Howard 
University and a former assistant professor of psychology at Middle Tennessee 
State University. In addition to Toms, other staff members of IMET include 
Theodore G. White III and Jackie Brown, both of whom worked with Toms at 
Middle Tennessee State. The picture below presents the organizers of the reman- 
brance of Martin Luther King, Jr. Front row, left to right, are: Jeanne Turner. 
Mark Jackson, and Shaye Surratt. Back row left to right, are: Forrest Toms. Ted 
White, Jackie Brown, and Towanda Cowan. 

President John Trainer and Miss 
Mary Moose, of Albemarle and 
Honu'coming Queen of 19S6. await the 
announcement of the 1987 queen. 


The women's Softball team of 1989, coached by Melina 
Helton, went to the District playoffs to climax a highly 
successful season. Kim Waldrup i'91) was a talented player. 

Volleyball continued to be an outstanding sport at LR. Melina 
Helton has coached her women to have discipline as well as 
skills. A star of the 1989 season was Kaylyn Bayly ('90). 

Lenoir-Rhyne College dedicated and renamed its athletic 
stadium on 16 September 1989 prior to its football game 
with Wofford College. The stadium was named for longtime 
Lenoir-Rhyne supporters Helen S. Moretz and the late O. 
Leonard Moretz. Stadium renovations — including a new 
press box / president's box, new lighting, and repairs and 
improvements to the seating — were made possible by a gift 
from Mrs. Moretz to the college's Centennial Renewal 
Campaign. A native of Rochester, New York, Mrs. Moretz is 
an active church and civic leader in Hickory. She is a 
longtime member of Holy Trinity Lutheran Church. Mrs. 
Moretz served three terms on the Lenoir-Rhyne College 
Board of Visitors. After the death of her husband in 1977, 

she made a gift to the college that resulted in the construc- 
tion of Moretz Gymnasium in the physical education center. 
Leonard Moretz. a 1932 alumnus of Lenoir-Rhyne, served for 
many years as a member or officer of the Lenoir-Rhyne 
Board of Trustees. He was awarded an honorary doctor of 
laws degree in 1968. College Field was constructed in 1923 
as a combination football-baseball field. In 1964 it was 
converted into a larger football-only stadium. Now used for 
civic events and athletic contests in football and soccer, the 
stadium seats 8,500 people. Mrs. Moretz is shown (fourth 
from left) at the time President Trainer announced the 
naming of the stadium. 


Lenoir-Rhyne College is the eighth best regional liberal-arts 
college in the South, according to a U.S. News & World 
Report special report on "America's Best Colleges." Lenoir- 
Rhyne was notified 5 October 1989 by the magazine's 
Washington, D.C., editorial offices that the college would be 
included in this year's rankings. An annual feature by U.S. 
News & World Report, "America's Best Colleges" divides all 
of the country's institutions of higher learning into five 
categories — national universities, national liberal-arts 
colleges, regional colleges and universities, regional liberal- 
arts colleges, and .'specialized institutions — to ensure that the 
colleges are ranked with others of similar size and purpose. 
The categories are further divided geographically by regions. 
The colleges and universities are ranked by the magazine on 
their records in five key areas: quality of the student body as 
measured by each school's selectivity, quality of faculty, 
reputation for academic excellence, financial resources, and 
ability to retain and graduate students. Transylvania 
University in Kentucky was ranked first in the South among 
regional liberal-arts colleges. Lenoir-Rhyne, with its ranking 
of eighth was the only North Carolina college in the rankings 
in that category. "This is indeed one of the most significant 

national honors Lenoir-Rhyne has ever reccn cd. " said Dr. 
John E. Trainer. Jr.. president of the college. "Obviously, we 
are pleased and delighted to receive this national recogni- 
tion, but it just reaffirms what many of us have known for a 
long time — Lenoir-Rhyne truly is one of the best liberal-arts 
colleges in the country." 

Dr. John Trainer. Jr.. and llic l!->S!t 
Homecoming Queen. Miss Paige Ycatts 

The cd/Zi'tjcN idcniifhd prmniy needs over the next five years will require approxi- 
mately $24 million in support beyond tuition and fees. To meet these urgent needs 
will require the continuing good stewardship of funds entrusted to the college to 
accomplish its mission, increased annual ongoing gift support and the conduct of a 
comprehensive major gifts fund-raising campaign. The Centennial Renewal 
Campaign will culminate with the commemoration of the Lenoir-Rhyne centennial 
in 1991. The campaign seeks thoughtful and proportionate pledge subscriptions 
from faculty and staff alumni and friends, corporations, foundations, organiza- 
tions and church congregations. Centennial Cabinet members, from left to right, 
are: David Hoyle, Carolyn Moretz. John Trainer, Jr.. John D. Moose. George 
Blackwelder. Jr.. Charles Snipes, and Brady Faggart. Jr. lAb.fent: James E. 


Appendix A 

Tuition, Enrollment, and Student, Alumni and Trustee Leaders 























































































































































































































Student Body 

First Honor 



Festus K. Shealy 
Herbert C. Miller 
Julius T. Horney 
Forrest J. Eller 
John L. Morgan 
T. P. Rhyne 
Carroll N. Yount 
R. Bruce Sigmon 
Glenn R. Frye 

E. Bryan Keisler 
Lloyd L. Deaton 
Ernest R. Lineberger 
Curtis K. Wise 
Claude H. Aderholdt 
D. Miles Aderholdt 
W. Edgar Mauney 
Roy C. Whisenhunt 
Claude L. Hewitt 
H, Guy Coulter 
Floyd D. Riser 
Frederick H. Moretz 
Rufus L. Rhyne 
Lex G. Barkley 
D. Ray Overcash 
William H. Moretz 
Paul A. Shue 
Cline W. Harbinson 
Frank K. Efird 
Joe E. Caldwell 
James R. Garrett 
S. Wilfred Hahn 
Marshall F. Mauney 
Edgar M. Cooper 
Philip L. Wahlberg 
Garth Lee Hill 
Don M. Michael 
Everett T, Gibson 
Jake T. Lamm 
Raymond M. Bost 
Hari-y E. Faggart, Jr. 
Everette L. Lineberger 
Robert E. Lineberger 
P. Barrier Beatty 
Robert L. Troutman 
Donald E. Woolly 
David C. Wright, Jr. 
Paulwyn L. Boliek 
Fritz D. Apple 
Alan R. LaTorre 
John H. Fisher 
C. Earnest Brooks 

Alfred R. Beck 

J. Yates Killian 

E. Parker Conrad 

Martin L. Stirewalt 
Lawrence E. Rudisill 
Philip D. Pence 

Leonard R. Hoffman 
W. James Roof 

Lelia Male Baker 
E. Laura Plonk 
Robert A. Swaringen 
Frances S. Glass 

Robert A. Yoder 

Ehda E. Lohr 
Emma Estelle Newton 
Paul L. Miller 
Floyd N. Shearouse 
J. Lewis Thornburg 
Lila Fay Roof 
Walter E. Abernethy 
Donald Hutton 
Lilly M. Yount 
J. Franklin Davis 
Miriam K. Shirey 
Bonnie Mae Beam 
Mary K. Monroe 
J. Paul Wagner 
Evelyn Ballentine 
R. Nell Hagaman 
Anna Katherine Greever 
Mary Stuart Ivey 
M. Kathryn Perry 
Edith N. Setzer 
Alice E. Deal 
G. Frederick Schott, Jr. 
Martha D. Setzer 
Annie R. Lytle 
Harry F. Steelman 
N. Elaine Deal 
Alda Gregory 
Clara V. Watkins 
Margaret E. Abee 
Elinore E. Fresh 
Pauline O. Blankenship 
G. Christine Huddle 
Georgia K. Huddle 
Barbara E. Yount 
Harry E. Faggart, Jr. 
Ruth M. Wingard 
Harold G. Skinner 
Foy A. S. Annas 
William H. Shuford 
Elizabeth R. Cromer 
Lois E. Koppen 
Anne E. Wilfong 
Mary Lenoir Cilley 
Elberta G. Coulter 
Macile B. Herman 
Catherine B. Abernathy 

Robert L. Fritz I '92 1 
Cephas K. Lippard ('95) 
R. Joel Mouser ('95l 
Joseph L. Cromer {'95) 
Joseph L. Cromer ('95) 
Arthur L. Moser('95) 
R. Joel Mouser ('95) 
R. Joel Mouser ('95) 
J. Yates Killian ('98) 
Arthur L. Moser('95) 
Arthur L. Moser ('95) 
A. A. Whitener('95) 
A. A. Whitener('95) 
A. A. Whitener('95) 
A. A. Whitener ('95) 
A. A. Whitener ('95) 
A. A. Whitener ('95) 
A. A. Whitener ('95) 
A. A. Whitener ('95) 
A. A. Whitener ('95) 
A. A. Whitener ('95) 
D. Lester Russell ('98) 
D. Lester Russell ('98) 
John J. George ('93) 
John J. George ('93) 
John J. George ('93) 
Orestes P. Rhyne ('07) 
Alfred R. Beck ('92) 
Alfred R. Beck ('92) 
William K. Mauney CIO) 
William K. Mauney CIO) 

Arthur M. Huffman C12) 
Curtis K. Wise ('23) 
Curtis K. Wise ('23) 
Luther G. Boliek C26) 
Luther G. Boliek C26) 
Luther G. Boliek ('26) 
Samuel W. Hahn ('15) 
Victor V. Aderholdt ('15) 
■Victor V. Aderholdt ('151 
Victor V. Aderholdt ('15) 
Victor V. Aderholdt C15) 
Cloyd A. HagerCSO) 
CloydA. HagerCSO) 
Everett J. Sox I '26) 
Everett J. Sox ('26) 
Everett J. Sox ('26) 
Everett J. Sox ('26) 
Everett J. Sox ('26) 
DorusP. Rudisill ('22) 
Hany D. Hawthorne ("41 1 
Harry D. Hawthorne ('41) 
D. R. Mauney, Jr. ('36) 
D. R. Mauney, Jr. ('36) 

D. R. Mauney. Jr. C36) 

E. Preston Rhyne, Jr. ('50) 
C. Miller Sigmon ('41) 

C. Miller Sigmon ('41) 
Robert L. Clemmer('26) 
Lloyd R. Little ('33) 
Thomas F. Rhodes C25) 
David C. Wright, Jr. ('56) 
Lewis B. Carpenter ('23) 

Jason C. Moser 
Jason C. Moser 
Jason C. Moser 
Jason C. Moser 
Jason C. Moser 
Jason C. Moser 
Jason C. Moser 
Jason C. Moser 
Jason C. Moser 
Jason C. Moser 
WiUiam P. Cline 
William P. Cline 
William P. Cline 
John M. Rhodes 
John M. Rhodes 
John M. Rhodes 
John M. Rhodes 
John M. Rhodes 
John M. Rhodes 
John M. Rhodes 
John M. Rhodes 
J. H. C. Huitt 
J. H. C. Huitt 
J. H. C. Huitt 
J. H. C. Huitt 
J. H. C. Huitt 
J. H. C. Huitt 
J. H. C. Huitt 
J. H. C. Huitt 
D. W. Aderholdt 
D. W. Aderholdt 
D. W. Aderholdt 
D. W. Aderholdt 
D. W. Aderholdt 
D. W. Aderholdt 
William J. Boger 
William J. Boger 
William J. Boger 
William J. Boger 
William J. Boger 
William J. Boger 
Joseph A. Moretz 
Joseph A. Moretz 
Martin L. Stirewalt ('02) 
Martin L. Stirewalt ('02) 
Martin L. Stirewalt ('02) 
Martin L. Stirewalt ('02) 
Martin L. Stirewalt ('02) 
Martin L. Stirewalt ('02) 
Martin L. Stirewalt ('02) 
Martin L. Stirewalt C02) 
Martin L. Stirewalt ('02) 
Martin L. Stirewalt ('02) 
Martin L. Stirewalt ('02) 
Martin L. Stirewalt ('02) 
Martin L. Stirewalt C02) 
Martin L. Stirewalt ('02) 
Martin L. Stirewalt ('02) 
Martin L. Stirewalt ('02) 
Harry E. Isenhour 
Harry E. Isenhour 
Harry E. Isenhour 
Harry E. Isenhour 
Harry E. Isenhour 
Harry E. Isenhour 
Harry E. Isenhour 
Harry E. Isenhour 
Harry E. Isenhour 
Harry E. Isenhour 
Harry E. Isenhour 

























































































Student Body 

First Honor 





Clarence L. Pugh 
Donald W. Smith 
Terry K. Satterwhite 
J. Larr>' Yoder 

D. Mark Cooper 
John W- Sieverts 
J. Laird GrifTin 
Anthony K. Jackson 

E. LeRoy Riley 
Michael E. McRee 
Jerry F. Rimnier 
DougM. Hill 
James F, Mauney 
Milton R. Brown 
Robert D. Fritz 
Joanne Wrav 
Alfred C, Chine 
Stanley B. Baranowski 

Thomas Geocaris 
Robert F. Mauney 
David E. Deal 
Sara J. Moeller 
Donald E. Anthony 
Luther B. Faggart 

J. Anthon\ Davenport 
Lyndon R, Helton 
Lyndon R. Helton 
James F, Patterson IV 

H. Dean Cline 

Celia Faye Sigmon 
WillaDean Host 
Gerald P. Briggs 
Michael A. Griggs 
A. Ann Freed 
Rebecca R. Cromer 
Kathlyn A. Fritz 
Linda G, Blair 
Robert D. Farmer 
Shirley B. Huffman 
Rebecca S. Porter 
Susan Pichaske 
Connie Lynn Sentelle 
Diane Austin Efird 
Patricia Marie Kaldy 
Susan Coulter Sipe 
Carol Annette Smith 
Miriam Renee Aderholdt 
Cheryl Annette Tilley 
Timothy Albert Haas 
Deborah Rose Marley 
Julia Evelyn Prister 
Reggie David Parlier 
Brenda K- Deal 
Shirley Anthony 
Sherryan Yarbrough 
Loretta Beam 
Leigh Ann Dellinger Baker 
Sharon Elaine Finger 
Leslie Lynn Rupard 
Thomas Dwayne Reese 
Deborah Jean Moore 
Susan Elaine Brookshire 
Kerri Anne Childres 

Lewis B. Carpenter ('23 ) 
L. Klynt Ripple '"40 1 
L. Klynt Ripple r40t 
Jesse C. Sigmon. Jr. ''43i 
Paul L. Morgan i'44i 
Paul L- Morgan r44i 
James C. Barker ''42i 
John Y. Yoder. Jr. ''52) 
John Y. Yoder. Jr. ('52i 
ChaHesM, Snipes loSi 
Clarence L. Pugh ("62i 
David \V. Hoylei"60) 
Ernest H. Troutman ''49i 
Phil L, Bamngeri"38i 
James A. Harbinson i"56> 
Lois D. Snyder i'dSi 
Kenneth E. Sides* '68 1 
Paul L, Conrad r.53i 

Joseph A. Moretz i"30i 
Jacob B. Golden (■48 1 
Sonja O. Kinard ('55 1 
James E. Phillips i'49) 
Melvin S. Gantt ('40i 
Frances S. Coins i o3 < 

Charles B. Sigmon i'51 1 
John H. Sigmon. Jr. i'42 
Duuglas O. Bean ''73i 
Richard Tyndall ( o9i 

Carl V, Cline. int'66i 

Harry E 
Harry E 
Harry E 
Harry E 
Harry E 
Harry E 
Hany E 
Harry E 
Hany E 
Harr\- E 
David W 
David W 










. Isenhour 

J. Jorgenson 

J. Jorgenson 

J, Jorgenson 

J. Jorgenson 

J. Jorgenson 

J. Jorgenson 

. Hoy!et'60> 

. Hovle''60. 

David W.Hovlei "60* 
David W.Hoyle' '60 1 
Walter S. Lineberger 
Hugo L. Deaton 
Hugo L. Deaton 
David W.Hovle' "601 

David W, Hoyle ('60) 
David W. Hoyle ('601 
David W Hoyle t "60) 
David W, Hoyle ('601 

David W.Hovlei "60) 

♦Position also titled President of Student Committee 1 1909-19111. President of Student Commission ( 1912-1914 i, President of Honor Council ' 1915-1920*, and President of Student Cabinet 

Appendix B 

Faculty & Administrative Staff 

(service of six years or more) 

Aderholdt. Aileen; librarian; 1934-75. 

Aderholdt. Mabel; librarian; 1942-75. 

Aderholdt, Victor V. ("15); preparatory, history- 
government; 1920-22. 1923-44. 

Aiken. Earl L. ''39l; public ?-eiations-alumni; 

Alleman. Margaret E.; voice, dean of women; 

Anderson. Albert B,; president; 1976-82. 

Anderson. H. O.; modern languages; 1928-34. 

Andrew. Barbara B. ('58); education; 1977- 

Ashman. H. Lowell; political science; 1975- 

Baker. Edwin H,; internal auditor; 1972-77. 

Baker. Samuel M.; drama-speech; 1964-68, 

Ballard. Catherine; dormitory head resident; 

Barger. Gladys ('26 1; treasurer; 1923-70. 

Barron. Virginia; dietitian; 1937-44. 

Benner. Margaret 1^.; piano; 1920-41. 

Benton. Russell E.; history; 1965-66, 1967- 

Berry, Margaret H.; art; 1965-81. 

Bernards, VoldemarsT.; Latin. Russian; 1959-74. 

Binkley, Edith K.; admissions; 1956-74, 

Binkley, Lowell E,; biology; 1960-73. 

Bishee. John W,; biology; 1974- 

Blackburn. Thomas H. ('45l; mathematics; 1946- 

Blackwelder. Ruth; history; 1945-61, 

Blakey. John H.; classics; 1973- 

Blosser. Phillip E,; philosophy; 1984- 

Boatmon. Ellis G.; history; 1966- 

Bolick. Jeny E, ('631; mathematics; 1964- 

Bosl. Raymond M. ('49>; academic dean, 

president; 1966-75, 
Bowden, Laura L.; dean of women; 1945-65. 
Brandon. Katherine W,; histoiy -government; 

Brandon. William P.; economics, history; 1946-71. 
Brewer. Claude S. ("671; physical education; 

Brown. Russell E.; economics; 1947-86. 
Browne. Owens Hand; mathematics, physics; 

Bryson. Rhett B.; English; 1966-71. 
Burnside. Dale K.; biology; 1974- 
Burton. Douglas VV.; art;'l969- 
Canslcr. Opal VV, ('161; shorthand; 1946-54. 
Chou. David Y. P.: chemistry; I95fi-,'i7. 
Clark. Betty; nurse; 1977- 
Clayton. Laura B.; English, Latin; 1963-88, 
Cliflon, Ronald; printer; 1967-76. 
Cline. William 1',; science, histoi-v; 1891-1901. 

Coates, Ed; printer; 1976- 

Collins. Kathryn K.; nursing: 1975- 

Colson. Lilyan; history; 1939-46. 

Cooke. Betty P. i'59i; Spanish; 1948-49, 1959-60, 

Cooke, Charles F, r59l; physics; 1964- 
Copeland. Phyllis F,; English; 1957-73, 
Cornwell, Walter C. t'57i; physical education; 

Corriher. Thelma; nursing; 1965-78. 
Councill. Marion; dormitory head resident; 

Cox. O'Lena; nurse; 1974-85. 
Craig. Beverly F.; nursing; 1971- 
Craig. Howard R.; chemistry; 196S- 
Creech. Harlan L.; business; 1920-53. 
Cromer. Voigt R, ('251; Bible, president: 1942-43. 

Dale. Cternell H,; nursing; 1966-77. 
Danner. Maiy .Jo: nursing: 1984- 
Deal. Pearl Seizor I'lOi; English; 1926-53. 
Deans. Cl.vde: physical education: 1950-71. 
Deaton, Elsie B. ('351; dietitian; 1943-75. 
DeLane, Rebecca ('341; presidents olTice; 1934-40. 
Dodson, Norman E,; mathematics, physics; 




Dubs, C. Lee; Spanish, dean of students; 1971-85. 
Dwiggins, Donna S.; education; 1983- 
Eckard, Robert E. ('64); Spanish; 1967- 
Eckard. Sarah L.; French; 1968-75. 
Egelston. Louise; Enghsh; 1957-62. 
Epting. J. C, Jr. ('65 1; financial aid; 1968- 
Everette, Ruth Anne ( '77 1; hearing impaired; 

Fanning, Marsha E.; biology; 1973- 
Farfour, Helen P.; nursing; 1963-68. 
Farthing. Frances M.; nursing; 1961. 1963-77. 
Fetner, Vida M.; piano; 1947-60. 
Fitz, Frances W.; business education; 1966-88. 
Fogarty. John P.; history; 1967- 
Fowler, Hattie R.; education; 1936-65. 
Frady, Beulah P.; art; 1943-61. 
Friedrich. Ruth; history; 1939-46. 
Fritz, Robert L. ('92); mathematics, president; 

1891-97. 1901-47. 
Frock, George L.; buildings-grounds; 1969-87. 
Gabriel. Libby L.; music; 1971- 
Gabriel. Ralph A.; music; 1969-82. 
Gandee, Lee R.; history; 1962-68. 
Garrett, James R. ('40); mathematics; 1972-79. 
Gatwood. Robin F.; music; 1947-81. 
Gerberding. G. H.; religion; 1926-41. 
Gitlin, Emmanuel; religion; 1968- 
Glass, Joseph D. ("58); religion, 1964- 
Gray. Mary C.; biology, language laboratory; 

1942-43, 1947-63, 1967-70. 
Greenholt. H. R.; history; 1939-69. 
Grier, John M.; modern languages; 1949-63. 
Gurley, Richard N.; athletics; 1924-31. 
Haas. Harold; psychology; 1979- 
Hackemann, Louis F.; ancient languages, dean: 

Hall, John F. ('72); admissions, publicity- 
publications; 1972-86. 
Hall. Rebecca A. {'80); dormitory head resident; 

Hallman, Lillie Belle; music; 1906-19. 
Hamilton. Jim T.; physical education; 1950-59. 
Hammond. Grant T.; political science; 1971-76, 

Hammond, William B.; learning resources; 

Hardin, Sonya; nursing; 1984-90. 
Hartwig, G. H.; Enghsh; 1907-12, 1914-16. 
Hawn. Virginia S. ('49); mathematics; 1957- 
Hayes, Donald G.; education; 1971- 
Haworth, D. Riley; extension; 1929-36. 
Heald, Eugene D. F.; English, languages; 

Herman. Barbara A. ('61); English; 1969- 
Heymann, Hans G.; English; 1952-69. 
Hill. Eva; dormitory head resident; 1971-76. 
Hodges. Robert F.; physical education; 1971-77. 
Hook, Wade F.; sociology; 1959-67. 
Hoyle, Edsel E. ('49); economics, accounting; 

Hoyle, Robert C.; physics; 1968-73. 
Huff, Carolyn B.; history; 1969- 
Huggins, Barbara 0. ('57); chemistry; 1969-79. 
Huss. F. Jack ('69); physical education; 1974-79. 
Huss, Thomas W. ('58); science; 1966- 
Icenhour, James O.; political science; 1972-88. 
Ingold. Jeanne G.; language laboratory; 1971- 
JefTers, Suzanne K. ('56); English: 1959- 
Jenkins, Jane R.; physical education; 1969- 
Jennings, James M.; history; 1963-69. 
Johnson. C. Jane (78); Playmakers: 1984- 
Just, Donald R.; chaplain; 1983- 
Karalles, Dorothy H. ('51); learning resources; 

j^ Keasey, Lester D.; sociology, religious studies; 
t ' 1955-67. 

\ Reiser, Albert; English; 1925-57. 

Reiser. Lena M.; French; 1942-44, 1954-56. 
Reller. Werner 0.; modern languages; 1960-85. 
^' Renny, John; English; 1979-84. 
X Rern. James R.: physics; 1975-84. 

Kercher, R. Paul; development; 1975-81. 


Reyes, Annie Laurie ("39); health education, 

education; 1945-48, 1968-72. 
Ring, J. Wayne; business; 1984- 
Riser, Jacob L.; treasurer; 1913-20. 
Ristler, Mary; dormitory counselor; 1940-50. 
Rnudsen, Harold S.; geography; 1970-78. 
Rupke, Harold G.; sociology; 1972-84. 
Ruropas. Bohdan B.; French; 1974- 
Lawing, Dorothy W. ('49); learning resources; 

Lee, Kenneth B.; music; 1935-73. 
Lentz. Annie Lea ('38); bookkeeper; 1937-86. 
Lewis, Edward; dean of students; 1984- 
Lewis. Linda; nursing; 1978-84. 
Lichtenstein. James; education; 1980-90. 
Little, Billy ('73); data processing; 1977- 
Little. W. Herbert ('96); history, languages, dean; 

1901-07. 1908-17. 
Livengood, Harry S.; business manager- 
treasurer; 1957-83. 
Lloyd, Glenn T.; education; 1977- 
Lohr. Gladys; dormitory head resident; 1964-74. 
Lohr, Mrs. S. G.; dormitory matron, dietitian; 

Longaker, F. C.; Greek, history; 1915-25. 
Love. Marion H.; theatre arts; 1972- 
Lowder. Lairy H.; organ; 1969- 
Lucke, Edward J.; physical education; 1961-69. 
Lucke, Sue N.; physical education; 1963-69. 
Ludwig, David J.; psychology; 1976- 
Lugn. Alvin L.; science; 1919-23, 1962-73. 
Lyerly. Ralph H.; Enghsh; 1946-75. 
Mahan, Ronald G.; English; 1968- 
Mahan, Rose S.; English; 1968- 
Manon. S. J.; chemistry; 1923-43. 
Marlow. Estelle; college center; 1964-79. 
Mauney, John D.; Bible; 1910-17. 
Mauney, William M. ('65); economics; 1967- 
Max. George A.; chemistry; 1970- 
Mayfield. Sue S. ("52); learning resources; 1968- 
McCreary, George W.; business education; 

McCuiston. K. Burl; learning resources: 1975- 
McDaniel, Michael C, D.; religion; 1971-82. 
McEachern, Lillian B.; piano, dormitory 

counselor; 1956-62. 
McNeely, E. Ray, Jr. ('63); music; 1966- 
Miller. C. Luther; Bible, field secretary; 

Miller. Donald A, ('75); residence life and summer 

conferences; 1977- 
Mills. Raymond L.; theatre arts; 1980- 
Monroe, Neil R.; sociology; 1969-74. 
Monroe, P. E.; president; 1925-26, 1934-49. 
Moretz, Opal L. ('65); history, dean of students, 

church relations; 1965- 
Moretz. Rufus L. ('61); religion; 1968- 
Morgan. F. Grover ('09); primary, Latin, 

education, Bible; 1907-08, 1913-18. 

1922-24, 1934-48. 
Morgan. Rarl Z. ('29); physics; 1934-52. 
Morgan, Shelby V.; science; 1965-72. 
Morrell, Emma J.; home economics; 1915-20. 
Moser, Jason C.; Latin, Greek, English; 

Nau, Walter T.; modern languages; 1945-73. 
Newton, Mary R.; president's office; 1940-59. 
Norris, JefTL. ('52); public relations-alumni, 

development, administration-finance, 

research-planning; 1952- 
Ochs, Keith M.; athletics director; 1970- 
Ordway. Claire; violin; 1930-37. 
Painter. Hanley H. ('50); physical education; 

Painter, Lorene H, ('53); education; 1959- 
Park. Conrad B.; chemistry; 1948-56. 
Parker, Betty ('67); nursing; 1975-84. 
Parkinson, Joan L.; education; 1963- 
Patterson. George R.; education; 1925-69. 
Patterson, Jessie B.; commercial; 1938-69. 
Patterson. Rarl B.; English, mathematics; 1905- 

08, 1912-18. 

Paul, A. Curtis; learning resources; 1976- 

Peedin, Minnie Lee; education; 1950-58. 

Peeler, Bobby L.; bookstore; 1973-84. 

Peery, John C; Bible, president; 1917-25. 

Peterson, Bernice; nursing; 1971-77. 

Pitts, Terry F. ('691; alumni. Lifelong Education; 

Price, K. A. ('03); health; 1906-11. 
Pugh, Clarence L. ('62); alumni, development; 

Punch, Norman A. ('58); physical education; 

Puotinen. Arthur E.; academic dean; 1978-83. 
Quilici. Augustine F. L.; French; 1975- 
Rast, Thelma; music; 1946- 
Reece, Linda W.; nursing; 1981- 
Reichle, Paul A.; physics; 1952-63. 
Rhyne, Orestes P. ('07); modern languages; 1920- 

25. 1957-60. 
Richards, Marilyn G.; physical education; 1973- 
Ridenhour. Margaret A. ('44); mathematics; 

Riley. Michael F. ('71 ); student development- 
counseling; 1974- 
Ritchie, AmaLee B.; mathematics; 1959-74. 
Ritchie, John A. ('31); Bible; 1961-70. 
Rogers. Louis V.; chaplain; 1966-76. 
Rudisill. Dorus P. ("22); Bible, philosophy; 

Sain, Larry; biology; 1984- 
Sain. Helen; switchboard; 1972- 
Schaeffer, H. Brent; president; 1926-34. 
Schwarzbek, William C; education; 1967-76. 
Seagle. G. Inez ('39); Bible, sociology; 1947-50. 

Seegers. John C. Jr.; English; 1916-22. 
Setzler. Edwin L.; English, registrar, dean; 

Shaw, Jerry J. ('71 ); dormitory head resident, 

college center; 1978-80, 1985-89. 
Sheppard. Priscilla C; nursing; 1983- 
Shirey. Ella Belle; librarian, dean of women; 

1907-14. 1925-27. 
Shores, R. M.; athletics; 1932-42. 
Shuford. Steve M. ('50); commercial, registrar; 

Shuford, William H. ('54); Spanish; 1961-67, 

Sieg, Mrs. Paul; dean of women; 1922-27. 
Sigmon. Robert A.; buildings-grounds; 1933-69. 
Simmons. Robert N.; business: 1976- 
Smith. Edward F.; security; 1977- 
Smith. Evelyn R.; education; 1966-76. 
Smith, Julian F.; chemistry, mathematics; 

Smith, Lloyd B.; mathematics; 1967- 
Sox, Enoch J. ("96); Greek, mathematics. Bible; 

1894-1905, 1919-34. 
Sox, Everett J, ('26); dean of men; 1946-71. 
Sox, Pauline (*31); snack bar. bookstore: 

Spence. Betty L.; English, education; 1956-63. 
Spence, George J.; English; 1956-63. 
Spuller. Robert L.; biology, academic dean; 1968- 
Stahler. Helen M.; music; 1930-70. 
Stabler, Mary; dormitory matron; 1929-35. 
Stamey, Evelynn H. ('70); nursing; 1973-78. 
Stasavich, Clarence P. ('35); physical education; 

Stemple, W. H.; physics; 1923-34. 
Stirewalt. Martin L. ('02); Bible, philosophy; 

1909-15- 1955-58. 
Stirewalt. M. Luther, Jr. ("34); Greek, history; 

Stirewalt, William J. ('00); preparatory. Latin; 

1901-03, 1905-13, 
Strunk, Raymond M,; business administration; 

Stubb, W. H.; commercial; 1938-43. 
Styers, Ray A.; learning resources; 1979- 
Sutherland. Arthur G,; food service; 1975-87. 


Appen dix C; 

Swanson, Reuben J.; religious studies; 1960-69. 
Swartout. Margie S. ('79); career development- 
placement; 1977- 
Swift, Charles D.; commercial law; 1935-42. 
Swink. Lottie H. ('661; English; 1968-74. 
Taylor, W. Clyde; education; 1963- 
Teilechea, Jose; Spanish; 1964-71. 
Temple. Barbara M.; nursing; 1960-65. 
Thies. Thomas R.; business; 1984- 
Thompson, Richard P,; admissions: 1969-90. 
Thuesen, Mary W. i'59); learning resources, 

history: 1967-69. 1975-82. 1987-89. 
Thuesen. Theodore J.; sociology; 1967- 
Tipton. Norman E-: mathematics; 1962-73. 
Trainer, John E.. Jr.; president; 1984- 
Turner, Kermit S. '"60); English, registrar; 1967- 
Tuttle. William D, ('39); mathematics, accounting. 

geography; 1946-79, 
Ullman. Roy R.; education; 1939-46. 1950-68. 
Unglaube, James M.; chemistry, academic dean; 

Von Dohlen, Richard; philosophy; 1970- 
Wallace. Sarah R, ("69); business: 1976- 
Warren. James A.; biolog>': 1962-72. 
Weaver. William R.; modern languages; 1940-72. 
Wells, Charles V.; biology: 1969- 
Wells. Harry A.; organ: 1961-68. 
Wells. William B. ("51); physical education; 

Whitney, Frances; education; 1929-35. 
Whitesides, Glenn E,; English; 1964-71. 
Wiener, William K.; education; 1971- 
Wilch, John R.; religion; 1969-76, 
Williams, C. Danny ("58); physical education; 

Williams, Jane C: education; 1969-87. 
Wilson, Jeanette C: nursing; 1963-71. 
Winter. Robert: art; 1982- 
Woods. Maggie C; business; 1907-18. 
Wray. Linda (75); nursing; 1978-83, 
Yoder. J. Larry ('65); chaplain, Lineberger 

Center, religion; 1977- 
Yoder, M. Craig ('17); science, biology; 1921-58. 
Yoder. Robert A.; president; 1891-1901. 
Yount. Grace; president's office; 1928-33. 

Distinguished Alumnus Award Recipients 

Each year the Alumni Association presents one award to the man or 
woman who has attended Lenoir-Rhyne and who has achieved 
distinction in his/her particular field. 

1960 Clarence P. Stasavich ('35), Athletics: Coach of the Year. National Association of Intercollegiate 
Athletics, Hickory. N.C. 

1961 Karl C. Garrison ("21). Teacher and Author: Professor of Education, University of Georgia. 
Athens, Georgia. 

1962 William K. Mauney ('10), Industrialist: President. Mauney Mills. Inc.. Kings Mountain, N.C. 

1963 Maud O. Powlas ("14). Missionan,-: Founder and Superintendent. Colony of Mercy. Kumamoto. 

1964 Karl Z. Morgan ("291. Physicist: Director. Health Physics Division. Oak Ridge National 
Laboratory. Oak Ridge, Tennessee. 

1965 Robert L, Clemmer <'26l. Architect; Founder. Clemmer. Bush. Sills. Abernethy. Architects, Inc.. 
Hickory. N.C. 

1966 Voigt R. Cromer ('25t, Higher Education: President. National Council of Church-Related 
Colleges. Hickory. N.C. 

1967 James C. Farthing ('36), Law: Superior Court Judge. 25th Judicial District of North Carolina. 
Lenoir, N.C. 

1968 Dorothy N. Glenn ('35), Medicine: Volunteer Representative, U.S. Agency for International 
Development in Vietnam. Gastonia, N.C. 

1969 Ernest R, Lineberger, Jr. ('47). Navy Chaplain: Captain and Assistant Fleet Chaplain, U.S. 
Na\y Pacific Fleet, Pearl Harbor. Hawaii. 

1970 William F, Little ("50). Science: Executive Committee. North Carolina Board of Science and 
Technolog>-, Chapel Hill. N.C. 

1971 Martha H, Morehead ("441. English Educator: Editor. "The North Carolina English Teacher." 
North Carolina English Teachers Association. Salisbur\'. N.C. 

1972 L. David Miller ('39). Educator: Dean, School of Music. Wittenberg University. Springfield. Ohio. 

1973 William H. Moretz ('35). Medicine: President. Medical College of Georgia. Augusta. Georgia. 

1974 Frank Vanderlinden ('39). Journalist: Washington Bureau Chief. "Nashville Banner," 
Washington. DC. 

1975 Ozell K. Freeman ('33 1. Teacher and Author: Author, "^^orth Carolina - The Goodliest Land," 
Salisbur\-. N.C. 

1976 Ar\'o B Ederma i'52). Public Health: Director. Di\ision of Federal Employee Health, U.S. 
Public Health Senice. Rockville. Mar\land- 

1977 Jean Bozeman i"61i. Church Ministn.-: Dean of Student Services. Lutheran School of Theology-. 
Chicago, Illinois, 

1978 Thomas S. Golden ("42). Science and Technology: Consultant. Chief of the Communications and 
Navigation Division. Goddard Space Flight Center. Baltimore. Maniand. 

1979 Elwood L. 'Buck' Perry ('38), Manufactunng/TVIarketing: Fishing Promoter and Lure Designer. 
Hickorv-, N.C. 

1980 Carl S. Blyth ('47), Sports Medicine: Chairman, Sports Medicine Committee, American Football 
Coaches Association and National Collegiate Athletic Association, Chapel Hill. N.C- 

1981 Jacob F. Blackburn ( '40 ). Computer Science: Executive Director. Computer Science and 
Technologv- Board, National Research Council. L^.S. State Department. Washington. D.C. 

1982 Frances K. Spencer ('3Si, Religious Art: Designer. Chrismon Christmas Tree. Dan\ille, Virginia. 

1983 Carroll G, Temple. Jr. ('54), Cancer Research: Head. Pharmaceutical Chemistr\' Division. 
Southern Research Institute. Birmingham. Alabama, 

1984 Ralph E. Taylor {'44), U.S. Space Program: Electronic Engineer. National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration. Goddard Space Flight Center, Baltimore, Maryland, 

1985 Ruth Elizabeth Sigmon ('43). Missionary: Lutheran Church in America missionary-. Gunlur. India 

1986 Marion W, Kirby (64), Educator/Coach: Football Coach and Physical Education teacher. Page 
High School. Greensboro, N.C. 

1987 Hubert V. Park ("31). Higher Education: Professor of Mathematics. North Carolina State 
LIniversity. Raleigh. N,C, 

1988 David M. Denton ("61). Deaf Education: Superintendent. Mainland School for the Deaf. 
Fredrick. Maryland, 

1989 Zeb E. Barnhardt i'35i. Lay Church Administration: President and Hall of Fame honoree. 
National Association of Church Business Administrators. Winston-Salem. N.C. 

1990 Carroll L. Saine ( '54 ), Banking: Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors. 
Central Fidelity Bank. Richmond. Virginia. 



Bibliog raphy 

Aderholdt. Victor V.. and Annie Lytle. 1941. "Dr. P. E. Monroe's 

Administration." Fritz Papers, Rudisill Library, Lenoir-Rhyne 

College. Mimeo. 
Alumni Association. 1941. Semi-Centenmal Ahmini Directory, N.p.,n.d. 
. 1976. Lenoir-Rhyne College Alumni Directory. Washington, 

D.C.: College & University Press. 
. 1985. Lenoir-Rhyne College Alumni Directory. South Bend. 

Ind.: Carlton Graphics. 
Anderson. H. George. 1978. The North Carolina Synod through 175 

Years (1803-1978). N.p.,n.d. 
Beach. John Wayne. 1958. "The History of Football at Lenoir Rhyne 

College." Photocopy. 
Boger, William J. 1941. Untitled early history of Lenoir Rhyne. 

Fritz Papers. Typescript. 
Catalog. 1891-1922. Annual Catalogue of the Officers. 

Instructors, Pupils, and Alumni of Lenoir College. 

. 1923-1989. Lenoir Rhyne College Bulletin (catalog issue). 

The Catau-ha Lutheran. 1906-1921, Archives, North Carolina 

Lutheran Synod, Salisbury. N.C. 
Cauble. Frank P. 1973. "A Biography of Walter Waightstill Lenoir (March 13, 

1823-June 26, 1890)." Bound mimeo. 
. 1974. "Daniel Efird Rhyne: Benefactor of Lenoir Rhyne 

College (Februar>- 8, 1852-Februar>- 25. 1933)." Bound mimeo. 
. 1975. "A Biography of John Melancthon Rhodes (August 29. 

1849-April 20. 1921)." Bound mimeo. 
Chrestonian Literary Society. 1903, "Constitution and Bylaws of 

the Chrestonian Literary Society of Lenoir College. Hickory. N.C." 
Cline, William P. 1903. -Statement of the History and Present 

Financial Condition of the College." Handwriting. 
Concordia College. 1882-1890. Catalogue of Concordia College. 
Conrad. F. L. 1961, 'Tribute. Funeral: Robert Lmdsey Fritz." 

Fritz Papers. Typescript. 
Deal. Pearl Setzer, 1941. "Teaching Them to Observe ." 

Script for 50th anniversary historical pageant. Fntz Papers. 

The Educator. 1892-1893, 
Faculty. 1891-1909, 1916-1930. 1959-1962. 1972-1989. Minutes of Faculty of 

Lenoir-Rhyne College, 
Fritz, Robert L. 1957. Inter\-iew with JefTL. Non-is. Lenoir-Rhyne College. 

1 October. 

. 1961. Papers. Rudisill Library. 

Hacawa. 1909-1989. 

Hickory Daily Record. 1915-1970, 

Hickory Democrat. 1917. 

Hoffman. Laban Miles. [1915] 1968, Our Km. Reprint. Baltimore: 

Genealogical Publishing Company. 
, 1920. "Sketch of Daniel Efird Rhyne." Part of Charles L. 

Van Noppen Papers. Manuscript Department. Perkins Library, 

Duke University. Durham, N,C. 
Reiser, Albert, 1961. The Way Up. Peterborough, N.H.: The Richard 

R. Smith Company, Inc. 
Lenoir College Items. 1892-1893. 
Lenoir College Journal. 1897-1902. 

The Lenoir-Rhynean. 1927-1989. 

TheLenoirian. 1903-1921. 

Little, W. Herbert- 1941. Autobiography. Fritz Papers. Typescript. 

Lutheran Church Visitor. 1904-1919. Archives, North CaroHna 

Lutheran Synod, Salisbury, N.C. 
Miller, C. Luther. 1941. Recollections. Fritz Papers, Typescript. 
Morgan, Jacob L., and Bachman S, Brown, Jr., and John Hall. 1953. 

History of the Lutheran Church in North Carolina. N.p.,n.d. 
Moser, Luda Grouse, 1957. Interview with Jeff L, Norris, Hickory. 

N.C. 13 April. 
Noms, Jeff L. 1959-1968, Office diar>', 

. 1965. Lenoir College: Its Founding and First Ten Years. Unpublished 

North Carolina Synod, 1921-1962. Minutes of conventions of United 

Evangelical Lutheran Synod of North Carolina. 
. 1963-1987, Proceedings of North Carolina Synod of the 

Lutheran Church in America, 
. 1988-1989, Proceedings of North Carolina Synod of 

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. 
. 1965a. History of the Lutheran Church in North Carolina. 

1953-1963 Supplement. Columbia, S.C: State Printing Company. 
. 1966a. Life Sketches of Lutheran Ministers: North Carolina and 

Tennessee Synods, 1773-1965. Columbia, S.C; State 

Printing Company. 
Our Church Paper. 1892-1904. Archives. North Carolina Lutheran 

Synod, Salisbury. N.C. 
Peery, John C, Jr, 1987, "Boyhood Recollections of Lenoir Rhyne 

College 1917-'25," Photocopy. 
Preslar, Charles J., Jr, 1954, History of Catawba County. Salisbury: Rowan 

Printing Company. 
Ramsaur's, H. E., Sons, 1923. "General Hardware Store News." Lincolnton, 

N.C- June. Special Collection, Rudisill Library', 
Record of Corporations. 1892, Catawba County Clerk of Court. Newton, N,C. 
Rucker. Elizabeth Hoyle 1938, The Genealogy of Peter Heyl and 

His Descendants 1100-1936. Rutland, Vt.: The Tuttle Publishmg 

Company, Inc. 
Setzler, Edwin L, 1941, "A Bnef Sketch of the History of the 

Growth of Lenoir Rhyne College." Fritz Papers, 

. 1958. Interview with Jeff L. Nonns. Lenoir Rhyne College. 19 July. 

Solberg, Richard W, 1985. Lutheran Higher Education in North 

America. Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House. 
Sports Information Office. 1988. "Lenoir-Rhyne Basketball: 

1988-89 Media Guide and Record Book," 

. 1989. "Lenoir-Rhyne Football: 1989 Media Guide and Record Book." 

Tennessee Synod. 1894-1920, Minutes of conventions of 

Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
Trustees. 1911-1989. Minutes of Board of Trustees of Lenoir-Rhyne College. 
United Lutheran Church Women of the United Evangelical Lutheran 

Synod of North Carolina. 1960. Sisters in Missio?i. N.p..n.d. 
Wight, Willard Eugene. 1949. "Robert Anderson Yoder. 1853-1911. A 

Social History." Emory- University thesis. 
Yoder. Robert A. 1907, "The Histon.- of the Founding of Lenoir 

College," Typescript. 



Abernethy, E. Dale, 153 
Academic complex project. 148 
Academic computer, 148 
Academic dean: 99. 112, 145. 156, 

162, 177, See also Dean of 

Academic divisions, 156 
Academic hood. 62 
Academic Integrity Code. 150 
Academic procession, 105 
Accounting. 112, 159 
Accreditation, 42, 61, 68. 74-78. 

110, 158. See also Southern 

Association of Colleges and 

Aderholdt. Aileen. 74. 86. 112, 177. 

Aderholdt. D, W.. 57. 183 
Aderholdt. Mabel, 86, 112, 177. 184 
Aderholdt. Victor V.. 61. 66. 183. 

Administration building. 101. 103. 

See also Lineberger 

Administration Building and 

Rhyne, Daniel Efird, Adminis- 
tration Building. 
Admissions Office, 63, 112, 147 
Admissions requirements, 18, 110 
Aeronautics, civil, 82-83 
Agricultural building, 32 
Alcoholic beverages, 20, 38, 66. 151 
Allen. Frank F.. 36 
Allran, Albert M., 145, 150, 151, 

Alma Mater. 36. 40. 66. 70, 71 
Alpha Psi Omega, 68. 80, 1 13 
Alpha Sigma Kappa, 116 
Alumni, 66, 85. 104 
Alumni Association. 46. 56. 66. 102. 

150. 183-84, 186; meetings, 18. 

48. 83. 107 
Alumni Office, 115. 147. 157 
American University. 159 
American Women's Sports 

Federation, 153 
"America's Best Colleges." 160, 182 
Amitian society, 20, 21 
Amphitheater, 147 
Anderson, Albert B., 145, 148, 150, 

160, 175, 184 
Appalachian State Teachers 

College. 54, 75, 78, 119, 124 
Archie, William C. 109 
Art. 48, 50, 148, 159 
Art and Theater Arts, Department 

of, 154 
Assembly building, 107 
Associated Colleges Movement 

Emergency Appeal, 68 
Associated Collegiate Press, 81 
Association of Colleges and 

Secondary Schools of the 

Southern States, 62 
Association of Intercollegiate 

Athletics for Women, 153 
Association of Southern Colleges, 68 
Astronomy, 17 
Athletic director, 104, 157 
Athletic field, 38. 102, 154; 

improvements. 48, 57-58, 84, 89, 

108. 149. See also Moretz. Helen 

and Leonard, Stadium. 
Athletics, Committee on, 65 
Athletics, Department of 87 
Athletics facilities, 148 
Athletics, intercollegiate, 61-62, 65, 

69, 78-79. 85, 88 
Atlantic Christian College, 54, 55 
Audio-visual materials, 157 

Audit, 67 

Auditorium, 32, 84, 85, 88, 101, 

104-5. See also Monroe, P. E.. 

Aull, N. E., 28 
Austin, Herbert, 34 
Automated records, 157-58 


Babcock, Mary Reynolds, 

Foundation, 109 
Baccalaureate service, 18, 31, 111, 

Bachelor of Arts degree, 63 
Bachelor of Science degree, 63 
Bailey, Bessie D., 38 
Baker's Mountain, 41 
Band, 63, 66, 80, 152; pictured, 40, 

76.98, 108, 130, 175 
Barb, J, E., 63 
Barbee. James D.. 112 
Barger. Gladys. 61. 74, 112, 184 
Baseball, 21, 38, 65, 108, 153; 

players, 54, 79, 85 
Basketball, 38-39, 54, 65, 85, 152, 

155; records, 78. 153; games at 

gymnasium openings, 104. 113 
Bauslin. Charles S.. 58 
Bear hut. 81-82 
Bear mascot. See Joe Bear. 
Bears (nickname). 54 
Bears' Lair, 148-49. 118 
Beck. Alfred R., 18. 48. 56, 183 
Belk Centrum, 148, 178 
Benner, Margaret L.. 61. 184 
Benton. Russell E., 156. 184 
Bible: courses. 17, 22. 33; 

professors, 29. 53, 61, 74, 112 
Bible societies, 31 
Biology, 33, 61. 74, 75, 116. 156, 

Blackburn. Thomas H., 112, 156, 

Blowing Rock. 65 
Board of Trustees of Educational 

Institutions of the United 

Evangelical Lutheran Synod of 

North Carolina. 66. 79 
Boatmon. Ellis G., 156. 163, 172, 

176, 184 
Boger, William J.. 30. 40. 57. 60. 

Boggs. Jay S.. 54. 55 
Bolick. Jerry E.. 156, 184 
Bohek, A. L., 48 
Boliek. Leo E.. 48, 56 
Bookstore, 55, 107, 112. 118. 147 
Best. Raymond M.. 117, 146, 151, 

184; student, 104, 183 
Bowman Gray Hospital, 109 
Brandon, Katherine W., 112. 184 
Brandon. William P.. 112. 119. 184 
Brown. Charles L.. 33 
Brown Hosiery Mill. 106, 117 
Brown, Russell E., 112. 113. 172, 

176, 184 
Bucknell University, 80 
Buildings and Grounds, Committee 

on, 109 
Bumbarger, Paul W.. 60 
Busch. Karl G. A., 38 
Business, 33.83. 148. 159; 

professors. 29, 61, 74, 112, 156 
Business and secretarial practice. 

one-year, 109 
Business manager, 67, 99, 112, 154 
Bylaws, 38 

Calendar, academic, 18, 28. 41, 49. 
110-11. 156 

"Camel Caravan." 115 

Camellia Bowl. 113 

Campus Day. 41 

Campus entrance. 61 

Campus plan, master. 32. 66. 103. 

Campus property. 13. 41. 48. 53, 61, 

Cannon Aviation Company, 86 
Canvassing for students. 27-28 
Capen. Samuel P.. 42 
Capital campaigns. 84. 107 
Card playing. 20. 38, 65, 66 
Carolina & Northwestern Railroad, 

Carolina Dramatics Festival, 113 
Carolina Playmakers, 80 
Carolina-Tennessee Educational 

Association, 42 
Carolinas Intercollegiate Athletic 

Conference, 113, 120, 128, 

Carpenter, Laura A., 18 
Car stickers. 117 
Cars, 117 

Carson-Newman College. 152 
Carter, Jimmy, 153, 154 
Catawba College, 13. 57, 79, 82; 

athletics, 38, 78, 104. 152 
Catawba River. 41 
Cauble. Franklin P.. 87. 102 
Centennial Endowment Fund. 40- 

Centennial Renewal Campaign, 

149, 182 
Central Oklahoma State College. 

113. 126 
Centre College. 54. 78 
CEPAC (Committee on Educational 

Program and Academic 

Calendar), 156, 158 
Chamber of Commerce. Hickory. 

84. 85, 88, 102. 105 
Chapel, 17, 20, 102, 157; pictured, 

Chapel Council, 152. 160 
Chaperons. 30. 34. 67. 69. 151 
Chaplain. 107. 112. 133, 179 
Charity Avenue, 16 
Charlotte Llniversity School, 53 
Charter, 15-16,37. 149 
Chase. Harry W.. 44 
Chemistry, 29. 61. 63. 156 
Choir, a cappella. 66. 79, 115, 151- 

52; at building openings, 102, 

Chorus, girls', 102 
Chorus. Lenoir College. 38 
Chrestonian society. 20. 21, 22, 35, 

Christian Higher Education Month, 

Christian Higher Education Year 

Appeal, 101-2, 114 
Christianity, Evidences of 17 
Christiansen, F. Melius. 80 
Christiansen, Paul, 117 
Christmas, 86. 110, 156 
"Church of the Air," 113 
Church relations. 79, 154-55 
Cigar Bowl, 113 
Civilian Air Patrol, 85 
Claremont College, 39 
Class Day Exercises. 83 
Classics. 159 
Clemson College. 80 
Cline. Cari V,. 88. 107 
Cline Gymnasium. 55-56. 83, 102; 

pictured, 54, 57, 58. 67, 69. Ill 
Cline, Mary E., 14,20 

Cline, William P.. 29. 40. 46. 183; 

founder, 13. 15; professor. 20. 

22. 37. 184 
Coble. John F.. 48 
College Avenue. 16 
College Board Achievement Test, 

College Drive, 104, 146 
College Entrance Examination 

Board. 110 
College Field. See Athletic Field. 
College sign. 108 
College union. 104 
Colors, college. 36. 82 
Columbia College. 54 
Columbus Day. 18 
Commencement. 83. 105. Ill; 

timing of. 18. 48. 154. 157 
Commerce. 62. 112. 113 
Communications. 159 
Communications-learning resource 

center. 147. 148 
"Community of Learning." 109 
Community relations. 46. 102. 104 
Comprehensive test. 63 
Computer science. 159 
Computers. 157-58 
Concordia College. 13. 14. 22. 73 
Conference center. 147 
Conrad. F. L.. 21. 102 
Conrad Hall. 103. 107 
Constitution. 38 
Continuation requirements, 62 
Convocations. 105. 157 
Cooke. Charles F.. 156. 184 
Correspondence credit. 62 
Council for Advancement and 

Support of Education. 149 
Council of Independent Colleges. 

Council on Social Work Education. 

Counseling sen-ices director. 157 
Counterfeiting. 154 
Craig. Howard R.. 156. 184 
Creative arts center. 107 
Creech. Harlan L.. 61. 74. 184 
Cromer. Charies W.. 36 
Cromer. Voigt R.. 102. 186; 

president. 89. 100-101. 117. 184 
Cromer. Voigt R.. College Center. 

106-7. 148. 151; pictured. 

116. 118. 119. 129 
Cross-Campus Drive. 103 
Grouse, Andrew L.. 13. 15. 18. 22. 

46; editor. 17. 20. 21 
Cum laude. 109, 154 
Curfew, 150 
CuiTiculum, 17. 32-33. 61. 82. 109. 

Curriculum laboratory. 148. 156 


Dahl. OrviUe. 105 

Daisy 'college horse). 41 

Dancing. 65-66. 69. 81. 115 

Dartmouth Method of Language 

Instruction. 158-59. 175 
Davis. Arthur D.. 37 
Deaf teaching of special education 

for. 109 
Deal. Lindsey. 78 
Deal. Pearl Setzer. 11. 38. 61, 74. 

80. 184; pictured. 44. 78 
Dean of College. 61. 74. 117. 145. 

146. .See also .Academic dean. 
Dean of Men, 55, 112 
Dean of Students. 61. 112. 135. 

151. 155. 15fi 
Dean of Women. 29 

Deaton, Elsie B., 82. 112, 184 

Deaton, P, W. (Pete), 54, 55 

Deaton, W. A., 28 

Debating, 35, 36, 65, 80 

Debt, 22, 46, 67, 74 

Deficit, 22, 46, 67, 74, 116, 150 

Delta Zeta, 116 

Demosthenian Literary Society, 65 

Depression, 67 

Development Board. 1 12 

Development, Director of, 112 

Development Fund, 1955, 103-4, 

105, 106 
Development House, 147 
Dietician, 61, 82, 112 
Dinner theater, 152 
Dix, Dorothy, 39 
Dogwood lane, 102 
Domestic Science and Domestic 

Arts. School of. 33, 34 
Dramatics, 38. 61. 74. 152 
Dress code, 151 
Drill team. 152, 174 
Duke University, 159. See also 

Trinity College. 

Easter Monday, 79 
Eckard, Albert D.. 102 
Eckard, Pearl F., 102 
Eckard, R. Neil, 102 
Eckard, Robert E., 156. 185 
Economics. 33. 83. 112, 113, 156, 

Edgemont, 65 
Education: faculty. 29, 61, 74. 112, 

156; department. 33, 62. 109, 

148, 159 
Educational Day Parade, 47 
Educator. The. 17 
Elderhostel. 159 

Electricity and matter, nature of, 61 
Elliott Opera House, 46 
Elocution, 28 
Elon College, 53, 55, 78, 125, 152, 

Emerson, Fred B., 79 
Endowment, 44, 78; campaigns, 40- 

41. 56, 102, 104, 107, 148; size, 

66, 68, 150; gifts, 74, 116, 146 
Engineering. 63. 159 
English. 17. 33. 63, 148; faculty, 28, 

29,38,48.61,74,80, 112, 156 
Enrollment, 20, 63, 73, 183-84; 

increases, 14-15, 33-34, 101; 

decreases, 48-50, 87, 146 
Environmental studies, 159 
Eptmg, J. C, Jr., 156. 185 
Erskine College. 54 
Eta Delta Zeta, 81. 116 
Euronian society. 21. 22, 36, 65 
Evangelical Lutheran Church in 

America, 155. See also Lutheran 

Church in America, and United 

Lutheran Church in America. 
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee 

Synod. 13. 58, 66; actions, 22, 38, 

Evangelical Lutheran Synod of 

North Carolina, 13, 46, 66 
Evening class, 101. 159 
Examinations. 156. 157 
"Exemplary academic workplaces," 

Expression, 29, 37, 38 
Extension, Department of 62 

Faculty, 21, 27, 87, 104, 148. 155- 
56; size, 14, 73; salary levels, 20, 
29, 46, 61, 67, 74; salary actions. 
48, 111-12; organized actions. 28, 
109, 116, 151; role, 38. 150 

Faggart. Brady Y.. Jr., 148 

Faith Avenue. 16 

Farm, 32, 62 

Farmers" Institute, 47 

Federal government loans, 105, 106 

Federal Public Housing Authority, 

87-88, 95 
Fight song, 82 
Financial aid, 150, 156 
Financial secretary, 31 
First honor graduates, 183-84 
Flag fight. 41 
Flag Squad. 152 
Flood, Catawba River, 48 
Flu epidemic, 49 
Fogarty, John P., 156, 185 
Football, 65, 78, 108, 1.55; 

introduction, 38, 46, 53; 

championships, 113, 152 
Ford Foundation, 116 
Ford. Gerald R., 153, 154 
Ford, Judith G.. 115 
Forensics, 63, 80-81 
Forestry, 159 
Forum, 110, 157 
Forward Together Campaign, 147, 

Founders, 13, 15. 58. 81; pictured. 

16. 17, 18, 179 
Founders' Day, 81 
Fountain, 84 
4-4-1 calendar, 156-57 
4-1-4 calendar, 156-57 
Frans, Lee. 102 
Fraternities. 38, 66, 116; activities, 

137, 139, 151 
French, 17,28 
Freshman housing. 117 
Freshman Seminar Program, 160 
Freshman-Sophomore Debate, 65 
Fritz. Robert L., 18, 34, 37. 42. 160, 

183; professor, 14, 28, 61, 146, 

185; president, 27. 50-51; 

presidential actions. 29. 30. 32, 

36, 40, 46; speaker, 44, 48, 83 
Fntz, Robert L., Mrs., 36 
Fritz, Robert Lindsay, Dr., Hall, 

102, 103, 105, 106. 117 
Fry. Franklin Clark. 117 
Frye. Glenn R.. 36. 43, 104, 107, 

147. 183 
Fund for Progress. 107, 108, 109 
Fundamental Principles, Statement 

of, 22 
Fundraising. 40-41 
Furman University, 54, 80 

Gamma Beta Chi. 81. 116 
Gardner-Webb College. 152, 153 
Garrett. James R.. 75. 78. 183. 185 
Gaston County invitation to 

relocate. 57. 59 
Gatwood. Robin F,. 80. 112, 185; 

pictured, 76, 110, 111, 172 
GEN 110. 160 
General studies, 159 
George Family Foundation, 149 
George, John J.. 18. 19. 44. 57, 183 
Georgia Institute of Technology, 

Gerberding. G. H.. 61, 185 
German, 17, 18, 28 
Gillon. Baxter M.. Jr.. 54. 56 
Gitlin. Emmanuel. 156. 185 
Glass. Joseph D.. 156, 185 
Glee club. 36, 38, 63, 66 
Golden Jubilee Year, 83 
Golf 153 
Good Friday, 18 
Good Roads Day, 47 
Government, 61, 112 

Grace Hospital, 109 

Graduate Record Examinations, 
Educational Testing Service. Ill 

Graduate studies. 159 

Graduates, occupations of 46, 66 

Graduation requirements, 62, 111 

Greek, 17,28,29 

Greenholt, Mary E., 66 

Greever, Walton H,, 58 

Guilford College, 53, 55, 75, 78, 124 

Gurley. Richard N.. 53. 54. 55. 185 

Gussow. Ray. 105 

Gymnasium. 32, 88, 107; Cline, 55, 
56; Shuford, 85. 104. See also 
Cline Gymnasium. Shuford 

Gymnasium. Moretz Gymnasium, 


Habitat for Humanity. 159-60 

Hacaiia. 40, 45, 65, 81 

Hackemann, Louis F., 61, 185 

Hairston. Brenda L., 153. 164. 165 

Haley. Alex, 157, 177 

Hall counselors, 150 

Hall, J. G.. 13. 14. 15,25 

Hallman. Lillie Belle. 29. 185 

Harlaxton College. 159 

Harrison. Robert B.. 82 

Harrison. Wilhelmina S.. 1 12 

Hartwig. G. H.,29, 185 

Hawn, H. C. (Jobyi. 54. 55. 153 

Hawn. Virginia S., 156, 185 

Haworth, D. Riley, 62, 185 

Hawthorne, Harry D,, 83, 183 

Heald, Eugene D, ¥.. 61, 68, 75, 185 

Health, 29 

Health services. 117 

Hearing impaired service, 31, 158 

Hedrick, Eliza B., 40 

Henry River. 41 

Hibernator, The. 116 

Hickory Ball Club, 84 

Hickory boundary marker, 32, 34 

Hickory Business College, 33, 62 

Hickory, City of 30, 32, 89; street 

work, 61, 84, 104 
Hickory Community Center, 113, 

Hickory Dally Record. 60, 117 
Hickory Kiwanis Club, 58, 60, 65 
Hickory Lions Club, 82 
Hickory Municipal Airport, 86. 92 
Hickory Oratorio Society. 115 
Hickory Post Office. 117 
Hickory public schools. 63 
Hickory Rotary Club. 65 
High Point College. 54, 56, 165 
High School Declamation Contest, 

High School Division, 17 
Highland Academy, 13, 15, 16, 21, 

Highland College. 12, 14, 15 
Highland Hall, 44, 60, 61. 81; for 

men, 30, 48, 87, 106, 117; for 

cadets, 49, 86; for women, 146, 

History, 17, 33, 158; faculty, 28. 29, 

61, 112, 156 
Hockemeyer, Ethel A.. 65 
Hodges, Luther, 117 
Holiday bowl, 113 
Home economics, 29 
Homecoming Dav, 83. 111. 130, 

180, 183 
Honor system, 42. 82. 150 
Honorary degrees. 33, 44, 177 
Honors Progi-am, 109, 159 
Hope Avenue, 16, 30 
Horn, William M.. 58 
Horse, college, 41 
Hotel Hickory, 130, 134, 146, 152 

Hotel Huffry, 48 

House of Representatives, SGA, 

150. 157 
Howell Manufacturing Company. 

Hoyle. Edsel E.. 152, 185 
Huffman. Arthur M., 33, 183 
Huffman Cemetery, 40 
Huffman, Roy C, .36 
Hufi'man. W. P.. 41 
Huit. AnnaG.. 18 
Huitt. J. H. C.,46. 183 
Humbolt State College. 113. 125 
Hurricane Hugo. 149 
Huss. F. Jack, 126. 152, 185 
Hyphen in college name. 56, 71, 146 


Independent study, 156 
Industrial arts, 62 
Industry, Department of, 62 
Infirmary. 85, 157 
Ingold, Winfred L.. 48 
Institute for Multicultural 

Education and Training. 160, 

Instruction and Student Life, 

Committee on, 155 
Inter-disciplinary courses, 158 
Interim, 156-57, 176 
International business, 159 
International Relations Club, 81 
Internships, 157 
Isenhour Hall. 146. 152 
Isenhour, Harry E.. 107. 146. 152, 


Jeffers, Suzanne K., 139, 156, 161, 

Jefferson Standard Foundation, 117 
Joe Bear, 65, 70, 81-82, 114, 170 
Joint Council, 151 
Jones. Woodrow W., 156 


Kampus Kapers. 80. 112 

Kappa Delta. 116 

Kappa Sigma Kappa. 116 

Keck. Albert H.. Jr.. 149 

Keiser. Albert. 61. 74. 80. 176. 185; 

pictured. 78. 105 
Keith. Royden J.. Mrs., 80 
Kerbaugh, Gale, 153 
Ketner, Dorothy E., 81 
Ketner, Glenn E.. 107 
Keyes. Annie Laurie. 156, 185 
Killian, J. Yates. 53. 183 
Kinard. James C. 69 
King College. 53 
Kiser. Inez. 44. 56 
Kiser, Jacob L.. 48. 185 
Knox. Jonas, 41 
Korean War, 101 
Kuropas, Bohdan B., 159, 168, 175, 


Lake Hickory Country Club, 150 
Lake James, 147 
LaMotte, Norman G., 54, 55 
Languages, 61, 112, 159, 175 
Latin. 17. 32. 109; faculty. 28. 29, 

Learning Resource Center, 148 
Lee. Kenneth B.. 66. 80, 82, 87, 112, 

185; pictured, 75 
Lenoir College (name), 14. 15 
Lenoir College Appeal. 56. 57 
Lenoir College Day. 46 
Lenoir College Items. 17 
Lenoir College Journal, 39 


Lenoir Dames, 36 
Lenoir Maenner Quartette. 38 
Lenoir-Rhyne College (name). 56 
Lenoir Rhyne College Day, 114 
Lenmr-Rhynean. The. 65, 81. 86-87. 

97, 107. 154 
Lenoir. Walter W.. 13. 14. 16 
Lenoman. The. .39. 44. 59. 65. 97 
Lenten season. 115 
Lentz. Annie L.. 112, 185 
Lentz. E. W.. 82 
Les Amies. 116 

Librarian. 29. 36, 40. 79. 86. 112 
Library. 32. 56. 68. 83; collection. 

44. 48. 60. 78; building. 84. 102. 

107. See also Rudisill. Carl 

Augustus. Library 
Life magazine. 115 
Lineberger. A C. 109, 142 
Lineberger Administration 

Building. 109. 142. 146. 147. 149 
Lineberger Center for Cultural and 

Educational Renewal. 158 
Lineberger Foundation. 109. 158. 

Lippard, C, K.. 33. 183 
Lippard. H. I.. 36 
Literary societies, 21. 35-36, 65 
Little, Richard P.. 39 
Little. W. Herbert. 27, 28. 185 
Livengood. Harry S.. 99, 109, 117. 

154. 185 
Living Endowment. 115 
Logic, 26, 33 

Lohr, S. G.. Mrs.. 61. 185 
Long. G. Edward. 18, 19 
Long, Simon Peter, 32, 44 
Longaker. F. C. 29. 185 
Loyalty Fund. 115. 148. 150 
Luther League. 62, 79, 115 
Luther Theological .Society, 21, 62 
Lutheran Church in America. 1 15, 

117, 152, 155, 174 
Lutheran Church Women, 115 
Lutheran Student Association, 79, 

Lutheran Sunday School Normal. 

Lutheran Youth Days, 154 
Lyerly, Ralph H,, 112. 113. 185 


Magna cum laude. 109. 154 

Mahan. Ronald G.. 156. 185 

Mahan, Rose S., 156. 185 

Maintenance. 104. 112, 149 

Mapleview Hall, 87. 96. 116. 147 

Marion. S J. 61. 86. 89. 185 

Married-student housing, 87, 95, 96 

Married students, 73 

Mars Hill College, 54. 55. 152 

Mascot. .See Joe Bear. 

Master of arts degree. 17. 33. 159 

Mathematics. 17. 33. 51. 63, 158; 

faculty. 28. 29, 38, 61, 112. 156 
Mauney. Andrew. 60 
Mauney. Dorothy Phillips. 106 
Mauney. Everett A.. 36 
Mauney Hall. 65. 87. 146. 147; need 

for. 55. 57. 60. 61 
Mauney Hall Annex. See Schaeffer 

Mauney. Jacob S.. 60 
Mauney. John D.. 29, 185 
Mauney, Marshall F.. 83. 85. 89. 

Mauney. Miles H.. 106 
Mauney Music Building, 106. 149 
Mauney. William K. 22. 106. 183. 

Mauney. William M.. 156. 185 
May Day. 63. 65, 69, 84, 111. 138 
May term. 157 


Mayfield. Sue S., 156. 185 
McAllister. George F,, 66. 79 
McCoy. Robert O.. 36. 43 
McCreary. George W.. 112. 185 
McKay. Henry M.. 115 
McNeely, E, Ray, Jr., 156, 162, 173, 

174, 185 
Mechanics, 17 
Medical, Pre-, 63 
Medical technology, 109 
Menzies, Donald L.. 102 
Miller. C. Luther. 29. 31. 40. 185 
Miller. J. P.. 14, 15, 20 
Miller, M. Lela. 29, 33 
Mills, Thomas M., 18. 19 
Mimosa lane. 102 
Minges. L. L.. 85. 106. 115, 116 
Minges Science Building, 106. 109. 

115. 116. 146. 149 
Monroe. P. E.. 79. 81. 83; president, 

58, 70. 73, 89. 185 
Monroe. P. E.. Auditorium. 104. 

154; pictured, 103, 153, 159. 177 
Monroe. Vaughn. 1 15 
Mont Amnena Seminary. 46. 66. 79 
Moose. Baxter A., 54, 55 
Moose, David, 151 
Moretz, Helen and Leonard. 

Stadium. 149. 182 
Moretz. J. A.. 60 
Moretz. McCoy. 30 
Moretz. 0. Leonard. 148. 182 
Moretz, Opal L., 155, 156, 185 
Moretz, Rufus L., 156, 185 
Morgan, F, Grover. 39. 74. 87; 

professor. 29.46. 48. 185 
Morgan Hall. 105. 149 
Morgan. Jacob L,. 105 
Morgan. Karl Z., 74. 86. 87. 185. 

186; pictured. 11,89, 94 
Morrell, Emma J. ,29, 185 
Moser. Arthur L., 28, 183 
Moser, Jason C. 13. 17. 20. 21. 185; 

trustee. 15. 183 
Moser. Leslie. 36 
Moser. Walter F.. 38 
Mosheim College. 42 
Mothers Day. 65. 69 
Motto, college. 36 
Mount Pleasant Collegiate 

Institute. 36, 54, 57, 73, 79; 

church relations, 46, &&. 68 
Mu Sigma Epsilon, 109 
Mull's Convention Center. 152 
Music. 62. 63. 79. 80; faculty. 29, 

112. 156; buildings. 32. 84, 102, 

104, 105. 106. See also Mauney 
Music Building. 
Mu.sic Club. 63 
Mu.sic Clubs. Federation of, 80 


National Association of 

Intercollegiate Athletics, 113, 

126, 152, 153, 168 
National Collegiate Athletic 

Association. 152 
National Council for Accreditation 

of Teacher Education, 110, 158 
National Defense Education Act, 

National League for Nursing, 158 
National Scholastic Press 

Association, 81 
National Youth Administration 

funds, 86 
Nau. Walter T., 112. 114. 185 
Naval Reserve Pilot Training 

Program. 86, 87, 90, 92 
Neal. Shore. 86 
Neatrophean .society. 20. 21 
Negroes. 101 
New York State Department of 

Public Instruction. 62 
Newberry College. 13. 69; athletics. 

53. 54. 104. 113. 152 
Newspaper. See Lenoirian. Lenoir- 

Norris. J. L.. 70 
Norris. Jeff L.. 105. 156. 185 
North Carolina Board of Nursing 

Education and Nurse Registra- 
tion. 110 
North Carolina College. 46, 66. 79 
North Carolina College Conference. 

North Carolina Department of 

Public Instruction, 158 
North Carolina Foundation of 

Church-Related Colleges, 115 
North Carolina Intercollegiate 

Forensic Association, 80-81 
North Carolina School for the Deaf. 

North Carolina State Board of 

Education, 42, 61,62, 110 
North Carolina State University, 

53, 159 
North Carolina Synod of Evangeli- 
cal Lutheran Church in America. 

155. 157. See aho United 

Evangelical Lutheran Synod of 

North Carolina, 
North Carolina Synod of Lutheran 

Church in America. 147. 149. 

North State Intercollegiate Athletic 

Conference. 89. 113. 127; 

football. 75. 78. 121. 122 
Nur-sing. 31. 109. 173 

Oakview Cottage. 105. 116 

Oakview Hall. 29. 34. 47. 54; 

building. 30. 60, 84 
Observatory, 109 
"Old Main," 22, 41, 47, 105; 

building, 16, 32, 60 
Open house policy, dormitory. 150 
"Operation Bottles." 115 
"Operation Santa Claus." 116 
Orchestra. 38. 39. 69. 81. 163 
Orientation, freshman. 83. 110 
Outward Bound. 160 
Owl. Henry M,. 54 

Padgett. Don W.. 78 

Painter, Hanley H., 114. 125. 126. 

152. 185; pictured. 99. 104, 123, 

Painter, Lorene H., 156, 185 
Palmer, Malcolm M., 104 
Palmetto Bowl, 113, 121 
Pannkoke, O. H.. 40. 51.56 
Paramount Theater. 11. 80. 84 
Parents' Day. 117 
Parish secretary major. 109 
Parking. 130. 146. 149 
Parkinson. Joan L., 156, 185 
Pastor-in-Residence, 155 
Patterson, George R,, 61, 70, 71. 74. 

112. 185 
Patterson, Jessie B.. 112. 185 
Patterson. Karl B,, 29, 38, 39, 185 
Patterson. R. S.. 51 
Pedestrian malls. 149 
Peery. John C, 51-53, 58, 72, 185 
Pence, M. Luther, 31, 32 
Pennsylvania State Department t»f 

Public Instruction, 62 
Pcnnsyh'ania State Teachers 

College, ll:l, 121 
Personnel and Status, Committee 

on. 1.55 
Peschau. F. W. E.. 16 

Philia society, 81. 116 

Phillips, Albert A., 54, 55 

Philosophy, 109, 112, 148, 162 

Physical education. 62, 83, 158 

Physical education center, 147. 148 

Physics, 61, 74, 94, 156 

Phythian Bowl. 113. 121 

Pi Kappa Delta. 78. 81 

Piano. 61, 74 

Piedmont Educational Foundation, 

Piedmont University Center. 117 
Placement services, 157 
Planning, 156 
Playmakers, 65, 80, 84, 113, 152, 

Plays, 29, 35. 38. 39. 65 
Polio epidemic. 87 
Poole. Jim. 38. 41 
Political economy, 17 
Political science, 159 
Post office, 107, 118 
Practice teaching. 63 
Pre-marital instruction. 89 
Pre-registration. 110 
Preparatory Department, 17. 28, 

33, 42, 53 
Presbyterian College, 124, 152 
Presbyterian Hospital, 109 
President, 25, 156 
President's Ball. 150 
President's home, 56. 88. 101. 

President's Hour. 151 
Price. J Robert. 36 
Price. K. A.. 29. 147. 152. 185 
Price Village, 147, 151, 152 
Priest, James, 86 
Primary Department. 17. 29 
Print shop. 146. 154 
Private housing for students. 22. 

Professional Development Leave 

Program. 155 
Professorships. 149 
Progi-am Board, 117 
"Project 75th; Dialogues' 

Directions," 117 
Proximity housing, 151 
Psycholog\-, 26, 33. 159 
Psycholog>-, mental and moral. 17 
Public Relations Office. 147 
Public speaking. 33. 35. 69. 80 
Publications. 39, 65, 81, 107 
Publicity, 28 
Purpose and Governance, Task 

Force on, 149 
Purpose, statement of. 17. 110 


Quadrangle Drive, 19. 23. 84. 108. 

Quarto-Centennial. 44 
Queens College. 54 
Quillici, .Augustine F. L.. 159. 175. 



Randolph. Edgar E.. 29 

Rast.Thelma. 112. 156. 185 

Recreation, 159 

Refectory. 60. 104. 106. 117. 119; 

events. 41. 65. 82. 83; pictured. 

69. 74.81. 103. 116. 129 
Reformation Day. 18 
Registrar. 61. 74. 99. 112. 1 13. 1.56 
Regulations, academic. 62 
Regulations, social. 20. :J4 
Rein. Orestes P. See Rhyne. 
Relalinn of the Synod and College. 

.•\ Statement of. 38 
Religion. 17.62. 148. 158; faculty. 

61. 156. 157 
Religious .-Vrts Festival, 1 15 


Religious Council. 79. 84 
Religious Emphasis Week. 114 
Relocation of college, proposed. 57 
Research and planning office. 157 
Reserve Officers Training Corps. 48 
Residence life director, 157 
Rho Sigma, 81, 116 
Rhodes. John M.. 22. 30. 46. 183 
Rhyne, Daniel. College (name). 56. 

Rhyne, Daniel E., 30, 40, 49. 56. 57; 

administration building gift. 60, 

Rhyne, Daniel Efird. Administra- 
tion Building. 60. 84. 86. 109; 

pictured. 69, 87, 114, 130. 134, 

Rhyne, Daniel Efird, Memorial 

Building, 2, 109. 147. 148 
Rhyne (Rem). Orestes P.. 36. 40, 71. 

146, 183, 185 
Rhyne. Rufus L., 65, 183 
Rhyne, Wert B., 85 
Rhynoir Society. 81 
Ricks. Edwin L., 115 
Ritchie. C- Ross. 59. 102 
Robinson, O, B., 36 
Rowland, Robert H., 114. 170 
Rudisill, Carl A., Foundation. 109 
Rudisill. Carl Augustus. 84. 86 
Rudisill. Carl Augustus, Library, 

87, 109. 148. 157. 177; pictured. 

Rudisill. Dorus P., 112. 183. 185 
Rudisill. Eliza. 40 
Russell and Killian Store. 20 
Russell, Dallas H,, Hall. 61. 84. 90 
Rumke. Ferdinand, 65 
Rutherford College. 38. 39. 54. 73 

Sachs. Enoch J.. See Sox. 

Saint Andrew's Lutheran Church. 

60. 87. 101. 104; congregation. 

21. 30, 31, 53. 154; worship 

services, 38, 46, 65, 152; second 

building. 85, 102 
Saint Mary's College. 36 
Salutatorian. Ill 
Sandy Ridge Airport, 83 
Sanford, Terry, 117 
Saturday classes, 28. 111. 156 
Saturday school, 53 
Schaeff'er, H. Brent. 63. 65. 66, 68; 

president. 58. 69. 70. 185; fund 

raiser. 60. 67; recognitions. 83. 

Schaeffer Hall. 74. 80. 84, 87. 146 
Schick. Edgar B.. 145 
Scholarships. 149, 159 
Scholastic Aptitude Test, 110 
Science, 17, 28, 39, 61. 63. 74. 158 
Science building, 85, 88. 104, 106. 

See also Minges Science 

Building, Yoder Memorial 

Science Building. 
Sciences, intellectual and moral, 28 
Scrap metal drive, 86 
Seay, Henry L., 33 
Secret societies, 20. 38. 66 
Seegers, John C, 36, 40. 66. 70. 71; 

employment, 48. 185 
Self-study. 110 

Semi-Centennial Celebration. 83 
Semi-Centennial Celebration 

Appeal. 83-85 
Service Cross. 79. 84 
Setzer. Pearl. See Deal. Pearl 

Setzler. Edwin L.. 65. 78. 185; 

registrar, 61, 74. 86. 112; duties 

in absence of president. 89. 117 
Seventy-fifth anniversary'. 117 

Sewing, 33 

Shores. R. M. (PatI, 78, 88. 186; 

pictured, 56, 75, 94 
Shue. Paul A.. 82, 183 
Shuford. A. A.. 104 
Shuford. A. Alex. 104. 148 
Shuford. Archie. 102 
Shuford, Harley P.. 149 
Shuford Memorial Gymnasium. 

148. 153. 154 
Shuford Mills Corporation. 85. 104 
Shuford Zoo. 114 
Shultz. Ester v.. 29. 38. 39 
Sigma Kappa. 116 
Sigma Phi Epsilon. 116 
Sigmon. R. Bruce. 36, 183 
Sigmon. Robert A.. 104. 112. 185 
Smallpox quarantine, 37 
Smith, Frederick Stanley, 66. 71 
Smith, John L., 36 
Smith, John M., 13 
Smith. Lloyd B.. Jr.. 156. 185 
Smith, Pat. 153. 164. 165 
Smith, Vivian, 34 
Smyre. Sallie C. 14. 20 
Soccer. 153. 168. 182 
Social science. 148 
Social Security. 112 
Social Work Education, Council on. 

Sociology. 109, 156 
Song, college. See Alma Mater, 
Sororities. 150 
South Atlantic Conference. 152. 

153, 167 
South Carolina Board of Education. 

South Dakota State College, 80 
Southern Association of Colleges. 

Southern Association of Colleges 

and Schools. 158. See also 

Association of Colleges and 

Schools of the Southern States. 

and Association of Southern 

Southern Association of Colleges 

and SecondaiT Schools. 110 
South Atlantic Forensic Tourna- 
ment, 81 
Sox (Sachs), Enoch J.. 61. 185; first 

term of service. 20. 27. 28. 48 
Sox. Everett J.. 112. 183. 185 
Sox. Pauline. 55. 112, 185 
Spanish, 70, 156 
Sphinx society. 81. 116 
Sports Hall of Fame. 153; honorees. 

54. 57. 120. 122; honorees 

(football). 55. 75. 123. 125; 

honorees (baseball). 99. 119; 

honorees (basketball). 127. 128 
Spring Festival. 63 
Spring Picnic Day. 41, 65 
Spuller, Robert L., 156. 162. 185 
Spurlock. Albert. 53, 54, 153 
Stadium. See Athletic field. 
Stabler. Helen M,, 74. 112. 185 
Stasavich. Clarence P.. 104. 120. 

123. 124, 126, 185; military 

service, 87, 88; honors. 114. 122. 

153. 186; pictured. 70. 89, 94, 

State Normal, 42 
Stecher, Eleanor. 38 
Stemple. W. H., 61, 185 
Stirewalt, Martin L.. 29. 83, 183. 

Stirewalt. William J.. 27, 28. 37, 38, 

Stoughton. C. C 89 
"Strategy for the Seventies." 147-48 
Streets. 103. 146. 149 
Strunk. Raymond M.. 156, 185 

Student Army Training Corps. 48- 

Student body (organization), 65 
Student Cabinet. 116 
Student center. 88 
Student Commission. 41. 116 
Student Court. 116 
Student Executive Council. 42 
Student-faculty ratio, 61 
Student Government Association, 

107, 114, 116. 150. 151. 154, 183- 

Student leadership development, 

Student Welfare, Committee on, 

116, 150 
Study abroad, 159 
Study hours, 20 
Summa cum laude, 154 
Summer commencement, 89 
Summer school, 53, 73, 101, 107 
Summer theater, 152 

Tampa University, 113 
Tau Kappa Epsilon, 116 
Taylor, W. Clyde, 156. 186 
Teacher certification. 42. 53. 62. 73. 

Teacher Education. National 

Council for Accreditation of, 110 
Teachers Insurance and Annuity 

Association. 112 
Tennessee Synod. See Evangelical 

Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
Tennis. 39. 65. 108. 153; pictured. 

43. 70. 89 
Texas A & I College, 113 
Textiles, 33 
Thanksgiving. 38. 79, 82, 152-53; 

holiday, 18,86, 110 
Theater arts building, 149 
Theology/philosophy major, 159 
ThetaChi, 116, 169 
Thesis degree requirement, 33 
Thies, Thomas R., 159. 186 
Thornburg. J. Lewis. 102, 183 
Thuesen. Theodore J.. 156. 186 
To Greater Glory," 102 
Tobacco. 38. 66 
"Tonk." 88 
Track. 39. 54. 60. 65, 108, 153; 

teams pictured. 42. 119. 120 
Trainer. John E.. Jr.. 145-46. 150; 

pictured, 144. 180. 182. 183 
Travel allowance, student. 73 
Travel courses. 157 
Treasurer. 61. 74, 112, 154 
Triangle Llniversities Computation 

Center. 157 
Trinity College. 54. 55 
Truebiood. D. Elton. 117 
Trustees. Board of. 22. 38, 109, 149- 

50. 183-84; membership. 15. 112. 

Tuition. 21. 67. 150. 183-84 
Turner. Kermit S,. 156. 186 
Tuttle. Edgar W.. 85. 93 
Tuttle, William D.. 112, 186 
Tutorial. 157 


US. News & World Report. 160. 

U.S.S. Bunker Hill. 86. 92 
Ullman. Roy R., 87. 186 
Unglaube, James M., 145, 177, 186 
Llniform dress, 34 
United Evangelical Lutheran Synod 

of North Carolina. 66, 79, 105; 

officers, 58, 89, 101, 107; 

financial support, 67, 102, 104, 

United Lutheran Church in 

America, 67, 87, 101. 114. 115 
United Lutheran Church in 

America Women's Missionary 

Society. 113 
United States Bureau of Education, 

United States Court of Appeals for 

Fourth Circuit, 156 
United States Department of 

Housing and Urban Develop- 
ment, 147 
United States District Court. 156 
United States President. 153. 154 
United States Secret Service, 154 
L'niversity of Evansville, 159 
University of Florida, 80 
University of Mississippi, 78 
LIniversity of North Carolina, 42. 

44.54.55. 113 
University of Pittsburgh. 80 
University of South Carolina. 54. 55 
Upper Iowa State University. 80 
Utley. Phil. 53 


V-E Day. 87 

Valedictorian, 111, 183-84 

Venable, F. P., 42 

Veterans' Club. 88. 95, 96 

Veterans' Recreation Center, 88 

Vietnam War, 151 

Visitors. Board of. 112. 182. See 

also Development Board. 
Voice, 29. 38 


War bond and stamp sale, 85 

Ward. Gordon W.. 115 

Warlick. T. M.. 38. 41 

"Warpath," 35 

Washington Ventures. 160 

Weant. W. Baxter. 83 

Weaver. William R.. 87. 112. 186 

Wells, Jerry H.. 113. 128 

Wells. Raeford M., 113. 122. 127, 

Wells, William B , 113. 127. 128. 

Wessinger. Jacob C. 18. 19 
West. George. 37 
Western Carolina University, 75. 

78. 114, 124 
White, Arthur, 85 
White Way Celebration, 48 
Whitener, A. A., 46, 183 
Wilcox, Ella Wheeler, 39 
WLRC, Radio Station, 154 
Wofi'ord College, 54, 124, 128, 182 
Woman's Club, 84. See also Lenoir 

Woods. Maggie C. 29. 186 
Worid War I. 48-49 
World War 11. 85-87. 88. 95 

Yearbook. See Hacawa. 

Yoder, M. Craig, 48, 61. 74. 75. 186; 

aviation instructor. 86. 89. 92 
Yoder Memorial Science Building, 

31, 44. 147. 148; uses, 49, 60, 85, 

88, 106 
Yoder, Robert A., 15, 20, 31. 40, 50; 

president. 13. 186 
Yoder. Robert A.. Mrs.. 14 
■YWCA, 65. 69 

Zeta Tau Alpha. 116 


'•t 't^ • 

Jeff L. Norris, a native of Maiden, North Carolina, 
is a 1952 gi-aduate of Lenoir-Rhyne College 
where he majored in English. He also holds an M.A. 
degree in political science from Appalachian State 
University. Since 1952, he has worked on the staff of 
Lenoir-Rhyne, serving as assistant registrar, alumni 
and public relations director, development officer, 
assistant to the president, and finance officer. He 
currently serves as Vice President for Research and 

Recipient of Lenoir-Rhyne's first Journalism Award 
in 1952, Norris has maintained an avocational inter- 
est in writing and editing. In addition to working in 
higher education public relations and teaching a 
journalism course, he has served on the public rela- 
tions advisory committee of the National Lutheran 
Council and on the publications advisory committee of 
the Lutheran Church of America (LCA). He has also 
edited the convention newspapers of the LCA and 
edited the bi-weekly journal of the LCA's North 
Carolina Synod. 

He and his wife, the former Catherine Bowden, 
reside in Hickory, North Carolina, They have two 
children and two grandchildi-en. 

Ellis G. Boatmon, a native of Hattiesburg, Missis- 
sippi, is a 1955 graduate of the LIniversity of 
Southern Mississippi where he majored in history. He 
received M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from the University 
of South Carolina. Having taught at Spartanburg 
Methodist College, USC, and Appalachian State 
University, Boatmon joined the faculty of Lenoir- 
Rhyne College in 1966. He holds the rank of full 
professor and is chairman of the Social and Behav- 
ioral Sciences Division. 

While at Lenoir-Rhyne, Boatmon has been inter- 
ested in several co-curricular activities. He serves as 
adviser to the social fraternities, works with the 
yearbook, is director of Summer Theatre, and cur- 
rently serves as chairman of the centennial obser- 
vance committee. 

In 1983 Boatmon received the Bost Distinguished 
Professor Award and in 1988 the Roediger Service 



Campus Map 





















The Lenoir-Rhyne 

Hickory, north Carolina 























Jeff L. Norris, a native 
of Maiden, North 
Carolina, is a 1952 
graduate of Lenoir- 
Rhyne College where 
he majored in English. 
He also holds an M. A. 
^' degree in political 

: science from Appala- 

chian State University. 
Since 1952, he has worked on the staff 
of Lenoir-Rhyne, serving as assistant 
registrar, alumni and public relations 
director, development officer, assistant 
to the president, and jRnance officer. He 
currently serves as Vice President for 
Research and Planning. 

Recipient of Lenoir-Rhyne 's first 
Journalism Award in 1952, Norris has 
maintained an avocational interest in 
writing and editing. In addition to 
working in higher education public 
relations and teaching a journalism 
course, he has served on the public 
relations advisory committee of the 
National Lutheran Council and on the 
publications advisory committee of the 
Lutheran Church of America (LCA). He 
has also edited the convention newspa- 
pers of the LCA and edited the bi- 
weekly journal of the LCA's North 
Carolina Synod. 

He and his wife, the former Catherine 
Bowden, reside in Hickory, North 
Carolina. They have two children and 
two grandchildren. 

Ellis G. Boatmon, a 
native of Hattiesburg, 
Mississippi, is a 1955 
graduate of the Uni- 
versity of Southern 
Mississippi where he 
majored in history. He 
I received M. A. and 

— - —:■ Ph.D. degrees from the 

University of South 
Carolina. Having taught at 
Spartanburg Methodist College, USC, 
and Appalachian State University, 
Boatmon joined the faculty of Lenoir- 
Rhyne College in 1966. He holds the 
rank of full professor and is chairman 
of the Social and Behavioral Sciences 

While at Lenoir-Rhyne, Boatmon has 
been interested in several co-curricular 
activities. He serves as adviser to the 
social fraternities, works with the 
yearbook, is director of Summer The- 
atre, and currently serves as chairman 
of the centennial observance commit- 

In 1983 Boatmon received the Bost 
Distinguished Professor Award and in 
1988 the Roediger Service Award. 


Campus Map 





















The Lenoir-Rhyne 

Hickory, north Carolina